How is cancer diagnosed?
The better your chances of curing cancer are if it is caught early. Routine self-exams or other screening methods may help detect some types of cancer, such as those that affect the skin, breasts, testicles, prostate, and rectum. However, it is possible to catch certain types of cancer before they become more serious. Most cancer cases are diagnosed when a tumor is visible or other symptoms appear. A few cases of cancer are discovered accidentally after other medical conditions are evaluated or treated.
A thorough physical exam is the first step in diagnosing cancer. This includes a detailed medical history and a detailed medical history. A laboratory test can detect abnormalities in the blood, urine, stool, or other bodily fluids that could indicate cancer. Imaging tests like X-rays and computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasound can help doctors identify the location and size of cancerous cells. A biopsy is required to confirm the diagnosis of most types of cancer. This involves taking a sample from the tumor and studying it under a microscope.
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If the diagnosis of cancer is confirmed, additional tests may be performed to determine the extent of the disease. Staging is the crucial follow-up stage of diagnosis. Doctors must know if cancer has spread to other areas of the body. Further tests may be required if the initial diagnosis of cancer is negative and the symptoms do not improve. Before any treatment begins, make sure that the biopsy results are confirmed by a specialist in cancer treatment.
What are the Treatments for Cancer?