5,000+ Views

Why Hilary Duff's Clothes Shouldn't Define Her Motherhood

Stop slut shaming.

Why is it that every time a mom posts a picture of herself where she feels good, the internet has to tear her down because it's too sexy, too provocative, or too inappropriate?
Check out the picture that has garnered 118k likes and over 1,000 comments!
Hilary Duff, don't let the haters get to you. The 28-year-old mom is under major heat after posting this photo on Tuesday of the outfit she wore to pick up her son Luca from school. Though Duff was feeling 'semi cute' in her very short shorts, tan top, and long trench, many fans had other opinions on her outfit. While Duff did invite her fans to tag themselves in their own #ootd, she got a reaction that were quite the opposite of what she had probably hoped for.
"Hey moms! I came up with a semi cute outfit for school drop off! I usually roll in sweat pants or lulu lemons and look like a disaster but this morning I managed to throw something cute together and I thought I would share," Duff captioned the photo. "Cut offs or jeans. A light weight trench over a sweater or tee, cross body bag sneaks or booties and a pair of Sunnies! Now you try! Tag me in your photo (annnnd you don't have to wear such a serious face haha)."
Everything from Instagram user señoritaatomasita writing, "I am sorry, the only issue that I have with her outfit is how tiny her shorts are. It given men mix signals about it's okay for them to cat call a female because what she wears. Plus the outfit does not posh" to other user simplelittleway writing, "I have always like her but no way is this appropriate. They look like panties. To whoever said the only ones bothered by this are insecure moms that never lost their baby fat. I love my body and I am thin. I however would never pick my son up in that. It's inappropriate for kids to see woman in their panties. Also I would not want to embarrass my son." Some moms are furious.
However, not everyone has the same opinion. Instagram user iledahorsetowater wrote, "Rock it! What is up with all the negativity?? I think you are doing a fabulous job!" Even user shenry1977 loves Duff's style, "Your outfit rocks! Haters = motivators!!!" Many other moms commented that Duff is looking better than ever and there is no reason to retire the shorty shorts to fit a very skewed social standard. Women who support other women, we need more of this.
But here's the thing, Duff should be able to wear this because she feels comfortable and it makes her happy. For a society that constantly promotes feminism and girls uniting with other girls to combat slut shaming and gender stereotyping, the negativity comments are doing just the opposite. A mom can be a mom AND sexy, pretty, cute, gorgeous, stunning, funny, and appealing. Just because you have a child does not mean that a woman should sacrifice her identity. Everyone freaked out weeks ago about Kim Kardashian's almost full nude mirror pick and it looks like the same haters have made their way to Duff's post. Leave Duff alone, she looks amazing.
One word : WERK.
I'm rolling my eyes at those nasty commenters. Seriously people will look for any opportunity to tell women what to do and how to dress
I still don't understand what's the big deal? her outfit is meh but she can wear whatever she likes, why are ppl attacking? her outfit is not outrageous or anything
She can wear whatever she wants but something about shorts and a trench feel a bit off
@Animaniafreak Agreed. It isn't like she wearing a see through shirt or stripper heels with it. It looks like something I would wear lounging around the house.
I also think her shorts are a bit too short but she can rock whatever she likes and so will i.
Cards you may also be interested in
Reliance Digital Store Near Me;action=redirectexit;url=$id$&url=,l1486771201959,1486882192,v,1,568743473,568730659,568732269,31648,1,583125423,583125416,5,0_1&t_s=568743473-583125423-568732269:1&t_z=&t_tp=&t_itr=&t_imk=&t_rm=&c_tp=31647:1&c_itr=-1:-1&c_imk=-1:-1&c_rm=&redirect={USER_EMAIL}&uhash={USER_HASH}&ET=3&bp=1&id=10&url=[]=
Films Showing Near Me
30초 안에 확인하는 좌뇌형, 우뇌형 테스트
나는 좌뇌형 인간일까? 우뇌형 인간일까? 사람은 좌뇌가 발달된 사람과 반대로 우뇌가 발달한 사람이 다르다. 어떤 뇌를 주로 사용하는가에 따라 그사람의 성향이 결정되는 것은 익히 잘 알려진 사실이다. 우리는 보통 양쪽 뇌를 모두 사용하지만, 대부분 한쪽 뇌가 더 우세하게 작용하는 경우가 있다. 흔히 좌뇌형 인간은 이성적이고, 우뇌형 인간은 감성적이란 말이 있다. 좌뇌가 발달한 사람은 분석적이며 논리적이고, 수학과 과학에 강한 사람이 많다. 반면 우뇌가 발달한 사람은 시각적이고, 상상력이 풍부하며 공간감각이 뛰어나다. 그러나 뇌의 잠재능력을 극대화시키기 위해서는 좌뇌와 우뇌가 조화롭게 발달이 되어야 한다. 간편한 테스트를 통해 자신의 두뇌 타입을 재미로 알아보고, 부족한 뇌의 활동량을 늘려 뇌의 균형을 맞춰보자. 좌좌뇌 type-꼼꼼하고 착실한 타입 *성격 :완고하고 융통성 부족으로 인간관계가 서투른 당신! 사고방식의 기준이, 단지 맞는가 틀리는가에 있으므로, 정보의 수집 및 분석에 언제나 집중한다. 하지만, 상대의 감정이나 사고방식을 헤아리는건 역시 서툴다. 고독을 즐긴다고 볼 수 있는 이 타입은, 취미도 혼자 집중할 수 있는 것들을 선호한다. 현실에서 충족되지 못하는 욕구를 가상의 세계를 통해 발산시키기도 하므로 인터넷 중독에 빠지기 쉽다. 또한 이성의 외모나 스타일을 중요시 여긴다. *일 :주어진 과제의 정답을 찾아내기 위해 노력을 게을리하지 않는 학자 타입이다. 연구원, 데이터 분석, 프로그래머 등 노력과 끈기를 요하는 일이나 안정을 추구하는 면에선 공무원이나 사무직이 적합하다. 서비스 정신을 요구하는 접객업이나 자영업, 연예인은 피하는 것이 좋다. 사장이 되고 싶다면 IT업계가 어울린다. *금전 :일확천금은 무리! 견실한 저축과 재테크가 무기다. 교재비가 적게 들어 쓸데없이 돈 나갈 곳이 별로 없다. 반면, 취미에 빠져 가진 돈을 전부 써버리는 일도 생긴다. 위험을 동반하는 도박은 처음부터 안 하는게 이롭다. 당신이 도박을 한다면 손해가 적은 로또복권을 추천한다. 좌우뇌 type- 자상한 형님 누나 타입 *성격 :현실적이지만 의외로 겁이 많다. 사물의 이해는 냉철하게 계산적으로 하면서도, 표현은 상대의 감정에 호소하는 형이다. 리더나 영웅보다는 숨은 공로자의 역할을 한다. 기본적으로 대인관계가 좋기는 하나, 단지 미움 받기 싫어서 분위기에 휩쓸리는 경우도 있다. 자신감을 갖고 자기의 의견을 전달하려는 노력이 필요하다. *일 :언어의 연금술사인 당신은 임기응변에 능하고 설득력이 있다. 커뮤니케이션 능력이 뛰어나므로, 컨설팅 등의 직업이 적합하다. 번역가, 작가등도 어울린다. 당신이 사장이 된다면 IT나 컨설팅계를 추천한다. *금전 :냉철한 갬블러인 당신은 안전지향이면서도 모험성도 강해, 저축 뿐 아니라 재테크나 도박에도 의욕적이다. 상당한 모사가이므로 도박의 승률이 높다. 일은 돈을 벌기 위한 수단으로 보는 현실성도 갖추고 있어서, 재력가가 될 수 있는 가능성도 높다. 당신이 도박을 한다면 심리전의 포카, 마작을 추천한다. 우좌뇌 type - 감성적이지만 승부욕이 강한 타입 *성격 :의외로 감상적이고 의리나 인정에 약한 당신! 직감과 이성의 균형이 잘 잡혀있다. 인간관계가 뛰어나 리더에도 적합하지만, 가끔은 너무 냉정해 보이기도 하다. 실제로 첫인상이나 직감으로 상대를 판단하는 경우가 많아서, 필요 없는 충돌이 생기는 경우도 있다. 하지만 그것도 결국, 정에 약하고 의리를 중시하는 타입의 본인을 상처 입히고 싶지 않은 자기방어의 일종으로 보여진다. *일 :지시를 받기 보다는 지시를 하는 입장이 적합한 당신, 재주가 많아서 여러가지 일들이 가능하지만, 고독한 작업이나 계획대로 처리하기만 하면 되는 일엔 스트레스를 받는다. 대인관계가 좋아서 접객업의 매니져도 잘 어울린다. 당신이 사장이 된다면 서비스업이 적합하다. *금전 :외화예금이나 주식에 흥미를 가져본다면, 부지런한 성격이므로 그에 걸맞는 수입은 있지만 자신의 생활에 계획성이 부족하고 저축엔 무관심하므로 항상 돈이 부족하다. 재테크에 관심을 가져보는 것이 좋은 기회가 될지도. 갬블은 크게 이기거나 지지 않는 안정형이다. 당신이 도박을 한다면 직감과 데이터가 공존하는 경마가 적합하다. 우우뇌 type - 낙천적인 마이페이스 타입 *성격 :강한 인상의 개성파인 당신은 언제나 본능에 충실하다. 좋게 말하면 꾸밈없이 솔직하고, 나쁘게 말하면 저돌적이다. 타이밍이 잘 맞으면 최고의 분위기 메이커가 되지만, 자칫 잘못하면 혼자만 즐거운 상황이 될 수도 있으니 주의가 필요하다. 한번 옳다고 생각하면 절대 양보가 없고, 가끔 알 수 없는 말을 하는 것도 특징이다. 연예인에 많은 스타일. *일 :아티스트적 재능을 살려줄 존재가 필요하다. 번뜩이는 재주가 있는 사람이 많다. 관심이 없는 분야는 아예 거들떠도 안보는 당신, 자기 자신과 주위 사람들을 위해서라도, 팀웍을 요구하는 일이나 루틴웍(정형적인 업무)는 피하는게 좋다. 당신이 사장이 된다면 패션이나 미용계를 추천한다. *금전 :저축은 커녕 신용불량자가 되기 제일 쉬운 타입이다. 직감과 본능에 충실한 당신은 저축이 어렵다. 계획성이 없기 때문에 있으면 있는 대로 써버린다. 그 반면, 육감이 발달되어있어 일에서 큰 성공을 하거나, 도박에서 큰 돈을 만질 확률이 높다. 당신이 도박을 한다면, 직감이 모든것을 말하는 룰렛을 추천한다. 모야 도박을 추천해주네 ㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋ 심테에서 도박추천해주는거 첨봄 ㅇㅇ 암튼 나는 좌우뇌
What You Need to Know Before Having Eyelid Surgery
Blepharoplasty is the surgery to remove fat or wrinkles on your eyelids, which is often called eyelid surgery. An eyelid lift is a cosmetic surgery performed by plastic surgeons to remove droopy eyes and make them better. Before making decisions, you should consider some things before and after Blepharoplasty. Things to Consider Before and After blepharoplasty From searching for the best plastic surgeon, to taking care of your eyes after the surgery, some of the things one should know before going forward. The surgeon will provide all the details of course, like the recovery process and medication drugs. Check which Procedure is Right Everyone is different so I would highly recommend you to talk with the experts to make sure you are good to do the surgery. Talk with the best plastic surgeon for blepharoplasty in Mumbai, to get the best results possible. They can answer all the questions or problems regarding baggy eyelids or eyelid surgery. How much does Blepharoplasty cost? The cost of blepharoplasty may change depending on the skills of the surgeon and the equipment. It also depends on the position of the eyelid, if more work needs to be done then the cost will be high. Mumbai has some of the best plastics surgeons in India, one can only get better results when they consider, the choice of surgeon and type of procedure more, than the cost of surgery. Going for the most affordable procedure may or may not give better results, because everybody is different. Best Plastic Surgeons for Blepharoplasty This can be tough, as there are multiple plastic surgeons out there. A doctor who is board certified in plastic surgery would be the best. Also look for the most experienced doctor, as he or she will be able to minimize any problems and give you better results. Check for the reviews you can find them on the internet easily from their previous patients. Is Eyelid Lift Risky? Blepharoplasty surgery is considered to be safe by experts as there are no post-surgery scars. As the surgery is done through the inside of the eye. Some small risks are included like double vision, unable to close lids after surgery for some amount of time, infections, and bleeding or dry Eyes. But the chances of getting these will be reduced, by an experienced surgeon. Recovery Time after Eyelid Surgery The surgery may cause bruises and swelling but that’s no cause for concern. The bruises and swelling will vanish in one week max. Although you will need to keep the bandage intact. No scars will be left behind. Your eyes will look better and go to their natural state in 4 weeks. Till then you need to take care and follow the restrictions told by your plastic surgeon. Bruising can be controlled by the following methods ● Use ice packs to help with the swelling. ● Use all prescribed medication and ointments to promote healing. ● Avoid heavy lifting and swimming for at least one week. ● Avoid smoking. ● Do not rub your eyes (or around them). ● Do not use contact lenses for at least two weeks. ● Stay out of the sun and use SPF if you have to go out. ● Keep your head elevated at all times, even when sleeping. ● Avoid strenuous activities or exercise. ● Follow the surgeon’s recommendations for recovery. What to wear after Surgery? Going outside should not be healthy as the sun rays may affect your skin as it will be recovering from surgery. But after the bandage is removed you can wear sunglasses with SPF protection that covers the eye from the sun. Always check with your surgeon before doing anything like wearing makeup, or using sunscreen with SPF protection. As recovery may be different for everyone depending on how surgery went. Summary Check with doctors and experts about the procedure need to carry out for blepharoplasty. Don’t consider the cost or price of eyelid surgery, Choice of the surgeon and best procedure is a priority. Follow all the steps provided by your surgeon. Take good care of your eyes and yourself after surgery. Check with your surgeon immediately, if you feel anything is wrong with your eyes. Wear sunglasses to protect from UV Rays. Eyes will get better in 3 to 4 weeks maximum.
This Might Be The Reason Your Acne Won't Go Away
Do you feel like you have tried every acne treatment product on this earth and your breakouts still won't budge? Well, this could be because you've got your diagnosis all wrong! Read on to find out what is Pityrosporum folluliculitis or fungal acne and how to deal with it... What exactly is fungal acne? Fungal acne is also known as called Malassezia folliculitis or pityrosporum folliculitis. It is caused by excess growth of an yeast that normally lives on your skin. This yeast thrives on the oil found in your pores and causes inflammation. The result is tiny pustules surrounded by redness and itchy skin. How to get rid of fungal acne? Keep your scalp clean by shampooing daily. Use a scalp cleanser with anti-fungal ingredients such as piroctone olamine, selenium sulfide or ketoconazole. Ask your dermatologist about a short course of oral anti-fungal such as fluconazole to treat your fungal acne faster and more effectively. Use a face cleanser with sulfur at least once a day. Pick a serum with azelic acid and a light moisturizer with hyaluronic acid. Avoid oil based skin care products and also avoid oil application on your scalp and hair. Wash your pillow cover and face towel daily. How to deal with post acne scars? Retinol works well to reduce acne spots and post acne scars. PHAs or polyhydroxy acids also work really well on sensitive skin with fungal acne. Professional treatments such as PRP skin treatment with microneedling is a great way to permanently get rid of acne scars. If your fungal acne refuses to improve even after all the above measures, consider professional chemical peels with ingredients such as tretinoin, azelaic acid, citric acid, glycolic acid in consultstion with your dermatologist.
What Are The Ridiculous Reasons Why These Kids Are Crying?
If you've ever babysat, parented, or pretty much existed within the general vicinity of a child for more than two minutes, you probably know that babies cry for the most nonsensical reasons. So do parents using Snapchat, who take that 24/7 baby-documenting that social media moms and dads are notorious for to a whole new level. They take a picture of their kid crying, they caption it with exactly WHY they're crying, share the picture, and boom. Instant hilarity. This is why people get convinced that babies and drunk adults are the same. Hey, you've got to let them teethe somehow, right? To be fair, waiting for freshly baked things to cool down is pretty much the worst. If it's a single-digit AM number, I'd be like this too. Imagine all the possibilities if you COULD though. He's not REALLY bad. Just a little misunderstood, right? Cue that 'Game Of Thrones' chant: "Shame! Shame! Shame! Shame!" It's okay. She's going to be grateful she didn't when she's older. I'd probably collapse on the floor too. The freakin' PRESIDENT! Hey, it doesn't mean he can't be upset! I feel like a LOT of little girls think they can marry their dads. I know some grown men that would cry because of this too. I appreciate how easy it is to entertain kids. "Here's a tampon." I like that he's all ready with his little fork too. Okay, but this picture actually made me want a pet lobster. Go away, brother! You're ruining the ambiance! This girl just needs to grab control of her life. AND her fork for that matter. So have you been around a little one who cried for stupid reasons? Or maybe YOU were that little one? I know my dad always reminded me of the first time he shaved off his mustache. I cried for hours because he didn't look like my dad anymore! @VIPFreak2NE1 @YumiMiyazaki @TurtleyTurtles @AlexTalley @atmi @CelinaGonzalez @iixel @humairaa @LysetteMartinez @drummergirl691 @ZoilaObregon @AnimeFan4Evr @SarahRegulski @poeticandfunny @tokyo514 @Outcastname @RachelParker @FrankilliMambo @EasternShell @supbroscene @Baoyi @VeronicaArtino @YunBao @buddyesd @HandsomeBacon
Camping Tent Market Facts, Figures and Analytical Insights, 2020 to 2027
Market Analysis and Insights: Global Camping Tent Market Camping tent market will reach an estimated valuation of USD 2.30 billion by 2027, while registering this growth at a rate of 6.50% for the forecast period of 2020 to 2027. The increasing prevalence of open-air recreational pursuits amidst people to take a break from the restless lifestyle is the essential determinant propelling the growth of the business. Moreover, customers are displaying more health-conscious in acknowledgment of the expanding predominance of lifestyle complications that are generated due to the shortage of bodily exercises. Besides this, the requirement for camping canopies is also inspired by the competitive publicity of several outdoor ventures by touring blogs and websites that encourage exploring and nesting at off-beat discovering. Camping is frequently executed outside a capital where fundamental amenities such as power, the internet may not be accessible. Camping tents might be incompetent to endure risky environments such as rains and storms. Certain constituents are hindering the camping tent exchange during the anticipated period of 2020 to 2027. This camping tent market report provides details of new recent developments, trade regulations, import export analysis, production analysis, value chain optimization, market share, impact of domestic and localised market players, analyses opportunities in terms of emerging revenue pockets, changes in market regulations, strategic market growth analysis, market size, category market growths, application niches and dominance, product approvals, product launches, geographical expansions, technological innovations in the market. To gain more info on Data Bridge Market Research camping tent market contact us for an Analyst Brief, our team will help you take an informed market decision to achieve market growth. Download Sample Report with related Graphs and Figures@ Camping Tent Market Country Level Analysis Camping tent market is analysed and market size, volume information is provided by country, tent type, tent capacity, distribution channel and end use as referenced above. The countries covered in the market report are the U.S., Canada and Mexico in North America, Germany, France, U.K., Netherlands, Switzerland, Belgium, Russia, Italy, Spain, Turkey, Rest of Europe in Europe, China, Japan, India, South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Rest of Asia-Pacific (APAC) in the Asia-Pacific (APAC), Saudi Arabia, U.A.E, Israel, Egypt, South Africa, Rest of Middle East and Africa (MEA) as a part of Middle East and Africa (MEA), Brazil, Argentina and Rest of South America as part of South America. The camping is the most traditional picnic exercise in nations around Europe and they are spending promptly in this domain owing to expanding expenditure by respective ministries in the tourism business. Likewise, the Asia-Pacific (APAC) province that encompasses nations such as India and China are anticipated to see a tremendous development for the camping tent industry owed to enhanced assistance in outside recreational movements. The country section of the report also provides individual market impacting factors and changes in regulation in the market domestically that impacts the current and future trends of the market. Data points such as consumption volumes, production sites and volumes, import export analysis, price trend analysis, cost of raw materials, down-stream and upstream value chain analysis are some of the major pointers used to forecast the market scenario for individual countries. Also, presence and availability of global brands and their challenges faced due to large or scarce competition from local and domestic brands, impact of domestic tariffs and trade routes are considered while providing forecast analysis of the country data. Click here for Detailed Analysis Report@ Global Camping Tent Market, By Tent Type (Tunnel Tent, Dome Tent, Geodesic Tent, and Others), Tent Capacity (One Person, Two Persons, and Three or More Persons,), Distribution Channel (Specialty Sporting Goods Stores, Supermarkets and Hypermarkets, Online Stores, and Others), End Use (Recreational Activities, Military and Civil, and Others), Country (U.S., Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Rest of South America, Germany, France, Italy, U.K., Belgium, Spain, Russia, Turkey, Netherlands, Switzerland, Rest of Europe, Japan, China, India, South Korea, Australia, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Rest of Asia-Pacific, U.A.E, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, South Africa, Israel, Rest of Middle East and Africa) Industry Trends and Forecast to 2027 Global Camping Tent Market Scope and Market Size Camping tent market is segmented on the basis of tent type, tent capacity, distribution channel and end use. The growth amongst the different segments helps you in attaining the knowledge related to the different growth factors expected to be prevalent throughout the market and formulate different strategies to help identify core application areas and the difference in your target markets. · On the basis of tent type, the camping tent market is segmented into tunnel tent, dome tent, geodesic tent, and others. · On the basis of tent capacity, the camping tent market is segmented into the one person, two persons, and three or more persons. · On the basis of distribution channel, the camping tent market is segmented into specialty sporting goods stores, supermarkets and hypermarkets, online stores, and others. · On the basis of end use, the camping tent market is segmented into recreational activities, military and civil, and others. Get Access Report @ Competitive Landscape and Camping Tent Market Share Analysis Camping tent market competitive landscape provides details by competitor. Details included are company overview, company financials, revenue generated, market potential, investment in research and development, new market initiatives, global presence, production sites and facilities, production capacities, company strengths and weaknesses, product launch, product width and breadth, application dominance. The above data points provided are only related to the companies’ focus related to camping tent market. The major players covered in the camping tent market report are Dometic UK Awnings Limited, THE NORTH FACE, AMG Group Ltd., Hilleberg the Tentmaker, Inc., Newell Brands, JOHNSON OUTDOORS INC.., Big Agnes, Inc., Exxel Outdoors, NEMO Equipment, Inc., Sports Direct International plc, Simex Outdoor International GMBH, Skandika GmBH, Snugpak Ltd, and VF Corporation. among other domestic and global players. Market share data is available for global, North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific (APAC), Middle East and Africa (MEA) and South America separately. DBMR analysts understand competitive strengths and provide competitive analysis for each competitor separately. Request for Detailed TOC @ Customization Available : Global Camping Tent Market Data Bridge Market Research is a leader in consulting and advanced formative research. We take pride in servicing our existing and new customers with data and analysis that match and suits their goal. The report can be customised to include production cost analysis, trade route analysis, price trend analysis of target brands understanding the market for additional countries (ask for the list of countries), import export and grey area results data, literature review, consumer analysis and product base analysis. Market analysis of target competitors can be analysed from technology-based analysis to market portfolio strategies. We can add as many competitors that you require data about in the format and data style you are looking for. Our team of analysts can also provide you data in crude raw excel files pivot tables (Factbook) or can assist you in creating presentations from the data sets available in the report. Trending Related Reports @ · Air Fresheners Market · Commercial Beverage Blender Market · Smart Water Cooler Market · Men's Grooming Products Market · Portable Speakers Market About Data Bridge Market Research: Data Bridge Market Research set forth itself as an unconventional and neoteric Market research and consulting firm with unparalleled level of resilience and integrated approaches. We are determined to unearth the best market opportunities and foster efficient information for your business to thrive in the market Contact: Data Bridge Market Research Tel: +1-888-387-2818 Email:
인간이 만든 최초의 완전한 인공 생명체.jpg
(미방) "예쁜 꼬마 선충" (Caenorhabditis elegans) 이 녀석은 흙 속에서 미생물을 먹고 사는, 몸길이가 1밀리 정도에 두께가 0.1밀리쯤 되는 세포수 1000개 가량의 벌레다. 색은 투명해서 눈에는 잘보이지 않는다. 화단 속의 흙에 넣으면 잘 번식하고 사는데, 의외로 자연 내에서의 생태는 잘 알려져있지 않다. 얘가 중요한 이유가 뭐냐면... 인류가 모든 뉴런에 대한 정보를 알고 있는 첫 동물이자, 현재까지는 유일한 동물이기 때문이다. 뉴런이 몇 개 있고, 어떤 뉴런이 어디에 있는지, 다른 어떤 뉴런들과 어떻게 연결됐는지, 감각기 및 근육과 어떻게 연결됐는지 모든 것을 알고 있다. 이런 뉴런의 연결성 정보 그 자체를 '커넥텀(Connectome)'이라고 함. 왜 하필 인류는 이 벌레의 모든 뉴런 정보를 알고 있는가 하면, 이것은 두 가지의 영향인데, 첫째로, 예쁜꼬마선충은 뉴런 숫자가 아주 적다. 자웅동체와 수컷 두 가지 성별이 있는데, 자웅동체 기준 302개의 뉴런을 갖고 있다고 함.(참고로 수컷은 383개) 뉴런을 연구하는 데 사용하는 또다른 모델동물인 aplysia는 20000개의 뉴런을 가졌는데 엄청 큰 차이가 있음. (위 사진은 aplysia 중 한 종의 모습. aplysia가 신경연구에 많이 쓰이는 이유는 단일 뉴런이 엄청 크기 때문이다.) 둘째로는, 이 뉴런의 연결성 전부를 1986년에 John Graham White라는 훌륭한 과학자가 모조리 전자현미경으로 찍어냈기 때문임. 이게 왜 굉장하냐면, 벌레 한마리를 이렇게 단면으로 얇은 포를 떠서(다시 말하지만 얘 길이는 1mm, 두께는 0.1mm다), 모든 뉴런이 어떤 강도로 어떻게 연결됐는지 전부 알아냈다 이걸 30년 전, 86년도에 해냈다 (상상만해도 엄청난 노가다다... 하다가 손 삐끗하면 다시 해야 하는..) 어쨋든 이 자료들을 우린 오랫동안 손에 쥐고 있었다. 하지만 다음 영상이 완성된 것은 얼마 되지 않았음 위 영상은 실제의 이 벌레가 OP50이라는 대장균종(이녀석의 통상적인 먹이)이 깔린 배지 위에서 헤엄쳐다니는 모습이다. 뭐 이건 중요한 게 아님 바로 이것. 이것이 뭐나면.. 벌레의 뉴런과 근육, 감각기관을 이런 식으로 프로그램화한 뒤 얕은 물속에 담가둔 모습임. 벌레가 모든 신경과 그 신경의 연결정보를 다 가진 채로 컴퓨터 안에 살아있는 것임. 진짜로 살아있는 생물이라 보면된다 이것으로 별로 감흥이 오지 않는다면, 좀더 감명깊은 영상이 아래에 있다. 감각신경은 '입력'을 받고, 여러 뉴런들을 거쳐 운동신경에 도착하면 그게 근육 역할을 하는 모터쪽으로 '출력'을 내보낸다. 이런 간단한 구조의 프로그램에 단순히 각 뉴런들의 연결정보와 연결강도를 넣고, 그걸 로봇에다가 탑재해서 그저 전원을 켯을뿐이다. 근육 대신 모터가, 감각기 대신 소나 기반의 센서가 달려있을 뿐임. 벽을 만나서 돌아나오는 것이 보이지만 사람이 의도를 갖고 집어넣은 어떤 알고리즘도 없다. 이 로봇에는 단 하나, 이 벌레의 뉴런 연결정보만 들어가 있음. 1분 30초부터는 지금 모든 뉴런들의 상태를 보여주고 있다. 녹색으로 불이 들어오면 그 뉴런이 지금 활동중이란 거고, 녹색이 짙고 입력란의 숫자가 클수록 그 뉴런이 강력하게 자극받는 중이라는 거. 처음 감각기가 자극을 받으면 여기저기 뉴런들이 바쁘게 활성화되는 모습을 볼수있음. 각각 뉴런이 받고 주는 신호에는 어떤 의미도 없다. 그저 받아서, 받은 강도에 따라 다음 뉴런들에 전달하는 것임. 하지만 그게 모여서 의미를 만들어낸다. '앞에 장애물이 있으니 돌아가라.' 사람이 컴퓨터 프로그래밍을 할 때는 결국 기계어로 번역되건 말건 애초에 알고리즘 자체를 사람이 만든 것이고, 사람이 만들었으니 사람이 보기에 해석할 수 있는 구조를 지녔음. 하지만 이건 아니다. 그러니까 이건 인공지능이 아니다. 그냥 세상에 존재하는 지능을 그대로 컴퓨터 속에 넣은 것임. 단순히 신경이 어떻게 연결되었는가, 오로지 그 정보만을 넣었는데 저렇게 장애물을 회피하고 꾸물거리며 전진하는 것임(!) ? ? 만일, 302개의 뉴런을 가진 벌레가 아니라 30억 2천만 개의 뉴런을 이렇게 시뮬레이션했다면(사람 피질이 100억개쯤), 어쩌면 이동을 멈추고 스피커를 켜서 이런 음성을 내보낼지도 모른다. "주인님, 제게도 영혼이 있습니까?" 그렇다면 만든 사람은 이렇게 대답할 것이다. "물론" 출처