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What Do Dreams Do for Us?

Freud said that whether we intend it or not, we're all poets. That's because on most nights, we dream. And dreams are lot like poetry, in that in both, we express our internal life in similar ways. We conjure images; we combine incongruent elements to evoke emotion in a more efficient way than wordier descriptions can; and we use unconscious and tangential associations rather than logic to tell a story.
Freud essentially called dreams those poems we tell ourselves at night in order to experience our unconscious wishes as real. Dreams allow us to be what we cannot be, and to say what we do not say, in our more repressed daily lives. For instance, if I dream about burning my workplace down, it's probably because I want to dominate the workplace but am too nervous to admit that aggressive drive when I'm awake and trying to be nice to the people who might give me a raise.
Freud certainly had a catchy theory about dreams, but it was also limited. For him, every single dream was the picture of an unconscious wish. But people who have had boring dreams or nightmares might feel something missing from that formulation. In turn, recent theorists have tried to give a more accurate account of why we dream. In the following post, I'll list some of the current theories on why, at night, our brains tell strange stories that feel a lot like literature. I'd like to know if any of these theories resonate with you, or if you have your own belief about why we dream.
(Many great literary minds were obsessed with their dreams. Samuel Coleridge wanted to write a book about dreamsโ€”that "night's dismay" which he said "stunned the coming day." Edgar Allan Poe knew dreams fed his literature, and he pushed himself to dream "dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before.")
1. We Dream to Practice Responses to Threatening Situations
Ever notice that most dreams have a blood-surging urgency to them? In dreams, we often find ourselves naked in public, or being chased, or fighting an enemy, or sinking in quicksand. Antti Revonsuo, a Finnish cognitive scientist, has shown that our amygdala (the fight-or-flight piece of the brain) fires more than normal when we're in REM sleep (the time in sleep when we dream). In REM sleep, the brain fires in similar ways as it does when it's specifically threatened for survival. In addition to that, the part of the brain that practices motor activity (running, punching) fires increasingly during REM sleep, even though the limbs are still. In other words, Revonsuo and other evolutionary theorists argue that in dreams, we are actually rehearsing fight-and-flight responses, even though the legs and arms are not actually moving. They say that dreams are an evolutionary adaptation: We dream in order to rehearse behaviors of self-defense in the safety of nighttime isolation. In turn, get better at fight-or-flight in the real world.
2. Dreams Create Wisdom
If we remembered every image of our waking lives, it would clog our brains. So, dreams sort through memories, to determine which ones to retain and which to lose. Matt Wilson, at MIT's Center for Learning and Memory, largely defends this view. He put rats in mazes during the day, and recorded what neurons fired in what patterns as the rats negotiated the maze. When he watched the rats enter REM sleep, he saw that the same neuron patterns fired that had fired at choice turning points in the maze. In other words, he saw that the rats were dreaming of important junctures in their day. He argues that sleep is the process through which we separate the memories worth encoding in long-term memory from those worth losing. Sleep turns a flood of daily information into what we call wisdom: the stuff that makes us smart for when we come across future decisions.
3. Dreaming is Like Defragmenting Your Hard Drive
Francis Crick (who co-discovered the structure of DNA) and Graeme Mitchison put forth a famously controversial theory about dreams in 1983 when they wrote that "we dream in order to forget." They meant that the brain is like a machine that gets in the groove of connecting its data in certain ways (obsessing or defending or retaining), and that those thinking pathways might not be the most useful for us. But, when we sleep, the brain fires much more randomly. And it is this random scouring for new connections that allows us to loosen certain pathways and create new, potentially useful, ones. Dreaming is a shuffling of old connections that allows us to keep the important connections and erase the inefficient links. A good analogy here is the defragmentation of a computer's hard drive: Dreams are a reordering of connections to streamline the system.
4. Dreams Are Like Psychotherapy
But what about the emotion in dreams? Aren't dreams principally the place to confront difficult and surprising emotions and sit with those emotions in a new way? Ernest Hartmann, a doctor at Tufts, focuses on the emotional learning that happens in dreams. He has developed the theory that dreaming puts our difficult emotions into pictures. In dreams, we deal with emotional content in a safe place, making connections that we would not make if left to our more critical or defensive brains. In this sense, dreaming is like therapy on the couch: We think through emotional stuff in a less rational and defensive frame of mind. Through that process, we come to accept truths we might otherwise repress. Dreams are our nightly psychotherapy.
5. The Absence of Theory
Of course, others argue that dreams have no meaning at allโ€”that they are the random firings of a brain that don't happen to be conscious at that time. The mind is still "functioning" insofar as it's producing images, but there's no conscious sense behind the film. Perhaps it's only consciousness itself that wants to see some deep meaning in our brains at all times.
What do you think? We are all authors, in a way, every night we dream. Is there a mind behind what's written in your dreams? Why are your dreams of use?
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@MelissaMae I totally agree, all about closures, messages, warnings, repression, ignorance... I've experienced everything...
dreams can help us psychologically. example: they can give us closure about something from our past, perhaps a relationship that was very intimate ended suddenly and with anger and you wanted to contact them again but couldnt. you may have a dream that you are talking with them again. or dreams can also contain messages or even warnings. and some dreams represent what what we repress or ignore in our waking lives such as our conscience. some people even have psychic dreams. once, i dreamed that a friend that had not been around in a long while came to visit me. and that same day, she came.
@jazziejazz I agree. Dreams are definitely our unconscious wishes, thoughts etc.
@Smerlegameger I went through a simmilar thing, so I get you.
hmmm interesting... I think I would agree that dreams might be our unconscious wishes. I know that I have went to sleep desiring to see someone and then I dream about them. But this card really made me think. very interesting.
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ํ™์ฐจ์•„์ด์Šคํฌ๋ฆผ ์ด๋ž€ ๊ฑธ ์•Œ์ง€๋งŒ ๋จน๊ธฐ ์‹ซ์–ด์กŒ๋‹ค. ์ •์‹ ์ฐจ๋ ค! ๋ผ๊ณ  ํ•˜๋ฉด ์ฐจ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜? ์–ด์ด์ฟ  ์ปค์—ฌ์›Œ ์ง€๊ธˆ. ์™ธ๊ตญ์ธ ํ˜์˜คํ•˜๋Š” ์™ธ๊ตญ์ธ. ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ ๊ฒŒ์œผ๋ฅด๋ƒ๊ณ ? ๊ฐœ๋…์˜ ํ‚ค ์›Œ๋“œ 97๋…„์ƒ์ธ๋ฐ ๋ˆ„๋‚˜๋‹ค. ์˜ˆ์–ธ์ž ๊ทธ์†Œ๋…€ ์ผ„์•ผ์˜ ๋“ฑ๊ต๋ถ€์‹ฌ ใ„ดใ… ํ† ์ง€์ฃผํƒ๊ณต์‹  ๊ฟ€ํŒ์‹œ๋ฆฌ์ฆˆ ๋”ธ์„ ์•„๋Š” ์•„๋น  ๋ฌผ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์ˆ˜ํ•™์„ ํ’ˆ๊ณ . ์ถ”์„์€ ๋ฏธ๋“œ์†Œ๋งˆ ๊ธฐ์‚ฌ์ž…๋ ฅ? ํ•™ํญ์ด๋ž€? ์—ญ์„ค์ ์ด์•ผ... ์‚ฌ์ž lion ์˜†๋‚˜๋ผ ์ ค๋น ๋ฅธ ํŠธ๋Ÿญ ๊ธˆ์ˆ˜์ € ๊ฐ•์•„์ง€ ๋‚ด ์–ผ๊ตด์ด ๋ญ ๊ฐ™์€๋ฐ? ๊ณ ์–ด์˜ ์˜์‹ํ๋ฆ„ . ์•Œ๋ฉด ํ›„๋œ๋œ... ๋ ˆ๋”ง๋ฐœ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜๋ผ ์‚ฐ์˜ ๋ ˆ์ด์•„์›ƒ ๊น€์ข…๋ฏผ ใ…‹ใ…‹ ์–ด๋จธ๋‹˜... ์—ฌ์”์‹œ ๋ฐฉ๊ท€๋งŒ ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•จ. ๊ฐœ์ฐจ๋ณ„ ๊ทธ ์ดํ›„... ์–ด๋Š ์ง‘์‚ฌ์˜ ํ•˜๋ฃจ ์•„์ด๋กฑ๋งจ ์ดˆ๋”ฉํ•™๊ต ์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜ ์ปค๋ฎค์˜ ๋‹‰๋„ค์ž„๋“ค... ํ˜„์‹ค์ ์ด ์‹ญ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์š”. ๋ฒ” ๋‚ด๋ ค์˜จ๋‹ค. ์ง„์งœ ๋‚ด๋ ค์˜ค๋ฉด.
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์•ˆ๋…•ํ•˜์„ธ์š”. @evantaylor0521 ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์˜ค๋Š˜์€ ๋ถ€์‚ฐ์— ์œ„์น˜ํ•œ ๋˜ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ํŽ์„ ์†Œ๊ฐœํ• ๊นŒ ํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ์š”. ํ•ด๋‹น ํŽ์€ ๋ถ€์‚ฐ๋Œ€ ์ง€ํ•˜์ฒ  ์—ญ ๋ถ€๊ทผ์— ์œ„์น˜ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ๋ฒค์Šคํ•˜๋ฒ„์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฒค์Šคํ•˜๋ฒ„๋Š” ๋†’์€ ๋งฅ์ฃผ ์‹ ์„ ๋„์™€ ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•œ ๊ตญ๋‚ด ๋งฅ์ฃผ ํšŒ์‚ฌ์™€ ํ˜‘์—…ํ•œ ๋งฅ์ฃผ๋“ค๋กœ ์ด๋ฏธ ๊ตญ๋‚ด ๋งฅ๋•๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ์ •ํ‰์ด ๋‚˜์žˆ๋Š” ํŽ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‚ด๋ถ€๋Š” ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ๊ณต์žฅ ์ฝ˜ํฌ๋ฆฌํŠธ ์ธํ…Œ๋ฆฌ์–ด ๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜์œผ๋กœ ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์–ด, ์ƒ๋‹นํžˆ ์•„๋Š‘ํ•œ ๋ถ„์œ„๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์ž์•„๋ƒ…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฉ”๋‰ดํŒ์— ๊ฐ ๋งฅ์ฃผ ๋ฉ”๋‰ด ์ขŒ์ธก ํ•˜๋‹จ์— ํ•˜์–€ ๋ฒ ์น˜๊ฐ€ ๋ถ™์—ฌ์ ธ ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉด ๋ฒค์Šคํ•˜๋ฒ„์˜ ์†๊ธธ์ด ๋“ค์–ด๊ฐ„ ๋งฅ์ฃผ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (๋ฌด์กฐ๊ฑด ๋“œ์…”๋ณด์„ธ์š”. ์ง„์งœ ๊ตณ๊ตณ ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค :) ์ผ๋‹จ ๋ณด์žฅ๋œ ๋ง› ์„ธ๊ณ„ ํƒ‘ ๊ธ‰ ๋‰ด ์ž‰๊ธ€๋žœ๋“œ ์•„์ดํ”ผ์—์ด ๋งฅ์ฃผ ์–‘์กฐ์žฅ ์ดํ€„๋ฆฌ๋ธŒ๋ฆฌ์—„ ๋งฅ์ฃผ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๋งˆ์…”์ค๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์—ญ์‹œ ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•œ ์—ด๋Œ€ ๊ณผ์ผ์ด ์†”์†” ๋‚˜์˜ค๋Š” ๋งฅ์ฃผ์—ฌ์„œ ๋งฅ์ฃผ๊ฐ€ ์ต์ˆ™ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๋Š” ๋ถ„๋“ค๋„ ์•„์ฃผ ๋ถ€๋‹ด์—†์ด ๋งˆ์‹ค ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๋งฅ์ฃผ ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ ๋‹ค์Œ์€ ๋ฒค์Šคํ•˜๋ฒ„ ์†๊ธธ์ด ๋ถ€๊ณก ์•Œ๋กœํ•˜๋ฅผ ๋งˆ์…จ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์€์€ํ•œ ํ—ˆ๋ธŒ์™€ ์˜ค๋žœ์ง€ ์‹œํŠธ๋Ÿฌ์Šค ํ–ฅ์ด ๋Š๊ปด์กŒ๊ณ , ๊น”๋”ํ•œ ๋งˆ๋ฌด๋ฆฌ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ์–ด, ์Œ์šฉ์„ฑ์ด ๋†’๊ฒŒ ๋Š๊ปด์กŒ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‹ค์Œ ๋งฅ์ฃผ๋Š” ์žฅ์ „ ์—์ผ์„ ๋งˆ์…จ๋Š”๋ฐ์š”. ํŠน์œ ์˜ ํ–ฅ์‹ ๋ฃŒ์˜ ์ŠคํŒŒ์ด์‹œ ํ•จ์ด ์ž˜ ์‚ด๋ ธ๋˜ ์—์ผ ์ด์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋งˆ์ง€๋ง‰์œผ๋กœ ๋งˆ์‹  ๋งฅ์ฃผ๋Š” ๋กœ๋ด๋ฐ”ํ์˜ ํ‘ธ๋ฆ‡ํ‹ฐ์ง€ ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ผ๋ช… ์ฒด๋ฆฌ ์ฅฌ์Šค๋ผ๋Š” ๋ณ„๋ช…์„ ๊ฐ€์ง„ ์ด ๋งฅ์ฃผ๋Š” ์‚ฐ๋ฏธ๊ฐ€ ์•„์ฃผ ์•ฝํ•˜๋ฉฐ, ์ฒด๋ฆฌ์˜ ๋‹ฌ์ฝคํ•จ์ด ๊ทน๋Œ€ํ™” ๋œ ๋งฅ์ฃผ๋ผ์„œ, ํŠนํžˆ ์—ฌ์„ฑ๋ถ„๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ์ธ๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ๋งŽ์€ ๋งฅ์ฃผ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ํ•ด์„œ ๋ถ€์‚ฐ ๋ฒค์Šคํ•˜๋ฒ„์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด์„œ ์†Œ๊ฐœํ•ด ๋“œ๋ ธ๋Š”๋ฐ์š”. ์ผ๋‹จ ๋งฅ์ฃผ ํ€„๋ฆฌํ‹ฐ๊ฐ€ ์ƒ๋‹นํžˆ ๋†’์•„ ๋งฅ์ฃผ๋ฅผ ๋“œ์‹œ๊ณ  ์‹ถ์œผ์‹œ๋ฉด ๋ฒค์Šคํ•˜๋ฒ„๋Š” ๋ฌด์กฐ๊ฑด ์ถ”์ฒœ๋“œ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์‹ถ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ์Œ์‹ ๋ฉ”๋‰ด๋Š” "์‹์‚ฌ"๊ฐœ๋… ๋ณด๋‹ค๋Š” "ํŽ˜์–ด๋ง" ๊ฐœ๋…์œผ๋กœ ์•ˆ๋ฐฐ๋˜์–ด ์žˆ์–ด, ๊ฐœ์ธ์ ์œผ๋กœ๋Š” ์‹์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ํ•ด๊ฒฐํ•˜์‹œ๊ณ  ํŽ์— ๊ฐ€์‹œ๋Š” ๊ฑธ ์ถ”์ฒœ๋“œ๋ฆฝ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ์ €๋Š” ๋‹ค์Œ์— ๋” ์žฌ๋ฐŒ๋Š” ๋งฅ์ฃผ ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ์™€ ํ•จ๊ป˜ ์ฐพ์•„๋ต™๊ฒ ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฒค์Šคํ•˜๋ฒ„ ๋ถ€์‚ฐ ๊ธˆ์ •๊ตฌ ์žฅ์ „๋กœ12๋ฒˆ๊ธธ 24 ๋งค์ผ 17:00 - 00:00
How to Be a Good Kisser
10 Tips From Scientific Research: What Does Science Say About How To Be A Good Kisser? In all fairness, how to be a good kisser is something no one really gets instruction in. Yet, it can be a huge part of oneโ€™s personal life and the sources we do get info from are, well, far from scientific. Letโ€™s tackle it. Have No Illusions: Kissing Is Important Research shows kissing frequency correlates with relationship satisfaction. 59% of men and 66% of women have ended a relationship because someone was a bad kisser. People remember their first kissย more vividly than the first time they had sex. Psychologist John Bohannon from Butler University has found that most of us can recall up to 90 percent of the details of a first romantic kiss. In his study of five hundred people, most remembered this experience more vividly than their first sexual encounter. Movies like โ€œPretty Womanโ€ have said that prostitutes donโ€™t kiss on the mouth because itโ€™sย too intimate. Refraining from mouth-to-mouth kissing has been common among women of the โ€œoldest professionโ€ for a very long time.ย Social scientists Joanna Brewis and Stephen Linstead report that prostitutes often wonโ€™t kiss because it requires a โ€œgenuine desire and love for the other person.โ€By avoiding the lips of a client, they are best able to keep emotions out of their work. A ten-year psychology study undertaken in Germany during the 1980s found thatย men who kissed their wives before leaving for work lived, on average, five years longer, earning 20 to 30 percent more than peers who left without a peck good-bye. The researchers also reported that not kissing oneโ€™s wife before leaving in the morning increased the possibility of a car accident by 50 percent.ย Psychologists do not believe itโ€™s the kiss itself that accounts for the difference but rather that kissers were likely to begin the day with a positive attitude, leading to a healthier lifestyle. Why Do We Kiss? Kissing is how we test if someone would (biologically) be a good mate. A good deal of the scientific literature speculates that kissing may have evolved to help us choose a suitable partner, or to realize when a match is a bad ideaโ€ฆThe exchange of olfactory, tactile, and postural information might trigger unconscious mechanisms that guide us in deciding whether we should continue, and a kiss might even tell us about a potential partnerโ€™s level of commitment and genetic compatibility. How kissing is perceived: - It matters a lot more to women than men. - Women were very focused on menโ€™s teeth and hygiene. - Men were much more likely to see kissing as a mere step toward sex. - Other studies reveal these differences held true across cultures. Women were far more likely to see kissing as a good way to assess a potential mate or to initiate, maintain, and monitor a long-term relationship. They also rated the breath and taste of a manโ€™s kiss as highly significant in determining whether to keep on kissing him in the moment or the future. Women were far more interested in healthy-looking teeth, and reported valuing the experience of kissing much more than men didโ€” before, during, and after a sexual encounter.ย Men, on the other hand, were much less picky about kissing and far more interested in facial andย bodily attractiveness. How Do You Find Out If Someone Wants To Kiss You? This dilemma probably produces more nervousness and awkwardness than anything else related to kissing. All the sources I checked agreed: Itโ€™s a matter of breaking into your partnerโ€™s personal space in a plausibly deniable way and gauging their reaction. Itโ€™s important to note that whether or not your intentions are romantic, to kiss another person on the cheek or elsewhereโ€” or to sniff him or herโ€”itโ€™s necessary to move into that individualโ€™s โ€œpersonal space.โ€ To get this close, there must be some level of trust or expectation. Thus delivering a friendly kiss or sniff, or receiving one, amounts to an unspoken gesture of acceptance. The best specific method came from pick-up artist David D'Angelo: Guys, adjust a womanโ€™s hair. Itโ€™s an intimate enough gesture that a flinch can tell you sheโ€™s not interested โ€“ while a more pleasant response could be a green light. Either way it provides the information necessary without making thingsย tooawkward for either party. Advice for Women Forย The Art of Kissing William Cane asked men what their biggest complaints and desires were regarding kissing. Ladies, want to make guys think youโ€™re a great kisser? Here are some takeaways from the research: - Open your mouth more. Research shows men prefer โ€œwetter kisses with more tongue. - Initiate more. - Be more aggressive with your tongue and take an active part in the kiss. You could probably sum them all up by saying:ย Stop holding back. Advice For Men - Donโ€™t jam your tongue down her throat.ย This was womenโ€™s most frequent complaint.ย Youโ€™re kissing her, not trying to implant an alien embryo in her stomach. - Keep your ears attuned to her breathing.ย Bluntly,ย make sure youโ€™re allowing her to breathe. Women tend to enjoy kissing more when theyโ€™re not being suffocated. - โ€œListenโ€ to the way sheโ€™s kissing.Match her tempo. Reply to her tongue action with similar tongue action. Leading and being aggressive can be good but being oblivious is bad. Also, aligning with the research on hygiene, take care of your teeth, use mouthwash and carry mints. No matter how attractive someone may be, poor hygiene can kill the moment before it even begins. This is particularly true for men. As preceding chapters have described,women depend heavily on taste and smell and pay close attention to teeth when evaluating a partner. A few other tidbits from anย interview with William Cane, author of The Art of kissing: - โ€œ53% of women prefer (to kiss) a clean-shaven man.โ€ - โ€œWomenโ€™s favorite spot to be kissed, other than the mouth, is the neck.Ninety-six percent of women reported that they like neck kisses, while only about 10% of men do.โ€ - โ€œWomen also complain that men donโ€™t do enough variations in kissing, that theyโ€™re too machine-like or repetitive. Women would like a number of different kisses: the neck, the ears, โ€œliposuction,โ€ which is moving from the upper lip to the lower lipโ€ฆbe creative.โ€ And Itโ€™s Not All About Technique Asย Sun Tzu said, โ€œall wars are won or lost before they are ever fought.โ€ย By and large, the same is true about kissing. You can be a great kisser but behave in a wayย that makes sure no one ever wants to kiss you. Circumstances can hamper things as well. - Looking good matters, so look good.ย Yeah, itโ€™s obvious but if youโ€™re the guy wearing black socks with sandals and a fanny pack, take note. (More on the scientific approach to being sexierย here and here). - Set the stage.ย Getting to know one another eases awkwardness and lays the groundwork for a hormonal profile conducive to intimacy. Love researcher Arthur Aron has aย list of questions shown to make people bond almost instantly. - Context matters.ย If you want it to go well, pick the right time, not some sloppy smothering outside the bar. Iโ€™ve posted before about the things that help in this area;ย dim lights, wearing red, sharing secrets and a touch of excitement can all be a good lead-in. - Get to know your partnerโ€™s likes and dislikes.ย Kissing isnโ€™t an Olympic sport judged by an objective 1-10 score. A big part of it is personal preference. Get to know your partner and you will become a better kisser in their eyes as the relationship progresses. Now go practice some โ€œscience.โ€
[TED] ๋‡Œ๋ฅผ ๋ฐ”๊พธ๋Š” ์šด๋™์˜ ํšจ๊ณผ
๋ฒˆ์—ญ: Sojeong KIM ๊ฒ€ํ† : Jeongguk Jang ๊ฐ•์—ฐ: Wendy Suzuki ๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋‡Œ์— ์ฆ‰๊ฐ์ ์œผ๋กœ ๊ธ์ •์ ์ธ ์˜ํ–ฅ์„ ๋ฏธ์น˜๋Š” ํ–‰๋™์„ ์ง€๊ธˆ ๋‹น์žฅ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค๋ฉด ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ํ•˜์‹œ๊ฒ ์Šต๋‹ˆ๊นŒ? ๊ธฐ๋ถ„๊ณผ ์ง‘์ค‘๋ ฅ๊นŒ์ง€ ์ข‹์•„์ง„๋‹ค๋ฉด์š”? ํšจ๊ณผ๊ฐ€ ์žฅ์‹œ๊ฐ„ ์ง€์†๋˜์–ด ๋‡Œ ์งˆํ™˜์œผ๋กœ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ๋ณดํ˜ธ๋ฐ›์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค๋ฉด์š”? ์šฐ์šธ์ฆ, ์•Œ์ธ ํ•˜์ด๋จธ, ์น˜๋งค์™€ ๊ฐ™์€ ๋ณ‘์ด์š”. ์‹œ๋„ํ•ด๋ณด์‹œ๊ฒ ์Šต๋‹ˆ๊นŒ? ๋„ค! ๊ฐ•๋ ฅํ•œ ์‹ ์ฒด ํ™œ๋™์˜ ํšจ๊ณผ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐํ•˜๊ณ ์ž ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ชธ์„ ์›€์ง์ด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋งŒ์œผ๋กœ๋„ ๋‡Œ์— ์ฆ‰๊ฐ์ ์ด๊ณ  ์˜ค๋ž˜ ์ง€์†๋˜๋Š” ๋ณดํ˜ธ ํšจ๊ณผ๋ฅผ ๊ฒฝํ—˜ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด ํšจ๊ณผ๊ฐ€ ํ‰์ƒ ์œ ์ง€๋  ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๊ณ ์š”. ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์—๊ฒŒ ๋“ค๋ ค ๋“œ๋ฆด ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ๋Š” ์‹ ๊ฒฝ๊ณผํ•™์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๊นŠ์€ ์ดํ•ด์— ๊ด€ํ•œ ๊ฒ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์‹ ๊ฒฝ๊ณผํ•™ ๊ต์ˆ˜๋กœ์„œ ์Šค์Šค๋กœ ์‹ค์ฒœํ–ˆ๋˜ ์‹คํ—˜์˜ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ์ด์ง€์š”. ์ด ์‹คํ—˜์„ ํ†ตํ•ด ๋‡Œ๋ฅผ ์ฆ‰์‹œ ๋ณ€ํ™”์‹œํ‚ค๋Š” ๊ฐ€์žฅ ํ˜์‹ ์ ์ธ ํ™œ๋™์ธ ์šด๋™์˜ ๊ณผํ•™์ ์ธ ๊ทผ๊ฑฐ๋ฅผ ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ•˜์˜€์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์‹ ๊ฒฝ๊ณผํ•™์ž๋กœ์„œ ์ง€๊ธˆ ๋จธ๋ฆฟ์†์— ์žˆ๋Š” ๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ทธ ๋‡Œ๊ฐ€ ์ธ๋ฅ˜๊ฐ€ ์•„๋Š” ๊ฐ€์žฅ ๋ณต์žกํ•œ ๊ตฌ์กฐ์˜ ๊ธฐ๊ด€์ด๋ผ๋Š” ์‚ฌ์‹ค์„ ์••๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‡Œ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๋งํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ๋‡Œ๋ฅผ ์ง์ ‘ ๋ณด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ๋‹ค๋ฆ…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์‹ค์ œ ์ธ๊ฐ„์˜ ๋‡Œ๋ฅผ ๋ณด์กดํ•œ ๋ชจ์Šต์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์˜ค๋Š˜ ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐํ•  ๋‘ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ํ•ต์‹ฌ์ด ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์— ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (Prefrontal Cortex) ์ฒซ์งธ๋Š”, ์ด๋งˆ ๋ฐ”๋กœ ๋’ค์— ์ž๋ฆฌํ•œ ์ „์ „๋‘์—ฝ ํ”ผ์งˆ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์˜์‚ฌ๊ฒฐ์ •, ์ง‘์ค‘, ์ฃผ์˜, ์„ฑ๊ฒฉ์„ ๊ฒฐ์ •ํ•˜๋Š” ์ค‘์š”ํ•œ ์—ญํ• ์„ ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (Temporal Lobe) ๋‘˜์งธ๋Š”, ์ธก๋‘์—ฝ์— ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‡Œ์—๋Š” ์ขŒ์šฐ ์–‘์ชฝ์— ์ธก๋‘์—ฝ์ด ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (Hippocampus) ์ธก๋‘์—ฝ ๊นŠ์ˆ™ํ•œ ๊ณณ์— ์‚ฌ์‹ค๊ณผ ์‚ฌ๊ฑด์„ ์žฅ๊ธฐ๊ธฐ์–ต์œผ๋กœ ํ˜•์„ฑํ•˜๊ณ  ์ €์žฅํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ ์ค‘์š”ํ•œ ํ•ต์‹ฌ ์˜์—ญ์ด ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ ๋ถ€์œ„๊ฐ€ ๋ฐ”๋กœ ํ•ด๋งˆ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ €๋Š” ๋Š˜ ํ•ด๋งˆ์— ์—ด๊ด‘ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ฐฐ๋‚˜์˜ ์ˆœ๊ฐ„์— ์ผ์–ด๋‚œ ์‚ฌ๊ฑด ์˜ˆ๋ฅผ ๋“ค์–ด ์ฒซ ํ‚ค์Šค์™€ ์ฒซ ์•„์ด๊ฐ€ ํƒœ์–ด๋‚œ ์ˆœ๊ฐ„์ด ๋‡Œ์— ์–ด๋–ค ๋ณ€ํ™”๋ฅผ ์ผ์œผ์ผฐ๊ธฐ์— ํ‰์ƒ ์ง€์›Œ์ง€์ง€ ์•Š๋Š” ๊ธฐ์–ต์œผ๋กœ ์ €์žฅ๋  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์—ˆ์„๊นŒ์š”? ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๋‹ต์„ ์ฐพ๊ณ  ์‹ถ์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ €๋Š” ํ•ด๋งˆ ์† ๋‡Œ์„ธํฌ๊ฐ€ ์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด ๊ธฐ์–ต์„ ํ˜•์„ฑํ•˜๋Š” ๋™์•ˆ ํ•ด๋งˆ์˜์—ญ์— ์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๋Š” ๋‡Œ์„ธํฌ์˜ ํ™œ๋™์„ ๊ธฐ๋กํ•˜๊ณ ์ž ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์‹ ๊ฒฝ์„ธํฌ ๊ฐ„์˜ ์ •๋ณด์ „๋‹ฌ์„ ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•œ ์ˆœ๊ฐ„์˜ ์ „๊ธฐ์  ์‹ ํ˜ธ๋ฅผ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ ์ง‘์ค‘ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ˆœ๊ฐ„์˜ ์ „๊ธฐ์‹ ํ˜ธ์˜ ์–ด๋–ค ์ž‘์šฉ์ด ์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด ๊ธฐ์–ต์˜ ์ƒ์„ฑ์—ฌ๋ถ€๋ฅผ ๊ฒฐ์ •์ง“๋Š”์ง€๋ฅผ ์—ฐ๊ตฌํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ๋ช‡ ํ•ด ์ „, ์ €๋Š” ๊ณผํ•™๊ณ„์—์„œ ์ด๋ก€์ ์ธ ์„ ํƒ์„ ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์‹ ๊ฒฝ ๊ณผํ•™ ์ „์ž„๊ต์ˆ˜์˜€๋˜ ์ €๋Š” ์—ฐ๊ตฌ ๊ณ„ํš์„ ์ „๋ฉด ๋ณ€๊ฒฝํ•˜๊ธฐ๋กœ ๊ฒฐ์ •ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋†€๋ผ์šด ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌ์„ ํ–ˆ๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด์—ˆ์–ด์š”. ์ˆ˜๋งŽ์€ ์ด๋“ค์˜ ์‚ถ์„ ๋ณ€ํ™”์‹œํ‚ฌ ์ž ์žฌ๋ ฅ์ด ์žˆ๋Š” ์ฃผ์ œ์˜€๊ธฐ์—, ๋ฐ˜๋“œ์‹œ ์—ฐ๊ตฌํ•˜๊ณ  ์‹ถ์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ €๋Š” ๊ฒฝํ—˜์„ ํ†ตํ•ด ๋‡Œ๋ฅผ ๋ณ€ํ™”์‹œํ‚ค๋Š” ์šด๋™์˜ ํšจ๊ณผ๋ฅผ ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ•˜์˜€์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์™„๋ฒฝํžˆ ์šฐ์—ฐํ•œ ๊ณ„๊ธฐ๋กœ์š”. ๋‡Œ ๊ธฐ์–ต ๊ธฐ๋Šฅ์— ๊ด€ํ•œ ์—ฐ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ํ•œ์ฐฝ์ด๋˜ ์‹œ๊ธฐ์˜€์ฃ . ์ž๋ฃŒ๋Š” ์Ÿ์•„์กŒ๊ณ  ๊ธฐ์–ต ๋ถ„์•ผ์—์„œ ์ œ ์ด๋ฆ„์„ ์•Œ๋ฆฌ๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•  ๋•Œ์˜€์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ณผํ•™์ ์ธ ์‚ฌ๊ณ ๋กœ๋Š”, ์ข‹์€ ์‹œ๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ๋ถ„๋ช…ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ์—ฐ๊ตฌ์‹ค ๋ฌธ์„ ์—ด๊ณ  ๋‚˜์™”์„ ๋•Œ ์ด๋Ÿฐ ์ƒ๊ฐ์ด ๋“ค์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ œ๊ฒ ์ผ ์™ธ์˜ ์‚ถ์ด ์—†๋”๊ตฐ์š”. ์˜จ์ข…์ผ ๋‡Œ์„ธํฌ์— ๋ชจ๋“  ์ฃผ์˜๋ฅผ ๊ธฐ์šธ์ธ ์ฑ„ ์–ด๋‘์šด ๋ฐฉ ์•ˆ์— ์•‰์•„์žˆ์—ˆ์ฃ . ํ˜ผ์ž์š”. ๋ชธ์„ ์ „ํ˜€ ์›€์ง์ด์ง€ ์•Š์•˜์–ด์š”. ์‚ด์ด 25ํŒŒ์šด๋“œ๋‚˜ ์ช˜์—ˆ๊ณ ์š”. ์ œ ์ƒํƒœ๋ฅผ ๊นจ๋‹ซ๊ธฐ๊นŒ์ง€ ์ˆ˜ ๋…„์ด ๊ฑธ๋ ธ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ „ ๋น„์ฐธํ•œ ์ƒํƒœ์˜€์–ด์š”. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๋น„์ฐธํ•ด์ง€๊ณ  ์‹ถ์ง€ ์•Š์•˜์–ด์š”. ํ˜ผ์ž ๊ฐ• ๋ž˜ํ”„ํŒ… ์—ฌํ–‰์„ ๊ฐ”์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์นœ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ์—†์œผ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”. ๋ž˜ํ”„ํŒ… ํ›„ ๋Œ์•„์™€์„œ ์ƒ๊ฐํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. "์„ธ์ƒ์—, ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ์ฒด๋ ฅ์ด ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์•ฝํ–ˆ์–ด." ์ € ์ž์‹ ์—๊ฒŒ ํ•œ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์ž„๋ฌด๋ฅผ ๋ถ€์—ฌํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. "๋‹ค์Œ์— ๋‹ค์‹œ ์ด๋Ÿฐ ๋ž˜ํ”„ํŒ…์„ ํ•œ๋‹ค๋ฉด ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ตœ์•ฝ์ฒด๊ฐ€ ๋˜์ง€ ๋ง์•„์•ผ์ง€" ๋ผ๊ณ ์š”. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ํ—ฌ์Šค์žฅ์— ๋‹ค๋‹ˆ๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ œ ์†Œ์‹ฌํ•œ ์„ฑ๊ฒฉ์— ์ง‘์ค‘ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํ—ฌ์Šค์žฅ ๋ชจ๋“  ์šด๋™ํ”„๋กœ๊ทธ๋žจ์„ ๋“ค์—ˆ์ฃ . ๋‹ค ํ•ด๋ดค์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํ‚ฅ๋ณต์‹ฑ, ๋Œ„์Šค, ์š”๊ฐ€, ์Šคํ… ์—์–ด๋กœ๋น…์Šค. ์ฒ˜์Œ์—๋Š” ์ •๋ง ํž˜๋“ค์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๋•€ ํ˜๋ ค ์šด๋™์„ ํ•˜๊ณ  ๋‚˜๋ฉด ํ•ญ์ƒ ๊ธฐ๋ถ„์ด ์ข‹์•„์ง€๊ณ  ์—๋„ˆ์ง€๊ฐ€ ์ƒ์Šนํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ๊ณ„์† ํ—ฌ์Šค์žฅ์— ๊ฐ”์ฃ . ์Šค์Šค๋กœ ๊ฐ•ํ•ด์กŒ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๋Š๋ผ๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. ๊ธฐ๋ถ„๋„ ๋” ์ข‹์•˜๊ณ , 25ํŒŒ์šด๋“œ(์•ฝ 10kg)๋„ ๊ฐ๋Ÿ‰ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. 1๋…„ ๋ฐ˜ ์ „๋ถ€ํ„ฐ, ๊ทœ์น™์ ์œผ๋กœ ์šด๋™์„ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ ์ค‘์š”ํ•œ ๊นจ๋‹ฌ์Œ์„ ์–ป์€ ์ˆœ๊ฐ„์ด ์žˆ์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ฑ…์ƒ์— ์•‰์•„ ์—ฐ๊ตฌ ๋ณด์กฐ๊ธˆ ๊ธฐํš์•ˆ์„ ์ž‘์„ฑ ์ค‘์ด์—ˆ์ฃ . ์ด์ œ๊ป ํ•œ ๋ฒˆ๋„ ๊ฒช์–ด๋ณด์ง€ ๋ชปํ–ˆ๋˜ ์ƒ๊ฐ์ด ๋จธ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ์Šค์ณค์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ๋ฐ”๋กœ "์–ด๋จธ๋‚˜, ์—ฐ๊ตฌ์ง€์›์„œ๊ฐ€ ์ •๋ง ์ž˜ ์จ์ง€๋Š”๋ฐ." ์ด ๋ง์„ ๋“ค์œผ๋ฉด ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ณผํ•™์ž๊ฐ€ ์›ƒ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์—ฐ๊ตฌ์ง€์›์„œ๋Š” ๊ฒฐ์ฝ” ์ž˜ ์จ์ง€๋Š” ๋ฒ•์ด ์—†์–ด์š”. ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ์–ด๋ ค์›Œ์„œ ๋Š˜ ๋จธ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ์ฅ์–ด์งœ๋ฉฐ ๊ฑฐ์•ก์˜ ์—ฐ๊ตฌ ๋ณด์กฐ๊ธˆ์„ ํ™•๋ณดํ•  ๋งŒํ•œ ์•„์ด๋””์–ด๋ฅผ ๊ตฌ์ƒํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ๋ฐ ์ •๋ง ์ž˜ ์จ์กŒ์–ด์š”. ์˜ˆ์ „๋ณด๋‹ค ๋” ์˜ค๋ž˜ ์ง‘์ค‘ํ•˜๊ณ  ์ง‘์ค‘๋ ฅ์„ ์œ ์ง€ํ•  ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์—ˆ์–ด์š”. ์‹คํ—˜์‹ค์—์„œ ์—ฐ๊ตฌํ–ˆ๋˜ ์ฃผ์ œ์ธ ์ €์˜ ์žฅ๊ธฐ๊ธฐ์–ต๋„ ๋” ํ–ฅ์ƒ๋œ ๋“ฏ ๋ณด์˜€์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ์ œ์•ผ ์ดํ•ด๊ฐ€ ๋˜๋”๊ตฐ์š”. ํ˜น์‹œ ๋‚ด ์ธ์ƒ์— ์ƒˆ๋กœ์ด ๋“ค์–ด์˜จ ์šด๋™์ด๋ผ๋Š” ์˜์—ญ์ด ๋‡Œ๋ฅผ ๋ณ€ํ™”์‹œํ‚จ ๊ฒƒ์€ ์•„๋‹๊นŒ? ๋‚˜๋„ ๋ชจ๋ฅด๋Š” ์‚ฌ์ด์— ์Šค์Šค๋กœ ์‹คํ—˜์„ ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ด์—ˆ์ฃ . ์‹ ๊ฒฝ๊ณผํ•™์ž์˜ ํ˜ธ๊ธฐ์‹ฌ์„ ๋ฐœ๋™ํ•˜์—ฌ ๋‡Œ์— ๋ฏธ์น˜๋Š” ์šด๋™์˜ ํšจ๊ณผ์— ๊ด€ํ•œ ๋ฌธํ—Œ์„ ์ฐพ์•„๋ณด์•˜์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ € ์ž์‹ ์—๊ฒŒ ์ผ์–ด๋‚ฌ๋˜ ๋ณ€ํ™”๋ฅผ ๋’ท๋ฐ›์นจํ•ด์ฃผ๋Š” ํฅ๋ฏธ๋กœ์šด ๋ฌธํ—Œ๋“ค์ด ๋งŽ์•˜์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์šด๋™์„ ํ•˜๋ฉด ๊ธฐ๋ถ„, ๊ธฐ๋ ฅ, ๊ธฐ์–ต๋ ฅ, ์ฃผ์˜๋ ฅ์ด ํ–ฅ์ƒ๋˜์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋” ๊นŠ์ด ์—ฐ๊ตฌํ•˜๋ฉด ํ• ์ˆ˜๋ก ์šด๋™์˜ ๊ฐ•๋ ฅํ•œ ๋Šฅ๋ ฅ์„ ๊นจ๋‹ฌ์•˜์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด๊ฒƒ์ด ๋™๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ๋˜์–ด, ์—ฐ๊ตฌ ์ฃผ์ œ๋ฅผ ์™„์ „ํžˆ ์ „ํ™˜ํ•˜๋Š” ์ค‘๋Œ€ํ•œ ๊ฒฐ์ •์„ ํ•˜๊ฒŒ๋˜์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด ์งˆ๋ฌธ์— ๋ชฐ๋‘ํ•œ ์ง€ ๋ช‡ ๋…„์ด ํ๋ฅธ ํ˜„์žฌ ๋‹ค์Œ๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์€ ๊ฒฐ๋ก ์— ์ด๋ฅด๋ €์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์šด๋™์€ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋‹น์žฅ ์‹ค์ฒœํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๋‡Œ๋ฅผ ๋ณ€ํ™”์‹œํ‚ค๋Š” ํ˜์‹ ์ ์ธ ํ™œ๋™์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์— ์„ธ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ๊ทผ๊ฑฐ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ฒซ์งธ, ์šด๋™์€ ๋‡Œ์— ์ฆ‰๊ฐ์ ์ธ ์˜ํ–ฅ์„ ๋ฏธ์นฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‹จ ํ•œ ๋ฒˆ์˜ ์šด๋™์ด ์ฆ‰์‹œ ์‹ ๊ฒฝ์ „๋‹ฌ๋ฌผ์งˆ ๋ถ„๋น„๋ฅผ ์ด‰์ง„ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋„ํŒŒ๋ฏผ, ์„ธ๋กœํ† ๋‹Œ, ๋…ธ๋ฅด์•„๋“œ๋ ˆ๋‚ ๋ฆฐ ๋“ฑ์ด์š”. ์šด๋™์ด ๋๋‚˜๋ฉด, ์‹ ๊ฒฝ์ „๋‹ฌ๋ฌผ์งˆ์ด ๊ธฐ๋ถ„์„ ์ƒ์Šน์‹œํ‚ต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ œ๊ฐ€ ๋Š๊ผˆ๋˜ ๊ทธ๋Œ€๋กœ์š”. ์‹คํ—˜์„ ํ†ตํ•ด, ํ•œ ๋ฒˆ์˜ ์šด๋™๋งŒ์œผ๋กœ ๋ฏผ์ฒฉ์„ฑ๊ณผ ์ง‘์ค‘๋ ฅ์ด ํ–ฅ์ƒ๋จ์„ ํ™•์ธํ•˜์˜€์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ง‘์ค‘๋ ฅ ํ–ฅ์ƒ ํšจ๊ณผ๋Š” ์ตœ์†Œ 2์‹œ๊ฐ„ ๋™์•ˆ ์ง€์†๋˜์—ˆ์ฃ . ๋งˆ์ง€๋ง‰์œผ๋กœ, ์šด๋™์œผ๋กœ ๋ฐ˜์‘ ์†๋„๋„ ํ–ฅ์ƒ๋œ๋‹ค๋Š” ์—ฐ๊ตฌ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜์™”์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‹ค์‹œ ๋งํ•ด์„œ ๋ฐ”์—์„œ ๋–จ์–ด์ง€๋Š” ์ค‘์ธ ์Šคํƒ€๋ฒ…์Šค ์ปคํ”ผ์ž”์„ ๋” ์žฝ์‹ธ๊ฒŒ ์žก์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ๋œป์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋งค์šฐ ์ค‘์š”ํ•œ ์ ์ด์ฃ . (์›ƒ์Œ) ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ์šด๋™ ์งํ›„์— ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚˜๋Š” ์ฆ‰๊ฐ ํšจ๊ณผ๋Š” ์ผ์‹œ์ ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ œ๊ฐ€ ํ–ˆ๋˜ ๋ฐฉ์‹์„ ๋”ฐ๋ผ ํ•ด๋ณด์‹ญ์‹œ์˜ค. ์šด๋™๋ฒ•์„ ๋ฐ”๊พธ์–ด ๋ณด์„ธ์š”. ์žฅ๊ธฐ๊ฐ„ ์ง€์†๋˜๋Š” ์‹ฌํ๊ธฐ๋Šฅ ๊ฐ•ํ™” ํšจ๊ณผ๋ฅผ ๊ฒฝํ—˜ํ•ด๋ณด์‹ญ์‹œ์˜ค. ์šด๋™์ด ๋‡Œ์˜ ํ•ด๋ถ€ํ•™์  ๊ตฌ์กฐ์™€ ์ƒ๋ฆฌ ๋ฐ ๊ธฐ๋Šฅ์„ ๋ณ€ํ™”์‹œ์ผœ ํšจ๊ณผ๊ฐ€ ์žฅ๊ธฐ๊ฐ„ ์ง€์†๋  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋Š” ๋‡Œ ์˜์—ญ์ธ ํ•ด๋งˆ์—์„œ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•ด๋ด…์‹œ๋‹ค. ์šด๋™์œผ๋กœ ์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด ๋‡Œ์„ธํฌ๊ฐ€ ์ƒ์„ฑ๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํ•ด๋งˆ์˜ ์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด ๋‡Œ์„ธํฌ์˜ ์–‘์ด ์ฆ๊ฐ€ํ•˜๋ฉด ์žฅ๊ธฐ ๊ธฐ์–ต๋ ฅ์ด ํ–ฅ์ƒํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ €์™€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„, ๋ชจ๋‘์—๊ฒŒ ํ•ด๋‹นํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‘˜์งธ, ์žฅ๊ธฐ๊ฐ„ ์šด๋™์„ ํ–ˆ์„ ๋•Œ ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚œ ์‹ ๊ฒฝ๊ณผํ•™ ์—ฐ๊ตฌ์˜ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ๋ณดํŽธ์ ์ธ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋กœ๋Š” ์ „์ „๋‘์—ฝ ํ”ผ์งˆ์ด ์—ญํ• ์ด ์ค‘์š”ํ•œ ์ฃผ์˜๋ ฅ ํ–ฅ์ƒ์ด ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด๋•Œ, ์ฃผ์˜์ง‘์ค‘๋ ฅ์ด ๊ฐœ์„ ๋  ๋ฟ๋งŒ ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ผ ํ•ด๋งˆ์˜ ๋ถ€ํ”ผ๋„ ์ปค์ง‘๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ, ์šด๋™ ์งํ›„ ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚œ ๊ธฐ๋ถ„ ์ „ํ™˜ ํšจ๊ณผ๊ฐ€ ์˜ค๋žซ๋™์•ˆ ์ง€์†๋  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํ™œ๊ธฐ์ฐฌ ๊ฐ์ •์„ ์ฃผ๋Š” ์‹ ๊ฒฝ์ „๋‹ฌ๋ฌผ์งˆ์˜ ๋ถ„๋น„๊ฐ€ ์ง€์†ํ•ด์„œ ์ฆ๊ฐ€ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋˜์ฃ . ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ์šด๋™์˜ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ํ˜์‹ ์ ์ธ ํšจ๊ณผ๋Š” ๋‡Œ์˜ ๋ณดํ˜ธ๊ธฐ๋Šฅ ํ–ฅ์ƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‡Œ๋ฅผ ์ผ์ข…์˜ ๊ทผ์œก์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•ด๋ด…์‹œ๋‹ค. ์šด๋™์„ ๋” ๋งŽ์ด ํ•  ์ˆ˜๋ก ํ•ด๋งˆ์™€ ์ „์ „๋‘์—ฝ ํ”ผ์งˆ์€ ๋” ์ปค์ง€๊ณ  ๊ฐ•ํ•ด์ง‘๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด ์ ์ด ์™œ ์ค‘์š”ํ• ๊นŒ์š”? ์ „์ „๋‘์—ฝ ํ”ผ์งˆ๊ณผ ํ•ด๋งˆ๋Š” ์‹ ๊ฒฝ๋ณ€์„ฑ ์งˆํ™˜๊ณผ ๋…ธํ™”๋กœ ์ธํ•œ ์ธ์ง€๋ ฅ ๊ฐํ‡ด์— ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์˜ˆ๋ฏผํ•œ ๋‡Œ ๋ถ€์œ„์ด๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฌผ๋ก , ํ‰์ƒ ์šด๋™๋Ÿ‰์„ ๋Š˜๋ฆฐ๋‹ค๊ณ  ํ•˜์—ฌ ์น˜๋งค๋‚˜ ์•Œ์ธ ํ•˜์ด๋จธ๋ฅผ ์™„์น˜ํ•  ์ˆ˜๋Š” ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ์šด๋™์„ ํ†ตํ•ด ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๊ฐ€์žฅ ๊ฐ•๋ ฅํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ฐ€์žฅ ํฐ ํ•ด๋งˆ์™€ ์ „์ „๋‘์—ฝ ํ”ผ์งˆ์„ ์ƒ์„ฑํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํ‡ดํ–‰์„ฑ ๋‡Œ ์งˆํ™˜์ด ์‹ค์ œ๋กœ ๋ฐœ๋ณ‘ํ•˜๊ธฐ๊นŒ์ง€ ์˜ค๋žœ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด ๊ฑธ๋ฆฌ์ฃ . ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋ฏ€๋กœ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์šด๋™์„ ๋‡Œ๊ฑด๊ฐ•์„ ์œ„ํ•œ ๋นต๋นตํ•œ ํ‡ด์ง์—ฐ๊ธˆ์œผ๋กœ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ฒ ๋„ค์š”. ์šด๋™์€ ๊ณต์งœ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ ์‹ฌ์ง€์–ด ๋” ์ข‹์ฃ . ์ด์ฏค์ด๋ฉด ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์ด๋Ÿฐ ์งˆ๋ฌธ์„ ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. "์›ฌ๋””, ์ •๋ง ํฅ๋ฏธ๋กœ์šด ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ๋„ค์š”. ์‚ฌ์‹ค ์ •๋ง ๊ถ๊ธˆํ•œ ๊ฑด ๋”ฑ ํ•œ ๊ฐ€์ง€์˜ˆ์š”. ๋‹น์‹ ์ด ๋งํ•œ ๋ณ€ํ™”๋ฅผ ๊ฒฝํ—˜ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ ํ•„์š”ํ•œ ์ตœ์†Œํ•œ์˜ ์šด๋™๋Ÿ‰์„ ์•Œ๋ ค์ฃผ์„ธ์š”." (์›ƒ์Œ) ๊ทธ ์งˆ๋ฌธ์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๋‹ต์„ ๋“œ๋ฆฌ๊ฒ ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ฒ ์ธ 3์ข… ๊ฒฝ๊ธฐ์„ ์ˆ˜๊ฐ€ ๋  ํ•„์š”๋Š” ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฒฝํ—˜์ƒ, ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ์— ์ตœ์†Œ 30๋ถ„๊ฐ„ 3~4ํšŒ ์šด๋™์ด๋ฉด ์ถฉ๋ถ„ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์— ์œ ์‚ฐ์†Œ ์šด๋™์„ ํฌํ•จํ•˜์„ธ์š”. ์‹ฌ์žฅ ๋ฐ•๋™์„ ๋†’์ด๋Š” ์šด๋™์„ ํ•˜์‹ญ์‹œ์˜ค. ์ข‹์€ ์†Œ์‹์€, ๊ตณ์ด ํ—ฌ์Šค์žฅ์— ๊ฐ€์„œ ๊ณ ๊ฐ€์˜ ํšŒ์›๊ถŒ์„ ๋Š์ง€ ์•Š์•„๋„ ๋œ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด์ฃ . ํŒŒ์›Œ ์›Œํ‚น์œผ๋กœ ์ฃผ๋ณ€ ๋‹จ์ง€๋ฅผ ์‚ฐ์ฑ…ํ•˜์„ธ์š”. ๊ณ„๋‹จ์ด ๋ณด์ด๋ฉด, ๊ณ„๋‹จ์„ ์˜ค๋ฅด์„ธ์š”. ์ง„๊ณต์ฒญ์†Œ๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ํž˜์ฐจ๊ฒŒ ๋Œ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋„ ํ—ฌ์Šค์žฅ์—์„œ ์—์–ด๋กœ๋น… ์ˆ˜์—…์„ ๋“ฃ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋งŒํผ ์ข‹์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ €๋Š” ๊ธฐ์–ต ๊ฐœ์ฒ™์ž๋กœ ์ถœ๋ฐœํ•ด ์šด๋™ ํƒํ—˜๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ๋˜์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‡Œ์˜ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ค‘์‹ฌ๋ถ€๋ฅผ ํŒŒ๊ณ ๋“ค์–ด ์šด๋™์ด ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ๋‡Œ ๊ธฐ๋Šฅ์„ ํ–ฅ์ƒ์‹œํ‚ค์ง€๋ฅผ ์•Œ๊ณ ์ž ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํ˜„์žฌ ์ €์˜ ์—ฐ๊ตฌ ๋ชฉ์ ์€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„๊ป˜ ๋ฐฉ๊ธˆ ์ œ์‹œํ–ˆ๋˜ ๊ฒฝํ—˜๋ฒ•์น™์„ ๋„˜์–ด์„œ๋Š”๋ฐ ์žˆ์ฃ . ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ์— 30๋ถ„๊ฐ„ 3~4ํšŒ๊ฐ€ ์•„๋‹Œ ๋งž์ถคํ˜• ์ตœ์ ์˜ ์šด๋™์ฒ˜๋ฐฉ์„ ์ œ์‹œํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฐœ์ธ์˜ ์—ฐ๋ น๊ณผ ์ฒด๋ ฅ ์ˆ˜์ค€ ์œ ์ „์  ๋ฐฐ๊ฒฝ์„ ๊ณ ๋ คํ•œ ์ฒ˜๋ฐฉ์œผ๋กœ ์šด๋™ ํšจ๊ณผ๋ฅผ ๊ทน๋Œ€ํ™”ํ•˜๊ณ  ๋‡Œ ๊ธฐ๋Šฅ์„ ํ–ฅ์ƒํ•˜์—ฌ, ๋‚จ์€ ์ƒ์•  ๋™์•ˆ ๋‡Œ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ž˜ ๋ณดํ˜ธํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์„ ์ฐพ๊ณ ์ž ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์šด๋™์— ๊ด€ํ•ด ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ์‹ค์ฒœ์€ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์–˜๊ธฐ์ฃ . ์ž๊ฒฉ์ฆ์„ ์ทจ๋“ํ•œ ์šด๋™๊ฐ•์‚ฌ์ธ ์ œ๊ฐ€ ํž˜์„ ๋ฐœํœ˜ํ•ด๋ณผ๊ฒŒ์š”. ๋ชจ๋‘ ์ž๋ฆฌ์—์„œ ์ผ์–ด๋‚˜ ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. (์›ƒ์Œ) ๋‹ค ํ•จ๊ป˜ 1๋ถ„ ๋™์•ˆ ์šด๋™ํ•ฉ์‹œ๋‹ค. ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์™ธ์น˜๋ฉด ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ๋”ฐ๋ผ ํ•˜์„ธ์š”. ์˜† ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ์น˜์ง€๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. ์Œ์•… ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”! (์‹ ๋‚˜๋Š” ์Œ์•…) 5, 6, 7, 8, ์˜ค๋ฅธ์ชฝ, ์™ผ์ชฝ, ์˜ค๋ฅธ์ชฝ, ์™ผ์ชฝ ๋‚˜๋Š” ์ง€๊ธˆ ๊ฐ•ํ•˜๋‹ค. ์™ธ์น˜์„ธ์š”. ๊ด€๊ฐ: ๋‚˜๋Š” ์ง€๊ธˆ ๊ฐ•ํ•˜๋‹ค. ์›ฌ๋”” ์Šค์ฆˆํ‚ค: ์—ฌ์ž๋ถ„๋“ค, ๋‚˜๋Š” ์›๋”์šฐ๋จผ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ๊ฐ•ํ•˜๋‹ค. ์™ธ์นฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ด€๊ฐ: ๋‚˜๋Š” ์›๋”์šฐ๋จผ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ๊ฐ•ํ•˜๋‹ค. ์›ฌ๋”” ์Šค์ฆˆํ‚ค: ๋™์ž‘์„ ๋ฐ”๊ฟ”์„œ ์˜ฌ๋ ค์น˜๊ธฐ, ์˜ค๋ฅธ์ชฝ, ์™ผ์ชฝ. ๋‚˜๋Š” ์˜๊ฐ ๋ฐ›์•˜๋‹ค. ๋‹ค ํ•จ๊ป˜! ๊ด€๊ฐ: ๋‚˜๋Š” ์˜๊ฐ๋ฐ›์•˜๋‹ค. ์›ฌ๋””: ๋งˆ์ง€๋ง‰ ๋™์ž‘. ์† ๋‚ด๋ฆฌ์„ธ์š”. ์˜ค๋ฅธ์† ์™ผ์†, ์˜ค๋ฅธ์† ์™ผ์†. ์™„์ „ํžˆ ํƒ„๋ ฅ๋ฐ›์•˜์–ด! ๋‹คํ•จ๊ป˜! ๊ด€๊ฐ: ์™„์ „ํžˆ ํƒ„๋ ฅ๋ฐ›์•˜์–ด! ์›ฌ๋””: ํ›Œ๋ฅญํ•ด์š”. ๊ต‰์žฅํ•ด์š”! ๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋์œผ๋กœ ํ•œ ๊ฐ€์ง€๋งŒ ๋ง์”€๋“œ๋ฆฌ๊ฒ ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ์‚ถ์— ์šด๋™์„ ํฌํ•จํ•˜์„ธ์š”. ์šด๋™์€ ๋” ํ–‰๋ณตํ•˜๊ณ  ๋ณดํ˜ธ๋ฐ›๋Š” ์˜ค๋Š˜์˜ ์‚ถ์„ ์„ ์‚ฌํ•  ๋ฟ๋งŒ ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ผ ๋‚œ์น˜๋ณ‘์œผ๋กœ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ๋‡Œ๋ฅผ ๋ณดํ˜ธํ•ด์ค„ ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์šด๋™์€ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์˜ ์‚ถ์„ ๋” ๋‚˜์€ ๊ถค๋„์— ์˜ฌ๋ ค๋†“์„ ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ถœ์ฒ˜