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The #extraordinary nature's act: AURORA Only one thing is here to say: Everything is possible.You should help your happiness. Nothing ever comes if you do not act.

#Aurora over #Norway Image Credit & Copyright: #Max_Rive #APOD Max Rive Photography
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Collection of Late Philanthropist Don Marron
The Wall Street Journal described three New York galleries as "longtime rivals" for selling the collection of late philanthropist Donald Marron. Pace, Gagosian, and Acquavella planned to privately sell over 300 works totaling US $450 million. Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, Ed Ruscha, etc. are among the artists included. How exactly the trio managed to pull it off, particularly with competition from Sothebyโ€™s, Christieโ€™s, and Phillips, may never be public knowledge. โ€œThe joy of private sales,โ€ quipped Pace president Marc Glimcher. Many in the industry were surprised by this agreement. In recent news reports, three prominent auction houses were reported to have engaged in aggressive negotiations. The Wall Street Journal report noted that the houses guaranteed that at least $300 million would be paid for the paintings by Donald Marron's widow, Catie Marron. The auction house may be assertive because of its new owner, Patrick Dahi, and the need to make a big splash in its first year. Michael Plummer, the co-founder of Arvest Partners, saw potential in a Christie's partnership. According to a report that cites Pinault, "We know [Christie's owner Franรงois] and his family like taking risks on big deals." There are good reasons for the auction houses to be aggressive. According to Artnet Analytics, 35% fewer lots crossed the auction block in 2013 with an estimate above $10 million than in 2012. Additionally, many are concerned that Brexit, Coronavirus, and the upcoming US elections will continue to impact markets. The three New York galleries who won the rights to the collection are framing it as a critique of the auction model, which will make matters worse for auction houses. Glimcher said one of the main reasons the trio teamed up was to "make a point" about how galleries can compete with auction houses. Glimcher told the Wall Street Journal that the talk about numbers and bidding was uninspiring to [Catie Marron's widow]. โ€œPrivate sales are private, and sometimes thatโ€™s an advantage.โ€ A previous report from Artnet highlighted the conceivable procurement of Donald Marron's assortment by a significant sales management firm as motivation to anticipate a turnaround "from a genuinely fair 2019." Now, those expectations lie in the assortment of land big shots Harry and Linda Macklowe, whose separate from procedures prompted a court-requested offer of their assortment, worth an expected $700 million. Artnet anticipates that those pieces should go to sell as right on time as spring. In the interim, Pace, Gagosian, and Acquavella get ready for the offer of Don Marron's 300+ piece assortment. The threesome will have an occasion on April 24th, observing Marron's achievement. In spite of the fact that it is indistinct which compositions or drawings will feature the occasion. Furthermore, the exhibitions likewise are not precluding the chance of selling a few pieces before that date. They can't bear to sell the assortment gradually. Among a couple of subtleties, we think about the association is that Pace, Gagosian, and Acquavella consented to purchase any piece from Catie Marron that they can't sell. "It was a large chunk of change, so we need to conveyโ€”we can't send any works back to her," Bill Acquavella of Acquavella Galleries told the Wall Street Journal. Be that as it may, while it is a tumultuous time for the exhibitions, it is additionally a significant second to respect the memory of Don Marron. Marron established the Wall Street firm D.B. Marron and Co. in 1959. His initial gathering enthusiasm lay in Hudson River compositions. In any case, he developed to see the value in more present-day pieces as time passed by. He proceeded to assist PaineWebber for more than 20 years with their assortment as the organization's administrator. What's more, he filled in as the leader of the Museum of Modern Art, where he likewise gave pieces from his assortment. He passed on of a coronary failure last December, matured 85. Media Source: AuctionDaily
๋งค์ผ ์žฅ๊ฐ‘ ๋ฌผ์–ด์˜ค๋Š” ๊ณ ์–‘์ด (์‚ฌ๋ž‘์Šค๋Ÿฌ์›€์ฃผ์˜/์Šค์••์ฃผ์˜)
๋™๋ฌผ๋†์žฅ ๋ณด๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ๋„˜ ๊ท€์—ฝ๊ณ  ์‚ฌ๋ž‘์Šค๋Ÿฌ์›Œ์„œ ์บก์ณํ•จ ์–ด๋Š ํ•œ ๊ณต์‚ฌ์žฅ์—์„œ ํ•œ๋‹ฌ์งธ ๋ชฉ์žฅ๊ฐ‘์ด ์–ด๋””๋ก ๊ฐ€ ์‚ฌ๋ผ์ง€๋Š” ์ผ์ด ๋ฐœ์ƒํ•จ. ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ผ๋ฉด ๋™๋ฌผ์˜ ์†Œํ–‰์ธ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™๋‹ค๋ฉฐ, ๋™๋ฌผ๋†์žฅ์œผ๋กœ ์ œ๋ณด๊ฐ€ ๋“ค์–ด์˜ด ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ์ œ์ž‘์ง„๋“ค ํ•˜๋ฃจ์ข…์ผย ์ž ๋ณต.. ํ•˜๋ฃจ์ข…์ผ ์•ˆ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚˜๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ๋ฐค์ด ๋˜์„œ์•ผย  ์—„์ฒญ ์ˆ˜์ƒํ•œ ๊ณ ์–‘์ด ํ•œ๋งˆ๋ฆฌ ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌ..! ์—„์ฒญ ์žฌ๋น ๋ฅด๊ณ  ๊ฒฝ๊ณ„์‹ฌ ์žˆ์–ด ๋ณด์ž„.. ๋ชฉ์žฅ๊ฐ‘ ๋ฌผ๊ณ ๊ฐ€๋Š”๊ฑฐ ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌ!! ๋ฒ”์ธย ์–˜ ๋งž์•˜์Œ ๊ทผ๋ฐ ๋†“์นจ.. ๋‹ค์Œ๋‚  ์•„์นจ์— ๊ณ ์–‘์ด๊ฐ€ ๋งˆ์ง€๋ง‰์œผ๋กœ ํ–‰์ ์„ ๊ฐ์ท„๋˜ ์ง‘์— ์ฐพ์•„๊ฐ€๋ด„ ์•Œ๊ณ ๋ณด๋‹ˆ ๊ทธ ๊ณ ์–‘์ด๋Š” ์ฃผ์ธ์ง‘ ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ๊ฐ€ ๋Œ๋ด์ฃผ๋˜ ๊ธธ๊ณ ์–‘์ด์˜€๋‹ค..! ๋ฌธ์„ ์—ฌ๋Š”๋ฐ (์ œ์ž‘์ง„ ํ˜„์‹ค๋†€๋žจ) "์ด๊ฑธ ๋‹ค ๊ณ ์–‘์ด๊ฐ€ ๋ฌผ์–ด์˜จ๊ฑฐ์—์š”??" ์—ฌ๊ธฐ ํฌํ•œํ•œ ํฌ์ฆˆ๋กœ ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ๋ฅผ ๋งž์ดํ•˜๋Š” ๊ณ ์–‘์ด๊ฐ€ ์ฃผ์ธ๊ณต์ธ '์•ผ์˜น์ด' ์ž์‹ ์ด ๋‚ณ์€ ์ƒˆ๋ผ๊ณ ์–‘์ด์™€ ์ด๊ณณ์—์„œ ์ง€๋‚ด๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค๊ณ .. ์ฒ˜์Œ์— ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ์ง‘์— ์™”์„๋• ์—„์ฒญ ๋งˆ๋ฅด๊ณ  ์˜์–‘๋ถ„๋„ ๋ถ€์กฑํ•ด๋ณด์ด๋Š”ย ๊ธธ๋ƒฅ์ด์˜€๋‹ค๊ณ  ํ•œ๋‹ค. ๋งˆ์Œ์ด ์“ฐ์ธ ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ๊ฐ€ ๋Œ๋ด์ฃผ๊ฒŒ ๋˜๋ฉด์„œ ์ง€๊ธˆ์€ ๊ต‰์žฅํžˆ ๋“ฌ์งํ•ด์ง.. (๋š ๋š ์•„๋‹˜..) ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ์–Œ์ „ํžˆ ๋ฐฅ์„ ์ž˜ ๋จน๋‹ค๊ฐ€๋„.. ๋ฌด์Šจ ๋‚Œ์ƒˆ๋งŒ ๋ณด์ด๋ฉด ๊ทผ์ฒ˜ ๊ณต์‚ฌ์žฅ ๊ฐ€์„œ ์š”๋กœ์ฝ”๋กฌ ์ž ๋ณต.. ์•ผ์˜น์ด๊ฐ€ ์ณ๋‹ค๋ณด๋Š”๊ฒƒ์€.. ์ธ๋ถ€์•„์ €์”จ ์žฅ๊ฐ‘..ใ…  ์ œ์ž‘์ง„ ํ•œ๋ˆˆํŒ์ƒˆ ๊ทธ์ƒˆ ํ•˜๋‚˜ ๋ฌผ์–ด๊ฐ;; (๋ƒฅํ’๋‹น๋‹น) ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ํ•œ๋‹ฌ์งธ ํ•˜๋ฃจ์— ์ž๊ทธ๋งˆ์น˜ 10์ผค๋ ˆ๋ฅผ ๋ฌผ์–ด์˜ค๋Š” ์•ผ์˜น์ด..ใ…  ์•ผ์˜น์ด๊ฐ€ ์ด๋Ÿฌ๋Š” ์ด์œ ๋Š” ๋ญ˜๊นŒ.. ์ฒซ๋ฒˆ์งธ์ด์œ . ๋ชฉ์žฅ๊ฐ‘์„ ์ž‘์€ ๋™๋ฌผ๋กœ ์ฐฉ๊ฐํ•ด ๋ฌผ์–ด๋‹ค ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ์—๊ฒŒ ์€ํ˜œ๊ฐš๋Š” ์ค‘ ๋‘๋ฒˆ์งธ ์ด์œ . ํ‰์†Œ ๋ชฉ์žฅ๊ฐ‘์„ ์ž์ฃผ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜์‹œ๋Š” ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ์˜ ๋ชจ์Šต์„ ๊ธฐ์–ตํ–ˆ๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ๋ฌผ์–ด๋‹ค ์€ํ˜œ๋ฅผ ๊ฐš๋Š”์ค‘ ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ๋‘๊ฐ€์ง€ ์„ค์ด ๋‚˜์˜ด. ์–ด์จŒ๋“  ์ฃผ์ธ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ๋ฅผ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•ด์„œ ๋ชฉ์žฅ๊ฐ‘์„ ๋ฌผ์–ด์˜ค๋Š”๊ฑด ํ™•์‹คํ•จ ๋ฐค์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ์˜ˆ์™ธ์žˆ๋‚˜.. ๋ฐค์— ๋” ํ™œ๋ฐœํ•จ..; ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ ๊ณ ๋งˆ์›Œ์„œ ๋ƒฅ์ด๋“ค ํŠน์‹ ๋งŒ๋“ค์–ด์ฃผ์‹ฌ..ใ…  ์•ผ์˜น์ด๊ฐ€ ๋ฉ€๋ฆฌ์„œ ์ƒˆ๋ผ ๋จน๋Š”๊ฒƒ๋งŒ ์ง€์ผœ๋ณด๊ณ  ์žˆ์œผ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ ์ง ํ•ด์„œ ๋จน์—ฌ์คŒ ์•ผ์˜น์ด๋Š” ๊ทธ๊ฒŒ ๊ณ ๋งˆ์›Œ์„œ ๋˜ ๋ฌผ์–ด์˜ด..ใ…Ž ๋ฌผ์–ด์˜ค๊ณ ๋Š” ๊ผญ ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ๊ฐ€ ํ™•์ธํ• ๋•Œ๊นŒ์ง€ ๊ธฐ๋‹ค๋ฆผ..ํ•˜์•™.. (ํ˜น์‹œ๋‚˜ ํ•ด์„œ ๋ง๋ถ™์ด๋ฉด ์•ผ์˜น์ด๊ฐ€ ๋ฐ–์—์„œ๋งŒ ์ƒํ™œํ•˜๋˜ ๋ƒฅ์ด๋ผ ๋ฌธ์—ด์–ด๋†”๋„ ์ง‘์—ย ๋“ค์–ด์˜ค๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜์ง€๋Š” ์•Š๋Š”๋‹คํ•จ.) ๋‹ค์Œ๋‚ ์ด ๋ฐ์•„๋„ ์–ด๊น€์—†์ด.. ๋ฌผ์–ด๋‹ค๋‚˜๋ฅด๋Š”์ค‘ ์˜ค๋Š˜์€ ์ข€ ํฐ์žฅ๊ฐ‘์ด๋ผ ์• ๋จน๋Š”์ค‘์ด์—ˆ์Œ;; ??? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‹คย ๊ฐ‘์ž๊ธฐ ์žฅ๊ฐ‘๋„ ๋‚ดํŒฝ๊ฒจ์น˜๊ณ  ์œ์‚ด๊ฐ™์ด ์–ด๋””๋ก ๊ฐ€ ๋‹ฌ๋ ค๊ฐ ํ›„๋‹ค๋‹ฅ ๊ฑฐ์˜ ๋ง๋ฒŒํ‚ฌ๋Ÿฌ ํ—ˆ๋ช…๊ตฌ์•„์ €์”จ๊ธ‰.. ์•Œ๊ณ ๋ณด๋‹ˆ ์žฅ๋ณด๊ณ  ๋Œ์•„์˜ค๋Š” ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ๋ฅผ ๋งˆ์ค‘๋‚˜๊ฐ„ ๊ฒƒ์ด์—ˆ์Œใ…  ๋’ทํƒœ ํ•˜์•™... ์•ผ์˜น์ด ๋˜ ์œ์‚ด๊ฐ™์ด ๋‹ฌ๋ ค๊ฐ€์„œ ์• ๊ต๋ถ€๋ฆผ.. ์ด์ฏค๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ ์•ผ์˜น์ด๊ฐ€ ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ๋ฅผ ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋Š”์ง€ ์ง์ž‘์ด ๊ฐ..ใ…Ž ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ๋Š” ์ด๋ฒˆ ๊ฒจ์šธ ๋”ฐ๋“ฏํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋ณด๋‚ด๋ผ๊ณ  ๋”ฐ๋“ฏํ•œ ๋ณด๊ธˆ์ž๋ฆฌ๋„ ๋งˆ๋ จํ•ด์ฃผ์‹ฌ ๊ฐ€๋งŒํžˆ ์žˆ์„๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ์—†๋Š” ์€ํ˜œ๊ฐš๋Š” ์•ผ์˜น์ด.. ๋˜ ํ•œ๊ฑดํ•จ..ใ…Ž ์Šคํ… ๋ฐŸ์œผ๋ฉด์„œ ๋ฌผ์–ด์˜ด.. ์นด์™€์ด..ใ…  ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ๋Š” ์žฅ๊ฐ‘์„ย ์„ธํƒํ•œ ํ›„ย ๋‹ค์‹œ ๊ณต์‚ฌ์žฅ ์ธ๋ถ€๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ๋Œ๋ ค๋“œ๋ฆด ์˜ˆ์ •์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ^^ ๋ณด๋Š” ๋‚ด๋‚ด ์ฃผ์ธ ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ๋„ ์ •๋ง ๋งˆ์Œ ๋”ฐ๋“ฏํ•œ ๋ถ„์ด์‹ ๊ฒŒ ๋Š๊ปด์งใ… ใ…  ์•”ํŠผ ๋ƒฅ์ด๋Š” ๊ณ„์†ํ•ด์„œ ์žฅ๊ฐ‘ ๋ฌผ์–ด์˜ค๊ณ  ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ๋Š” ์„ธํƒํ•ด์„œ ๋‹ค์‹œ ๊ณต์‚ฌ์žฅ ๊ฐ–๋‹ค์ฃผ๊ณ .. ์•ผ์˜น์ด, ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆย ์„œ๋กœ๋ฅผ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋Š” ๋งˆ์Œ์”จ๊ฐ€ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋”ฐ๋“ฏํ•ด์„œ ์บก์ณํ•˜๋Š” ๋‚ด๋‚ด ์—„๋งˆ๋ฏธ์†Œ๊ฐ€ ๋– ๋‚˜์งˆ ์•Š์•˜๋”ฐ..!!! ์•ž์œผ๋กœ ์•ผ์˜น์ด๋„ ์•„์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ๋„ ์˜ค๋ž˜์˜ค๋ž˜ ํ–‰๋ณตํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๊ฑด๊ฐ•ํ•˜๊ธธ..!! ์ถœ์ฒ˜ : ์ญ‰๋นต์นดํŽ˜
Ait Ben Haddou Kasbah
The ksar, a group of earthen buildings surrounded by high walls, is a traditional pre-Saharan habitat. The houses crowd together within the defensive walls, which are reinforced by corner towers. Ait-Ben-Haddou, in Ouarzazate province, is a striking example of the architecture of southern Morocco. Located in the foothills on the southern slopes of the High Atlas in the Province of Ouarzazate, the site of Ait-Ben-Haddou is the most famous ksar in the Ounila Valley. The Ksar of Aรฏt-Ben-Haddou is a striking example of southern Moroccan architecture. The ksar is a mainly collective grouping of dwellings. Inside the defensive walls which are reinforced by angle towers and pierced with a baffle gate, houses crowd together - some modest, others resembling small urban castles with their high angle towers and upper sections decorated with motifs in clay brick - but there are also buildings and community areas. It is an extraordinary ensemble of buildings offering a complete panorama of pre-Saharan earthen construction techniques. The oldest constructions do not appear to be earlier than the 17th century, although their structure and technique were propagated from a very early period in the valleys of southern Morocco. The site was also one of the many trading posts on the commercial route linking ancient Sudan to Marrakesh by the Dra Valley and the Tizi-n'Telouet Pass. Architecturally, the living quarters form a compact grouping, closed and suspended. The community areas of the ksar include a mosque, a public square, grain threshing areas outside the ramparts, a fortification and a loft at the top of the village, an caravanserai, two cemeteries (Muslim and Jewish) and the Sanctuary of the Saint Sidi Ali or Amer. The Ksar of Ait- Ben-Haddou is a perfect synthesis of earthen architecture of the pre-Saharan regions of Morocco. Criterion (iv): The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou is an eminent example of a ksar in southern Morocco illustrating the main types of earthen constructions that may be observed dating from the 17th century in the valleys of Dra, Todgha, Dadรจs and Souss. Criterion (v): The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou illustrates the traditional earthen habitat, representing the culture of southern Morocco, which has become vulnerable as a result of irreversible socio-economic and cultural changes Integrity (2009) All the structures comprising the ksar are located within the boundaries of the property and the buffer zone protects its environment. The earthen buildings are very vulnerable due to lack of maintenance and regular repair resulting from the abandonment of the ksar by its inhabitants. The CERKAS (Centre for the conservation and rehabilitation of the architectural heritage of atlas and sub-atlas zones) monitors, with difficulty, respect for the visual integrity of the property. Authenticity (2009) In comparison to other ksour of the region, the Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou has preserved its architectural authenticity with regard to configuration and materials. The architectural style is well preserved and the earthen constructions are perfectly adapted to the climatic conditions and are in harmony with the natural and social environment. The large houses in the lower part of the village, with well conserved decorative motifs, are regularly maintained. The construction materials used still remain earth and wood. The inclination to introduce cement has so far been unsuccessful, thanks to the continued monitoring of the ยซComitรฉ de contrรดle des infractionsยป (Rural Community, Town Planning Division, Urban Agency, CERKAS). Only a few lintels and reinforced concrete escaped its vigilance, but they have been hidden by earthen rendering. Particular attention is also paid to doors and windows giving on to the lanes, to ensure that the wood is not replaced by metal. Protection and management requirements (2009) Protection measures essentially relate to the different laws for the listing of historic monuments and sites, in particular the Law 22-80 concerning Moroccan heritage. The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou currently has a five-year management plan (2007-2012). This management plan is the result of two years of reflection and workshops involving all the persons and institutions concerned with the future of the site, in particular the local populations. The recommendations of this plan are being implemented. Furthermore, two management committees have been established (a local committee and a national one) in which all the parties are represented and cooperate in decision-making. As well as managing the property, CERKAS ensures coordination in the implementation of this management plan. visit our site for more informations...
์ตœ๊ทผ ์˜ํ™”, ๋“œ๋ผ๋งˆ์—์„œ ํ™œ๋ฐœํžˆ ํ™œ๋™ ์ค‘์ธ ๋ฐฐ์šฐ ํ—ˆ์ค€ํ˜ธ
๋“œ๋ผ๋งˆ๋Š” ์ฃผ๋ชฝ(2006๋…„), ์˜ํ™”๋Š” ์ด๋ผ(2010๋…„) ์ดํ›„๋กœ ๋œธํ–ˆ๋˜ ํ—ˆ์ค€ํ˜ธ. 2010๋…„ ์ดํ›„๋กœ๋Š” ํ—ˆ์ค€ํ˜ธ๋ณด๋‹ค 'ํ•ด๋ชจ์ˆ˜'(aka ๋งํ•œ ๋‹จ๋ฐœํŽŒ)๋กœ ๋” ์ต์ˆ™ํ•ด์ ธ๊ฐ”๊ธ” ๊ทธ๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ๋ฐฐ์šฐ๋กœ์„œ ํ—ˆ์ค€ํ˜ธ์˜ ์ด๋ฆ„์ด ํ๋ฆฟํ•ด์งˆ์ฏค 2016๋…„ ๊ฐœ๋ด‰ํ•œ '๋ถˆํ•œ๋‹น'์—์„œย  6๋…„์—ฌ์˜ ๊ณต๋ฐฑ์„ ๊นจ๊ณ  ์กฐ์šฉํžˆ ๊ฐ•๋ ฌํ•˜๊ฒŒ(!) ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚ฌ๊ธ”. ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ์˜ํ™”์—์„œ ๋จผ์ € ๋ถˆ๋Ÿฌ์ค„๊ฑฐ๋ผ ์ƒ๊ฐ๋ชปํ–ˆ๊ณ , ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ๋ชจ๋“ ๊ฒŒ ๊ทธ์ € ๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•  ๋ฟ์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ํ–ˆ๋˜ '๊ตญ๊ฐ€๋ถ€๋„์˜ ๋‚ '๋กœ ๋ณธ๊ฒฉ ์—ฐ๊ธฐํ™œ๋™์„ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๊ธ” ๋ถˆํ•œ๋‹น์˜ ๊ฐ•ํ•œ ์ด๋ฏธ์ง€์™€ ๋‹ค๋ฅด๊ธ”. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  'ํ‚น๋ค'์—์„œ ์—„์ฒญ๋‚œ ์นด๋ฆฌ์Šค๋งˆ๋กœ ํ‚น๋ค์„ ๋ณธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด๋ฉด ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์žŠ์ง€๋ชปํ•  ์”ฌ์Šคํ‹ธ๋Ÿฌ๋กœ ์กด์žฌ๊ฐ์„ ๊ฐ์ธ์‹œ์ผฐ๊ธ”. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์ตœ๊ทผ์ž‘์ธ ๋ชจ๊ฐ€๋””์Šˆ๊นŒ์ง€ ์˜ํ™”์™€ ๋“œ๋ผ๋งˆ๋ฅผ ๋„˜๋‚˜๋“ค๋ฉฐ ํ™œ๋ฐœํžˆ ํ™œ๋™ ์ค‘์ด์‹œ๊ธ”! ์–ผ๊ตด๋งŒ ๋ด๋„ ์ฒœ์ƒ ๋ฐฐ์šฐ๋‹ค ์‹ถ๊ฒŒ ๋ฐฐ์šฐ๋กœ์„œ๋Š” ๋…๋ณด์ ์ธ ๋งˆ์Šคํฌ๋ผ๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๊ธ”. ์ถœ์ฒ˜: ์†Œ์šธ๋“œ๋ ˆ์„œ
What COVID-19 Impacted on Cleaning Robot in Semiconductors & Electronics Industry ?
Impact of COVID-19 on Cleaning Robot in Semiconductors & Electronics Industry ANALYSIS ON IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON THE MARKET The pandemic started with its epicenter in China in 2019 and has been continuously spreading by then to all over the world, so far 216 countries and territories have been affected with Covid-19, the U.S. being on the top with cases reaching about 4.38 million, followed by Brazil, India and then by many European countries such as Russia, Spain, Italy, and others. The COVID-19 cases reaching to the big named countries with strong dominance in the global market which has adversely affected the economy globally. The spread of the coronavirus has led to the global recession, many companies are being bound to take stringent actions of laying off their employees, small businesses are being shut, and manufacturing facilities are being put on hold. There has been a disruption in the supply chain of many industries due to restrictions in logistics and the closing of manufacturing facilities. In addition, the slowdown in the economy has lowered the spending capability of individuals and people are saving money for emergencies. However, now almost in every country, the factories are started to reopen by taking some prevention such as 20% -50% employees on the field, social distancing, extreme hygiene measures, and others to support the economy. It is supporting the economy and helping to lower the recession rate at a certain level. COVID-19 highly impacted the personal and domestic cleaning robots market due to the recession gripping the world and a decline in disposable income, the demand for personal and domestic robots declined. Also, the behavior of the individuals has certainly changed in the pandemic, people are now more concerned about their health and spending for future use due to incurred losses which lead to a decrease in the sale of cleaning robots. However, cleaning robots have a huge demand in the healthcare sector. During the time of social distancing, hospitals are demanding mobile robots integrated with UV-C light disinfection equipment to sanitize the wards and rooms to minimize any physical contact. For instance, In June 2020, According to the founder and chairman of Milagrow Robots, there has been a huge surge in demand for floor and window cleaning robots. The total sale is expected to be 300,000 to 400,000 cleaning robots in 2020 when compared to 10,000 cleaning robots in 2019. STEPS TAKEN BY MANUFACTURERS DURING COVID-19 SITUATION As the COVID-19 crisis continues to expand, makers would possibly face challenges on varied fronts. Producing firms would be searching for immediate measures to stay their workforces safe and their businesses solvent. Makers would conjointly have to be compelled to look on the far side of their economic viability. Because the COVID-19 pandemic intensifies, makers would possibly face continued downward pressure on demand, production, and revenues. They would continuously face cash-flow liquidity challenges and difficulties in managing debt obligations. In December 2020, LG Electronics announced the launch of the autonomous robot with disinfecting UV light for various B2B applications. This robot uses ultraviolet (UV-C) light to disinfect high-touch, high-traffic areas and is designed for hospitality, education, corporate, retail, restaurant, and transportation customers to reduce exposure to harmful bacteria and germs The pandemic may drive the enhancement of automation, digitalization, and artificial intelligence (AI) in almost all sectors. In a situation like social distancing automation and robotics could reduce dependence on human labor and increase productivity, preventing the chances of losses. The pandemic has boosted the growth of healthcare industries. As people need to maintain physical distancing, manufacturers can gain the advantage of this norm to address the mass public in hospitals and crowded places. Manufacturers were engaged in product development with advanced technologies, partnerships, and collaborations to gain a competitive advantage in the market. For instance, In January 2021, SAMSUNG announced the launch of new AI-powered robotic vacuum and laundry products. The new JetBot 90 AI+ features smart technologies that optimize the cleaning route and respond to its environment. The JetBot 90 AI+ is the worldโ€™s first smart robotic vacuum that helps to automate home cleaning in these Covid times IMPACT ON DEMAND The behavior of the individuals has certainly changed in the pandemic, people are now more concerned about their health. The government is also working on research and development to develop a vaccine and avoid any further pandemic as such. The government is using augmented and virtual reality for the known disasters which can help in reducing the effects of the disaster. The pandemic has boosted the digital transformation of industries, companies are focusing more on a digital platform to interact with their clients and customers. The pandemic has brought a huge demand for cleaning robots to ensure safety as COVID-19 has put cleaning and disinfection front and center in facility maintenance and at other places. Huge adoption of technology, automation, and smart buildings is gradually increasing the scope of growth for the cleaning robot market. IMPACT ON SUPPLY CHAIN The pandemic has brought a huge impact on the supply chain of the cleaning robot market. The logistics and transportation of assets deteriorated a lot. The supply chain was adversely affected as the lockdown prevailed in many regions globally, the government has limited the workers. Companies are making their operations work according to the government regulations by making limited workers work in different shifts. The supply chain is experiencing disruption in Chinese parts exports, large-scale manufacturing interruptions across Europe, and the closure of assembly plants in the U.S. The manufacturers were facing a shortage of raw material, shifting of production to other countries, liquidity crunch to delays in availability of models, and deferred launches. However, now there is an improvement in the supply chain as most of the facilities and travel restrictions have opened and working in most optimum capacity. CONCLUSION As the Covid-19 prevails the cleaning robot market has witnessed a gradual increase in the demand for cleaning robots and services. Most of the manufacturing facilities were closed bringing down the production of cleaning robots which leads to disruption in the supply chain. However, as the markets are getting digitally transformed and people are being more reliable on digital sources the market seems to be growing. Organizations operating under this market were building up new strategies to maintain all the safety measures at facilities and focusing on technological up-gradation to boost the growth of the market. Even after the pandemic automation of industries will continue to increase which acts as a major driver for the market. Growing demand from the healthcare, media & entertainment, and retail sector will act as a major boosting factor for the growth of the market in this pandemic.
Pinus durangensis - Durango pine, Pino blanco, Pino real (Spanish)
Conservation Status Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened The large extent of occurrence and the area of occupancy based on comprehensive locality sampling and a grid width of 10 km because this is a forest forming species, both place it outside a threatened category. However, exploitation has reduced formerly โ€œextensive pure forests in Durango and southern Chihuahuaโ€ฆ to only scattered, open stands over most of its rangeโ€ (Perry 1991). It is therefore listed as Near Threatened as it nearly meets the criteria A2cd; B2ab(ii,iii,v) for listing as threatened. Although this decline has not ceased there is insufficient data to allocate one of the threatened categories. The change in status since the previous assessment of Least Concern, can therefore be seen as a genuine recent change. Populations have been substantially reduced within the last 25 years due to exploitation, fires and forest clearance. The decline is ongoing. In the Sierra Madre this species is an important constituent of the 'yellow pine' forest, where it occurs in pure stands or mixed with several other species of pine, e.g. Pinus arizonica, Pinus leiophylla, and Pinus engelmannii, or in pine-oak forests. This pine is adapted to grow on shallow, rocky soils, but its better stands are found on deeper soils, where it can successfully compete with most other pines. The soils are mostly derived from volcanic rock. At the highest elevation Pinus durangensis occurs with Abies and/or Cupressus lusitanica, at the lowest with Juniperus deppeana and Pinus oocarpa. Other pines are Pinus montezumae, Pinus teocote and in the southern part of its range Pinus ayacahuite can occur with it. In addition this species is associated with Quercus sideroxyla, Quercus rugosa, Pinus ayacahuite and Pseudotsuga (Garcia and Gonzalez 2003). Durango pine is an important timber tree. It grows straight and tall and is (or was) abundant and wide spread in many areas within its range. Logging from natural stands at the current rate is unsustainable and plantations are now being attempted in the state of Durango. The timber is used for construction such as roof beams, general carpentry, furniture, floors, and plywood. This species is virtually unknown in horticulture.