5 years ago1,000+ Views
Santur (also santūr, santour, santoor ) (Persian: سنتور‎) is a Iranian hammered dulcimer[1] It is a trapezoid-shaped box often made of walnut or different exotic woods. The Iranian classical santur has 72 strings, 18 sets of four. Characteristics The name santur was first referenced in ancient Iranian poetry.[citation needed] To date there has never been verifiable evidence what this name actually means, it is just a name and the only meaning it has in the Iranian language is this instrument.[citation needed] The oval-shaped Mezrabs (mallets) are feather-weight and are held between the thumb, index and middle fingers. A typical Iranian santur has two sets of bridges, providing a range of approximately three octaves. The right-hand strings are made of brass or copper,[2] while the left-hand strings are made of steel.[3] Two rows of 9 bridges called "kharak" (total of 18 kharaks) divide the santur into three positions. Over each bridge crosses four strings spanning horizontally across the right and left side of the instrument. There are three sections of nine pitches: each for the bass, middle and higher octave called Poshte Kharak (behind the left bridges) comprising 27 notes all together. The top "F" note is repeated 2 times, creating a total of 25 separate tones in the Santur. The Iranian santur is primarily tuned to a variety of different diatonic scales utilizing quarter tones, which are used in the twelve dastgahs (modes) of Iranian classical music called the Radif Derivations Similar forms of the santur have been present in neighboring cultures like India, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Armenia, Turkey, Iraq, China, and Greece. The Indian santoor is wider, more rectangular and has more strings. Its corresponding mallets are also held differently played with a different technique. The Chinese yangqin and the Greek santouri also derived from the santur.[citation needed] The eastern-European version of the santur called the cimballum is much larger and chromatic and used as an accompanying instrument in gypsy music
@gabyrich an Iranian dulcimer! I'm pretty sure you've posted about Chinese dulcimers before!
Oh how interesting! Thank you for pointing this out to me @cityofkyle! @farveharparsi this is a wonderful post, thank you for sharing! You should take a look at my Chinese instruments collection, I think you'll find that there are several instruments similar to Persian ones!