2 years ago
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Basic Conjugation in Korean! (Diary/Plain Form)
So, I have been learning Korean for a year~ I decided to help people with Korean! This is a Grammar lesson on the most basic form of Conjugation ~~~ It is hardly used when having a normal conversation since it is view as informal It is usually used when you are not speaking or writing to a specific audience It is mainly used when writing in magazines, newspaper, tests or in diaries Though, when talking to friends I think it is okay to use it :3
I will first start with Verb Conjugation!~ I will start with Past, then Present and then Future Tense :)
When conjugating to Past Tense you use 았다, or 었다 았다 is used when the last Vowel in the verb stem is either ㅏ or ㅗ For example 가져가다, it means To Take or To Carry When conjugated it turns into 가져갔다, meaning I took or I carried While 었다 is used when the last Vowel is not ㅏ or ㅗ For example 마시다, it means To Drink When Conjugated it turns into 마셨다, meaning I drank Though, this is when 하 is at the end of the Verb then 였다 is used For example 상상하다, it means To Imagine When it is conjugated it turns to 상상했다, meaning I imagined Also, when conjugating if the Verb Stem ends in a Vowel then the vowels mix Such as If the verb stem ends with 아 When conjugated with 았다 It becomes 았다 not 아았다 Such as when 가져가다 is conjugated it turns into 가져갔다 not 가져가았다 Here is what the vowels turn into when conjugated with 았다/었다/였다 아 + 았다 = 았다 오 + 았다 = 왔다 우 + 었다 = 웠다 이 + 었다 = 였다 어 + 었다 = 었다 여 + 었다 = 였다 하 + 였다 = 했다 Also, if the verb stem ends with a consonant just add 었다/았다 after it :) Such as 듣다, it means To Listen When conjugated it turns into 듣었다, meaning I listened
Present Tense Conjugation for Verbs When you want to use Present Tense you add 는다 or ㄴ다 는다 is used when the Verb Stem ends with a consonant, it is known as a final consonant For example 듣다, it means to listen When conjugated it turns to 듣는다, meaning Listening ㄴ다 is used when the verb ends with a vowel For example 가져가다, as above, it means To Take, or To Carry When conjugated it turns into 가져간다, meaning Carrying, or Take
Future Tense is easy For both Adjective and Verb Conjugation all you do is add 겠다 Such as 가져가다, it turns into 가져가겠다, Will carry or Will take 마시다, turns into 마시겠다, Will drink 상상하다, is 상상하겠다, Will imagine :)
Adjective Conjugation is almost the same as Verb conjugation Past Tense form is the same thing as Verb Conjugation Such as 뜨겁다, it means To be hot, When conjugated to past tense it is 뜨겁었다 which means Was Hot :) Then Present Tense, when using Future tense you do not add or take anything away from the adjective You just leave it as it is :) For Future Tense just add 겠다! Same thing as Verb Tense ^.^ This took me so long to write, and I tried to explain it as best as I could ;-; I really hope it helps those who are learnings tarting to learn Korean conjugation :3 @LenaBlackRose @AimeeH @ninjamidori This is the first Korean Lesson Card ^.^ I am going to work on the next in a little since my hands hard from texting, and writing everything down for the past 2 hours ;-;
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Thank you so much!!! This is so helpful!!!! You explain it so clearly, you're truly amazing!!! Thank you thank you thank you!!!! <3
2 years ago·Reply
Love this lesson . Must really concentrate to understand.
2 years ago·Reply
I am very thankful for all your hard work. This is going to help me very much. My heart is singing right now! Please ~ I hope you can continue helping with more verb and adjective conjugation and hopefully with grammar as well. Thank you! My new year's resolution is to become fluent in Korean by 2017. I would consider it an honor if you'd be my tutor.
2 years ago·Reply
@ninjamidori You are welcome ^.^ And thank you :3 I tried to explain to explain it as well as I could, and make it easier for everyone to be able to understand @aliahwhbmida Thank you x) And once you start to break down basic sentences, and tell the different conjugations apart, everything will become easier for you ! If you ever need help understanding something, feel free to ask me :) You can message me, or comment on a card I will try to help as much as I can! @robertakm64 You are very welcome ^.^ I will be continuing to write about conjugation today, I fell asleep when I was writing notes down for the next card .-., so I was not able to post a new card when I was hoping ;-; But I will write about Informal Low conjugation today :3 I will also start taking notes down for a Basic Grammar card :) Becoming fluent is not easy, I'm still not fluent myself, I have only learned for a year and I am in the low intermediate level currently I'm working my but off during my spare time to learn Korean X) But if you work hard enough, and put yourself to the challenge I know you can become fluent before 2017 :) I will tutor you, and all of those who would like someone to tutor them If you ever need help, or someone to practice Korean with, I will always be here!
2 years ago·Reply
thank you!!! it's helpful!!!
2 years ago·Reply