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TiannaTillman
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Learn Korean With Me ✨ Lesson Three: Korean Particles
안녕! As promised, today we will be covering Korean particles. In Korean, it is the particles' job to indicate the role of each word in a sentence, and these particles are usually attached to the end of a word. The first particles I'm going to introduce you to are the subject particles 는 and 은. You attach these to the end of the word that is the subject. What's the difference between the two if they both do the same thing, you ask? It's very simple, actually. You use when the last letter of the subject is a vowel, and you use when the last letter of the subject is a consonant. Examples of subjects with particles attached to them: 나는= "I" is the subject. 집은= "House" is the subject.
Next are object particles! You guessed it! These are attached to the end of the object in a sentence. Obviously, sentences with adjectives won't use these particles since sentences with adjectives cannot have an object. These particles are 를 and 을, as pictured above. is used when the last letter of the object is a vowel. is used when the last letter of the object is a consonant. Examples: 나를= "I" is the object. 집을= "House" is the object.
The last particle I will introduce you to today is 에, and it denotes place or time. You simply attach 에 to the end of a place or time. Examples: 한국에= "Korea" is the place. 미국에= "America" is the place.
You can practice these particles with English to wrap your head around it and get used to using these particles along with the sentence structure. I는 Korean을 speak. I는 you를 like. I는 3pm에 went. I는 hamburgers을 3pm에 ate. Go ahead and practice in the comments if you'd like! Just don't go trying to strike up actual conversation just yet, as we haven't covered conjugations and sentences probably won't technically make sense yet! Anyway, good job! Next time we'll cover the verb "to be" and this/that. Fighting! 💪👊
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I was actually wrong haha, they can be used as subject particles sometimes too. But I suppose we can get to those in a bit since I already forgot about them. Sorry about that!
@RoyallyPrincess The difference is that 은/는 are used to show contrast and are more specific. So to say the, "The dog is here," 는 would be used because its like saying the dog is here, whereas the cat is over there. It's comparing the dog to the cat. I don't know if I explained well, but I hope it makes sense. 은/는 is like が in Japanese if that helps.
@TeddieBear Thank you for explaining in my place! @RoyallyPrincess They got it pretty much spot on, 이/가 are sort of general subject particles. 는 and 은 however have a comparative tone to them. If you're still confused about it don't worry :) You will still be understood even if you mix them up and you can understand them too!