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What Do Dreams Do for Us?

Freud said that whether we intend it or not, we're all poets. That's because on most nights, we dream. And dreams are lot like poetry, in that in both, we express our internal life in similar ways. We conjure images; we combine incongruent elements to evoke emotion in a more efficient way than wordier descriptions can; and we use unconscious and tangential associations rather than logic to tell a story.
Freud essentially called dreams those poems we tell ourselves at night in order to experience our unconscious wishes as real. Dreams allow us to be what we cannot be, and to say what we do not say, in our more repressed daily lives. For instance, if I dream about burning my workplace down, it's probably because I want to dominate the workplace but am too nervous to admit that aggressive drive when I'm awake and trying to be nice to the people who might give me a raise.
Freud certainly had a catchy theory about dreams, but it was also limited. For him, every single dream was the picture of an unconscious wish. But people who have had boring dreams or nightmares might feel something missing from that formulation. In turn, recent theorists have tried to give a more accurate account of why we dream. In the following post, I'll list some of the current theories on why, at night, our brains tell strange stories that feel a lot like literature. I'd like to know if any of these theories resonate with you, or if you have your own belief about why we dream.
(Many great literary minds were obsessed with their dreams. Samuel Coleridge wanted to write a book about dreams—that "night's dismay" which he said "stunned the coming day." Edgar Allan Poe knew dreams fed his literature, and he pushed himself to dream "dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before.")
1. We Dream to Practice Responses to Threatening Situations
Ever notice that most dreams have a blood-surging urgency to them? In dreams, we often find ourselves naked in public, or being chased, or fighting an enemy, or sinking in quicksand. Antti Revonsuo, a Finnish cognitive scientist, has shown that our amygdala (the fight-or-flight piece of the brain) fires more than normal when we're in REM sleep (the time in sleep when we dream). In REM sleep, the brain fires in similar ways as it does when it's specifically threatened for survival. In addition to that, the part of the brain that practices motor activity (running, punching) fires increasingly during REM sleep, even though the limbs are still. In other words, Revonsuo and other evolutionary theorists argue that in dreams, we are actually rehearsing fight-and-flight responses, even though the legs and arms are not actually moving. They say that dreams are an evolutionary adaptation: We dream in order to rehearse behaviors of self-defense in the safety of nighttime isolation. In turn, get better at fight-or-flight in the real world.
2. Dreams Create Wisdom
If we remembered every image of our waking lives, it would clog our brains. So, dreams sort through memories, to determine which ones to retain and which to lose. Matt Wilson, at MIT's Center for Learning and Memory, largely defends this view. He put rats in mazes during the day, and recorded what neurons fired in what patterns as the rats negotiated the maze. When he watched the rats enter REM sleep, he saw that the same neuron patterns fired that had fired at choice turning points in the maze. In other words, he saw that the rats were dreaming of important junctures in their day. He argues that sleep is the process through which we separate the memories worth encoding in long-term memory from those worth losing. Sleep turns a flood of daily information into what we call wisdom: the stuff that makes us smart for when we come across future decisions.
3. Dreaming is Like Defragmenting Your Hard Drive
Francis Crick (who co-discovered the structure of DNA) and Graeme Mitchison put forth a famously controversial theory about dreams in 1983 when they wrote that "we dream in order to forget." They meant that the brain is like a machine that gets in the groove of connecting its data in certain ways (obsessing or defending or retaining), and that those thinking pathways might not be the most useful for us. But, when we sleep, the brain fires much more randomly. And it is this random scouring for new connections that allows us to loosen certain pathways and create new, potentially useful, ones. Dreaming is a shuffling of old connections that allows us to keep the important connections and erase the inefficient links. A good analogy here is the defragmentation of a computer's hard drive: Dreams are a reordering of connections to streamline the system.
4. Dreams Are Like Psychotherapy
But what about the emotion in dreams? Aren't dreams principally the place to confront difficult and surprising emotions and sit with those emotions in a new way? Ernest Hartmann, a doctor at Tufts, focuses on the emotional learning that happens in dreams. He has developed the theory that dreaming puts our difficult emotions into pictures. In dreams, we deal with emotional content in a safe place, making connections that we would not make if left to our more critical or defensive brains. In this sense, dreaming is like therapy on the couch: We think through emotional stuff in a less rational and defensive frame of mind. Through that process, we come to accept truths we might otherwise repress. Dreams are our nightly psychotherapy.
5. The Absence of Theory
Of course, others argue that dreams have no meaning at all—that they are the random firings of a brain that don't happen to be conscious at that time. The mind is still "functioning" insofar as it's producing images, but there's no conscious sense behind the film. Perhaps it's only consciousness itself that wants to see some deep meaning in our brains at all times.
What do you think? We are all authors, in a way, every night we dream. Is there a mind behind what's written in your dreams? Why are your dreams of use?
@MelissaMae I totally agree, all about closures, messages, warnings, repression, ignorance... I've experienced everything...
dreams can help us psychologically. example: they can give us closure about something from our past, perhaps a relationship that was very intimate ended suddenly and with anger and you wanted to contact them again but couldnt. you may have a dream that you are talking with them again. or dreams can also contain messages or even warnings. and some dreams represent what what we repress or ignore in our waking lives such as our conscience. some people even have psychic dreams. once, i dreamed that a friend that had not been around in a long while came to visit me. and that same day, she came.
@jazziejazz I agree. Dreams are definitely our unconscious wishes, thoughts etc.
@Smerlegameger I went through a simmilar thing, so I get you.
hmmm interesting... I think I would agree that dreams might be our unconscious wishes. I know that I have went to sleep desiring to see someone and then I dream about them. But this card really made me think. very interesting.
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명왕성은 어떻게 발견되었을까?
1855년 미국 보스턴 명문가의 장남으로 태어난 로웰은 1876년 하버드대를 졸업했지만 그의 남동생인 애보트 로웰은 하버드 역사상 최장수인 24년간 하버드대 총장을 지낸 수재 교육학자였으며, 여동생인 에이미 로웰은 향후 퓰리처상을 수상합니다. 잘사는 집의 큰아들로서 한량 신세이던 로웰은 무역을 하면서 세상을 떠돌았는데, 특히 동양 문화에 심취해 일본에 오랫동안 머물면서 일본 및 동양 문화에 대한 각종 글을 쓰기 시작합니다. 그러던 중 1883년 일본 주재 미국대사로부터 조선에서 미국으로 가는 사절단이 일본에 도착했는데 통역을 하면 어떻겠냐라는 제안을 받습니다. 그래서 그는29세 나이에 조선 최초의 미국 사절단 ‘보빙사’의 공식 수행원이 됩니다. 조선의 외국인 홍보대사 공식임무를 마치고 이후 《조용한 아침의 나라》(미국인이 쓴 최초의 우리나라 소개서)등 여러 조선 관련 책을 펴내는 등 동양에서 10년을 더 머물다 1894년 미국으로 돌아갑니다. 그리고 그는 천체 관측 천문학자로 대변신을 하게 됩니다. 호기심이 많은 로웰은 미국에서 천문대를 세웠습니다. 개인 재산을 털어 미국 애리조나에 건설한 로웰 천문대는 당시로선 세계 최대급 천문대였습니다. 과거 눈으로만 관측하던 시기에는 태양계 행성이 수성, 금성, 지구, 화성, 목성, 토성 등 6개인 줄 알았습니다. 그러다 망원경의 발달로 1781년 천왕성을 찾았는데 이 행성의 궤도가 정상적이지 않자 그 너머에 다른 행성이 있을 것이라 여겨 더 찾아본 결과 해왕성까지 발견하게 됩니다. 하지만 해왕성 역시 그 궤도가 계산에 맞지 않자 그 너머에 또 다른 행성이 있을 것이라 여겼는데, 로웰은 그 미지의 행성을 ‘플래닛 엑스(Planet X)’라고 칭하면서 1915년 이 미지의 행성에 대한 궤도 계산 등의 연구 결과를 정리해 발표했고, 같은 해 우연히 명왕성을 사진에 담았지만 당시엔 인지하지 못한 채 1916년 사망합니다. 로웰은 살아생전 천문학자의 길을 걷고 싶지만 돈이 없어 좌절하던 젊은 학자들을 자기 천문대에서 근무하게 하면서 후원했습니다. 그들이 그의 의지를 받들어 로웰 사망 후에도 ‘플래닛 엑스’의 탐색 작업을 계속해 결국 14년 뒤인 1930년, 당시 24세 앳된 청년 클라이드 톰보가 사진 판독 작업 끝에 드디어 명왕성을 발견하게 됩니다. 그동안 천왕성과 해왕성 발견의 영광을 다 유럽인에게 내주었던 미국은 사상 최초로 미국인이 행성을 발견한 데 대해 흥분하게 됩니다. 발견자로서 새로운 행성의 이름을 정할 권리를 가진 로웰 천문대는, 이 행성의 명칭을 ‘명왕성(플루토Pluto, 죽음의 신)’이라 결정합니다. 행성마다 고대 그리스의 신 이름을 붙이던 관례를 따라 ‘천왕성(유라누스Uranus, 하늘의 신)’, ‘해왕성(넵튠Neptune, 바다의 신)’에 이어 붙인 새 행성에 왜 하필 으스스한 죽음의 신인 플루토를 붙였느냐는 질문에 톰보는 이렇게 얘기합니다. “오늘날, 우리를 있게 해주신 퍼시벌(P) 로웰(L) 선생님의 첫 글자로 구성된 이름이기 때문입니다!” 출처) <알아두면 쓸데 있는 유쾌한 상식사전> -과학 경제 편-
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Quebec Immigrant Investor Program
Candidates for the Quebec Immigrant Investor Program are awarded points based on six factors under the Quebec Economic Class selection grid for the program. A minimum passing score of 40 points is required, as are mandatory cut-off scores of 10 points for management experience and 25 points for financial investment, respectively. Candidates for the Quebec Immigrant Investor Program are evaluated based on factors such as education level/areas of training, management experience, age, language proficiency in French or English, stay and family in Quebec, and the Investment Agreement. The maximum number of points available for applicants with or without a spouse or common-law partner is 94. Candidates who meet the minimum requirements for management experience and financial investment will only need five more points to reach the passing score of 40. Those points may be obtained if candidates meet only one of the following example requirements: A technical diploma from a post - secondary school attesting to one OR two years of full-time study (value: 6 points) A university undergraduate degree indicating two years of full-time study (value: 6 points) Following a review of their application, Quebec investor programme candidates may be invited to a selection interview. The Benefits of the Quebec Investor Program Investment with no risk: The Quebec government guarantees the investment of CAD $1,200,000 and returns it in full after five years. Passive investment: After the investment is made, no active managerial role is required. All immediate family members of the candidate's (spouse and dependent children) are included in the application and have the same status as the candidate. Advantages of permanent resident status: Enjoy the same benefits as Canadians (universal health care, free public education, access to world-class universities, etc.) QIIP Criteria All Quebec Immigrant Investor candidates are expected to meet the following minimum requirements: Criteria Requirement Minimum Net Worth- A minimum of CAD $2,000,000 in legally acquired net worth, alone or with the help of their spouse or common-law partner if accompanying the applicant. Assets such as property, bank accounts, pension funds, stocks and shares may be included. Business or Management Experience- A minimum of two years of management experience over the course of five years prior to the submission of the candidate’s application. The experience must have been acquired in a specific enterprise (agricultural, commercial, industrial), or in a government or international agency, and in a position defined as full-time. The company does not necessarily have to be profitable. If the management experience is claimed as a professional, the company must have at least two full-time employees (excluding the candidate). The candidate can be retired at the time of the submission of the application as long as he/she can demonstrate a recent management experience of two years within the five past years.The candidate must be able to demonstrate the planning, supervision and control of financial resources AND human resources OR material resources, under his/her authority. Experience acquired in the context of an apprenticeship, training or specialization process attested to by a diploma cannot be included. Investment- Agreement to invest the sum of CAD $1,200,000 through an approved financial intermediary (this investment can be financed). For more information, please contact us.
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Calling All Creatives: Its National Novel Writing Month !!!!
Its November and while most people think of the basic; "No Shave November", Thanksgiving pants season, or the worst of all people; The Countdown To Christmas People (stop forgetting Thanksgiving assholes), we writers recognize November as something far more....challenging. It's time to crank out a novel (50,000 words) in a mere 30 days. Thats right...November starts National Novel Writing Month! And I have to say for us procrastinating, totally undisciplined writers (raise your hand if you're with me) this month is awesome to get you kickstarted. Rules are there are no rules....just kidding there are rules but they are pretty lacks! A novel to the NANOWRIMO, which is the National Novel Writing website states that they will accept any word count between 10,000 to 999,999. This means that while your stories will have to be long they by no means have to model themselves after Game Of Thrones. How can you win? Because yes, doing this challenge can mean more then just writing a kick ass story that can make you the next Tolkien or J.K. Rowling. If you sign up on the NANOWRIMO website which is right here, then you will earn badges for getting to your daily word count goal and could even be one of the many winners at the end who will receive prizes! Whats even better is that through this website you will have forums and group chats with other writers struggling to pen their novel while juggling wok, school, family and pretty much life which always seems to be getting in the way. So take the challenge. Start that story that has been rolling around in your mind but keeps getting pushed aside by grocery lists. Take another look at the work that you are half way done with and just can't seem to sit down and finish. Talk, complain, and bitch about the struggles of writing with people doing the exact same thing as you. This November dare to start.
모델들에게 고통을 안겨준 프라다와 랑방, 지방시의 하이힐
패션계에서 유명디자이너들의 모델들을 향한 갑질아닌 갑질 사례들을 써봄 09 s/s 프라다 시즌 09 s/s 시즌 프라다는 원시 시대로 돌아간 컨셉으로(It's primitive) 일부러 구겨진 텍스쳐로 만든 옷 원단들에 살짝 관능미를 준듯한 컨셉들이었음 그러나 보그의 에디터 수지 멘키스는 이 시즌 런웨이를 보고 이렇게 말함 "콘크리트 바닥으로 넘어질 때, 담배 파이프 청소도구처럼 구겨지던 모델의 몸처럼  분명한 흔들림이었다. 그 모습은 가장 잘 단련된 패셔니스타의 얼굴도 찡그리게 했다." 왜냐면 이 런웨이에서 워킹하다 흔들리고 넘어진 모델들이 매우 많았기 때문에....ㅠㅠ 율리아 칼라포노바는 휘청휘청거리다 결국 넘어지고 제시카 스탐도 균형을 잡지못하고 휘청거림 그중 제일 심하게 다칠뻔했던건 케이티 포카티였음ㅠㅠ 모델에겐 생명이나 다름없는 발목이 저렇게나...ㅠㅠ 결국 힐을 벗고 걷는 케이티.. 다른 모델들도 평소완 달리 마치 살얼음판 위를 걷듯이 걸음ㅠㅠㅠㅠㅠ 저렇게 프로모델들마저 당황한 이유는 토오픈 킬힐에 덧버선까지 신겨서......덧버선의 영향이 컸던듯함ㅠㅠㅠㅠ 율리아의 사진만봐도 덧버선을 신은 발과 힐이 완전히 미끌어져서 어긋나있는걸 볼수있음.. 2011 s/s 랑방의 슈즈 거의 90도 각도인 킬힐임에도 불구하고 아주 얇은 힐과  그것을 가보시와 연결하는 지지대 하나로 모델들은 런웨이를 걸어야했음 어떤 모델들은 얇은 가죽끈 하나만 믿고 워킹을 해야했음.. 거기다 가보시는 매우 짧았음  가보시라도 넓어서 밑받침 역할을 잘해줬으면 좋았을텐데 가보시마저 엄청 짧음; 결국 리허설중 어떤 모델은 신발을 벗기도했으며 애비 리란 모델은 리허설 워킹도중 울음을 터트림.... 이걸보고 디자이너는 왜 제대로 걷지못하냐며 질책을 하고 결국 애비 리는 총 3벌의 의상을 입기로 했지만 이 일로 인해 한벌만 입고 랑방의 런웨이에 서게됨.... 한마디로 디자이너의 눈밖에 벗어나 런웨이에 설 기회가 줄어듬...유명 브랜드 디자이너에게 밉보였다는건  모델로서 큰 손해인건 당연함 참고로 애비 리는 베테랑 유명 모델인데도 이런 대우를 받았는데  소위 말하는 대중 인지도나 빽이없는 모델은 그대로 도태될수도있음... 2016 지방시 s/s 작년 지방시의 힐 또한 문제를 불러일으킴 앞에있던 킬힐들에비해 힐이 낮아서 걷기쉽지않나? 할수도있지만 저 나풀대는 긴 끈과 슬리퍼같은 형식의 디자인으로인해 바닥에 질질 끌리는 끈을 밟고 넘어지는 모델도 생기고 슬리퍼처럼 자꾸만 벗겨지려는 신발로인해 엉거주춤하며 걷는 모델들도 많았음.. 결국 푸자 모르라는 모델이 계단 두개를 거의 무릎으로 내려오는 사태가 벌어지고...ㅠㅠ (저 모델이 신은 힐의 가죽끈...바닥에 엄청끌림...) 그럼에도 불구하고 이 모델은 넘어지자마자 벌떡 일어나서 워킹을함.... 이 모습에 프로페셔널하다며 칭찬의 목소리가 컸지만 앞서 애비 리의 대우를 생각하면 넘어져도 의연하게 대처해야 밥줄이 안끊기는게 모델들의 현실임....ㅠㅠ 무릎에 피를 흘리면서 의연하게 워킹을 하는 모델... 빅시에서 킬힐을 신고도 당당하게 걷던 캔디스조차 이날 크게 넘어짐...ㅠㅠ 본인이 원하는 디자인을 선보이겠답시고 모델들에게 폭력아닌 폭력을 행사하는 디자이너들은 패션계에서 추방되면 좋겠음....전문 모델들도 신기 어려워하는 슈즈를... 여성 모델들에게 패션이란 이름으로 현대판 전족을 신기는게 아닌가싶음 출처 디자이너 본인이 신고 걸을 수 있으면 인정
What Is Threat Intelligence in Cyber Security?
In the world of cyber security, there is a term that you may have heard bandied about but aren’t quite sure what it means: threat intelligence. What is threat intelligence, and why do you need it for your business? In this article, we will explore the concept of threat intelligence and how it can be used to improve your business’s cyber security posture. We will also touch on some of the different types of threat intelligence and how they can be used in your organization. What is threat intelligence? Threat intelligence (TI) is data that’s collected and analyzed to understand current and future risks to an organization. It can take many forms, but it’s typically used to give security teams a better understanding of the attacks they’re facing, the attackers themselves, and how to protect against them. Organizations use threat intelligence in several ways. Some use it to inform their overall security strategy, while others use it more tactically, for example, to choose which security products to deploy or which vulnerabilities to patch first. TI can also be used to help investigate and respond to incidents. There are different types of threat intelligence, but one common distinction is between internal and external TI. Internal TI is information that’s gathered by an organization itself, while external TI is information that’s sourced from outside the organization. External TI can come from a variety of sources, including commercial vendors, government agencies, and open-source projects. Regardless of where it comes from, all threat intelligence should be evaluated for quality before it’s used. This includes considering things like who collected the data, what methods were used, how complete and accurate the data is, and whether or not it’s timely. Poor-quality threat intelligence can do more harm than good by leading organizations to make bad decisions based on inaccurate or out-of-date information. The benefits of threat intelligence Threat intelligence (TI) is simply information about threats. It helps organizations identify, assess, and understand current and future risks. In cybersecurity, analysts use TI to improve their organization’s security posture by informing decisions about everything from technology investments to business processes. There are many benefits of using threat intelligence, including: -Improved security: By understanding the threats faced by an organization, analysts can make better decisions about which security controls to implement. This can lead to a more effective and efficient security program overall. -Reduced costs: An organization that understands the threats it faces can make more informed decisions about where to allocate its resources. This can lead to reduced costs associated with things like incident response and malware removal. -Greater efficiency: A well-run threat intelligence program can help an organization save time and effort by providing analysts with actionable information that they can use to immediately address risks. -Improved decision-making: Threat intelligence can help senior leaders make better decisions about strategic issues like corporate risk tolerance and resource allocation. TI provides organizations with a wealth of benefits that can help them improve their security posture and become more efficient and effective overall. How to use threat intelligence If you want to know how to use threat intelligence, you must first understand what it is. Threat intelligence is simply information that helps organizations and individuals identify, assess, and respond to current and future cyber threats. This information can come from a variety of sources, including social media, news reports, dark web forums, and more. To effectively use threat intelligence, you need to have a plan in place for how you will collect and analyze this information. You also need to make sure that your team is trained on how to interpret and act on the information you collect. Once you have a plan in place and your team is trained, you can start collecting threat intelligence. There are several ways to do this, but some of the most common include using search engines, setting up Google Alerts, subscribing to RSS feeds, and monitoring social media platforms. Once you have collected some threat intelligence, it's time to start analyzing it. This can be done manually or with the help of special software tools. Either way, you need to look for patterns and trends in the data so that you can better understand the threats you're facing. After you've analyzed your threat intelligence, it's time to take action. This will vary depending on the type of threats you're facing and the severity of those threats. In some cases, taking action may mean alerting your team or customers about a potential danger. In other cases, it may mean taking steps to prevent them. The different types of threat intelligence There are four different types of threat intelligence: 1. Strategic intelligence: This type of intelligence helps organizations make long-term decisions about their cybersecurity strategies. It can help you understand the motivations and goals of your adversaries, as well as their capabilities and vulnerabilities. 2. Tactical intelligence: This type of intelligence is designed to help organizations respond to specific security incidents. It can provide information about the techniques and tools that your adversaries are using, as well as their likely next steps. 3. Technical Intelligence: This type of intelligence focuses on the technical details of security threats. It can help you understand how your adversaries are exploiting vulnerabilities, as well as the methods they're using to evade detection. 4. Open-source intelligence: This type of intelligence is derived from publicly available information, such as news reports, social media posts, and blog articles. It can be used to supplement other types of intelligence, or it can be used on its own to give you a broader picture of the security landscape. Tools for gathering threat intelligence There are several tools available for gathering threat intelligence. Some of these tools are designed specifically for gathering intelligence, while others are more general-purpose tools that can be used for a variety of purposes, including gathering intelligence. One popular tool for gathering intelligence is the Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) system. SIEM systems collect data from a variety of sources and provide users with a central place to view and analyze that data. SIEM systems can be used to detect threats, track changes in network activity, and more. Another popular tool for gathering intelligence is the intrusion detection system (IDS). IDSs monitor network traffic and look for signs of suspicious or malicious activity. IDSs can generate a lot of data, so they must be configured carefully to avoid generating false positives (alerts on activity that is not suspicious or malicious). Threat intelligence can also be gathered manually by analysts who review data from various sources and try to identify potential threats. This approach can be time-consuming, but it can also be very effective in identifying emerging threats that might not be detectable using automated tools. Cyber security threats to be aware of When it comes to cyber security, there are several different threats that you need to be aware of. Here are some of the most common cyber security threats: 1. Malware: This is a type of software that is designed to damage or disable computers. It can come from viruses, Trojans, worms, and more. 2. Phishing: This is a type of online scam where criminals try to trick you into revealing personal information or clicking on malicious links. 3. SQL Injection: This is a type of attack where malicious code is injected into a database to steal data or damage the system. 4. Denial of Service (DoS): This is a type of attack where a computer system is overloaded with traffic or requests, causing it to crash or become unavailable. 5. Social Engineering: This is a type of attack where criminals use psychological techniques to trick people into revealing personal information or performing actions that could compromise security. Conclusion Threat intelligence is a critical component of any cybersecurity strategy. By understanding the latest threats and trends, businesses can take proactive steps to protect themselves. While threat intelligence can be complex, there are several resources available to help businesses get started. With the right tools and strategies in place, businesses can stay one step ahead of the attackers. If you are fascinated by what's happening in the tech domain, have a knack for data and numbers, and love to combine them to facilitate business decisions, Skillslash can help you thrive in it. Well known for providing the best Data Science Course In Hyderabad, Skillslash has developed a top-notch online presence and provides various other exclusive courses like the business analytics program, blockchain program, full stack development program, and more. With its Full Stack Developer Course and Data Structure and Algorithm And System Design Course, you can master the core theoretical concepts, and work with top AI firms on real-world problems. Get in touch with the support team of Skillslash to know more about the courses and the institute in particular.
Online Homework Help for Students
Are you struggling with your schoolwork? Do you have questions about assignments or tests? We can help! Online tutoring services offer students an opportunity to receive personalized assistance in completing assignments. Whether you need help with math, science, English, history, or any other subject, we can provide you with the tools you need to succeed. Our online homework help service will provide you with the answers you need. Tutors at our site are available 24/7 to assist you with your academic needs. You can submit your assignment via email, chat, or phone call. If you prefer, you can also use our website to access your tutor directly. Submit your assignment. Our tutors will review your assignment and provide feedback within 24 hours. They will then assign a grade based on your submission. Receive an answer within 24 hours. If you need assistance with homework, we offer online homework help. You can submit your assignment via our website and receive a response within 24 hours. You can also chat with our experts via live video call. Our tutors will work with you one-on-one to ensure that you understand the concepts behind each question. They will provide feedback and answer any questions you might have along the way. Our online homework help service provides students with access to expert tutors who will provide them with personalized assistance. You can use our online homework help service to receive one-on-one support from an expert tutor. This means that you won’t need to wait until class to ask questions about your homework. Instead, you can submit your assignment at any time and we will assign you a tutor who will work with you to complete your assignment.
I guess everyone has some people around them (or maybe not even around, but somewhere), who just hate you, for no real reason. Those, so called people can be your school mates, your friend's freinds, someone you go to college with, your co-workers, or just any other, random people. Those people are usually people we never talk to, and actually never had, but somehow they think they know us, which is letting them to think they have a right to judge you. But, if you worry about them, than you are just stupid. Those people think they know you, they spend hours per day thinking about you. Yes - hating on someone and talking shit about someone is actually thinking of that someone. And you know what? If I tell you about my experience... I have quite a group of people that I "know". Well, they were just empty bodies, strolling down the path of my life, nothing meaningful. Those are the people I don't even know their last names. And they somehow know everything about me, and they feel so happy when talking shit about me. Well, I guess I won. I represent a celebrity figure in their small, meaningless lives. They are spending a lot of their moment on hating on me, and if they are actually so jelous of my life, well than let they! If talking shit about me makes them feel better, let they do it. I don't care. I don't know them. I will never meet them. If they die (sorry for exaggerating) I won't even know, if I die (again, sorry) their world would change like a lot. I am such a big part of their lives, bud saddly it only goes one way - for all the haters out there: Sorry, but who the fuck are you?
We Have Forgotten How To Learn With Purpose.
What do you think of when you think of learning? Education? Perfect grades? You think success. And it makes sense. People who work hard, who are smart, who do great in school usually go on to become very successful people. And we all think of the same word when we hear successful right... That's right, money. But the problem is, we have forgotten about the beauty of learning, that lesson going in one ear and out the other. And without knowing how to learn, how can you possibly be prepared for the twists and turns of life ? The point of learning isn't to be better then everyone else. Learning isn't to make you wealthy or to climb one rug higher at your job. It's that kind of reasoning that pushes kids away from school. The point of learning is to maintain your dreams, adjust your expectations, adapt to situations and accomplish everything you ever wanted to do, without feeling regret about any of it. I'm reading a book about an astronaut, it's non fiction and the strangest memoir I have ever read. And he said the one reason he loved his job for 20 years was because he never let his love of being an astronaut hinder on weather or not he actually went into space. Sounds crazy right? But it makes sense. He loves space, loves figuring out how things fly and loves learning everything he can about how to be the best astronaut he can be. He did his part, and love every second of the journey. The getting into space part has too many variables out of his control, so why think of it as anything other then a perk? There have, after all, been amazing astronauts who haven't went into space. And it's that attitude that reminds us that learning isn't to only accomplish one goal, it's to prepare yourself for anything, this way you will always find success. So I think it's time we trust the process. We embrace learning not to move up the ladder. a passion for learning, for genuine curiosity will make us into a better person, even if it outwardly effects nothing but our attitude. We need to remember that societies version of "success" and our version of learning doesn't always see eye to eye. So embrace all knowledge, you never know how far it will get you to shooting for the moon. I mean hey, will preparing for one dream you might accidentally discover another along the way! The universe is pretty crazy like that. You live and you learn.
It's always up to you!
First of all, I am really happy to be back, to be vingle active. I took some time, away from all the internet and mass media kind of life, which I think it is something everyone of us should do every once in a while. It feels so good. But I have to say, I did miss Vingle, I missed all you lovely vinglers, sharing interesting and funny cards, and now, I am ready for round 2.0. And what is better to post, that this amazingly deep picture (which I am sure, a lot of you have already seen it, am I right?) But in case you havent, take a couple of minutes, read the text carefuly and think. Reading it over and over again makes it even better. It is a great example to approve that it is always up to us, everything. A bad thing, doesn't always have to be a bad thing, you can try and find something positive, and if you try really hard, I'm sure you'll find it. It's only a matter of perspective, and it is so easy, just to flip the case over and embrace the situation. Even if you don't agree with me, at least try. It took me quite a long time to realize this meaningful message, but now I can say, my way of thinking changed. And for the better. Think good, be good and spread the good. I share this card with all the vinglers, but at the same time I want to say "Hi" to some of you: @allischaaff @marshalledgar @alywoah @LauraFisher @TerrecaRiley @nicolejb @shannonl5 @2littlelegs @TessStevens @LizArnone @danidee @skee292 @buddyesd @onesmile @VinMcCarthy @ShadowAnggel87
월드컵 역사상 최악의 경기
일명 Schande von Gijon '히혼의 수치' Nichtangriffspakt von Gijon '히혼의 불가침 조약' 서독과 오스트리아가 담합해 알제리를 다음 라운드로 진출하지 못하게 만들었던 사건이였다. 시기 1982년 6월 월드컵의 개최지는 스페인이였다. 당시 서독과 오스트리아는 그룹2에 속해 있었으며 같은 그룹에 속한 다른 2개의 팀은 알제리와 칠레였다. 당시 서독은 우승후보로 무난히 조별예선을 통과할 것이라고 모두가 예상했다. 조별예선 서독의 조예선 첫 상대는 처음으로 월드컵에 진출한 아프리카의 알제리였다. 승부예측에서 당연하게도 모두가 서독의 승리를 예상하고 있었으나 경기는 놀랍게도 알제리의 라바 마제르와 라크다루 벨루미의 2골로 알제리가 2-1로 서독을 잡아내는 기적을 만들어낸다. 이후 그룹2조의 경기는 칠레 0 vs 1 오스트리아 서독 4 vs 1 칠레 알제리 0 vs 2 오스트리아 의 결과가 만들어졌다. 그리고 각각 마지막 경기만을 남겨둔 상태 당시에는 지금과 다르게 조별예선 마지막 경기를 동시에 치루지 않았다. 조별예선 마지막 경기는 1일 간격을 두고 치루게 됐고, 조별예선 마지막 첫경기이던 알제리 vs 칠레의 경기는 알제리가 3-2로 승리하며 칠레를 잡아냈다. (알제리와 칠레의 경기가 끝난 후 상황) 당시 알제리는 칠레를 잡아내며 조 2위에 올랐고, 다음 라운드로 진출 할 수 있는 희망이 있었다. 경우의 수 독일과 오스트리아가 같이 다음 라운드로 진출 할 수 있는 경우의 수는 1가지 뿐이였다. 조건 1. 서독이 오스트리아와 함께 진출하기 위해서는 1골 혹은 2골만 필요하다. 2. 서독이 3골차 이상으로 이기게 되면, 골득실로 순위를 가리기 때문에 오스트리아가 아닌 알제리가 2위로 진출하게 된다. 독일과 오스트리아가 같이 진출하기 위해서 필요한 골은 1골 혹은 2골이였다. 히혼의 수치 하루 뒤인 1982년 6월 25일 오후 5시 그룹 2조의 마지막 경기 서독과 오스트리아의 경기는 스페인의 히혼에서 열리게 됐다. 당시 사람들은 '설마 이 둘이 담합할까'라고 생각했었다고 한다. 그런데 이 경기는 정말로 설마가 사람을 잡았다. 경기가 시작되고 전반 10분 서독의 공격수이던 호르스트 흐루베슈가 골을 넣으며 서독이 리드를 잡았다. 그런데 문제는 그 다음부터였다. 1-0으로 리드를 잡은 서독과 1점 혹은 2점으로 패하면 올라가는 오스트리아가 서로 볼만 돌리기 시작했다. 그들의 경기는 전반 남은 시간들과 후반 45분 내내 공만 돌렸다. 중간중간 슈팅이 나오기도 했으나 그들의 경기에서는 골을 넣고 싶은 의지가 전혀 보이지 않았다. 그렇게 80분 내내 공만 돌리다가 서독이 오스트리아에게 1-0으로 승리했고 서독과 오스트리아는 알제리를 따돌리고 조 1,2위로 다음 라운드에 진출했다. 사람들의 반응 이 경기 당시 히혼에 있던 알제리인들은 서로를 매수했다며 욕을 했고, 이 경기를 보러 간 스페인인들은 서독과 오스트리아를 경멸하며 욕했다. 또한 서독의 슈타네크라는 방송국 해설가는 해설을 하기를 거부했으며, 경기 중 슬퍼하며 '여기서 일어나는 모든 일은 너무 수치스럽고 축구를 더럽히는 일이다' 라는 말을 했다. 또한 당시 경기를 중계하던 오스트리아의 해설자들 모두 경기를 중계하는 것을 거부했으며, 30분 이상 침묵했다. 또한 당시 프랑스 대표팀 감독은 "올해의 노벨평화상은 저들에게 주어야 한다"라며 비판했으며, 1966년 서독 대표팀으로 월드컵 준우승까지 일궈낸 빌리 슐츠는 독일 선수들에게 '갱스터'라는 말을 남기기도 했다. 경기가 끝난 후 독일인들은 독일팀 숙소 앞에 모여 그들의 발코니에 물폭탄과 토마토 등을 던지며 욕을 했고, 경기 다음 날 스페인 신문들은 'El Anschluss'(합병)이라며 그들을 비판했다. (1938년 나치에 의해 오스트리아가 합병된 사건을 말함) 이후 이후 FIFA에서는 모든 대회의 조별예선 마지막 경기를 같은 날 같은 시각에 동시에 치루도록 하게끔 규정을 바꾸었다. 알제리를 비겁하게 잡아내고 다음 라운드에 진출한 서독과 오스트리아 오스트리아는 프랑스에 의해 탈락했으며, 서독은 결승까지 올라갔으나 이탈리아에게 1-3으로 패배하며 준우승에 머물렀다. 당시 서독과 오스트리아의 선수단 "우리의 경기로 인해 FIFA는 변화했다. 그 것은 승리보다 훨씬 값진 것이다. 비록 알제리 축구 역사에 지울 수 없는 흔적이 생겼지만" - 라크다르 벨루미 (1982년 알제리 대표팀 멤버) 도탁스 펌