City of God
In the modern world, most people live in big cities and metropolises. In a modern city, planning is not just an essential element but it is a necessity if the city is to have the minimal living standards and provision of essential services including water, sewerage, public transport, and education. In movies that have significant scenes that depict cities, the level of planning a city underwent if any is clear. The film the City of God is a great portrait of a truly global city. It shows the consequences of poor or non-existent planning in an informal settlement that goes by the same name as the movie. This essay seeks to analyze the various aspects of city planning through the prism of the film's elements such as characters, the setting of the movie and the themes the movie explores.
A global city is a city that can generate a productive connection between people who are stranger to each other. They do not need to be from the same community or religion, have the same allegiances. The city provides a platform for such an interaction to take place by bringing people together in trade and other forms of social or economic collaboration. While in global cities commerce thrives, it is not just legitimate trade. The City of God's drug business exemplifies this. The consumers and the sellers are people of different origins. There is also a high likelihood that the drugs originate from outside the country as most of the drugs consumed in Brazil come from other foreign states. According to Mennel, the globalization leads the cities in the developing world with extremes of wealth and poverty as is apparent. This reinforces one of the major problems of global cities depicted in City of God.
Lack of Government and Public Housing, Urban Slum and Physical Environment
The next aspects are a lack of government and public housing combined with the urban slum and physical environment. From the film, the informal settlement seems to be densely populated. In the developing nations, there is a high level of rural to urban migration, as there is the perception of more opportunities in the cities than in villages. Most of those people who were migrating from the rural areas to the city are the poor having little resources for accessing the city’s neighborhoods and thus, they face an issue with housing. This results in the proliferation of informal settlements (favelas). To counter the massive migration from the rural areas to Rio de Janeiro and the resultant housing crises, the Brazilian government established the Greater Rio Metropolitan Area Authority trying to regulate the proliferation of the favelas by moving people from slums to government housing. This failed to address the reasons behind the proliferation of the favelas, and they continued to grow to an extent that neither the city administration nor the Brazilian government could handle. This indicated that the administration could no longer provide basic facilities like water and sewerage facilities along with crash of public housing scheme.