What is high blood pressure?
High blood pressure is a common disease among older people but it is becoming increasingly younger. It arises when blood pressure in the arteries rises, proportional to each heartbeat.
If the blood pressure is too high, the heart is forced to work harder to meet the blood supply and enough blood to pump throughout the body. Therefore, if the blood pressure rises too high, it is easy to lead to a stroke, accompanied by heart attacks, in addition to kidney damage.
Normal blood pressure level is 120 / 80mmHg. Of which, 120 is the number for systolic blood pressure (maximum blood pressure - the highest pressure in the artery), and 80 is the number for diastolic blood pressure (minimum blood pressure - pressure) lowest in arteries).
When your blood pressure is greater than 120 / 80mmHg - 139 / 89mmHg, it is called prehypertension, and a blood pressure of 140 / 90mmHg or higher is called hypertension.