100+ Views

Basics 1

Capitalizing nouns In German, all nouns are capitalized. For example, "my name" is "mein Name," and "the apple" is "der Apfel." This helps you identify which are the nouns in a sentence. Three grammatical genders, three types of nouns Nouns in German are either feminine, masculine or neuter. For example, "Frau" (woman) is feminine, "Mann" (man) is masculine, and "Kind" (child) is neuter. The grammatical gender may not match the biological gender: "Mädchen" (girl) is a neuter noun. It is very important to learn every noun along with its gender because parts of German sentences change depending on the gender of their nouns. Generally speaking, the definite article "die" (the) and the indefinite article "eine" (a/an) are used for feminine nouns, "der" and "ein" for masculine nouns, and "das" and "ein" for neuter nouns. For example, it is "die Frau," "der Mann," and "das Kind." However, later you will see that this changes depending on something called the "case of the noun." Conjugations of the verb sein (to be) A few verbs like "sein" (to be) are completely irregular, and their conjugations simply need to be memorized: ich bin: I am du bist: you (singular informal) are er/sie/es ist: he/she/it is wir sind: we are ihr seid: you (plural informal) are sie sind: they are Sie sind: you (formal) are Conjugating regular verbs Verb conjugation in German is more challenging than in English. To conjugate a regular verb in the present tense, identify the invariant stem of the verb and add the ending corresponding to any of the grammatical persons, which you can simply memorize: trinken (to drink) I: (-e) ich trinke you (singular informal): (-st) du trinkst he/she/it: (-t) er/sie/es trinkt we: (-en) wir trinken you (plural informal): (-t) ihr trinkt you (formal): (-en) Sie trinken they: (-en) sie trinken Notice that the 1st and the 3rd person plural have the same ending as "you (formal)." Umlauts Umlauts are letters (more specifically vowels) that have two dots above them and appear in some German words like "Mädchen." Literally, "Umlaut" means "around the sound," because its function is to change how the vowel sounds. An umlaut can sometimes indicate the plural of a word. For example, the plural of "Mutter" (mother) is "Mütter." It might even change the meaning of a word entirely. That's why it's very important not to ignore those little dots. No continuous aspect In German, there's no continuous aspect, i.e. there are no separate forms for "I drink" and "I am drinking". There's only one form: Ich trinke. There's no such thing as Ich bin trinke or Ich bin trinken! When translating into English, how can I tell whether to use the simple (I drink) or the continuous form (I am drinking)? Unless the context suggests otherwise, either form should be accepted.
Mann: man Frau: woman Junge: boy ich: I bin: am ein: a (female) eine: a (male) Ich bin eine Frau: I am a woman Ein Mann: a man Ich bin ein Junge: i am a boy
du: you bist: are Kind: child (neuter) Mädchen: girl (neuter) und: and Du bist eine Frau und ich bin ein Mann: You are a woman and i am a man Ein Kind: a child Du bist ein Kind: you are a child Ein Junge und ein Mädchen: a boy and a girl
Brot: bread Wasser: water er: he sie: she es: it ist: is trinkt: drink Brot und Wasser: bread and water Sie ist ein Mädchen: she is a girl Er trinkt: he is drinking Es ist ein Mädchen: it is a girl Sie trinkt: she drinks Er ist ein Kind: he is a child
{count, plural, =0 {Comment} one {Comment} other {{count} Comments}}
Cards you may also be interested in
Community Quiz: What Is Your Love Language?
Are you speaking the correct language for your love life!? Answer all five questions and add up your points. When you're finished, scroll down for your results! Did you answer all the questions?! Don't scroll down until you do! ~~~~~~~~~ Are you really done!? 1 - 5 Points: Spanish! Your language of love is a language of passion and romance. Its similar enough to English that with a bit of studying you can hold conversations and whisper sweet Spanish nothings into your lovers ear. "Tu quieres comer unos tacos conmigo?" always works! 6 - 10 Points: French! You're willing to conquer all those accent marks and silent letters for romance, and that's pretty alluring. The pronunciation might be hard to get around but once you've got that rough 'R' sound down you are ready for love! 11 - 15 Points: German Forget measly accent marks! You're in for the long haul and that means all new grammar! You're not afraid to try out the huge words like lebensabschnittgefährter (which 1. yes, is a real word and 2. means your lover or partner for the day lol) 16 - 20 Points: Farsi This gorgeous language has faint French tones and a stunning alphabet (same script as Arabic but totally different pronunciation) You'll be stealing all the hearts when you can call someone "the fire of my heart." 21 - 25 Points: Korean Your love languages is one of the hardest languages to learn, but you're willing to take that risk. Dive into the world of new grammar and a whole new alphabet for this language of love which is filled with cute phrases to play with! (Shout out to @kpopandkimchi for teaching me how to even make these quizzes!) What language did you get? Do you already speak it?! Share your results in the comments! (Let me know in the comments if you'd like to be tagged or follow my Love Quiz Collection)