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Here's The World's 10 Most WTF?! Aphrodisiacs.
So, I'm not here to give you guys the birds-and-bees lecture, but as many of you probably know, sex is pretty important and has been since the beginning of humankind. (That is, after all, how we all got here, right?) So because of all this, knowledge about aphrodisiacs - aka the foods, drinks, etc. that gets us biologically 'in the mood' - have been passed down from generation to generation, with each culture having their own idea of what the most effective accomplice to your baby-making could be. Some of them - like oysters, chocolate, and red wine - are pretty popular mood makers here in the US. But what does the rest of the world reach for when their pheromones need pumping? Well, you might be a little surprised. Baboon Urine Region: Zimbabwe I'm not saying you should go drink pee, but when mixed with beer, baboon urine is believed to enhance fertility AND fidelity. Donkey Milk Region: Middle East Thanks to Ancient Rome's influence, certain Mideast villages swear that bathing in donkey milk (or rubbing it on, uh, very specific body parts) helps with sexual virility. Snake Wine Region: Vietnam Rice wine steeped with snake might not be appetizing for you, but in Vietnam, this medicinal aphrodisiac gets the job done. Balut Region: The Philippines I'm just going to put it out there. There's something awkward about eating a duck fetus to help you create a fetus of your own. Bird Nest's Soup Region: China This soup, made with swallow's nest, is among the world's most expensive dishes. For that kind of money, it'd better work! Leafcutter Ants Region: Colombia Often toasted before they're served up, this folk aphrodisiac is a top choice of Colombia's Ghane Indian tribe. Mm-mm-mm. Wolf Meat Region: Mongolia Apparently, in parts of Mongolia, getting hungry FOR the wolf will get you hungry LIKE the wolf. (If you get what I'm saying.) Casu Marzu Region: Italy So are the live maggots inside Sardinia's regional cheese also turned on, or is that just supposed to be a human thing? Spanish Fly Region: Southern Europe When men consume this popular (but kind of gross) aphrodisiac, they get MORE virile, and when women do, it can actually cause fertility issues. Tiger Penis Region: Southeast Asia According to Chinese medicine, tiger penis is supposed to help get you in the mood. But do we really need to be killing tigers just to get it on? Really, people?! So there you have them: 10 of the weirdest folk aphrodisiacs in the world. Try them if you dare. (And if you do, try not to eat them in public, okay? No need to get all 'When Harry Met Sally' on everyone.) Have you heard of any other aphrodisiacs? Do you believe aphrodisiacs work? Let me know in the comments below, and for more strange (but true!) stories of love, follow my Crazy Stupid Love collection!
Why CEO Compensation Is Often Paid In Various Ways
CEO compensation has always been a contentious issue, but it is never more so than when the company is struggling and failing to achieve expected results. Corporations are definitely going to find it tough going to maintain profit levels in situations where the economy if proving heavy going, or where there is a shift away from the products which the company manufactures to ones of a similar nature, but the CEO will always have some actions they can take to try to make the situation better. Workers do not like having to take pay cuts when the executives are still getting pay rises. There have been serious changes in the way executive compensation has been dealt with, from the early days of exclusively monetary payments to the today when other kinds of compensation can actually be greater than the amount paid in cash. In the early days of the industry, when there were not many taxes and not a lot of regulation of major corporations, it was sensible for executives to be paid in the straight forward way, with direct cash payments. Companies looking to attract high-quality executives could pay a high cash reward and freely advertise it in the financial press. There are always going to be people who would have a problem with the high salaries of executives, despite the fact those executives were bringing in unique expertise and enabling their corporations to go from negative to positive profit. These people have no inclination of the principle of being rewarded for effort and have in general been made redundant by the failure of communism in the East. Many people will be of the belief that executives are worth their pay, as long as they are able to deliver more value than they are receiving. There are not many workers, however, who will give backing to an executive who is taking high pay without producing results. The nature of CEO compensation has changed little by little over the years since industrialization, this is mainly because of the growth of centralized government and changes in the levels of taxation. When taxes were comparably low, there was not much incentive in making the effort to develop compensation systems that were based on anything other than cash rewards. As the levels of taxation increased, there was every reason to try to discover types of compensation which would not be liable to penalties. In the initial years of expanding government, it was not a problem to pay in kind or to have alternative incentives which would not be taxable. This has become more and more difficult, as the central government continues to increase in size. Essentially every CEO will be given the chance to buy stock in the corporation over which they control. These options should be accepted, as long as there are no clear reasons why the stock will decrease in value. The buying and selling of stock options must be publicly declared, and it is used as one of the most compelling indicators by traders in securities. If a company director is selling a huge percentage of their holdings, the market is certainly going to ask why. Extended selling, or selling in vast amounts, will produce a selling signal. The nature of CEO compensation is not likely to change to any degree, whether the economic depression gets worse or recovers. The size of the central government is not going to be getting smaller, and the incentives which are allowed under the tax laws do not stand much chance of changing. Executives are likely to carry on receiving high cash rewards, but with a large percentage of their compensation in other ways. Every corporation will profit from giving their own products and services in compensation, and deals can usually be struck between companies to provide a better and more varied CEO compensation.
Requests For Admissions In Employment Litigation
Each case turns on its own facts.  However, employment litigants rarely have all of the facts that they need to prove their claims. Instead, they must usually obtain documents and testimony from the employer and other witnesses.  A court’s Rules of Civil Procedure (its “Civil Rules”) empower them to do this. The Civil Rules include Rule 36, which allows parties to ask the other party to make admissions about undisputed facts.  Federal and state courts have each adopted Civil Rules that are similar, although not identical, to each other.  The Civil Rules have the force of law. Requests for Admissions Under the Civil Rules, one party can ask another party to a lawsuit to admit: the truth of facts relevant to the case, the application of law to fact, opinions about the facts or the application of law to facts, or the genuineness of documents. A request to admit the genuineness of a document must be accompanied by a copy of the document, unless it was already furnished. The answering party must answer or objection to a request for admission in writing, signed by the party or its attorney, within 28 to 30 days, depending on the court, unless the parties agree to, or the court orders, a longer or shorter time to respond. If the answering party fails to respond adequately in writing within the required time, the court can treat the matter as admitted. If the answering party does not admit a matter, the party must: object to it, specifically deny it or state in detail why the answering party cannot truthfully admit or deny it.  If the answering party has made reasonable inquiry and lacks information sufficient to enable it to admit or deny the request, the answering party can assert lack of knowledge or information as a reason for failing to admit or deny the request for admissions.   An admitted matter is conclusively established unless the court permits the admission to be withdrawn or amended. However, admission cannot be used against the party in any other proceeding. Other Discovery Tools In addition to Request for Admissions, the Civil Rules also provide for depositions(Civil Rules 30-32 and 45), Document Requests (Civil Rule 34 and 45) and interrogatories(Civil Rule 33). Timing or Sequence of Discovery Unless the court orders otherwise, methods of discovery may be used in any sequence. Discovery by one party does not require any other party to delay its discovery. Discovery Plan A discovery plan sets out a course of action to gather all available evidence within the time allowed for the Civil rules.  Although not required by the Civil Rules, each party should prepare a Discovery Plan for all but the simplest case. External Links Links to external sites with additional information about this topic.
Public Liability Claims
Many people who suffer an injury on private property or in business premises in South Australia are entitled to make a claim for compensation. To be able to succeed with the claim, you must be able to show that the site of the accident was dangerous in some way and that the owner or occupier of the premises knew, or should have known, of the danger. Any person wishing to claim compensation for their injuries needs to take action within three years. There are lawyers who specialise in assisting claimants with public liability claims, and who will be able to obtain the best possible outcome for any claimant. It is important to find the right lawyer to handle your claim as this can make a massive difference in the outcome of your matter. A claim for compensation in South Australia can include awards of compensation for pain and suffering, loss of income, domestic and gardening expenses, and medical expenses. The occupier of the property need not be the owner of the land, but simply in control of it. Most owners and occupiers of premises are insured against such losses. The liability of the owners of premises is limited to situations where they have failed to carry out an obligation to maintain and repair the premises. In deciding whether there has been negligence on the part of the occupier, the Courts will consider the nature and size of the premises, the extent of the danger, how the injured person came to be exposed to the danger, the age of the person, whether the occupier should have known of the danger and that people were coming onto the property, what had been done to reduce or warn of the danger. There is no duty of care to a trespasser unless their entry to the property was reasonably foreseeable. Court actions for personal injury arising as the result of an accident on private property in South Australia are regulated by the provisions of the Civil Liability Act, 1936. Among the relevant provisions of that Act are; · Section 37, which provides that where the defendant to an action alleges that the risk involved in the accident was obvious, the claimant will be required to prove on the balance of probabilities that he or she was not actually aware of the risk. A person can be found to be aware of the risk, even where the person is aware of the type or kind of risk, but not aware of the precise nature, extent or manner of occurrence of the risk. The defendant must prove that a reasonable person in the claimant’s position would have taken steps to avoid the risk. · Section 38 provides that a person does not owe a duty to another to warn of obvious risk unless the injured party has requested advice or information about the risk, there is a legal requirement to warn, or the risk is a risk of death or injury arising out of a medical procedure. · Section 39, which provides that a person is not liable for the materialisation of inherent risk. An inherent risk is defined as something that cannot be avoided by the exercise of reasonable care and skill. In many cases, public liability claims will depend on the extent of regular inspection and cleaning of floors in shops, supermarkets, and other places into which the public regularly enter. It is very important to find the right lawyer to assist you with your public liability claim.
Discovery Plans for Employment Litigation
A court’s Rules of Civil Procedure (its “Civil Rules”) empower the parties to gather evidence, including that in the control of opposing parties and reluctant witnesses.  The Civil Rules do this with Discovery Tools. They include: Document requests (Civil Rule 34 and 45); Interrogatories (Civil Rule 33); and Depositions (Civil Rule 30 and 31). Protective Orders (Civil Rule 26(c)) and Motions to Compel and Sanctions (Civil Rule 37). To make the most effective use of the Discovery Tools, each party should prepare a Discovery Plan in all but the simplest case.  Although not required by the Civil Rules, a Discovery Plan sets out a course of action to gather all available evidence within the time allowed by the Discovery Tools and the Courts' trial calendar.  Discovery Plans A Discovery Plan should include: a list of the evidence needed by the party. a list of who has the evidence. a set of written discovery requests (i.e., document requests, interrogatories and requests for admissions) sent to each person who has evidence, requesting that evidence. a second (or third) set of written discovery to overcome objections or to pursue emergent claims. a list of witnesses to depose. a time line setting the sequence for written discovery and depositions. A Discovery Plan should also address the parties' own disclosure obligations. In federal court, parties must voluntarily disclose at the outset the documents and witnesses that support their s claims or defenses.  By trial, state and federal courts require the parties to disclose their exhibits and witnesses. In addition, each party should anticipate responding to the opponent's discovery efforts. To that end, the party should identify, protect and preserve any discoverable evidence in its possession. Caution: Destroying discoverable evidence after a threat of litigation can lead to severe consequences.  Evidence needed by the Party The evidence that a party needs to prove a claim or defence depends on the claim or defence. Employment cases include claims of: discrimination retaliation unequal pay unpaid vacation or wages unpaid overtime or minimum wage breach of an agreement, such as failure to pay promised commissions failure to restore to a job following a family or medical leave and whistleblowing Each of these claims has its own set of factual "elements" that the plaintiff must prove.  In a discrimination claim, for example, motive plays a key role. In an unequal pay claim, however, motive is immaterial.  To determine the evidence necessary to prove a particular claim, the party must know the elements required to prove each claim.  The elements of specific claims and the evidence necessary to prove them are covered in other articles in this wiki. Relationship of the Discovery Plan to the Trial Brief A Discovery Plan identifies the evidence necessary to prove a claim and charts a course to gather it in time for trial. A Trial Brief describes the evidence that the party has gathered and will present at trial.  A successfully executed Discovery Plan should, therefore, produce a Trial Brief containing all of the evidence necessary to prove the party's claims.
Japan's New Temporary Tattoos Detect A Common Food Allergy.
Food allergies are no joke. As many of you might know, being allergic to foods like nuts, eggs, and wheat flour can cause a range of extremely dangerous symptoms, ranging from itching and nausea to even painful swelling of the throat and airways. Japan has been taking a pretty impressive proactive stance for early allergy detection - and the method they've employed to get the job done might really surprise you! These 'ukiyo-e'-inspired temporary tattoos have been specially created to indicate whether or not the wearer is allergic to soba. Soba, a staple noodle popularly enjoyed in the country, is made from buckwheat, the top food-related allergen among children in East Asia - with the strongest reactions resulting in anaphylactic shock. If the wearer is not allergic, the tattoo will remain a black-and-white design. If the wearer has an allergy, sudden red detailing will appear. And, differently from a traditional allergy test, this indication does not result in burning or itching skin. The tattoos are currently being used by the 230 Soba Street Promotion Association, a Hokkaido-based group of soba noodle restaurateurs along the region's popular foodie destination, Route 230. They hope that this kind of technology will catch on and encourage similar products to be made for other common food allergies. Would you rock one of these tattoos? Let me know in the comments below what you think of this story, and for more strange but true developments in the name of science, follow my Weird Science collection!