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Agathis borneensis - Borneo kauri, Malayan kauri, Western dammar, Dammar minyak (Malay)
Conservation Status Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered Agathis borneensis has in the past been confused with Agathis dammara, and the 1998 assessment of Agathis dammara treated Agathis borneensis as a synonym. Agathis endertii was also previously considered a good species (Farjon 1998, 2001) and hence assessed separately for the IUCN Red List, however, Farjon (2010) now considers it to be conspecific with Agathis borneensis. Deforestation and targeted logging have been ongoing for many years, have accelerated in recent decades, and are continuing to deplete the global population of this species, especially in Borneo and Sumatera which form the major part of its range. An estimate of 50% reduction between 1950 and 2025 is probably on the conservative side. This puts the species in the category Endangered. Agathis borneensis occurs in lowland to upland tropical rainforest as scattered emergent trees and in low lying kerangas forest on sandy or sometimes peaty soils, where it can form extensive pure stands. This species has been very heavily over-exploited in many areas and as a result its total area of occupancy (AOO) is estimated to have at least been reduced by half and this is still ongoing. Stands covering an estimated total of 30,000 ha discovered in Kalimantan in the 1930s had effectively been logged out by the mid 1960s. Most stands outside the few well protected nature reserves (mostly situated in the Malay Peninsula and in Sabah) have been seriously depleted and it is doubted that regeneration will be sufficient to restore the losses. Habitat degradation has caused further reductions in recruitment of young trees to replace felled ones. This species is one of the most valuable and sought after timber trees in Southeast Asia and it is traded on the international market. This species (and Agathis dammara) are planted on a fairly large scale in forestry plantations in Jawa, but only locally on a small scale within its native range. This species is present in several protected areas, but these only cover a tiny proportion of the global population and are skewed geographically to parts of Malaysia; in Indonesia there are few reserves relevant to this species. https://conifersgarden.com/encyclopedia/agathis/agathis-borneensis
Chia sẻ kinh nghiệm làm đẹp da (p2)
Chào cả nhà, em đã dùng sữa ong chúa được hơn 1 năm và giờ đây em cảm nhận được hiệu quả của sữa ong chúa mang lại. Bằng chứng là trước đây khi chưa dùng sữa ong chúa thì da em bị mụn cám và mụn trứng cá, có cả mụn bọc nữa, da em thuộc da dầu và lỗ chân lông to, nên khi dù dùng các loại kem hay thuốc trị mụn gì cũng không hết. Vì những vấn đề này xuất phát từ nội tiết tố trong cơ thể bị rối loạn, không cân bằng được. Em tìm đủ mọi phương pháp, uống tây, nam gì cũng không giảm được nhiều. Nhưng khi em biết đến sản phẩm sữa ong chúa tươi từ một người bạn, lúc đầu nghe nói e cũng không tin lắm, nhưng cũng tìm hiểu chỗ bán uy tín và đặt về dùng thử xem có hiệu quả không?. Sau khi em sử dụng được một thời gian, có khi em sẽ đắp mặt nạ sữa ong chúa tươi, có khi em sẽ trộn sữa ong chúa với các nguyên liệu tự nhiên khác, ví dụ như mật ong, tinh bột nghệ, bột yến mạch, hay bột trà xanh, nha đam,… mỗi tuần em chỉ đắp mặt nạ sữa ong chúa từ 2 - 3 lần vì da mặt em là da nhạy cảm nên không dám đắp nhiều. Cứ thế em đã kiên trì được một thời gian thì da mặt mình có sự thay đổi rõ ràng, khi soi gương mình không còn thấy mụn nổi nữa mà lỗ chân lông cũng đã nhỏ hơn trước, lượng dầu cũng giảm hẳn. Sáng ngủ dậy, rửa mặt thấy da mình trông trắng hồng và mịn màng nhìn thấy thích lắm. Bây gờ, chỉ cần một chút son là có thế ra đường đi cà phê với bạn bè rồi.
Top 5 Native Water Plants for Your Garden
Water gardens have been famous in both private and public locations since ancient times. Water has always been calming to all of our senses. Water also provides for the life that lives around your pond. With their unique colors and forms, water plants offer a wide variety of sizes, shapes and colors that will make your water garden an incredible oasis. There are so many native water plants that are used all over the world to make the gardens more alive and green. Here, you can read about the five best water plants for your garden or pond that raise the beauty of nature and give oxygen to the environment. Monkey Flower With several different native species you have options when it comes to flower color. Monkey Flower is an upright perennial that attracts Butterflies, Bees and other pollinators.Mimulus on average grow up to 18-24 inches, does well in shady areas. Arrow Arum This perennial plant grows best in bogs and shallow water, reaching heights of 2-3 feet on average. This water garden plant gets its name from its arrow shaped leaves. At one time there were 40 different varieties along with different colored blooms. Also does well in shady areas. Bog Bean They naturally grow in boggy and watery areas and have 3 parted green leaves and white to pinkishstar shaped flowers. Flowers generally late spring to late summer.Menyanthes trifoliate also known as buckbean is a very hardy plant that does well in full sun to part shade Golden Club A common emergent water plant that grows with green erect strapped like leaves that float on top of the water. With a waxy texture the leaves repel water. Orontiumaquaticumflowers are long and cylindrical with tiny yellow flowers. Give it full sun for best flower color. Horsetail Horsetail is one of the oldest surviving plant life forms and one of the most requested pond plants. A very hardy and easy to care for true aquatic plant. Stems can remain green even in cold climates, whether you choose the hymale (full size) or the scirpoides (dwarf) variety plant they will offer a great contrast in your pond. Both do well in sun to part shade. Conclusion So, these are some of the best native aquatic plants that you can put into your pond. Consider the size of the plant, water depth and the amount of sun they require when selecting waterplants for your pond. Now, it's your turn to make your water garden plant more attractive with these beautiful water plants.
Larix griffithii - Sikkim larch, Himalayan larch, Binya (Nepalese), Xizang hongshan (Chinese)
Conservation Status Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern Whilst logging of Larix griffithii occurs in some valleys, there are no reports that this has been or is causing a decline in the global population, which is widespread and numerous in large parts of the Himalayas. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern. The typical variety is also Least Concern and not assessed separately. Two varieties are recognized. The typical variety is relatively widespread in the eastern Himalayas while Larix griffithii var. speciosa (W.C.Cheng & Y.W.Law) Farjon is currently only known from NW Yunnan and SE Xizang. The typical variety is not threatened whereas var. speciosa has been separately assessed as Near Threatened. Larix kongboensis R.R.Mill, described from the Yarlung Zangbo river drainage in Xizang, is treated as a synonym of Larix griffithii var. griffithii. It occurs in pure forests up to the tree line, at lower elevations it is often mixed with Abies spectabilis, Abies densa, Pinus wallichiana, Picea spinulosa, Tsuga dumosa and Juniperus sp. Betula utilis and various large species of Rhododendron are the most common broad leaved trees associated with it. Logging would be of potential threat to this species if and where it was unsustainable, i.e. not allowing regeneration to productive age of the same species. Sikkim larch is of minor economic importance as a timber tree due to its occurrence in remote valleys and on high slopes. It was introduced to Britain in the 19th century but was not very successful and remains restricted to a few arboreta and other large gardens with collections of exotic trees, usually in countries or regions with a mild climate and rare occasions of frost. The main problem seems to be early flushing of leaves in regions with erratic warm spells in winter, which then get damaged by 'late' frosts. It would thus be expected to perform better in countries with a more continental, but not extreme winter cold climate. This species is present in some protected areas throughout its range. https://conifersgarden.com/encyclopedia/larix/larix-griffithii
Ait Ben Haddou Kasbah
The ksar, a group of earthen buildings surrounded by high walls, is a traditional pre-Saharan habitat. The houses crowd together within the defensive walls, which are reinforced by corner towers. Ait-Ben-Haddou, in Ouarzazate province, is a striking example of the architecture of southern Morocco. Located in the foothills on the southern slopes of the High Atlas in the Province of Ouarzazate, the site of Ait-Ben-Haddou is the most famous ksar in the Ounila Valley. The Ksar of Aït-Ben-Haddou is a striking example of southern Moroccan architecture. The ksar is a mainly collective grouping of dwellings. Inside the defensive walls which are reinforced by angle towers and pierced with a baffle gate, houses crowd together - some modest, others resembling small urban castles with their high angle towers and upper sections decorated with motifs in clay brick - but there are also buildings and community areas. It is an extraordinary ensemble of buildings offering a complete panorama of pre-Saharan earthen construction techniques. The oldest constructions do not appear to be earlier than the 17th century, although their structure and technique were propagated from a very early period in the valleys of southern Morocco. The site was also one of the many trading posts on the commercial route linking ancient Sudan to Marrakesh by the Dra Valley and the Tizi-n'Telouet Pass. Architecturally, the living quarters form a compact grouping, closed and suspended. The community areas of the ksar include a mosque, a public square, grain threshing areas outside the ramparts, a fortification and a loft at the top of the village, an caravanserai, two cemeteries (Muslim and Jewish) and the Sanctuary of the Saint Sidi Ali or Amer. The Ksar of Ait- Ben-Haddou is a perfect synthesis of earthen architecture of the pre-Saharan regions of Morocco. Criterion (iv): The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou is an eminent example of a ksar in southern Morocco illustrating the main types of earthen constructions that may be observed dating from the 17th century in the valleys of Dra, Todgha, Dadès and Souss. Criterion (v): The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou illustrates the traditional earthen habitat, representing the culture of southern Morocco, which has become vulnerable as a result of irreversible socio-economic and cultural changes Integrity (2009) All the structures comprising the ksar are located within the boundaries of the property and the buffer zone protects its environment. The earthen buildings are very vulnerable due to lack of maintenance and regular repair resulting from the abandonment of the ksar by its inhabitants. The CERKAS (Centre for the conservation and rehabilitation of the architectural heritage of atlas and sub-atlas zones) monitors, with difficulty, respect for the visual integrity of the property. Authenticity (2009) In comparison to other ksour of the region, the Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou has preserved its architectural authenticity with regard to configuration and materials. The architectural style is well preserved and the earthen constructions are perfectly adapted to the climatic conditions and are in harmony with the natural and social environment. The large houses in the lower part of the village, with well conserved decorative motifs, are regularly maintained. The construction materials used still remain earth and wood. The inclination to introduce cement has so far been unsuccessful, thanks to the continued monitoring of the «Comité de contrôle des infractions» (Rural Community, Town Planning Division, Urban Agency, CERKAS). Only a few lintels and reinforced concrete escaped its vigilance, but they have been hidden by earthen rendering. Particular attention is also paid to doors and windows giving on to the lanes, to ensure that the wood is not replaced by metal. Protection and management requirements (2009) Protection measures essentially relate to the different laws for the listing of historic monuments and sites, in particular the Law 22-80 concerning Moroccan heritage. The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou currently has a five-year management plan (2007-2012). This management plan is the result of two years of reflection and workshops involving all the persons and institutions concerned with the future of the site, in particular the local populations. The recommendations of this plan are being implemented. Furthermore, two management committees have been established (a local committee and a national one) in which all the parties are represented and cooperate in decision-making. As well as managing the property, CERKAS ensures coordination in the implementation of this management plan. visit our site for more informations...
Best Dog Food for Rottweilers
If you’ve ever been around a Rottweiler, then you know that while they might physically look intimidating, deep down inside they’re really lovable sweethearts. This breed of dog has earned a well-earned reputation of being fiercely loyal to their owners and being excellent guard dogs. Rottweilers also have high levels of intelligence, which is why they’re deployed in search and rescue missions, or when it comes to herding sheep. When you have a dog that possesses all of these qualities, the question to ask is: “What do you feed it?” A vet Aurora, CO vet takes some time to share the best dog food for Rottweilers. Physical Needs Rottweilers are stout, muscular creatures that typically weigh anywhere between 75 to 130 pounds. Due to their larger frames, they tend to fill out more as they get older. This puts more importance on their diets; what you feed them when they’re younger will affect them as they get older. If you have any more questions about your precious Rottweiler’s physical needs, take your dog to the local veterinarian Aurora, CO. Count Those Calories The experts at a veterinary clinic Aurora, CO will tell you that keeping your Rottweiler’s calorie levels under control is extremely important. Normal daily calorie intake for an average-sized Rottweiler that weighs 90 pounds is 2100. Dogs who have been neutered or spayed will not require as many calories, and neither will older dogs, due to their decreased activity levels. On the other hand, younger puppies that are still physically growing and highly active need extra calories to provide fuel for their bodies. Do not be surprised if you hear that some young Rottweilers consume 1870 calories on a daily basis. If you have questions on how many calories your beloved Rottweiler should be consuming, be sure to consult your nearest animal hospital Aurora, CO. The Best Foods for Rottweilers If you ask a staff member at a veterinary clinic Aurora, CO, they will tell you that a well-balanced diet for a Rottweiler is key. This means that your Rottweiler should be consuming foods that are high in protein, vitamins, minerals, and amino acids. All of these are necessary to keep your dog healthy and functioning at a high level. As far as actual dog food brands go, there are several that are great choices for your Rottweiler. Taste of the Wild Wetlands Dog Food is one particularly great brand that offers food that is all grain-free. It also includes plenty of omega-3 and omega-6, both of which play a role in keeping your dog’s organs and skin healthy. When you bring your dog to a pet clinic Aurora, CO, the staff is amazed by how healthy your dog looks. Another great brand of dog food is Royal Canin Rottweiler Adult Dog Food. This particular dog food is packed with nutrients such as EPA, DHA, and taurine, all of which promote healthy cardiac function. Overall this brand does a marvelous job of providing your dog with a balance of muscle mass and bone and joint health. For tips on other dog food brands that are ideal for your Rottweiler, be sure to ask a vet Aurora, CO. Ready to learn more about the best dog food for a Rottweiler? Make an appointment at your veterinarian Aurora, CO today.
Qu'est ce que le survivalisme ?
Le survivalisme par définition est un mode de vie qui constitue à une préparation à une éventuelle catastrophe. La préparation des survivants repose principalement sur l'apprentissage des techniques de survie et des concepts médicaux. Avec la bonne préparation, le bon équipement et les bons vêtements avec notre boutique militariat, vous pouvez survivre à la forêt ou prévenir les catastrophes. L'origine du survivalisme a commencé avec l'herbertisme. Il s'agit d'un événement pour former l'officier de marine Georges Hébert. Le but de cette activité est de devenir puissant et utile. Pour ce faire, il est nécessaire de réaliser une éducation sportive, nature et utilitaire. Aux États-Unis dans les années 1960, l'inflation et la dépréciation ont incité les gens à adopter l'idée de kits de sauvetage. À partir des années 1970, certains livres sur le mot « survie » et les méthodes appropriées ont commencé à paraître. Kurt Saxon sera le premier à utiliser le terme "survivaliste". Cependant, John Pugsley publiera "Strategy Alpha" dans les années 1980. Ce livre est devenu une référence pour les survivalistes américains. Dans les années 1990, le mythe du bug du millénaire a donné un nouvel élan au mouvement survivaliste. Les divers événements catastrophiques de 2000 à nos jours continuent d'alimenter la peur et de stimuler la motivation survivaliste. La survie est parfois liée aux croyances religieuses. Être préparé signifie parfois commencer un long voyage avec la famille, les amis et les voisins, mais parfois le voyage doit être commencé seul. Ne pas se préparer, bien ou mal, à l'effondrement imminent, souvent appelé survivalisme. En revanche, il peut y avoir rupture plus ou moins normale. Ils dépendent de l'âge, du sexe, du lieu de résidence, de la formation précédente, des personnes accompagnantes, du matériel disponible... Ainsi, notre magasin survivaliste a pour objectif de regrouper au même endroit du matériel utile et de qualité, et à un prix abordable, dans le respect des grandes règles des survivalistes : eau, alimentation, énergie, hygiène/santé, défense, et blog Connaissances. Par conséquent, nous ne parlerons pas d'invasion extraterrestre...