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Childhood Leukemia
Leukemia — Cancer of blood is called Leukemia. It develops in the bone marrow. Bone marrow is a soft inner part of the bone (such as thigh and hip bone) where new RBC, WBC & Platelets are formed. As we know, bone marrow also produces WBC or Leucocytes. As soon as the number of mature WBC is enough, then the body sends a signal to stop new cells’ formation. But in Leukemia, these newly formed cells stay immature for a long time. Consequently, the body cannot send any signal, so new cells form inside the bone marrow. The bone marrow becomes crowded with immature and abnormal WBC. Childhood Leukemia — Children of the age group of a newborn child to a 19-year-old. According to a study conducted in 2018, 29% of cancer in children is of childhood leukemia. The most common Leukemia in children is ALL (Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia) and AML (Acute myeloid leukemia). Early Symptoms of Childhood Leukemia a. Dull or pale skin b. Weakness or feeling of tiredness c. Headaches and Dizziness d. Trouble in breathing e. Fever and frequent infection f. Bleeding gums or nosebleeds Types of Childhood Leukemia: Leukemia typically in kids can be categorized into two major types. A. Common types of Leukemia a. Acute lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), also called acute lymphocytic Leukemia is fast-growing Leukemia of lymphoid cells. This type is widespread in kids; it’s the proliferation of B and T cells lymphocyte precursor. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) accounts for 75–85% of cases of childhood leukemia. b. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML): AML is also a common type of childhood leukemia. This is the fast-growing Leukemia of myeloid cells. B. Rare types of Leukemia a. Hybrid or mixed-lineage Leukemia: This is chromosome-related Leukemia where part of chromosome 11 translocates to any other chromosome. Children having mixed-lineage Leukemia have a poor prognosis. b. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia: This is slow-growing Leukemia of myeloid cells. c. Chronic lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL): CLL is very rare in children. This is the slow-growing Leukemia of lymphoid cells. d. Juvenile myelomonocytic Leukemia (JMML): This is a scarce type of childhood leukemia where WBC production in bone marrow is severely dysregulated. Diagnosis of Childhood Leukemia There are various tests to diagnose and confirm childhood leukemia. These tests also help in classifying the type of Leukemia. The initial tests include: a) Blood tests to measure the number of blood cells and see how they appear. b) Biopsy and Bone marrow aspiration test: To confirm Leukemia, a tissue sample is usually taken from the pelvic bone. c) Spinal Tap test or Lumbar puncture: This test is done to know the spread of cancer cells in the fluid (cerebrospinal fluid) present in the spinal cord or brain. These tests also determine the method of treatment to be followed. Risk factors of Childhood Leukemia More study is needed to explore the possible reasons, but few of them are environmental factors like exposure to radiation, smoking, genetic factors, inherited problems related to immune systems, etc. Treatment of Childhood Leukemia: Once the oncologist confirms the diagnosis, the child will undergo chemotherapy medicines. In highly developed countries, the cure rate for ALL (Acute lymphoblastic leukemia) is more than 80–90%, and for acute myeloid Leukemia, it is more than 60–70%. In developing countries, poor accessibility or affordability, malnutrition, poor tolerability to treatment, and delayed diagnosis bring down the cure rate to almost 70% in ALL and around 50% in AML. a) Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses powerful chemicals and is done to target and kill cancerous cells. Chemotherapy works throughout the body. b) Blood Transfusion: This is a process of transferring healthy blood components into a patient’s blood circulation system intravenously. This process helps in replacing red blood cells, platelets, and other blood components. c) Radiation Therapy: This is also known as Radiotherapy or RT or XRT. This therapy uses a beam of ionizing radiation to kill the cancer cells. d) Bone Marrow Transplant: BMT is performed to replace damaged or destroyed bone marrow. In this process, blood stem cells are transplanted into the circulation. Later on, these blood stem cells reach the bone marrow area to produce and promote new blood cells. Treatment of Relapsing Leukemia Despite chemotherapy, around 20% of ALL and about 40–50% of AML can come back with the disease within two to five years of initial diagnosis. This reoccurrence of infection is called relapse. Again, these children will go through a similar test like complete blood count, bone marrow evaluation to confirm the deterioration. After confirmation, they will have to undergo a higher dose of chemotherapy of a different combination or Bone Marrow Transplant. You can consult a well-experienced oncologist, or you can consult online on consultancy websites like Practo, DoctoriDuniya, etc. At DoctoriDuniya, You can book an appointment online with an oncologist or cancer specialist 24X7, with eOPd and an e-prescription facility. The cancer doctor may ask about the family history of the problem and symptoms associated with the disease. At DoctoriDuniya, you can download DoctoriDuniya — Free Medical App and create your online Personal Medical Account called NAINI. Here you can avail free follow-ups and online doctor consultation with oncologist or cancer specialist at NAINI.
Long-Haul Covid Survivor Syndrome
Most people get over COVID-19 within a couple of weeks. Yet, a more diminutive group of survivors, about 10 percent, experience long-term health issues for four weeks or more prolonged. A CDC study found that 1 in 5 young adults who fought off Covid have long-term symptoms weeks after testing negative. A Mild Case Can Stay Long With Symptoms While battling the coronavirus, one woman assumed her body would treat it just like the flu - puke for a few weeks then recover. After over eight months, she's indicated that she is still struggling to catch her breath and gets lightheaded most days. The National Institute of Health marked a good range of symptoms that include fatigue, shortness of breath, and "brain fog." A national magazine sought out long-haulers who also describe a spectrum of symptoms with gastrointestinal distress, persistent pain, and a rapid pulse. The University of Washington just-completed a study that found out of 177 people deemed post-Covid, approximately 30% reported "persistent" symptoms even after nine months of having recovered. Still Much is Unknown Another stressful phase of long-haul COVID is how little the medical field knows about it and how dramatically it impacts many people with debilitating symptoms. There are yet no accepted protocols or guidelines for treating long-haul post-Covid. The Centers for Disease Control in the U.S. recently considered that likelihood in meetings. Can Getting Vaccinated Help Long-Haul Covid, Patients Some people affected by long COVID have found significant symptom relief after the initial dose of their COVID-19 vaccine. However, the question is still unsettled on whether that is the case for most so-called long-haulers. In an informal study by the Body Politic Slack group, an association tracking Covid-19 long-haulers who took the vaccine two weeks ago or longer, 27% said their long-haul COVID symptoms are slightly better. 14% said their symptoms were slightly more serious. About 5% felt almost back to normal, and only 3.8% felt much worse than previous. The Tie Between Gastroesophageal Acid Reflux and Covid One 50-year-old woman went on a course of steroids and other medications to scale back swelling. She started seeing a pulmonologist for her shortness of breath and pain. Her doctor tools the unusual step of treating her for acid reflux. Gastrointestinal difficulties like GERD (gastroesophageal acid reflux) are less-known but fairly common signs among COVID-19 patients. Apparently, acid was aspirating into the woman's lungs, and that’s what was causing the shortness of breath. Once her acid reflux was treated, she saw a reduction in her breathing problems. Effects on Mental Health Doctors indicate that mental health can be an issue, too, says Kathleen Bell, MD, a professor and chair of physical medicine and rehabilitation at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas. For those patients who had severe Covid, it’s being called Post-ICU syndrome. This state can involve physical, mental, and emotional symptoms such as depression, memory issues, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from experience. Even those who had a mild case of Covid can suffer too. The lingering pain, breathing issues, and seemingly lack of knowledge of exactly what to do in the general medical practices can create anxiety and depression as the convalescent long-haul strived to return to a sense of normalcy. The Devastating Impact is Real for Many One story by a 27-year-old Michigan man was telling. After recovering from a mild case of Covid, he was still experiencing severe symptoms. He went from doctor to doctor, looking for answers. He was fired from his job because he was unable to work. His story, “I Managed Surviving Covid 19, But It’s Still Affecting Me Six Months Later,” outlines one of the typical experiences with a long-haul recovery.
A dentist can see  more cracked teeth in your mouth. Why is like this anyway ?
Doctor Dawar , Panchkula You would be shocked to see how many people do not know they are clenching and scratching. And people coming into the office moaning about dental pain and discomfort are always unbelieving as I point it out. "No, no. I don't grit my teeth, "is a refrain that I hear regularly, considering the fact that I sometimes watch them do so. Concientiousness is important. Are your teeth brushing right now? And after you have read this post? If so, it's a good indication that you're doing any damage — the teeth shouldn't necessarily touch anything during the day unless you're swallowing and chewing the food vigorously. Instead, when the lips are closed the mouth should be comfortable, with a little gap between the jaws. If you have a dental night guard or even retainer, gadgets that hold the teeth fixed correctly to avoid scratching, continue to put these in during the day. These apparatuses have a physical shield that absorbs and disperses energy. I would rather you break a night guard than break a tooth like I always advise my patients. Your dentist will make a night-guard tailored to ensure proper fit. And because many of us will continue to operate from home for months, setting up a decent workstation is crucial. Ideally your hands should be over your waist while you are standing, and your head should be above your hands. Laptop  displays should be at eye level; if you do not have an adjustable chair or desk, place your display or notebook on a shelf or stack of books. Often remember that it's not unusual to roll out of bed in our new home offices, grab a sofa, and settle down for nine hours a day. Try to change things up with any standing, then add more activity wherever possible. Use any toilet break, or call, as an opportunity to take further action. I encourage my patients at the end of the working day to — forgive the very scientific, medical word here — "wiggle like a frog." Lie down on the floor on your back with your arms spread out over your head and wiggle your arms, shoulders, hips and feet softly from side to side. The goal is to decompress and lengthen the spine, releasing and relieving some of that tension and pressure. If you have a bath, try sucking up some Epsom salt in the evening for 15 minutes. Concentrate on breathing through your nose and relaxing, instead of worrying about jobs, browsing through texts, or considering the back-to - school timetable for your kids (more easily said than done, I know. This article by Doctor Dawar Best dental clinic in panchkula , haryana india For best of the class Dental services in Zirakpur , punjab contact Doctor Dawar Dental clinic in zirakpur punjab. https://doctordawar.com/dawars-dental-clinic-in-zirakpur-dentist-in-zirakpur/
When Should You Visit A Neurosurgeon?
The idea of visiting a neurosurgeon may make many people nervous. However, some of them don’t even know what a neurosurgeon does. A neurosurgeon deals with the brain. It’s true! However s/he does a lot more than a brain surgeon, including working on spine, treat back pain, neck pain, degenerative disc disease, herniated discs and sometimes even leg pain. A neurosurgeon works with the entire nervous system that starts in our brain and runs through the spine to all parts of the body. Therefore, apart from severe headaches, there are many symptoms you should visit a neurosurgeon or the best brain surgeon in London. Let us get to know some of them. Headaches Almost all of us suffer from headaches at some point in our life. It may be either due to tension or mild illness. However, severe headaches like migraine if become frequent, it is time to visit a neurosurgeon, especially if the headaches are accompanied by nausea, and vomiting. A migraine differs from typical headaches because they take much longer time to last, depending on the circumstance and the patient. Dizziness There is a difference between feeling lightheaded and chronic dizziness. This ailment can be classified into three types: Presyncope - where a person feels like s/he is going to faint. Symptoms include fuzzy hearing, loss of vision, nausea, and lightheadedness. Vertigo – It makes the person feel like s/he is moving even if s/he is not. A spinning or swaying movement is associated with this. Dissociation – A spaced out feeling is observed by the patient, a feeling that the patient is being detached from either his/her body or surrounding. Blackouts A blackout is often described as a trance where the patient doesn’t realize what is happening. Blackouts are caused by a short glitch in the nervous system where the patient requires immediate medical attention. Often people suffer from two types of blackouts – with the movement where the person looks like experiencing a seizure and without movement where the person becomes motionless and unresponsive. Numbness Continuous numbness and numbness in the body are symptoms of nerve damage. Sensory nerves send and receive information to and fro between skin and muscles and spinal cord and brain. The information is processed in the brain letting the patient feel pain or numbness. Abnormal and recurring pain prevents the patient from developing the serious medical condition. In any of the conditions, mentioned above, it is crucial to visit a neurosurgeon.
Verified Veterinarian Email Addresses List
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