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Learn Korean With Me ✨ Lesson Three: Korean Particles

안녕! As promised, today we will be covering Korean particles. In Korean, it is the particles' job to indicate the role of each word in a sentence, and these particles are usually attached to the end of a word. The first particles I'm going to introduce you to are the subject particles 는 and 은. You attach these to the end of the word that is the subject. What's the difference between the two if they both do the same thing, you ask? It's very simple, actually. You use when the last letter of the subject is a vowel, and you use when the last letter of the subject is a consonant. Examples of subjects with particles attached to them: 나는= "I" is the subject. 집은= "House" is the subject.
Next are object particles! You guessed it! These are attached to the end of the object in a sentence. Obviously, sentences with adjectives won't use these particles since sentences with adjectives cannot have an object. These particles are 를 and 을, as pictured above. is used when the last letter of the object is a vowel. is used when the last letter of the object is a consonant. Examples: 나를= "I" is the object. 집을= "House" is the object.
The last particle I will introduce you to today is 에, and it denotes place or time. You simply attach 에 to the end of a place or time. Examples: 한국에= "Korea" is the place. 미국에= "America" is the place.
You can practice these particles with English to wrap your head around it and get used to using these particles along with the sentence structure. I는 Korean을 speak. I는 you를 like. I는 3pm에 went. I는 hamburgers을 3pm에 ate. Go ahead and practice in the comments if you'd like! Just don't go trying to strike up actual conversation just yet, as we haven't covered conjugations and sentences probably won't technically make sense yet! Anyway, good job! Next time we'll cover the verb "to be" and this/that. Fighting! 💪👊
@RoyallyPrincess The difference is that 은/는 are used to show contrast and are more specific. So to say the, "The dog is here," 는 would be used because its like saying the dog is here, whereas the cat is over there. It's comparing the dog to the cat. I don't know if I explained well, but I hope it makes sense. 은/는 is like が in Japanese if that helps.
I was actually wrong haha, they can be used as subject particles sometimes too. But I suppose we can get to those in a bit since I already forgot about them. Sorry about that!
Thanks everyone! I'll have to practice some more. @TiannaTillman @TeddieBear
@TeddieBear Thank you for explaining in my place! @RoyallyPrincess They got it pretty much spot on, 이/가 are sort of general subject particles. 는 and 은 however have a comparative tone to them. If you're still confused about it don't worry :) You will still be understood even if you mix them up and you can understand them too!
Those are particles only used to indicate possession so I was waiting to cover those when we get to the actual verb "to have", 있다.
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I've been trying to improve my French recently, and came across these awesome YouTubers called DamonandJo. They have self-taught themselves nearly 6 languages! I believe they speak French, Spanish, Portugese, Italian, German, and of course English! You can either watch the video above (which I suggest cause they have the BEST sense of humor) or check out their tips below: 1. Follow Famous YouTubers in the language you want to learn! There are tons of youtubers in other languages, and often if they are famous enough, there will be english subtitles. Listen to them to hear real people speaking the language rather than a text book! They're usually super entertaining too so it helps :) 2. Follow those YouTubers or famous people on twitter so you see that language each day! The easiest way to get used to a foreign language is to see it all the time and this really helps! 3. Change your phone/facebook/etc language to your desired language! Since you probably already know where everything is in your phone or facebook, you wont be confused and you'll learn a ton of new vocab! 4. Listen to audio books in the language you want!!! Audible has a ton of foreign language books. Try starting with a book you already know well (like Harry Potter for me - I'm trying to read that in Korean right now...) and listen throughout your day! 5. Sign up for foreign magazines or newsletters! Or even better download their app in another language! For example, my boyfriend gets push notification from Le Monde which is a french newspaper :) Even if you only read the headline, its practice. 6. Try cooking a meal using a recipe in a different language! You start to learn that a lot of words you actually already know (for example, sauté means the same thing in french and in korean bokkeum (like bokkeumbap) means fried! so literally "fried rice!" 7. Watch TV shows in the language Duh!!!! 8. Talk to yourself and dont be afraid! Practice speaking whenever you can, even to people who are strangers! be brave! What languages are you trying to learn?!