▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄ POLITE ESSENTIAL VERBS(pt1) ▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄
---- In general we will conjugate verbs into polite style of speech by following the steps below: 1. drop 다 from the the end of the dictionary form (Ex. 먹다>먹) 2. Add either 아요 or 어요 depending on the verb(Ex. 벅>먹어요) These are the most basic steps we will follow when conjugating verbs into the polite style of speech. However, in some cases we must add an additional step between 1 and 2 above, or modify step 2 slightly. Verb stem: we will refer to the result from step 1 as the verb stem. For examples, in 먹다,먹 is the verb stem. In 마시다, 마시 is the verb stem. In 하다, 하 is the verb stem. 아요 vs 어요 -more in step 2 Before we learn only additional steps that might be needed, let us follow the above two steps correctly. Step 1 is straight forward and never change ms (we simply drop 다). In step 2, we added either 아요 or 어요 to the end of the verb. we base this on the last vowel sound in the verb stem. If the last vowel is ㅏ or ㅗ, then we add 아요, if it is any other vowel, then we add 어요. 먹다 >먹 the last vowel in 먹 is ㅓ 먹 + 어요 =먹어요. 앉다 >앉 the last vowel is ㅏ 앉 + 아요 =앉아요. With this in mind, you should be able to conjugate some of the verbs correctly into the polite style of speech without any further instruction. When more steps are needed Let's looks at one simple case where we change the above steps. Consider the verb, 가다. 가다 has a verb stem of 가. The final vowel in 가 is ㅏ, so naturally we will add 아요 가 + 아요 =가아요 if we say 가아요, it will probably sound more like 가요. The ㅏ in 가 and 아 from 아요 will blend together into a single ㅏ sound. Because of this, we simply write 가요. 가요 is the correct conjugation of 가다 in the polite style of speech. It is easier to say 가요 than 가아요, especially when talking at a normal speed. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ For the rest of polite style conjugation we will be talking about each individual verb stem ending and how you will conjugate it. Questions? Ask below You can also DM my account at any time concerning any questions you may have on Korean. that wasn't to hard right?^^ If you made it this far well then good job!