ibMIMI
2 years ago1,000+ Views
Welcome back for the last time. This is the 6th and final lesson (unless in the future i think there is something i failed to tell you about). I apologize for all the the reading with this lesson, but this is an important lesson because it contain a lot of information that you will for sure run into when learning Korean. So lets go:
Korean is written into "blocks" that make up one syllable. One block always has exactly one syllable. The blocks are ALWAYS drawn in one of the following ways: *each # representing a character*
Important rules you need to know about these structures: 1. Number “2” is ALWAYS a vowel. Always always always always always. 2. Number “1, 3 (and sometimes 4) are ALWAYS consonants. Always. *see below for 4* 3. Blocks containing a horizontally drawn vowel are always drawn in the first two columns^^ 4. Blocks containing a vertically drawn vowel are always drawn in the last two columns^^ 'batchim' is the position under the top letters. (column#1 > 2) (column#2 > 3) (column#3 > No character in batchim position) (column#4 > 3) When some characters are in the batchim position they change sound. ㄱ•ㄲ•ㅋ•ㄱㅅ• ㄹㄱ As batchim are pronounced 'ㅋ(k)' ㄴ•ㄴㅈ•ㄴㅎ As batchim are pronounced 'ㄴ(n)' ㄷ•ㅅ•ㅆ•ㅈ•ㅊ•ㅌ•ㅎ As batchim are pronounced 'ㅌ(t)' ㄹ•ㄹㅂ•ㄹㅅ•ㄹㅌ•ㄹㅎ As batchim are pronounced 'ㄹ(l)' ㅁ•ㄹㅁ As batchim are pronounced 'ㅁ(m)' ㅂ•ㅍ•ㄹㅍ•ㅂㅅ As batchim are pronounced 'ㅍ(p)' ㅇ As batchim is pronounced 'ㅇ(ng)' This is called 음절의 끝소리 규칙 (The rule of the last sound in a syllable)
The remaining vowels to study are all composed of adding two vowels together to make a sound. The pronunciation for each of these is simply the sound of putting the two vowels together. For example: *can be called "double vowels"* ㅜ + ㅣ = ㅟ = wi (example: 쥐) 위, 뷔, 쥐, 뒤, 귀, 쉬, 뉘 ㅜ + ㅓ = ㅝ = wo (example: 원) 워, 붜, 줘, 둬, 궈, 숴, 눠 ㅗ + ㅣ = ㅚ = oe (sounds like "way") (example: 외국 = waygook) 외, 뵈, 죄, 되, 괴, 쇠, 뇌 ㅗ + ㅏ = ㅘ = wa (example: 완) 와, 봐, 좌, 돠, 과, 솨, 놔 ㅡ + ㅣ = ㅢ = ui (example: 의) 의, 븨, 즤, 듸, 긔, 싀, 늬 {Aside from “의,” you would rarely hear those syllables in Korean.}
In addition to that letter, there are some more letters that need to be learned. Luckily, each of the following letters is very similar in appearance and sound to the letters you have already learned. Unfortunately, this usually adds to the confusion for English speakers, because it is very hard to distinguish between two different letters. *can be called "double consonants"* I'll present them in sets:

ㄱset

ㄱ : is the letter you already learned (g) ㄲ : is a new letter. It is two ㄱ’s placed side by side. It sounds very similar to the original ‘ㄱ’ but it is more forced at the beginning of the pronunciation. It is Romanized as "kk"

ㅂset

ㅂ : is the letter you already learned (b) ㅃ : is a new letter. It is two ㅂ’s placed side by side. It sounds very similar to the original ‘ㅂ’ but it is more forced at the beginning of the pronunciation. It is Romanized as "bb"

ㅈset

ㅈ : is the letter you already learned (j) ㅉ : is a new letter. It is two ㅈ’s placed side by side. It sounds very similar to the original ‘ㅈ’ but it is more forced at the beginning of the pronunciation. It is Romanized as "jj"

ㄷset

ㄷ : is the letter you already learned (d) ㄸ : is a new letter. It is two ㄷ’s placed side by side. It sounds very similar to the original ‘ㄷ’ but it is more forced at the beginning of the pronunciation. It is Romanized as "dd"

ㅅset

ㅅ : is the letter we already learned (s) ㅆ : is a new letter. It is two ㅅ’s placed side by side. It sounds very similar to the original ‘ㅅ’ but it is more forced at the beginning of the pronunciation. It is Romanized as "ss" All of the new letters can form syllables just like the letters you learned already. For example: ㄸ = dd ㅏ = a ㅇ = ng ㅏ is vertically aligned, so if we make a syllable we would write: 땅 (ddang) Even to somebody who has been learning Korean for years, it is very difficult to distinguish the differences between: ㄱ, ㄲ and ㅋ; ㅈ, ㅉ and ㅊ; ㅂ, ㅃ and ㅍ; ㄷ, ㄸ and ㅌ; and ㅅ and ㅆ. If you have access to a Korean person, ask them to use those letters in words so you can try to get accustomed to distinguishing them.
In addition to everything you have learned in these first three lessons, it is also possible for a syllable to have four letters: one vowel and three consonants. This additional consonant gets added as the third consonant in a syllable. These syllables essentially look like the above picture.^^ •×If the vowel being used in these cases is horizontally aligned, (ㅡ, ㅜ,ㅗ, ㅠ, ㅛ),the syllable looks like the structure on the left. •÷If the vowel being used is vertically aligned (ㅣ, ㅓ, ㅏ, ㅕ, ㅑ), the syllable looks like the structure on the right. •÷In either case though, notice that the third consonant simply gets placed beside the second consonant. {While technically possible to use more complicated vowels (ㅝ, ㅘ, ㅢ, etc…) I can't think of any words that actually have syllables with a third consonant and a complicated vowel} Five of the most common examples of this fourth letter in use for a beginner are: 닭 = chicken 앉다 = to sit 읽다 = to read 없다 = to not have 긁다 = to scratch Note that this "fourth letter"”does not refer to the double vowels (ㅘ, ㅝ, ㅐ, ㅚ, ㅞ, etc...). These letters should be thought of as one letter. Therefore, if you see the syllable: "관" - there are only three letters: ㄱ + ㅘ + ㄴ. The "fourth letter" refers to the addition of a thirdconsonant. Also, the "double”consonants" you just learned (ㅆ, ㄲ, ㅃ, ㄸ) should also be thought of as one letter. Therefore, if you see the syllable: "있" - there are only three letters: ㅇ + ㅣ + ㅆ. A fourth letter will never be added on to a double consonant.
That’s it! You’re finished! Congratulations, you can now read Korean! The more you practice, the faster you will be able to recognize the letters, and read faster. In the meantime, because you don’t know any words, but you do know how to read, here is a small list of words in Korean that are actually English words. They are all words that have made their way into the Korean language because of the influence of English. Try to see if you can read each one: 호텔 = hotel 소파 = sofa (Korean has no f sound) 텔레비전 = television (Korean has no v sound) 라디오 = radio 스위치 = switch 게임 = game 쇼핑 = shopping (s changes to sh) 오렌지 = orange 팀 = team 택시 = taxi (s changes to sh) 피자 = pizza 햄버거 = hamburger 샤워 = shower (s changes to sh) 카드 = card THANK YOU EVERYONE!! I enjoyed helping you learn and I hope you enjoyed learning! Now the next step is learning the grammar and vocab words! If you're interested in that go HERE and click on Unit 1 Lesson 1
Follow my Korean collection: { http://www.vingle.net/collections/4038836?cshsrc=v } For lesson 1 click here: { http://www.vingle.net/posts/1418291?shsrc=v } For lesson 2 click here: { http://www.vingle.net/posts/1420932?shsrc=v } For lesson 3 click here: { http://www.vingle.net/posts/1422893?shsrc=v } For lesson 4 click here: { http://www.vingle.net/posts/1424857?shsrc=v } For lesson 5 click here: { http://www.vingle.net/posts/1426323?shsrc=v } Click for source: { http://www.howtostudykorean.com/ }
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If you already can read korean and want to be removed from the lesson tags let me know. If you'd like to be left on the list or added let me know.

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3 comments
Wow, very detailed and very helpful!
2 years ago·Reply
can you tag me please this is amazingly helpful 😊👍👍
2 years ago·Reply
@yarimariela Yea! Will do! Glad I can help.
2 years ago·Reply
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