3 years ago5,000+ Views
Fact 1
Around 20% of the world's children and adolescents have mental disorders or problems
About half of mental disorders begin before the age of 14. Similar types of disorders are being reported across cultures. Neuropsychiatric disorders are among the leading causes of worldwide disability in young people. Yet, regions of the world with the highest percentage of population under the age of 19 have the poorest level of mental health resources. Most low- and middle-income countries have only one child psychiatrist for every 1 to 4 million people.
Fact 2
Mental and substance use disorders are the leading cause of disability worldwide
About 23% of all years lost because of disability is caused by mental and substance use disorders.
Fact 3
About 800 000 people commit suicide every year
Over 800 000 people die due to suicide every year and suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29-year-olds. There are indications that for each adult who died of suicide there may have been more than 20 others attempting suicide. 75% of suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries. Mental disorders and harmful use of alcohol contribute to many suicides around the world. Early identification and effective management are key to ensuring that people receive the care they need.
Fact 4
War and disasters have a large impact on mental health and psychosocial well-being
Rates of mental disorder tend to double after emergencies.
Fact 5
Mental disorders are important risk factors for other diseases, as well as unintentional and intentional injury
Mental disorders increase the risk of getting ill from other diseases such as HIV, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and vice-versa.
Fact 6
Stigma and discrimination against patients and families prevent people from seeking mental health care
Misunderstanding and stigma surrounding mental ill health are widespread. Despite the existence of effective treatments for mental disorders, there is a belief that they are untreatable or that people with mental disorders are difficult, not intelligent, or incapable of making decisions. This stigma can lead to abuse, rejection and isolation and exclude people from health care or support. Within the health system, people are too often treated in institutions which resemble human warehouses rather than places of healing.
Fact 7
Human rights violations of people with mental and psychosocial disability are routinely reported in most countries
These include physical restraint, seclusion and denial of basic needs and privacy. Few countries have a legal framework that adequately protects the rights of people with mental disorders.
Fact 8
Globally, there is huge inequity in the distribution of skilled human resources for mental health
Shortages of psychiatrists, psychiatric nurses, psychologists and social workers are among the main barriers to providing treatment and care in low- and middle-income countries. Low-income countries have 0.05 psychiatrists and 0.42 nurses per 100 000 people. The rate of psychiatrists in high income countries is 170 times greater and for nurses is 70 times greater.
Fact 9
There are 5 key barriers to increasing mental health services availability
In order to increase the availability of mental health services, there are 5 key barriers that need to be overcome: the absence of mental health from the public health agenda and the implications for funding; the current organization of mental health services; lack of integration within primary care; inadequate human resources for mental health; and lack of public mental health leadership.
Fact 10
Financial resources to increase services are relatively modest
Governments, donors and groups representing mental health service users and their families need to work together to increase mental health services, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The financial resources needed are relatively modest: US$ 2 per capita per year in low-income countries and US$ 3-4 in lower middle-income countries.
History of WHO
When diplomats met to form the United Nations in 1945, one of the things they discussed was setting up a global health organization.
WHO’s Constitution came into force on 7 April 1948 – a date we now celebrate every year as World Health Day.
@cho9606 ㅋㅋㅋㅋ 셀프번역 감사합니다
팩트4. 전쟁과 재앙은 정신건강과 심리적 안정에 끼치는 거대한 충격이다. 정신장애 비율은 비상사태 이후 배가하는 경향이 있다.
팩트3. 거의 80만이 매년 자살로 죽는다. 80만명 이상이 매년 자살하고 자살은 15~19세 연령이 죽는 두번째 이유이다. 자살로 죽는 각 성인들에게는 20회 이상의 자살시도들이 있었을 것이라는 징후들이 있다. 자살의 75%는 중저소득 국가들에서 발생한다. 정신장애와 알콜의 위험한 사용은 전세계적으로 많은 자살에 기여한다. 사람들이 필요로 하는 보호관찰을 받을 수 있는 열쇠는 조기확인과 효과적인 관리이다.
팩트2. 정신과 물질의 사용장애는 전세계 신체 장애의 가장 큰 원인이다. 신체장애로 소실된 전 연령 23%의 이유는 정신과 물질 사용의 장애 때문이다.
바빠서 여기까지요^^;;
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