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The Korean Script (lesson 5)
Welcome back! In this 5th lesson you are going to learn aspirated consonants and vowels with Y.
The first letter you are going to learn is Kiuek: ㅋ Kiuek is pronounced as a forceful k sound, transliterated as k' . Appearance-wise it is based on the soft Giyeok (mixed g & k sound), but with an extra horizontal line, making it look like a mirrored F. Let's have a look at Korean words and names that you can read now: 캐나다××××country in America 쿠바××÷÷××country somewhere south of the ×××÷÷÷€××××above 이라크×××××country formerly known as ×××××××××××Mesopotamia 클레스××××××unpopular with students 알코올××€×××popular with students 바스켓볼×××××sport 카메라€×××÷÷÷must-have for a tourist 마다가스카르÷÷country east of Africa 방콕×××××××÷capital of Thailand 헬싱키××××××great city, if you like darkness 자메이카×××××country near #2 멕시코××××××country not too far from the ×××××××××××above {(k'ae-na-da) Canada} {(k'u-ba) Cuba} {(i-la-k'eu) Iraq} {(k'eul-le-seu) class} {(al-k'o-ol) alcohol} °{(ba-seu-k'et-bol) basket ball}° {(k'a-me-la) camera} {(ma-da-ga-seu-k'a-leu) Madagascar} {(bang-k'og) Bangkok} *{(hel-sing-k'i) Helsinki}* {(ja-me-i-k'a) Jamaica} *{(mek'-si-co) Mexico}* °see next lesson° *remeber what happens to s when next to i* Now practice your ability to write Korean. bikini ski condo disco kilo Bamako Cairo Caracas Kabul Colombo Hamburg Hong Kong {(bi-k'i-ni)} [비키니] {(seu-k'i)} [스키] {(k'on-do)} [콘도] {(di-seu-k'o)} [디스코] {(k'il-li)} [킬리] {(ba-ma-k'o)} [바마코] {(k'a-i-lo)} [카이로] {(k'a-la-k'a-seu)} [카라카스] {(k'a-bul)} [카불 {(k'ol-lom-bo)} [콜롬보] {(ham-bu-leu-k'eu)} [함부르크] {(hong-k'ong)} [홍콩]
The second aspirated letter you'll learn is Tieut. ㅌ Tieut is pronounced as an t'. Just like Kiuek it's based on its softer version (Digeut) with an extra horizontal line, making it look like an E or like a E with a disconnected top line in some fonts. Here are some words featuring Tieut: 게이트××××××like a door 테니스××××××sport 스트레스××××problem with having an ×××××××××××important job 인터넷××××××it's worldwide 넥타이××××××worn by men 맨하탄××××××borough of a big city 아이티××××××country in the same area as ×××÷÷×××÷÷××Jamaica 이탈리아±××××origin of the Romans 오스트리아×÷××home of many composers 이집트×××××××home of some very old ××××××÷÷÷÷÷×monuments 몰타××××××××island country between Europe ±±±±±±±×××××and Africa 아르헨티나×××country in South America {(ge-i-t'eu) gate} {(t'e-ni-seu) tennis} {(seu-t'eu-le-seu) stress} °{(in-t'eo-net) internet}° {(neg-t'a-i) necktie} {(maen-ha-t'an) Manhattan} {(a-i-t'i) Haiti} {(i-t'al-li-a) Italy} {(o-seu-t'eu-li-a) Austria} {(i-jip-t'eu) Egypt} {(mol-t'a) Malta} {(a-leu-hen-t'i-na) Argentina} Now some more straight-forward ones that you can write yourself. Tirana Boston Rabat Antananarivo guitar truck hotel vitamin {(t'i-la-na)} [티라나] {(bo-seu-t'eon)} [보스턴] {(la-ba-t'eu)} [라바트] {(an-t'a-na-na-li-bo)} [안타나나리보] {(gi-t'a)} [기타] {(t'eu-leog)} [트럭] {(ho-t'el)} [호텔] {(bi-t'a-min)} [비타민]
ㅍ This is the letter Pieup. It doesn't look quite as similar to its non-aspirated version(ㅂ) as the previous letters have, but it looks remarkably similar to Pi! This p sound often replaces the F in foreign words, as Korean doesn't have an F sound. *p will be aspirated (p')* Words featuring Pieup: 필름×××××movie 팩스×××××what they had before e-mail 오페라÷÷××some classical works 펜×××××××use it to write 테이프××××for recordings 파티×××÷÷×celebration 커피××××××drink 네팔××××××country in the Himalaya 프랑스××××country known for love 파나마××××country known for a canal 필리핀××××Asian country that's an archipelago 포르투갈×××European country {(p'il-leum) film} {(p'aeg-seu) fax} {(o-p'e-la) opera} {(p'en) pen} {(t'e-i-p'eu) tape} {(p'a-t'i) party} {(k'eo-p'i) coffee} {(ne-p'al) Nepal} {(p'eu-lang-seu) France} {(p'a-na-ma) Panama} {(p'il-li-p'in) Phillipines} {(p'o-leu-t'u-gal) Portugal} Now try to write the following, always using the letter Pieup. Don't worry if you transliterate some of these words differently than Koreans do, they are not obvious: La Paz Paris (final letter is i) Sofia Sao Paolo golf pizza Mississippi Florida {(la-p'a-seu)} [라파스] {(p'a-li-si)} [파리시] {(so-p'i-a)} [소피아] {(sang-p'a-ul-lu)} [상파울루] {(gol-p'eu)} [골프] {(p'i-ja)} [피자] {(mi-si-si-p'i)} [미시시피] {(p'eul-lo-li-da)} [플로리다]
The last aspirated letter that you haven't met yet is Chieut: ㅊ Chieut looks like Jieut with an extra horizontal line at the top, and, as you can guess, it's pronounced like an aspirated version of Jieut. It's transliterated as ch' . Chieut is rather uncommon in foreign-derived Korean words, so here are just a few words to practice with: 칠레÷÷÷÷×××÷country in South America 벤치××××××÷÷a place to rest 스포츠 카××××attracts girls? 찰리 채플린×××famous person 매사추세츠×××state of the USA {(ch'il-le) Chile} {(ben-ch'i) bench} {(seu-p'o-ch'eu-k'a) sports car} {(ch'al-li-ch'ae-p'eul-lin) Charli Chaplin} {(mae-sa-ch'u-se-ch'eu) Massachusetts} Now write the following in the Korean alphabet: Chad Incheon Kimchi {(ch'a-deu)} [차드] {(in-ch'eon)} [인천] {(kim-ch'i)} [킴치]
The last item in this lesson is actually not a letter, it's a set of letters: ㅑㅒㅕㅖㅛ ㅠ These letters are all variations of vowels that you have already learned except they each have two short strokes instead of one. This is used to indicate that they are all pronounced with a preceding Y-sound: ya, yae, yeo, ye, yo, yu. Easy, isn't it? *when these variations of vowels are placed next to s it is pronounced sh. (like i).* More words that you can read now: 메뉴×××××××restaurant thing 슈퍼×××××××with suffix -market 쇼핑××××××÷allegedly women love this 뮤지컬×××××sung theatre play 모가디슈×××××capital of Somalia 유타×××××××popular with Mormons 케냐×××××÷×East African country 예멘×××××××Arab country 예루살렘×××××holy city 사라예보××××Balkan capital 휴스턴××××××NASA place 뉴질랜드××××country near Australia 현대×××××××Korean company 평양×××××××North Korean capital 뉴햄프셔××××state of the USA 컴퓨터×××××indispensable tool {(me-nyu) menu} {(syu-peo) super (=supermarket)} {(syo-ping) shopping} {(myu-ji-keol) musical} {(mo-ga-di-syu) Mogadishu} {(yu-ta) Utah} {(ke-nya) Kenya} {(ye-men) Yemen} {(ye-lu-sal-lem) Jerusalem} {(sa-la-ye-bo) Sarajevo} {(hyu-seu-teon) Houston} {(nyu-jil-laen-deu) New Zealand} {(hyeon-dae) Hyundai} {(pyeong-yang) Pyongyang} {(nyu-haem-peu-syeo) New Hampshire} {(keom-pyu-teo) computer} And a final few words for you to write, involving the new letters: news Jordan Tokyo New York Nova Scotia {(nyu-seu)} [뉴스] {(yo-leu-dan)} [요르단] {(to-kyo)} [토쿄] {(nyu-yog)} [뉴욕] {(no-ba-seu-ko-sya)} [노바스코샤]
For the next lessons follow my collection: { http://www.vingle.net/collections/4038836?cshsrc=v } For lesson 1 click here: { http://www.vingle.net/posts/1418291?shsrc=v } For lesson 2 click here: { http://www.vingle.net/posts/1420932?shsrc=v } For lesson 3 click here: { http://www.vingle.net/posts/1422893?shsrc=v } For lesson 4 click here: { http://www.vingle.net/posts/1424857?shsrc=v } For lesson 6 click here: { http://www.vingle.net/posts/1428772?shsrc=v } Click for source: { http://www.learnlangs.com/RWP/Korean/index.htm }
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4 comments
These are great, so very helpful. Please tag me.
2 years ago·Reply
@pharmgirlerin will do, btw theres only one more lesson i have to put up.
2 years ago·Reply
Thanks, I went in and made sure I clipped everything. I'm gonna figure out the vowels one of these days, I need/appreciate all the help.
2 years ago·Reply
@pharmgirlerin You're so welcome! i'm glad this helped=D
2 years ago·Reply
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