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Das Essen: the food 다스에슨 Hunger: hungry 훙아 Die Pizza: the pizza Die Suppe: the soup 디주파 Der Fisch: the fish Das Eis: the ice 다스아이스 Gut: good Das Essen ist gut: the food is good Das kind hat Hunger: the kid is hungry Wir essen Suppe: we eat soup Der Mann isst fisch: the man eats fish Wir essen einen Fisch: we are eating a fish Wir haben Suppe: we have soup Eine Pizza, bitte: one pizza please 아이네피자 비테
Tee: the tea Durst: thirsty 두어스트 schmeckt: taste Der Kaffee: the coffee Das Bier: the beer Der Wein: the wine 데바인 Das Bier schmeckt gut: the beer tastes good Kaffee und Tee: coffee and tea Du hast Durst: you are thirsty Wir trinken Wein: we drink wine Das ist Bier: that is beer Der Mann trinkt Tee: the man drinks tea Sie trinken Wein: they are drinking wine Ihr trinkt Kaffee: you are drinking coffee
Das Obst: the fruit Die Orange: the orange 오방재 Die Banane: the banana 바나네 Der Saft: the juice Apfelsaft: apple juice Orangensaft: orange juice Ich trinke Orangensaft: i am drinking orange juice Wir essen Obst: we are eating fruit Er isst eine Banane: he eats a banana Der Junge isst Obst: the boy eats fruit
Das Ei: the egg 아이 Der Käse: the cheese 데어케즈 Das Fleisch: the meat 플라이시 Das Gemüse: the vegetables 게뮤자 Die Kartoffel: the potato 디카토플 Ich esse ein Ei: i am eating an egg Der Käse ist gut: the cheese is good Sie isst Fleisch: she eats meat Ich esse eine Kartoffel: i am eating a potato
süß: sweet/cute 쥐스 Die Schokolade: the chocolate Der Zucker: the sugar Die Erdbeere: the strawberrt 디 이에트비어허 frisch: fresh lecker: tasty Der Zucker ist süß: the sugar is sweet Schokolade ist lecker: chocolate is tasty Das Gemüse ist frisch: the vegetables are fresh Das kind isst eine Erdbeere: the child is eating a strawberry Die Schokolade schmeckt süß: the chocolate tastes sweet Obst ist süß: fruit is sweet Wir haben Zucker: we have sugar
Das Salz: the salt 살츠 Das Öl: the oil 다스 을 Nudeln: the pasta/noodle 누든 Der Reis: the rice 데어 하이스 öle: Ich esse Nudeln: i eat pasta Die Frau isst Reis: the woman eats rice Das Salz ist gut: the salt is good Wir essen Nudeln: we eat pasta
The verb haben (to have) In English, you can say "I'm having bread" when you really mean that you're eating or about to eat bread. This does not work in German. The verb haben refers to possession only. Hence, the sentence Ich habe Brot only translates to I have bread, not I'm having bread. Of course, the same applies to drinks. Ich habe Wasser only translates to I have water, not I'm having water. Mittagessen - lunch or dinner? We're aware that dinner is sometimes used synonymously with lunch, but for the purpose of this course, we're defining Frühstück as breakfast, Mittagessen as lunch, and dinner / supper as Abendessen / Abendbrot. Compound words A compound word is a word that consists of two or more words. These are written as one word (no spaces). The gender of a compound noun is always determined by its last element. This shouldn't be too difficult to remember because the last element is always the most important one. All the previous elements merely describe the last element. die Autobahn (das Auto + die Bahn) der Orangensaft (die Orange + der Saft) das Hundefutter (der Hund + das Futter) Sometimes, there's a connecting sound (Fugenlaut) between two elements. For instance, die Orange + der Saft becomes der Orangensaft, der Hund + das Futter becomes das Hundefutter, die Liebe + das Lied becomes das Liebeslied, and der Tag + das Gericht becomes das Tagesgericht. Cute like sugar! The word süß means sweet when referring to food, and cute when referring to living beings. Der Zucker ist süß. (The sugar is sweet.) Die Katze ist süß. (The cat is cute.)