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Prescription Drug Charges On Substance That Has Legal Uses
There are enormous sorts of addictive substances that are available. Some people get in trouble with the law thanks to their illegal involvement in the illicit trade of controlled substances. Some cases get severe that an individual would need the assistance of a drug defense attorney. Despite having many sorts of addictive substances, the foremost common types are categorized under six categories. Prescription drug charges may be charged against an individual even if the substance has legal use. Many substances are addictive which may end in dependency. Substance abuse can alter the physical and psychological state of an individual which may be dangerous. Another factor is that the person under the influence of a drug could lead him or harm people. Charges are filed against people that possess, manufacture, sell or distribute drugs. Anyone caught within the situation, regardless of how light the case is, will need the help of a drug defense attorney to assist the defendant in navigating the legal intricacies of the case. Addictive Substances That Have Legal Uses When Used Moderately Opiates Opiates are an example of a substance that can are a part of the prescribed drugs which are used for the treatment of chronic or acute pain. Opiates are effective for patients when taken as prescribed. However, it poses a serious risk for addiction when abused. An opiate addict might visit multiple doctors to be ready to get more prescriptions for the drug. This activity is named doctor shopping. If the opiates aren't obtained from the multiple doctor visits, some opiate addicts would address using heroin because it may be cheaper and easier to use the drug. Sleeping Pills Sleeping pills are a part of prescription medications under sedative-hypnotics. Most people assume that they are not going to develop an addiction to sleeping pills. However, becoming hooked on this drug is simpler than most people might imagine. An individual who develops a dependency on sleeping pills starts when a person starts to extend their prescribed dosage without their doctor’s knowledge. Over time, the person will take larger amounts of the pills to nod off which results in addiction. Alcohol Alcohol is legal but still considered a drug. It slows down the body’s functionality when excessively consumed. Alcohol is found in many forms like liquor, wine, and beer. Physical effects of heavy alcohol consumption include loss of coordination, slowed reaction, and slurred speech. Psychological effects brought by drinking an excessive amount of alcohol include lowering the person’s capability to think rationally and inhibiting the person’s judgment. Drinking alcohol carefully isn't a drag. Nonetheless, drinking an excessive amount of alcohol can build dependency resulting in alcohol use disorder. Benzodiazepines Benzodiazepines are additionally referred to as benzos. It includes pharmaceutical drugs which are utilized for the treatment of varied mental disorders. Several mental disorders that this sort of drug treats are anxiety and panic attacks. When consumed or taken for an extended period, people will build a tolerance to benzos. This results in the person’s dependency on the drug. Some people would combine benzos and alcohol which can strengthen the consequences of the drug which will cause an overdose. Stimulants Prescription stimulants include methylphenidates and amphetamines. Stimulants can help treat mental disorders like ADHD or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Stimulants activate the central systema nervosum which incite feelings of pleasure. People that use stimulants experience a rush of intense pleasure thanks to the surge brought by dopamine. Tolerance might build up over time thanks to frequent stimulant use which results in addiction. Illicit Drugs Illicit drugs are the foremost dangerous of all the six categories. It's the most addictive and falls under the illegal standards of the law. Illicit drugs include meth and heroin. The character of drugs under illicit drugs are hugely different from one another. Marijuana also falls under this category although it's employed by some cancer patients to avoid nausea or curb the pain of the medication. Some of marijuana’s short-term effects include slowing down the person’s central systema nervosum. This will interfere with a person’s concentration and response time. Meanwhile, cocaine puts the brain into working at hyper-speed levels increasing alertness and anxiety. When physical or psychological dependence takes place, addiction to illicit drugs can take over a person’s life. Every substance that's abused beyond what's prescribed opens the doors for abuse and addiction. Dependency can lead people to commit illegal acts which can land them in predicament against the law. People undergoing legal problems can work with a drug defense attorney to assist them in getting a far better chance in court.
How Do Schools Respond to Migrant Children?
The people from the new community always neglect migrant people. They don’t cope with the migrant, knowing they are the outsiders who haven’t got the citizenships yet. However, even if they get citizenship, it always becomes challenging to cooperate with the regular citizens around. The same difficulties face the migrant children in a new country. Migrant children always feel the horror, isolation, frustration, and negative energy growing in their minds. They are surrounded by the regular students who make the migrants feel abandoned, hateful, and bullied. As a result, the situation doesn’t come up friendly and ends up in terrorism. Migrant children may sometimes get involved in wrongdoings for their existence since they are neglected here. They may want to make their standard of living to cope with others. There come several outcomes. Some can attempt wrongdoings against the bullies, some may stay quiet and let them oppress, and others look for support from the authority. It’s challenging to get the immigration process to run smoothly. Though the children and parents may seek lawyers’ help, the procedure is also challenging. The school teachers are not also supportive in tracking the migrant children’s numbers since the immigration status is hanging in most cases. The federal law requires educating and enrol kids regardless of the immigration status. But it’s been challenging to get support from co-students and teachers, as well. It’s always suggested to contact the Kansas City immigration attorney to get legal support during the immigration process. At least, the students can have the back in any severity. Most children don’t even feel like talking or sharing their conditions inside the school backyard because they are too frustrated. It’s time the migrants should be treated gently. Their green card or citizenship procedure may take time, but they are here with paperwork and legally. However, the time’s been changing. People are trying to cooperate and help migrants in need. But the students or children who are a bit aggressive should stop bullying the migrants in no time.
Law Essay Tips: 5 Tips on Writing an Effective Essay
So, it is that time of the year when you have to submit back to back law essays while maintaining the content quality throughout the document. As daunting as it may sound, you cannot just skip the submissions and have to meet the deadlines to get good grades. However, to lessen your burden, you can avail online Law essay writing service similar to law essays to help the UK on the internet. Besides, if you are determined to complete the task yourself, you might need some guidance to compose a well-crafted paper. For this, we have covered the top 5 tips and tricks to help you on the go. 1. Brainstorming It is a no-brainer that creating an effective piece of writing that requires planning and a complete understanding of the essay prompt. You must know all the basic rules of composition and prepare your mind accordingly. Skipping this step often ends up in a vague and poorly structured document. So, next time you sit down to put your thoughts into words, make sure you are certain about your ideas. You can also polish your writing skills by composing a small write-up to give yourself a head start. 2. Picking a Topic With multiple topic options at hand, you should go for the one you have interest in. Usually, students are more into topic relating to crimes and international law which makes it easier for them to write about it. Similarly, if you have a particular preference, work by it. Even if the choice is unpopular among the law students, stick to it. Your originality and uniqueness are what’s going to impress your professor. 3. Creating an Outline A Law essay is not something you can write about without thinking about what content to include in each of the sections. Here, creating an outline allows you to give a structure that you can follow throughout the document. If you are writing a short essay, make sure it has three parts, an introduction, body paragraph, and conclusion. In case it is a long essay, there must be at least three main ideas i.e. body paragraphs and rest remains the same. Follow this standard structure of writing below to come up with an organized essay. Sample Outline · First Paragraph – Introduction - Starting sentence - Thesis statement · Second Paragraph – Main Body - Information on the topic - Relevant statistics - Researches - Any other data related to the topic · Third Paragraph – Conclusion - Restating thesis statement - Supporting arguments - Call to action (if required) 4. Writing an Essay Now that you have the topic in mind and the structure defined, the next step to begin writing. It is done in four separate steps. Creating a Thesis Statement A thesis statement defines the matter around which your essay revolves. It can either be a phrase or a sentence that fits your writing style and requirements. However, it must sync with your introductory paragraph as it is included in the first section of the essay. This statement might take some of your time to craft, but it will be worth it in the end. Composing the Introduction You should make sure that the first paragraph of your essay is captivating enough to get the reader curious to read more. You can begin with a noble quote, fact, revelation or use a storyline to convey your main argument to the audience. Remember to choose the approach that goes perfectly with your thesis statement. Writing the Body Paragraph In this section, you need to explain the purpose of your writing, describe the main problem, and support your statements. It is structured in a way that the main idea comes after an introductory sentence, followed by supporting arguments and relevant authentic information. If you have divided the body paragraph into three sections, each one of them follows the same approach. Just ensure that you do not cite fake researches, and all the quotes citations are in one format. Concluding the Essay Many writers prefer to write the conclusion before the introduction so that they always have the end goal in mind. Considering you are writing a Law essay, you can include relevant laws, rules, and principles about the issue that is being addressed in the document. Furthermore, this is where you need to sum up your topic and give your opinion on the matter. So, make sure the conclusion clearly states your stance with the thesis statement restated in the paragraph. 5. Proofreading and Editing Before you consider the essay to be finished, do a review, and edit your written content. At times, some mistakes go unnoticed and might become a reason for poor grades. Remember, that law essays take time to compose as you have to include authentic information with correct references. If you think you cannot do this on your own, reach out to your professors or friends to help you. Otherwise, we are always here for you. Ping us today and submit your queries and get an expert to guide you in no time. Good Luck!
Covid-19 Impact On Debt Collection in UAE
It is certainly an arduous exercise and shocking to ascertain the overall impact of coronavirus on the life of the individuals and the economy of the world. We have experienced and are continuously experiencing the restrictions imposed by the government on various sectors to prevent further spread of the virus and safeguard the society. One of the primary restrictions imposed by the government of UAE was the suspension of court services, which is gradually coming back in service. Commercial Lawyers of Dubai are of the view that such restrictions imposed by the government are even though in favour of the society at large, yet pose a grave tension among the creditors claiming outstanding debt, in the situation of the market is slow. It is expected and is witnessed that the default rates of debtors will increase due to restrictions imposed on conducting businesses and creditors will be left at limited options to collect the outstanding debt from the market. Ergo, it is the time to gather all information and strategize plans to recover debts with the help of Top Lawyers of Dubai. In general, a debtor has several options in UAE to initiate actions for debt collection, for instance, serving a legal notice to the other party through the assistance of a Legal Consultant in Dubai. The legal notices are issued with an intent to resolve the dispute outside the court authorities' jurisdiction and is an amicable way of resolving the issue or claiming the debt owed by the other party. In most circumstances, the parties are unwilling to approach the court considering the cost involved in legal cases and the timeline to reach a judgment. However, we have seen major amendments in the civil law as explained in our articles concerning amendments in Civil Procedure Law, wherein establishment of fast-track judicial authorities allows the parties to execute the orders without notice for payment orders. Such remedies can be well utilized in these difficult times to expedite the cases for outstanding debt. At this stage, we advise all our readers who are in a tough spot of claiming outstanding debt from their debtors, you can either immediately act upon it by highlighting the outstanding debt and offering an opportunity to the debtor to come forward and reach a negotiated amount, or you may wait until the current global crisis settles down. However, a laid back approach is only advised if you are aware of strong financial position of your debtor and you believe you will be able to recover your debt without the debtor filing for bankruptcy or insolvency. In any of the event, the best approach is to conduct small due diligence on company's (debtor) financial position in the COVID-19 situation and accordingly must take suitable action of serving a legal notice or approaching the court to file a case. In cases, where you are uncertain if the company (the debtor) will survive this unfortunate turn of events, it is very much advised by the Lawyers of Dubai to immediately resort to legal assistance, before it's too late as the court are re-operational and are using virtual technology to register and attend hearings for which your Civil Lawyer can assist you with. https://www.professionallawyer.me/legal-articles/business/covid-19-impact-on-debt-collection-in-uae
Vốn điều lệ của Công ty TNHH 2 thành viên?
Vốn điều lệ là tổng giá trị tài sản do các thành viên công ty, chủ sở hữu công ty đã góp hoặc cam kết góp khi thành lập công ty trách nhiệm hữu hạn, công ty hợp danh; là tổng mệnh giá cổ phần đã bán hoặc được đăng ký mua khi thành lập công ty cổ phần. Vốn điều lệ là khoản tiền được ghi nhận trong Giấy chứng nhận đăng ký kinh doanh của doanh nghiệp. Vốn điều lệ của các loại hình doanh nghiệp khác nhau thì sẽ như thế nào? Trong bài viết dưới đây, chúng tôi sẽ giải đáp thắc mắc liên quan đến Vốn điều lệ của Công ty TNHH 2 thành viên. Vốn điều lệ là gì? Vốn điều lệ là tổng giá trị tài sản do các thành viên công ty, chủ sở hữu công ty đã góp hoặc cam kết góp khi thành lập công ty TNHH (trách nhiệm hữu hạn), công ty hợp danh; là tổng mệnh giá cổ phần đã bán hoặc được đăng ký mua khi thành lập công ty cổ phần. Như vậy, vốn điều lệ chính là tài sản mà các thành viên của doanh nghiệp cam kết góp khi thành lập doanh nghiệp. Vậy Vốn điều lệ của Công ty TNHH 2 thành viên là bao nhiêu? Vốn điều lệ công ty TNHH 2 thành viên là bao nhiêu? Vốn điều lệ của Công ty TNHH 2 thành viên được quy định cụ thể tại Điều 47 Luật Doanh nghiệp 2020: Điều 47. Góp vốn thành lập công ty và cấp giấy chứng nhận phần vốn góp 1. Vốn điều lệ của công ty trách nhiệm hữu hạn hai thành viên trở lên khi đăng ký thành lập doanh nghiệp là tổng giá trị phần vốn góp của các thành viên cam kết góp và ghi trong Điều lệ công ty. 2. Thành viên phải góp vốn cho công ty đủ và đúng loại tài sản đã cam kết khi đăng ký thành lập doanh nghiệp trong thời hạn 90 ngày kể từ ngày được cấp Giấy chứng nhận đăng ký doanh nghiệp, không kể thời gian vận chuyển, nhập khẩu tài sản góp vốn, thực hiện thủ tục hành chính để chuyển quyền sở hữu tài sản. Trong thời hạn này, thành viên có các quyền và nghĩa vụ tương ứng với tỷ lệ phần vốn góp đã cam kết. Thành viên công ty chỉ được góp vốn cho công ty bằng loại tài sản khác với tài sản đã cam kết nếu được sự tán thành của trên 50% số thành viên còn lại. 3. Sau thời hạn quy định tại khoản 2 Điều này mà vẫn có thành viên chưa góp vốn hoặc chưa góp đủ phần vốn góp đã cam kết thì được xử lý như sau: a) Thành viên chưa góp vốn theo cam kết đương nhiên không còn là thành viên của công ty; b) Thành viên chưa góp đủ phần vốn góp đã cam kết có các quyền tương ứng với phần vốn góp đã góp; c) Phần vốn góp chưa góp của các thành viên được chào bán theo nghị quyết, quyết định của Hội đồng thành viên. 4. Trường hợp có thành viên chưa góp vốn hoặc chưa góp đủ số vốn đã cam kết, công ty phải đăng ký thay đổi vốn điều lệ, tỷ lệ phần vốn góp của các thành viên bằng số vốn đã góp trong thời hạn 30 ngày kể từ ngày cuối cùng phải góp đủ phần vốn góp theo quy định tại khoản 2 Điều này. Các thành viên chưa góp vốn hoặc chưa góp đủ số vốn đã cam kết phải chịu trách nhiệm tương ứng với tỷ lệ phần vốn góp đã cam kết đối với các nghĩa vụ tài chính của công ty phát sinh trong thời gian trước ngày công ty đăng ký thay đổi vốn điều lệ và tỷ lệ phần vốn góp của thành viên. 5. Trừ trường hợp quy định tại khoản 2 Điều này, người góp vốn trở thành thành viên của công ty kể từ thời điểm đã thanh toán phần vốn góp và những thông tin về người góp vốn quy định tại các điểm b, c và đ khoản 2 Điều 48 của Luật này được ghi đầy đủ vào sổ đăng ký thành viên. Tại thời điểm góp đủ phần vốn góp, công ty phải cấp giấy chứng nhận phần vốn góp cho thành viên tương ứng với giá trị phần vốn đã góp. Luật doanh nghiệp cũng không quy định cụ thể chi tiết về số vốn điều lệ tối thiểu của mỗi công ty TNHH 2 thành viên là bao nhiêu. Tuy nhiên nếu các thành viên không góp đủ vốn cam kết thì sẽ phải tuân thủ hướng dẫn tại Khoản 2, 3, 4, 5 nêu trên. Vốn điều lệ của doanh nghiệp sẽ được ghi nhận trong Giấy chứng nhận đăng ký kinh doanh và số vốn điều lệ của doanh nghiệp sẽ ảnh hưởng đến thuế môn bài mà doanh nghiệp phải đóng. Các trường hợp tăng, giảm vốn điều lệ của công ty THHH 2 thành viên Trong hoạt động kinh doanh chắc chắn doanh nghiệp sẽ có lúc cần tăng, giảm vốn điều lệ. Thứ nhất: Về tăng vốn điều lệ Công ty có thể tăng vốn điều lệ công ty trong các trường hợp sau đây: – Tăng vốn góp của các thành viên: Trong trường hợp này, phần vốn góp tăng thêm được phân chia cho các thành viên theo tỷ lệ tương ứng với phần vốn góp của họ trong vốn điều lệ công ty. Trong trường hợp có thành viên không góp thêm vốn, số vốn góp thêm của thành viên đó được chia cho các thành viên khác theo tỷ lệ tương ứng với phần vốn góp của họ trong vốn điều lệ công ty nếu các thành viên không có thỏa thuận khác. – Tăng thêm thành viên mới: Công ty nhận thêm thành viên mới và số vốn góp của thành viên mới để tăng vốn điều lệ của công ty và ghi nhận vào sổ đăng ký thành viên. Thứ hai: Về giảm vốn điều lệ Công ty có thể giảm vốn điều lệ bằng các hình thức sau: – Hoàn trả một phần vốn góp cho thành viên theo tỷ lệ vốn góp của họ trong vốn điều lệ của công ty nếu đã hoạt động kinh doanh liên tục trong hơn 02 năm, kể từ ngày đăng ký doanh nghiệp và bảo đảm thanh toán đủ các khoản nợ và nghĩa vụ tài sản khác sau khi đã hoàn trả cho thành viên. – Công ty mua lại phần vốn góp của thành viên theo quy định tại Điều 51 của Luật Doanh nghiệp năm 2020. Cụ thể, thành viên có quyền yêu cầu công ty mua lại phần vốn góp của mình, nếu thành viên đó đã bỏ phiếu không tán thành đối với nghị quyết của Hội đồng thành viên về vấn đề sau đây: + Sửa đổi, bổ sung các nội dung trong Điều lệ công ty liên quan đến quyền và nghĩa vụ của thành viên, Hội đồng thành viên; + Tổ chức lại công ty; + Các trường hợp khác theo quy định tại Điều lệ công ty. Yêu cầu mua lại phần vốn góp phải bằng văn bản và được gửi đến công ty trong thời hạn 15 ngày, kể từ ngày thông qua nghị quyết quy định tại khoản này. Các trường hợp tăng, giảm vốn điều lệ đều phải thông báo đến Phòng đăng ký kinh doanh để thay đổi Giấy chứng nhận đăng ký kinh doanh. Trên đây là tư vấn của chúng tôi nhằm giải đáp thắc mắc về Vốn điều lệ khi thành lập Công ty TNHH 2 thành viên để bạn đọc tham khảo. Nếu Quý khách còn thắc mắc gì vấn đề này hoặc muốn biết thêm thông tin chi tiết thì vui lòng liên hệ với chúng tôi để được tư vấn. Công Ty Cổ Phần Tư Vấn Bravolaw Hotline: 1900.6296 Web: https://luatsuonline.vn/
Costs of Hiring the Business law attorney Orange County California
Everybody else who's hired a small business law attorney will inform you the legal services aren't affordable. Thus, before selecting a lawyer, you should ask your self just how much you're ready to cover your services. Don't be hesitant to ask thorough questions rather than feel ashamed. Legal counsel's willingness to go over the fees can be a significant indicator of just how he or she treats both the customers. For those who get a basic understanding about how attorneys typically charge for their services, then it can allow you to negotiate the very best deal when you have to engage you. Learn More: Business law attorney Orange County California A very best business lawyer can indicate hourly fees, flat fees and sometimes maybe contingency penalties. Nevertheless, the specific price tag of these prices arrangements is dependent on numerous things. The fee of a lawyer is directly influenced by the quantity of work and time required for the case, if you reside within a metropolitan or rural region, by the results of the circumstance, by the connection with the attorney and by the calculating expenses. These elements will affect the entire price of your lawyer. The hourly rates would be the most frequent arrangement. In a hourly rate basis, Business law attorney Orange County California has paid a pre-determined hourly amount for those hours he places in a customer's case until it's resolved. The hourly rate is contingent upon the lawyer's experience, managing expenses and also the positioning of this clinic. If it comes to your organization' security, you ought to bear in your mind it works better to employ legal counsel with plenty of knowledge and expertise. When coping with the company law matters such as spouses and simple insolvency statutes, most lawyers typically charge a set rate. Nevertheless, the horizontal rate may not consist of additional legal expenses like the borrowing charges. You are able to be charged to a contingency fee basis using kinds of cases. This usually means that the business enterprise law attorney will take some commission in you personally, but can find a proportion of their compensation money. In terms of the fees and court expenses, there aren't any averages plus it's barely possible to provide an exact quote. You need to carefully discuss every thing with your small business lawsuit attorney and expect some other mixed prices so you can gauge those costs at the start and avoid additional confusions. Anticipate to assess court charges, filing costs, delivery charges etc.,.
Finding the Right Personal Accident Lawyer
Hiring the right lawyer can be the only difference between getting bogged under the medical bills or lost wages or securing a hefty settlement. From a slip and fall, a vehicle crash, to any other form of accident, hiring the right accident attorney in Sacramento is critical. For most of us, hiring a lawyer is a complicated issue, something which it should not be. You will probably find over 50 listing pages of personal injury lawyer in Sacramento in the phone book or any online directory. But how do you ensure that you pick the right one? What do you have to look for? Questions to ask Here are a few questions that you must not miss before hiring a lawyer. Go ahead only after you have satisfactory answers to all or most of these: ● Experience of the lawyer in handling the cases similar to that of yours. ● The expectation in terms of compensation in the event of winning the case. ● Who will be working on the case? ● Will the case go to trial? ● For how long has the lawyer handled personal injury cases? ● How long does it take to resolve cases similar to yours? ● What will be your role in the case? The above questions and other similar ones give you a good idea of how the law firm can help you. Sooner the better Start with searching for a good lawyer as early as possible, better within a week or two, after the accident. If your medical or physical condition does not allow you, ask a friend, family member, or relative to help you here. As early as your lawyer starts working on your case, the better it is. Lawyers’ specialization Preferably, you are looking for a Sacramento Bicycle Accident Lawyer. Make sure you find one that is closest to your requirements if not a precise match. Doing proper homework is vital before you sign the papers with the lawyer. Browse through its official website and read the firm’s history and biographical information. It goes a long way in ensuring that your case turns out in your favor. The first meeting with the lawyer It is a vital aspect, as a face to face meeting with your prospective lawyer will help in resolving several doubts and make you feel comfortable with the lawyer. Your lawyer will be your trusted advisor in these difficult times, and building full trust in him is vital. This sit-down discussion will have far-reaching benefits. Hiring on a contingency fee In the contingency fee structure, your lawyer will not get paid unless you get paid. His fees will come from the money that you will get from your insurance agencies. Now, this can be anything between 33% to 40% of the final settlement. Gaining a clear understanding of the payment structure is vital before signing the retainer agreement. Seek professionalism Avail services of professional lawyers instead of the ones who chase ambulances, and try to get as many personal injury cases as possible. Such lawyers try to settle these cases quickly, and their only emphasis is to churn money out of you. These lawyers will also lack a sincere approach while dealing with your case. Things to remember You need to be completely honest with the lawyer while having discussions regarding the case. Any documentation or pictures related to your lawsuit will be of immense help. Also, never give a recorded statement to a representative of the insurance company or anyone else without consulting your lawyer.
Unable To Perform Business Activity Due To Covid-19- Can You Claim Reduction In Rent?
The force with which the global pandemic is flaring up and the reaction to it has heightened the concerns or disputes between the lessor and lessee in UAE. It is protected to state that landowners and occupants will from now on carefully review certain critical, yet not generally used in most circumstances such as force majeure. At this moment however, the COVID-19 pandemic's effect on organizations and business activities is raising vulnerability under business rents about issues best tended to with proactive evaluation from occupants and proprietors in regards to their rent commitments. One of this situation was recently dealt by Rental Dispute Committee in Dubai and is elaborately discussed by Property Lawyers of Dubai. In a recent judgment of Rental Dispute Committee under case number 2020/04006/02 and the counter case 2020/04604/02, the court examined the situation of Coronavirus being a force majeure and issued a judgment assisting the tenant in unexpected circumstances. Case of the Plaintiff Plaintiff (tenant) registered the case against the defendant (landlord) under a commercial lease to decrease the rental amount from AED 1.7 million to AED 1.1 million per annum from 01/03/2020 till the authorities allow to reuse the commercial property (which was temporarily shut by the order of Ministry of Economy as a preventive measure in COVID-19) and requested the court to order the other party to return the rental cheque for such time. The Case of the Defendant The Defendant (Landlord) on the other hand requested the court to order the plaintiff to pay AED 875,000 as pending rental amount and to pay 9% interest from the date of delay in payment to fulfill its contractual obligations under the Lease Agreement. The rationale behind plaintiff's claim The plaintiff urge before the court that Ministry of Economy ordered all commercial properties (due to COIVD-19) to close temporarily and accordingly requested the court to decrease the rent based on their inability to perform their commercial activities based on a governmental order. Plaintiff referred to Law number 26 of 2007 as amended by Law number 33 of 2008 regarding the lease agreements in Dubai which states that for the reasons of the renewal of the tenancy contract, both the parties have the right to modify any clause in contract and increase or decrease the rental amount and if they fail to settle the amendment of the tenancy contract, the court has the right to arrange a suitable rental amount as per Article 9 of this law and in case both the parties want to modify the agreement as per Article 1 of the concerned law, he has to notify the other party before 90 days from the date of end of the contract. Plaintiff further referred to Court of Cassation judgment 374/2011 the court was of the opinion that if any unusual circumstances or public situation happens and it is not normal to expect such situation to exist and because of such situation the other party is unable to perform its contractual obligations and leads to a big loss for a party who is supposed to perform his part under the contract. In such cases, the judge has the right, post reviewing the facts and circumstances between both the parties to re-draft a specific clause or difficult part of a particular contract to be suitable for the parties and anything else agreed upon between the parties would be therefore held invalid. This is in accordance with Article 249 of the Civil Procedure Code. In line with the foregoing provision, the plaintiff request the court to accept his request because of unusual circumstances of COVID-19 the plaintiff was unable to perform his business activity and therefore unable to maintain his position under the contract and alleged that performance of such contract would lead to significant losses to the plaintiff. Importantly, this circumstances effects huge number of people and such an event is unexpected to happen while signing the contract. Further, for the consideration the public circumstances in the time of making the contract and hard for the debtor to perform his obligations under the contract. he Plaintiff further relied on Court of Cassation case number 56/2009 on the claim registered by the defendant seeking legal interest, wherein the foregoing judgment the court was of the opinion that the legal interest due from the debtor is a compensation for late performance of the contract, whether it is civil or commercial and this interest has to be calculated as per the value of the contract and the court shall have no authority to calculate the amount from the date of delay in payment, however, the court has the authority to determine the interest on delay in payment from the date judgment becomes final and binding. Lastly, the plaintiff relied on Court of Cassation case number 69/1991 wherein, the court held that the subject of the case is determined when the plaintiff submits his opening memorandum and he also has the right to modify his memorandum of to increase or decrease the amount in his request against the defendant and the court shall accept his request and issue a judgment on the last documents submitted. In this regards, as per the request of the plaintiff to decrease the amount to 1.1 million AED yearly and this is as per the rental amount of the similar property and the common rules and regulations in the DED and the contract did not have any vitiating consent. JUDGMENT Decrease in Rent The court held that as per the documents submitted by both the parties that the rental contract is valid until October 2020 and the plaintiff does not have the right to decrease the rent amount during the continuity of the contract. However, she can seek for decrease in rent 90 days before the expiry of the contract. Therefore, the court rejects plaintiffs request to decrease the rent. Claiming the Post-Dated Cheque The court herein confirmed that due to the current situation and temporary closure of business of the plaintiff whose activity as per the trading license deals in sports (as per the order of Ministry of Economy to shut all sports activities from 15 March 2020) the plaintiff has been effected by the impact of such regulation. Therefore, the court accepted the plea of plaintiff and offered relaxation on the rent for the said period (wherein the activities were closed by the government). Importantly, the court ordered the other party to return the cheque to the plaintiff. The present circumstances of the case, represented well by the Legal Consultants allowed the Plaintiff to seek a relaxation in the rent from the time the commercial property was temporarily shut upon government order. Importantly, if you find yourself in such similar situation, it is better to seek assistance of Best Lawyers in Dubai to understand the critical boilerplates in your lease agreement to receive a favorable judgment.
Выход на пенсию в Израиле
Найти пенсионные накопления Выход на пенсию в Израиле требует полного изменения вашего финансового мышления, так как для большинства из нас перерыв в работе означает значительное падение дохода. Чтобы начать планировать, вы должны знать об ожидаемых источниках дохода и, конечно, о прогнозе будущих расходов Обратите внимание, что многие из нас накопили пенсионные накопления, которые разбросаны в нескольких местах. Важно найти все, в том числе через поиск неактивных аккаунтов на сайте Минфина. Мы осуществим поиск во всех финансовых организациях Израиля и подскажем, как вывести свои средства. Бесплатная консультация: 02-3003999. Работать для пенсионного страхования? Пенсионное страхование для работников является обязательным для работодателя, и работник не может от него отказаться. Работодатель, который не обеспечивает пенсионное страхование, может быть подвергнут штрафам и жалобам работника. Обязательство удерживать суммы пенсионного страхования распространяется на работника старше 21 года. Из ежемесячной суммы, отчисляемой на пенсионное страхование, определенная сумма перечисляется с целью накопления страховки на случай потери трудоспособности Разрешено работать вне пенсионного возраста? Вы можете запросить продолжение текущей работы или начать новую работу. Источник: Выход на пенсию в Израиле