As I stated in another post, anime are cartoons. Anime is basically short for animation. Plus, cartoons are also animations. Animes and cartoons have things in common, but the only thing that differentiate between an anime and a cartoon is the style of how their developed and the set of rules they follow (especially when creating the characters). Anime is eastern style and sometimes can be western, while cartoon is western and sometimes can be eastern. Although, animes goes more in depth with the plot compared to most cartoons. It's the audiences that are trying to differentiate the two. But in the end, animes are basically "cartoons" or "Japanese cartoons".