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Legal Issues about Job Hunting on Social Media Platforms

Social media has become an integral part of our lives. Millions of people around the globe spend hours on social media platforms. In the past, these platforms were used mainly for interactive purposes. However, this has changed in the recent years with additional roles such as the use for research and educational purposes. Social media is also being used by job seekers looking for employment opportunities. Employers have also realized that there are a large number of professionals on these platforms; therefore, they often place adverts for vacancies on these platforms, for example on Facebook. In this regard, there are various legal issues that come up in the process of job hunting on social media platforms. When employers place advertisements in regards to their vacancies on social media, they usually attract a lot of interest. Many people send their applications; therefore, the employer has the duty of shortlisting the potential candidates. To do this, they usually access information on the candidates’ Facebook profiles. Even though the candidate may have attached a resume, the employers usually look through their profiles to try and get a deeper understanding of the character of the individual. This raises the legal issue of privacy. The question that arises is whether it is right for the company to go through private information of the prospective candidate in regards to the job vacancy. Some postings on social media platforms are private and should not be accessed by third parties without the owners’ consent. This is a breach of privacy, and an individual can sue for violation of privacy. Such information may not represent a true picture of the character of an individual. In this day and age, while employees are using Facebook to apply for employment, employers are also looking at the same platforms to carry out background checks. This is due to the doctrine of negligent hiring. This means that an employer is liable for the acts committed by an employee who has a criminal history. It is the duty of the employer to carry out the relevant background checks on all possible employees so that they can be cautious of their hiring practices. In this way, they avoid any legal repercussions that may arise out of their hiring acts. The nature of the jobs on social platforms may be misleading. Most often than not there are unrealistic employment offers on social media platforms. Individuals come across the offers of basic jobs that seem to propose a higher pay than the average wages. Some of these sites even ask for application fees from prospective candidates. Job seekers face the risk of being involved in something illegal without their knowledge. Research has shown that job seekers may begin seeking employment in reputable firms; however, with time, they tend to consider lower firms and are willing to take up any opportunity that comes on their way. This raises the possibility of being recruited into illegal activities with the prospect of getting a regular source of income. Most companies that recruit people on social media usually use third party companies to do the recruitment on their behalf. It is these entities that collect information in regards to their clients. Most job hunters are usually not aware of this and willingly give their information online. This piece of information is then forwarded to the companies that require staff. Some of the information is, however, used for other purposes such as carrying out research and job search analyses. This entails sharing of users’ information which is done without their content. This is a breach of privacy and can prompt job hunters to raise legal issues. In conclusion, social media plays an essential role in everyday lives of individuals. It has provided a platform where both employers and employees get to interact and possibly benefit from each other. Despite this advantage, a lot of caution ought to be taken in such engagements because of the legal repercussions ascribed to social media platforms. It is important to know that the law protects the rights of both job hunters and employers. Employees should ensure they know everything ascribed to online job hunting. It is only by so doing that they are bound to ensure that they operate within the law.

Workplace Action

Due to technological advancements, merely each family has at least one vehicle, which means that wherever people are going, they will come across various means of transport. Different drivers have various unique characteristics depending on how they drive and behave on the roads or highways. According to this classification, drivers are classified into cautious, reckless, competent, and unpredictable ones. Cautious drivers always slow down to the minimum speed and check their mirrors to see if there is any vehicle approaching from any direction. They regularly maintain a distance of about five feet from their bumper. When cautious drivers come to an intersection, they check more than three times if there are any obstacles and if the motion is allowed, which becomes irritating to those drivers who follow the car. They never risk anything or take any initiative; therefore, they take a longer time to move from one place to another. Cautious drivers usually hold to the brakes most of the time and travel at least five miles per hour. The elderly people constitute the major part of those who fall into this category and most of the times, drive old vehicles. Thus, they are easily recognizable and one should always keep a safe distance and wait until it is appropriate to overtake them. Another category comprises reckless drivers. Some of the key characteristics of this group of drivers are constant signalling, shouting, and intense anger towards other road users. Most probably, they are angry because they are late for work; therefore, they tend to hurry and cut off drivers in the mornings. They mostly rush to go and finish their work that they had procrastinated. Reckless drivers are seen swerving in and out of traffic as they try to overtake any vehicle in front of them. In addition to late workers rushing to work, other people who fall under this category include youths who have just gained their driving licenses. They usually travel at high speeds and overtake virtually everyone in front of them. Reckless driving contributed to over 90% of road accidents in the last year. Thus, being a driver, one should always be aware of such drivers and sidestep or report about them to the police, which will help reduce the number of accidents that they cause. Another category of drivers includes competent individuals, who drive consciously and safely through obedience to the driving laws. They use traffic signals, look both ways before joining an intersection, patiently wait for other drivers who are in front of them in the traffic jam or in the highway, and rarely overspeed. Normally, they drive not more than 10 miles over the speed limit. Competent drivers put other road users and pedestrians at no risk since they stop at crosswalks and stop when traffic lights turn red. Many drivers on the road fall under this category. Finally, there are the unpredictable drivers, who are dangerous and may cause an accident at any time. They flash their lights in any direction and, sometimes, are uncertain of where they want to go. Unpredictable drivers should maintain a distance to be safe for any eventuality. They usually start driving at normal traffic flow but suddenly swerve their vehicle right or left. Sometimes, they may unconsciously drive at low speeds but suddenly step on the accelerator when they realize they are moving too slow. In conclusion, there are different categories of drivers such as reckless, cautious, competent, and unpredictable ones. Nevertheless, it is the duty of every driver to drive safely and follow the traffic laws at all times.

Environmental Ethics

For a long time, the students in the United States had got accustomed to the idea of animal dissection with no alternatives. The animals which fall under this category ranged from frogs, mice, to fetal pigs. The outbursts by those who find the whole experience to be loathing is not a new concept in society. In 1987, the court in California supported the abolishment of the forceful participation of students in a dissection calls. According to those advocating for its continuity, this obsolete practice is the best way through which one obtains the chance to get the best experience in any biology class. Obviously, this kind of thinking can be treated as incorrect. Moreover, there exist so many other practices that offer better ways of study dissection without killing, and there is a number of students who to various reasons have found this class uncomfortable. Apparently, not all students can positively react to killing specimens in the lab for the sake of science. Logically, the process might have been effective when there were no alternatives to choose from. The paper will seek for reasons as to why alternative methods are better as compared to the traditional ones, and better helps student to learn biology. The debate will also look at the unethical practices that the whole process seems to encourage. Moreover, the last part will discuss the advantages that the alternative methods present. All this will help in drawing the conclusion that the board ought to implement the computer-simulated dissection. The estimated number of animals that are killed every year in the name of science approaches to 10-12 million. Consequently, the environmental concerns rose regarding the numerous killing of the animals. In terms of standards, there are certain rules of the animal welfare association that are ignored to make this process possible. In fact, the students get exposed to this which leads to weaker morality in respecting life. Moreover, many students consider this practice to be derived from science. In this regard, the question of whether to include it in biology seems to be like forcing power without considering the alternative approaches. If the board of directors adopted the use of narrated software programs that fit with physiology animations, the students would get even a better and more interesting animal-based experience unlike those who used to go through the dissection process. Apparently, the main reason for this to be better is due to the well labeled anatomical models that students may use. Consequently, they obtain the chance to avoid the distractions due to the gore of cutting up dead animals with the different discolored body parts. It means that all the body parts of the animal could get repeatedly dissected until the student is confident that everything is understandable. The other approach gets exhausted only once being done, and not all parts could get examined thoroughly. It should be underlined that the use of such technology is accepted and appreciated by many students according to the recent studies conducted. The program offers more time for use by the institution. Considering that this program will be utilized for a very long time and the only costs incurred upon implementation and installation, the idea of cost effectiveness gets factored. The students will be able to perform the experiment as many times as possible without incurring the cost of buying new material for the dissection process. The hustle of preparation for analysis got reduced and as such time gets saved through the use of these alternative methods. The arguments of approval by the education and other related societies are not the reasons of concern anymore. The NSTA and the HAPS have approved the use of alternative methods as replacements for the animal dissection. The teachers are constantly encouraged to use these approaches and also encourage students who find dissection repulsive to explore this alternative method. It, however, is not to be read as an abolishment to the whole process. Rather they seem to be interested in encouraging students to find the best fit for them and their teachers. However, the concept will not be new to the education cycles since there exist so many cases where different institutions have already successfully implemented this alternative approach. More than 15 states got implemented these plans already. Moreover, there exist laws and policies in place that see to it that students get to choose the right approach to use in the study of biology. The objectives and goals of the whole process are not removed once implemented. The students get to implement the different humane alternatives to biology. The idea of giving students that choice to have to use what works best for them is what these states have implemented. Various laws see to it that the institutions protect the animal rights and also safeguard the rights of the students to use a process that works best for them.
Animals
Environment
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Happiness in the Ancient Greek Literature

Greek representation of happiness or eutychia, which means good fortune and good luck as well as of eudaimonia meaning well-being have deep religious roots. In addition, the word tyche means the act of god, and daimon is the divine power that determines the destiny of a man. Greek paradigm of happiness is subjective, and the internal experiences of a person play the major role. Every ancient Greek author had a model of behavior to which they aspired. However, there are many objective factors influencing the formation of the concept of happiness. For example, strong and unquestioned belief in the existence of gods, hence the belief in what is good and what is bad. Death cannot be happiness because it leads a person to a dark and terrible kingdom of Hades repeatedly described by various authors, for example, in the 11th song of The Odyssey written by Homer. Therefore, the ideal of happiness in Greek culture is subjective and portrays life values of the authors themselves along with the combination of common religious beliefs. In the archaic period, the idea of the unattainable ideal of happiness was inspired by the mythological images of gods living where there is no wind or winter, where the gods know neither sorrow nor trouble, and where there are no diseases, no anguish. This is a typical folk idea of the perfect natural environment, lack of hard work, which is characteristic for ancient peoples. However, the majority of Greeks did not hope to enter the world of the gods and were mainly focused on life on earth. The praise of a calm and blessed life had become essentially a literary and artistic form as well as the belief in the inevitability of Fate. Hellenic policyholders actively fought for their rights, defended their homeland from the hordes of Persians, and traded with oracles in a peculiar manner: they begged them for predictions that were more favorable. What really caused a superstitious fear of Greeks was a violation of a certain balance between happiness and misery in people's lives: the constant luck believed to lead to a tragic end. The most consistently this belief is expressed in the legend of the ring of Polycrates. An extremely lucky ruler of the island of Samos, who wanted to suffer at least some damage, threw a precious ring into the sea. However, it returned to him in the stomach of a fish that had been caught. His life ended terribly: a Persian satrap lured him with the help of a mental trick and subjected to a terrible penalty that Herodotus himself did not even dare to describe. Thus, it is evident that the idea of joy was closely associated with experiencing misery in Ancient Greece. Furthermore, by force of circumstances, Archilochus led a life of a wanderer and got used to the fact that happiness in life must be achieved through pain. Archilochus believed in seething and boiling passions, but he did not see any particular purpose in his life, for the sake of which he would have to choose a specific type of behavior. Therefore, there is no concept of tomorrow for Archilochus. He lived only in the present day because he was not tied to a particular place and people: he lived as a free man. Undoubtedly, Archilochus was a man of broad views. He simply shared his experience and perception of the world. Similar ideas can be attributed to Alcaeus. He was convinced that he could be happy when no one could judge his feelings. Another important quality of a divine gift about which Archilochus wrote was a mighty resistance. According to the poet, this quality saved a man from all the evils of inescapable. Indeed, stability as well as the strength of mind is necessary for a person in a difficult situation; thus, they will be able to make the right choice while experiencing all the difficulties sent by the gods. He means that a person does not look objectively at many things. Therefore, the whole life of the poet is similar to the tides of the sea. After all, human life is not static because it has its own rhythm. The remnants of the archaic belief in conjunction with the features of the social psychology of the demos and the image of the hated life of aristocracy formed the ideal of individual happiness, which is relatively more realistic. The basis of this ideal was the golden middle principle. This principle was important for the Athenian citizens: in the speech against Timarchus hoping to win the support of the judges, Aeschines said that he did not need much, and he did not want more. In fact, the aforementioned principle is a widely popular practice in the modern world. Herodotus provides the most detailed description of a Greek ideal of happiness at the time in his story of Croesus and Solon. Lydian king Croesus was famous for his wealth due to the fact that a river of golden sand flowed through his capital, Sardis. When Solon came to visit him, Croesus showed him the treasures and asked whether Solon met the happiest person in the world. Croesus hoped that Solon would call him the luckiest one. However, Solon said that the happiest person was an Athenian peasant, Tellus: he was prosperous, had sons and grandsons, and died valiantly fighting for their city. He was buried at the public expense: people wanted to pay him homage posthumously. Furthermore, Solon called the two young men the second happiest people. Their mother was a priestess in the temple of the goddess Hera. During the citywide celebrations in accordance with a ritual, the oxen should have brought the woman in a cart to the temple. However, her sons pulled it instead of the bulls because the animals were far in the field. When the mother asked the goddess to reward them, the young men went to sleep in the temple of the goddess and never woke up. Similarly, the city also honored them posthumously. As a result, it is obvious that happiness could not be achieved through extremes. Thus, in Ancient Greece, the ideal of a happy life included a family, a certain property but not excessive wealth, service to one’s native land, painless or quick death and, recognition of the public that would honor a person in life and death. This concept can be viewed as an absolutely male perspective: there was no place for love, and men, as it can be seen in the speeches addressed to a fairly wide audience, did not connect the concepts of love and happiness. In fact, a sophist and a teacher of eloquence, Gorgias delivered a speech in defense of Helen, who was believed to be a reason of the Trojan War. Speaking of love as one of the possible reasons for the flight of Helen and Paris, Gorgias calls love a human disease while feelings are a mental eclipse. Thus, one would not need to condemn her, and the situation can be considered as a misfortune.
Education
Books
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Humor in Film

The genre of comedy has always been an integral part of cinematography. Aiming at making people laugh, it offered casted or sarcastic mockery on weaknesses of human beings as well as the major systems in the society. The audience has always been amused by skillfully arranged comic situations, genuine characters, exaggerated language, and simple thoughtful messages. Apart from eliciting positive emotions, the movies belonging to this genre are not purely entertaining. The present humor refers to the classic moral themes, and, by revealing specific drawbacks of our society, it appeals to the audience and calls to think about important issues. Throughout the decades, comical cinematography has been centered on the common topics related to politics as well as cultural, racial, and social problems. While the messages have always been the same, the time and development of humanity have changed the methods of delivery. This paper aims at providing the analysis of an interpretation of the major topics in comedies and comparing the old movies to the modern ones. The material basis of the work is comprised by the three films that include The Duck Soup, The Great Dictator, and Some Like It Hot The first two movies refer to the issues concerning political and social aspects of human life. Duck Soup is a Marx Brothers` masterpiece that is centered on the warfare and rescue of a small country Freedonia. The plot is quite simple and even absurd to some extent; the country is at the verge of bankruptcy, and one rich lady offers her money to help, but under one condition. Her beloved R. Firefly has to become the leader of the country. As a cynical and brusque man, he acts as irrational dictator. At the beginning of his career, Rufus provokes the official representative of the neighboring country and sets the beginning of the war. The military conflict becomes tangled and mocked when the two Firefly’s spies enter the enemy’s country. The movie touches the issues of significant role of money in the society, hypocrisy of the officials, and blind patriotism. Moreover, the comical method of interpretation of the problems emphasizes the inclinations to subdue to similar leaders immanent to the majority of average people. There are no ducks and no soups; the film consists of numerous comical episodes that lack logical connections and systematic organization. The dialogues are constructed on the basis of the mixture of the real and figural meanings of the words accompanied by the songs. Another film related to the same political and social issues is called The Great Dictator. It is a political satire about the Nazi regime, which combines the elements of both comedy and drama. With Charlie Chaplin in a role of the main character, the film tells the story of the rise of the dictatorship in a peaceful country. The actions take place in the fictional country Tomania, and the movie starts with the story of how a Jewish barber saved life of one pilot named Schultz. After a few years, the control of the country passes to the Adenoid Hynkel who declares a ruthless dictatorship regime. A purge of Jewish people is a part of the new politics. Sharing similar appearance, both new dictator and the barber, who had just left the hospital, are engaged into the amusing whirlpool of occasions. The film represents the obvious parody on Hitler and his ruling regime. However, it emphasizes on the fact that similar problems have been encountered by numerous other countries. The final speech of the protagonist refers to the issues of greed, fake democracy and liberty that do not lose its relevance even in our days. Both previously indicated films have a number of features that are immanent to the modern sample of comic genre. These, first of all, include the symbolism of the names. The first movie, Duck Soup reflects the occasions that happen in the fictional country with a symbolic name “Freedonia.” The name itself may be interpreted as “the land of freedom,” however, the film ironically depicts it as the country occupied by dictatorship and subdued to the ruling power of money. Similar encoded name bears the protagonist of the film The Great Dictator. The very sounding of the name “Adenoid Hynkel” resembles the true name of the real-life prototype of this character. In such a way, the directors of the comedies attempt to speak ironically without any concrete facts. Indirect reference and the changes of the names have been caused by the strained political situation of the 1930 – 1940s. It was inappropriate to use the true names; however, the indignation of the political absurd could not be ignored. Nowadays, the cinematography has not focused that much on concrete political issues. There is no need to mask some painful issues under the cover of comedy. If there is a need to emphasize certain political or social issues, the directors would rather apply to the detective, thriller or drama. One film that may be compared to the previously indicated two is called The Dictator, which tells the story of a Muslim dictator who wanted to prevent the penetration of democracy in his country referring to the American-Iranian relationships. However, it does not have any hidden references; the language of its characters is more sarcastic and brutal, and the course of events is more pointless. The last film, which should be indicated in this paper, is called Some Like It Hot. It is a comedy about mixed identities and jazz music. Two musicians from Chicago have accidentally witnessed a crime and have to hide somewhere. They have to turn into ladies and move to another state. In Florida, they become members of a female jazz group and successfully conceal themselves until the great power of love makes them to commit numerous ridiculous actions. It is a romantic comedy that is related to gender and sexual issues. The entire film is weaved of curious twists of the plot that are impossible to trace. There are misfortunes that follow the protagonists and turn into funny entertaining situations. Clumsy dialogues and the plainness of the speech evidently distinguish it from the modern comedies that are often full of rude swearing. The tradition of masking the gender has been successfully preserved to our days. There is a number of great comedies, such as Mrs. Doubtfire or White Chicks, which apply the same element of comedy to confuse characters and elicit laughter from the audience. However, the old movie is more related to the role of females in the society and carries deeper massage than the modern performances.