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7 tips to increase Your Income
 7 Tips to increase Your Income . Reach your financial goals more quickly, you may be looking for ways to improve your income. There are temporary salary solutions like taking a second job, but if you know you need to have a high income to survive, you need to look for long-term solutions to your problem. As you plan, it is important to consider the consequences of earning more money so that you do not end up borrowing more. These solutions can help your income. 1. Turn Your Work Into Business If you have a hidden talent or love that you can spend a lot of time working on, you can probably find a way to use your skills to make a profit. If you are creative, there are many ways to market your work online. Visible communities make it easier for you to connect with potential customers. You can also consider attending local exhibitions, farmers' markets, or other events to help spread the word. Another way to increase your income is to open a private business that you enjoy. This will probably start as something you do for a while while you are still working on your first job, but if you are smart about it, you may be able to grow it into something you do full-time. Find something you really enjoy doing or believe in and try to start working on it. It helps to have a business plan. You will also want to make sure that you do not put more money into the business than you spend. There are a variety of business options you can make that truly suit your skills and interests. If you run a business like this one for your job, you need to make sure you do not violate competition agreements and see if there are any rules regarding customer travel so that you do not get into trouble over time. for more business click here....................
How Impacted COVID-19 on U.S. Shale Gas in Chemical Industry ?
Impact of COVID-19 on U.S. Shale Gas in Chemical Industry INTRODUCTION Shale gas and shale oil are defined as natural gas & oil from shale formations. Shale is a type of sedimentary rock that is made up of very small clay particles and is highly porous in nature. It is formed in deep ocean water, lagoons, wetlands, and swamps where the water is still enough for extremely fine clay and silt particles to settle to the bottom. Since shale is a porous formation, it serves as both a source and a reservoir for unconventional hydrocarbons. The extraction of oil and gas from a shale formation involves mechanical stimulation. One such technique for stimulation is hydraulic fracturing or fracking. In the fracking process, cracks in and below the Earth's surface are opened and widened by injecting water, chemicals, and sand at high pressure. The combination of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracking has made it possible to access vast quantities of shale gas that were previously uneconomical to generate. Natural gas output from shale deposits has given the United States natural gas industry a new lease on life. The demand for safe access to energy sources is growing globally. Shale oil and gas have played an important role in meeting global energy demand during the energy revolution and are expected to continue to do so for decades as society transitions to lower-carbon energy sources. The rapid growth of shale oil and gas contributes to increased supply stability and lower commodity prices. According to the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), in the year 2011, the country’s estimated available natural gas resources totaled 2,552 trillion cubic feet (Tcf). Natural gas from shale deposits, which was once considered to be uneconomical, accounted for 827 Tcf of this resource total. In the year 2020, U.S. dry shale gas production was about 26 trillion cubic feet (Tcf), and equal to about 78% of total U.S. dry natural gas production. IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON U.S. SHALE INDUSTRY Shale oil and gas exploration have, in particular, given the US oil and gas industry new dimensions of development. It has also fueled significant investment in associated infrastructure for gathering, storing, and delivering hydrocarbons to both domestic and foreign markets. In less than a decade, the US shale industry turned the global energy landscape upside down and re-established the US as the global energy leader. The onset of a global pandemic and subsequent drop in oil prices, on the other hand, has taken the momentum out of the shale boom. Due to a sudden drop in demand, the shale industry has immediately self-corrected. Many oil and gas players succumbed to the economic shock resulted from the CoVID-19 and filed for bankruptcy. Chesapeake Energy, a shale leader and once second-largest gas producer in the United States, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in late June. According to the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), the crude-oil output from seven major shale formations in the United states fell by around 56,000 barrels per day (BPD) in August 2020 to just under 7.5 million BPD, which would be the lowest level in two years. The shale industry is closely looped in with the oil and gas industry. The recent downfall of the oil and gas industry during the pandemic has had a severe impact on shale output. Post pandemic, the shale industry peaked, but the industry as a whole lost money. Since 2010, the US shale industry has produced USD 300 billion in net negative free cash flows, damaged more than USD 450 billion in invested capital, and seen more than 190 bankruptcies. With the advent of the coronavirus, the future for shale producers has become even bleaker, with a new bankruptcy filing occurring every week or so in the last few months. The pandemic's effects will be felt far beyond the US shale industry. Despite accounting for less than 10% of global oil and gas output, US shale oil extraction activity accounts for 40% of global shale oil extraction activity and accounts for nearly 100% of the growth in US midstream and export-oriented refining and petrochemical sectors over the last decade. STRATEGIC INITIATIVES DURING COVID-19 · Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) agreed on a continuation of March production levels for the month of April, with the exception of Russia and Kazakhstan, which will be authorized to increase production by 130,000 and 20,000 barrels per day, respectively, at their most recent meeting · Saudi Arabia has also agreed to extend its one-million-barrel-per-day voluntary cut for the month of April. · Companies such as Chevron, Shell, Schlumberger, and others have taken initiatives to safeguard their workforce in the ongoing pandemic situation. CONCLUSION On Conclusion, the pandemic has placed the shale industry in a delicate spot as major players are forced to cut down the output. The potential energy landscape in the United States and around the world is highly complex, and its drivers are interconnected. In the not-too-distant future, a wave of consolidation in the US shale industry could be triggered by the poor financial position of many firms and the weak economic outlook. The continuous demand for a ban on fracking, coupled with the effect of COVID, has cracked the shale industry severely. Although, the historic evidence indicates that the shale producers operate more economically. In comparison to 2019, producers in the Permian Basin are saving roughly 20% on good costs.
Significant Impact of COVID-19 on Bulk Material Handling System in Semiconductors & Electronics Industry
COVID-19 Impact on Bulk Material Handling System in Semiconductors and Electronics Industry The lockdown situation during the COVID-19 pandemic has highly impacted the global economy. Most of the governments from different countries imposed a lockdown to break the chain of coronavirus spread. All companies related to various industries have been shut down except a few dealing with COVID-19 operations such as pharmaceutical, essential goods and services and the food industry. As a result of the COVID-19 crisis, many bulk material handling companies throughout the world have had to either temporarily close or reduce their workforces to prevent the spread of the virus. Through worldwide shortages of goods, it soon was apparent how important the world’s manufacturing and warehouse productivity is to the economy. In the bulk material handling system market, the business impact eventually proved to be less severe than first anticipated once lockdowns and restrictions were lifted. Nevertheless, the limited access to customers’ sites affected both capital and aftermarket sales of suppliers throughout the year. The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted that automation is needed for supply chains to increase efficiency. During the recent period, very few percent of supply chains felt fully prepared for the coronavirus impact. However, the bulk material handling industry can develop this situation with innovation, automation and perseverance. AFTERMATH OF GLOBAL BULK MATERIAL HANDLING SYSTEM MARKET COVID-19 pandemic affected a wide range of industries, from small to large manufacturing companies. It hampered the worldwide demand for solutions in the bulk material handling system market up to a certain extent. Limited workforce and operational restrictions negatively affected the product development life cycle. But at later stages, when lockdown restrictions were lifted, demand got stable up to a certain point. The companies developed different strategies and technologies specific to tackle problems that occurred because of the COVID-19 pandemic. For instance, · Daifuku Co., Ltd., a material handling company, stated some measures and strategies to overcome the challenges faced during the COVID-19 pandemic in their annual report 2020. To prevent the spread of COVID-19 and maintain distance from one another required a new approach to service activities for systems post-delivery. Accordingly, they are working hard to use the Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI) and information and communications technology (ICT) to establish material handling systems that never stop or that will be able to recover immediately even if blocked. They will continue to support stable operations of customer facilities by introducing new technologies and services, including remote operation, while ensuring the lives, safety and health of employees and their families. Likewise, many companies have started introducing new technologies and methodologies in the COVID-19 situation to remain better positioned in the market. Losses during this period can be overcome in the future by taking this slowdown to redesign and refresh the business processes and logistics operations. OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE MARKET IN COVID-19 SITUATION Market players have an opportunity to upgrade their operations and prospective for the betterment of their companies. Automation is the key to success in this unpredictable world. Different crises, labour shortages, natural disasters impact a lot on every industry. So being one step ahead of time and understanding the market well will ensure the success of the market player. In this COVID-19 pandemic, many companies adopted process automation and customization as an opportunity to survive and grow. Some of the instances are mentioned below: § Automation to overcome labor shortage: Though recent events have worsened the labor gap, the labor shortage is not new for many industries, as more workers retire and skills requirements increase. Automation offers solutions to some of these problems. Automated Process Equipment Corporation provides solutions and services for bulk material handling companies to overcome labor shortages during this pandemic situation. Super sack handling, accurate measuring, automatic routing, easily reprogrammable controls and electronic record keeping are solutions that will improve automation and reduce the dependency on the massive number of laborers. § Customized Solutions for Booming Market: KWS Manufacturing Company Ltd. partnered up with Coperion K-Tron to provide the solution for the world’s most significant high-density polyethylene and polypropylene suppliers, which is used in consumer and industrial goods ranging from plastic bags and bottles to N95 medical masks and face shields. Due to the increased demand for polyethylene and polypropylene, expanding the client’s extrusion line required new loss-in-weight additive feeders and a mixing screw conveyor. KWS and Coperion K-Tron sales and engineering teams collaborated to ensure the extrusion line expansion would be successful. IMPACT ON SUPPLY AND DEMAND COVID-19 has disrupted the supply chain on a global scale. International trade restrictions and customs regulations resulted in longer wait times and a lack of capacity for long-haul deliverables. During this pandemic, the demand for bulk material handling solutions decreased because of the limited access to customers’ sites. This affected both capital and aftermarket sales throughout the year. Most of the companies faced challenges in managing on-time project completion and order deliveries. However, many companies took this to redesign their operation and logistic models with digital capabilities to increase operational efficiency and effectiveness in such a period. For instance, · ThyssenKrupp AG Company adopted the digitization of their business processes and supply chains in 2019-2020. Their focus was on the introduction of automation solutions which included the new mobile app “Paperless”. This app allowed digitizing day-to-day processes in warehouses such as bookings, preparation of work schedules and material identification. It also created the conditions for using other automation solutions, such as driverless transportation systems, to be used in a new state-of-the-art logistics center for ThyssenKrupp Schulte. Such positive changes and automation in the supply chain will enable the companies to emerge stronger and supply chains that are more resilient to future disruptions. CONCLUSION The global bulk material handling system market suffered losses during the recent period because of COVID-19’s negative impact on global demand and supply chains. Yearly sales for the market-related products got hampered due to limited access to customer’s sites. But relaxation in lockdown regulations after few months helped the market to somewhat come back on track. However, many companies started building new technologies to overcome supply chain problems in pandemic situations. They adopted digitization and automation in day-to-day business processes and supply chains. Although it will take some more time for companies to come back on track, this period made everyone realize the need for up-gradation in many business aspects.
How COVID-19 Impacted on Potato Chips in Food and Beverages Industry ?
COVID-19 Impact on Potato Chips in Food and Beverages Industry Countries worldwide have faced numerous consequences due to the COVID-19 outbreak. Most of the industries have been affected due to the COVID-19 pandemic, both in positive and negative ways. The pandemic has disrupted the economy of the U.S., which is considered one of the major economies in the world, by disrupting all the businesses. Government restrictions, shutdown of the businesses, and income losses are some of the reasons behind the disruption of the economy. However, the demand for some products grew even at the time of COVID-19 pandemic. Snacks, such as potato chips, tortilla chips, and others, have grown in demand during the COVID-19 as people were more concerned about stocking up food edibles. Consumers shifted to budget spending on ready-to-eat products with long shelf life products such as potato chips, tortilla chips, and others. Key players in the market have acquired small companies during the pandemic as the demand for potato chips was high. For instance, · In January 2020, J.R. Simplot Company acquired Pinnacle Agriculture. This acquisition represents a significant and important milestone for the J.R. Simplot Company, and it will help the company reach new heights. However, disruption in supply chain has directly affected the production of various small potato chips companies, further decreasing the growth rate during COVID-19. STRATEGIC DECISION BY GOVERNMENT TO BOOST THE MARKET The step that the government is planning to take towards the comeback of the food industry is to make the industry less dependent on imports. Most of the manufacturers have decided to reduce their dependence on China for supplies. Many companies are trying to shift their supplies from China to other countries. This is one of the steps suggested by the government in discussion with the potato chips manufacturing companies to keep the supply chain unhindered. The new rules and mandates were introduced and implemented for the people's safety such as social distancing, utilization of masks and sanitizers, and many others. STRATEGIC DECISIONS FOR MANUFACTURERS AFTER COVID-19 TO GAIN COMPETITIVE MARKET SHARE In 2020, the global potato chips market witnessed positive growth. However, the manufacturers of potato chips faced significant challenges during COVID-19 due to lack of transportation and disruption in the supply chain. To gain a competitive market share after COVID-19, the manufacturers have taken certain strategic decisions. · PRODUCTION OF PREMIUM QUALITY PRODUCTS: Several manufacturers are focusing on producing high-quality products with innovative features to improve the demand among the customers. The premium potato chips are chips that are made with high-quality materials. Many manufactures have currently launched many new products during the COVID-19. For instance, · In February 2021, introduced a new line of kettle-cooked potato chips. This launch will increase the customer base of the company. Thus, the following instances show that the global potato chips market in countries U.S. and many others are expected to grow drastically. Furthermore, with the impact of COVID-19, the market for e-commerce and online shopping is likely to grow and lead the market in the coming years. IMPACT ON SUPPLY CHAIN As potato chips ingredients are derived from vegetables such as potatoes, the fluctuation in supply of these materials directly impacted the potato chips supply. Due to the outbreak of COVID-19, the supply chain suffered drastically. Manufacturers of raw materials had stock, but they were not getting enough demand. Moreover, companies faced several issues with the supply of raw materials as most of the country was completely shut down. In this situation, manufacturers faced untimely availability of raw materials. Labor availability was another factor that affected the supply chain of potato chips. At several parts, the manufacturers were struggling for raw material reach, and at the same time, some were struggling to deliver the product. For a few manufacturers, the end-product was ready but could not reach their customers due to restrictions on transportation and thus losing revenue. Thus, the impact on supply is not due to one factor but was from multiple points. IMPACT ON PRICE The prices of potato varieties such as russet, yellow, red, white, fingerling, and purple or blue potatoes witnessed a decline due to outbreak of the COVID-19. The U.S. has significant demand for raw materials such as potatoes and this demand is generally fulfilled with local production. For instance, · In May 2021, Frito-Lay North America is the convenient foods division of PepsiCo, Inc., they issued a voluntary recall of select 16 1/8 oz. bags of Ruffles All DressedPotato Chips because they may contain undeclared milk ingredients, because People who have an allergy or severe sensitivity to milk run the risk of a serious or life-threatening allergic reaction if they consume the product contained inside the recalled bags, this announcement was published by the FDA as a public service. · In August 2021, Ballreich Snack Food Co. Tiffin, Ohio, recalls its 1.5oz, 2.75oz, and 7oz packages of BAR-B-Q Potato Chips due to a potential contamination Salmonella. An organism which can cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in young children, frail or elderly people, and others with weakened immune systems. Therefore, case of such recalls of products, containing allergenic ingredients and contamination of the products hampers the company popularity and revenue. T IMPACT ON DEMAND The demand for potato chips faced an incline due to the COVID-19 outbreak across the U.S. As most of the countries were under lockdown, the consumption of potato chips increased as it comes under ready-to-eat food items, which witnessed a significant demand in the lockdown period. Thus, the potato chips industry witnessed an incline in the fiscal year 2020 due to the breakout of COVID-19. As the consumption of the potato chips and other type of snacks increased, major players in the food experienced an increase in revenue in fiscal year 2020-2021. In addition, there have been changes in the budgetary support from the government. Another application of potato chips is in confectionery products, convenience food product, and other industries and households. Since these industries have registered high sales during this pandemic, the demand for potato chips has also grown. CONCLUSION The potato chips is mainly used as a snack food. Owing to COVID-19 induced lockdown, the sales of potato chips increased as consumers resorted to filling their shelves with adequate food supplies. Few manufacturers faced issues with supply of raw materials. At the same time, the manufacturers struggled to maintain the supply as per the demand. Also, the gap in supply chain hampered timely availability of end-product in the potato chips market. However, the situation has recovered, and the potato chips market is likely to see normalized growth as compared to 2020 levels as panic buying has disappeared owing to recovery of COVID-19 cases.
Impact of COVID-19 on Mini Cranes Market | Semiconductors & Electronics Industry ?
Impact of COVID-19 on Mini Cranes Market in Semiconductors and Electronics Industry ANALYSIS ON IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON MINI CRANES MARKET The COVID-19 pandemic has influenced the whole planet with its significant impacts on the economy and businesses across the globe. The COVID-19 spread worldwide in unprecedented ways due to its high infectious and contagious nature and lack of availability of its vaccine. As a result, the most significant medical challenge in the 21st century is yet to be faced by physicians worldwide. Though the emergence of the virus can be traced back to Asia, many European countries and the U.S. have been struck massively by the pandemic. The virus has spread across all regions ranging from North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Africa up to South America. The COVID-19 has been declared a pandemic by World Health Organization (WHO) due to its increased spread across the globe. After the declaration of the pandemic, various countries announced the complete lockdown, such as India, China and other Asian countries, to decrease its spread. The economies have been affected adversely as most of the trade and economic activities came to a halt. The unemployment rate has grown due to the impact and the global GDP fell by -3.5%. According to the situation report of 7th June 2021 by World Health Organization (WHO) stated 174 million cases of corona had been reported globally and 3.7 million patients are dead due to the coronavirus. On a slightly positive note, 157 million people have recovered and a total of 1.9 million vaccine doses have been administered as well. A crane is a machine used to lift and move heavy loads, machines, materials and goods for various purposes. They are used in all different industry sectors, from construction to manufacturing to shipbuilding and material loading. Cranes are common along skylines as they are necessary to build the skyscrapers we so often see in our cities. Mini cranes are relatively small cranes that can move through passages and can be used indoors. Some are also battery-powered and are remote-controlled. These are used indoors for lighter weights of around one tonne. The mini cranes can range from a straightforward lever pulley system to be mounted to a full-fledged machine with a motor and retractable boom for extended reach and mobility. Some mini-cane manufacturers are Hoeflon International B.V., Jekko s.r.l. and MAEDA SEISAKUSHO CO.,LTD. among others STRATEGIC INITIATIVES TAKEN BY MANUFACTURERS The COVID-19 has hit the infrastructure industry and halted all the work abruptly in which the rental and new crane demand saw a steep decline at the start of the pandemic. This meant that the rental cranes have to be returned and new purchases were halted. The rental cranes had to be replaced and set up again if and when the work resumed to reduce costs. The government provided support in the form of investment in infrastructure and some service providers also received the essential services category, so they were able to continue the work. For instance, · The mobile crane market in Australia and New Zealand performed well in 2020, despite the direct and indirect effects of the pandemic. In the case of Australia, the government has played a vital role in Sotiris Kanaris's reports. Apart from the effectiveness of its policies that allowed the economy to restart reasonably quickly, the Australian government's investments in infrastructure also had a positive effect on the crane market. Through the strategy, the government says that approximately USD 1.50 billion in new funding will be invested over the next four years to make Australian manufacturers more competitive, resilient and able to scale up to take on the world. · Abu Dhabi, UAE-headquartered NFT specializes in the sale and hire of tower cranes. In September 2020, Nagham Al Zahlawi, deputy general manager at NFT, said: "The COVID-19 has delayed a lot of projects, has put some significant tenders on hold and most importantly has delayed payments from clients. From April to May, 90% of our clients have either stopped paying or requested to re-negotiate rates agreed upon and signed before the pandemic hit or have asked us to remove the months where there was a lockdown. · IMPACT ON PRICE · With used crane sellers experiencing high demand, the supply can be an issue. At Bigge, they have also seen an increase in the price of used cranes. Kraaijeveld finds that there is currently an oversupply of used cranes in the Middle East, especially crawlers, due to delays and cancellations of oil and gas projects and a lower number of infrastructure projects. Prices dropped in June 2020 but rebounded in March 2021. The pricing of used equipment is up 7.8% and is predicted to climb past pre-pandemic levels, as stated by Ganzell. The internet has transformed the crane auctions market, with online sales growth for years. Ritchie Bros. said that before 2020, 70% of its global auction sales were already taking place online and only 30% were onsite in its auction theatres. But the pandemic has accelerated the transition. IMPACT ON DEMAND AND SUPPLY The mini crane companies have been affected severely as the demand for new cranes has gone down as the construction work has been halted in the pandemic due to the lockdown imposed by most countries. The companies also supply cranes on a rental basis which has seen a decline, but some crane rental services could secure essential services categories based on the clients. As seen from the graph below, the used cranes sold in 2020 saw a decline, but the decline was not steep as the cranes are used, which states that the demand for cranes rose in the last quarter of the year but due to the lack of availability of new cranes and cost cuttings companies turned to used cranes. This demand is driven by a lack of new crane availability and price increases due to higher raw material costs and supply chain delays. For instance, · In September 2020, Kate Lampson, director of PR and communications at Lampson International, stated that due to the type of customers they have and the industries that we service, Lampson International was deemed an essential business initially of the pandemic. Since then, they have been able to remain open and run the business as usual. In terms of upcoming projects, most current and future projects have stayed on schedule, with only a couple seeing delays. IMPACT ON PRICE With used crane sellers experiencing high demand, the supply can be an issue. At Bigge, they have also seen an increase in the price of used cranes. Kraaijeveld finds that there is currently an oversupply of used cranes in the Middle East, especially crawlers, due to delays and cancellations of oil and gas projects and a lower number of infrastructure projects. Prices dropped in June 2020 but rebounded in March 2021. The pricing of used equipment is up 7.8% and is predicted to climb past pre-pandemic levels, as stated by Ganzell. The internet has transformed the crane auctions market, with online sales growth for years. Ritchie Bros. said that before 2020, 70% of its global auction sales were already taking place online and only 30% were onsite in its auction theatres. But the pandemic has accelerated the transition. CONCLUSION The pandemic has taken a toll on every aspect of life, including the global economy. With the significant downfalls in many sectors, a collaborative effort of government, industry players and consumers can win the fight against COVID-19. The mini cranes market, majorly driven by the infrastructure projects, was impacted at the pandemic's start due to the lockdown imposed. Some rental crane service providers having the essential services category were able to survive the situation. As seen from the instance, various governments all over the globe are helping the market by investing in infrastructure. The demand for the mini cranes market is steadily rising as the projects are resumed and should stabilize soon.
Significant COVID-19 Impact on Hand Tools in the Semiconductors & Electronics Industry
COVID-19 Impact on Hand Tools in the Semiconductors and Electronics Industry COVID-19 made a major impact on the hand tools market as almost every country has opted for the shutdown for every production facility except the ones dealing in producing the essential goods. To prevent the spread of coronavirus disease, the government has taken some strict actions such as the shutdown of production and sale of non-essential goods, blocked international trade, and many more. The only business which is dealing in this pandemic situation is the essential services that are allowed to open and run the processes. The companies such as pharmaceuticals and chemicals, among others, are allowed to continue operation but with certain safety rules. A hand tool is any tool that is not a power tool – that is, one powered by hand (manual labour) rather than by electricity or fuel. Some examples of hand tools are garden forks, secateurs, rakes, hammers, spanners, pliers, screwdrivers, chisels, and others. Hand tools are generally less dangerous than power tools. The global hand tools market size is estimated to be USD 8.4 billion in 2021 and is projected to reach USD 10.3 billion by 2026, growing at a CAGR of 4.0%. The growth of the market is attributed to the increasing commercial as well as residential construction and infrastructure projects, adoption of hand tools in households for residential/DIY purposes as well as growing manufacturing setups and increasing repair and maintenance operations across the world. However, factors such as an increase in safety risks and concerns due to improper use of hand tools are restraining the market growth. The shutdown of production facilities during the pandemic situation has had a significant impact on the market. The future of the hand tools market looks promising, with opportunities in increasing commercial as well as residential construction and infrastructure projects. The global hand tools market is expected to decline in 2020 due to the global economic recession caused by COVID-19. However, the market will witness recovery in the year 2021. The major drivers for this market are the increasing commercial as well as residential construction and infrastructure products. Emerging trends, which have a direct impact on the dynamics of the hand tools industry, include the introduction of more efficient power tools and the increase in hand tool automation to reduce physical work that might boost hand tool usage. IMPACT ON PRICE Although the COVID-19 pandemic continues to transform the growth and prices of various industry-related products, the price of the products with respect to the hand tools market maintain a steady line throughout the pandemic. This denotes that there are no major changes in the price of the hand tools due to the effect of the pandemic. IMPACT ON SUPPLY CHAIN Supply chains are complex systems where the risks and costs associated with mismanagement and communication failures in globally connected organizational networks are relatively high. For instance, · In May 2019, Stanley Black & Decker announced the opening of a new plant for the production of its brand CRAFTSMAN in Fort Worth, Texas. The new facility has an area of 425,000-square-foot and is expected to employ approximately 500 full-time employees Some of the most influential factors that affect the supply chain in regards to the hand tools manufacturing companies are companies seeking strategies to protect their position in the value chain, looking for new markets, finding new possibilities to leverage skills and offering more value to customers. AFTERMATH OF COVID-19 AND GOVERNMENT INITIATIVE TO BOOST THE MARKET Government efforts to encourage the adoption of hand tools in household alternatives have developed at a rapid pace in recent years. Governments in the European Union, China, Japan, Canada, India, and South Korea are among the major geographies where governments are taking aggressive measures to increase the adoption of hand tools in residential/DIY purposes as well as growing manufacturing setups and increasing repair and maintenance operations. For instance, · There have been some major policy developments in the European Union. Improvements in hand tool requirements and the digitalization of hand tool based industries, which focuses on government procurement of increased usage of hand tool based systems which form a greater initiative · Another guideline, the 'Performance Buildings Directive,' has been established, which establishes minimum requirements for hand tool infrastructure installation in buildings Such favourable initiatives are anticipated to boost the adoption of hand tools in commercial and residential based projects and thus drive the adoption of the repair and maintenance operations market during the forecast period of 2021 to 2028. STRATEGIC DECISIONS OF MANUFACTURERS AFTER COVID-19 TO GAIN COMPETITIVE MARKET SHARE Revenue growth for the hand tools market has experienced a decline in 2020 due to constricted economic activity expected as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak. So, the hand tools manufacturing companies have adopted various strategies to overcome the decline in revenue. Some of the most common strategies adopted by industries are as follows, · The reduction of experimentation costs due to the speeding up of the testing phase · The reduction of the number of costly physical prototypes and redesign linked to their fast obsolescence · The improvement of design quality via the availability of information very early on in the development process CONCLUSION Pandemic has taken a toll on every aspect of life, including the global economy. With the significant downfalls in many sectors, a collaborative effort of government, industry players, and consumers could win the fight against COVID-19. Also, COVID-19 has likely influenced the development of the hand tools market because of the closing down of processing plants, impediment in-store network, and decline in the world economy. With COVID-19 affecting countries at different times and rates, access to global demand through open markets, the pandemic situation created by COVID-19 has a major impact on the hand tools market as it has lowered its demand owing to the shutdown of most of the manufacturers all across the globe. Along with industrial disruptions, the commercial, construction, and infrastructure projects across the world were either cancelled or put on hold owing to the lockdown impositions. On the other hand, as the homeowners spent most of their time at homes during the pandemic, there was a noticeable shift in focus towards home improvements, interiors and home decoration activities at the residential/DIY level, which in turn called for a slight demand for hand tools. Thus, the hand tools and woodworking tools market is getting affected by COVID-19. This has resulted in a lower estimated year-on-year growth rate as compared with 2019. On the other hand, improvisation of technologies has led to gain strong industrial growth. However, the growth has been high after the market has opened after COVID-19, and it is expected that there would be considerable growth in the sector owing to high technology and interfaces that are expected to drive the overall demand of the market.