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Startup và kinh doanh nhỏ khác nhau ở điểm nào?

Startup là một cành cây, còn kinh doanh nhỏ là chiếc dù che. Bài viết sẽ giải nghĩa cho bạn tại sao lại như vậy? Để hiểu rõ hơn về điểm khác nhau giữa startup và kinh doanh nhỏ, tôi xin kể một câu chuyện như thế này: Tại một đất nước nhiệt đới, Tấn và Tuấn là hàng xóm của nhau sống cùng làng. Vì thời tiết nắng nóng, nên cả hai anh chàng đều cần một chút bóng mát cho cái sân sau nhà mình. Tấn nhanh chân đi trước ra chợ mua một cái dù che lớn, dĩ nhiên là nó khá đắt tiền và cũng hơi có tý bất tiện khi di chuyển. Nhưng dù sao đi nữa, thì cái dù ấy vẫn đủ che nắng cho anh trong những ngày nóng bức.
Tuấn rủ thêm Tú đi kiếm bóng mát, nhưng anh không ra chợ mà đi một mạch đến một vườn ươm cây giống. Tại đấy, anh mua một cái cây nhỏ để đem về nhà trồng giữa sân. Mọi người xung quanh nghĩ anh điên “mà đúng ảnh điên thật chứ không đùa“. Anh mang cái cây về rồi đào xới, tưới nước cho nó. Nhưng người tính không bằng trời tính, đất nhà anh không phù hợp để trồng loại cây ấy, nên được không bao lâu thì cành cây nhỏ chết đi. Và rồi thêm nhiều cái cây nhỏ tương tự anh trồng sau đó cũng chết theo. Mọi việc không được như ý anh dự định lúc ban đầu.
Nhưng Tuấn vẫn kiên trì, ảnh thử đủ loại cậy, bón đủ loại phân… Cuối cùng, một trong số những cái cây ấy cũng bắt đầu lớn và phát triển ngày một nhanh chóng. Tuy vậy, nhưng anh vẫn chưa nhận được tý xíu lợi lộc gì từ nó, bóng mát cũng không, mà trái cây thì cũng chẳng thấy. Trong khi đó, nó đã tiêu tốn của anh biết bao nhiêu nước tưới, thời gian và cả phân bón.
Sau nhiều năm, cành cây nhỏ ngày nào đã phát triển thành một thân cây lớn. Nó không chỉ cho Tuấn bóng mát mà còn tạo bóng râm cho đủ khu đất sau nhà. Ngoài ra, khi đến mùa đều đặn nó còn cho nhà anh thêm hoa quả. Anh còn làm cái xích đu cho con anh giải trí dưới tán cây và cũng bằng gỗ của cành cây. Còn cây dù che của Tấn ngày nào giờ đây vẫn thế, nó vẫn đủ che mát mình anh, nhưng nó không lớn thêm được chút nào, và dĩ nhiên cũng chẳng có hoa trái nào để cho anh thu hoạch cả. Kinh doanh nhỏ là một công việc của một cá nhân hay một tổ chức được thành lập ra để tìm kiếm lợi nhuận càng sớm tốt, có thể là ngay trong ngày đầu tiên ra buôn bán. Nó không đòi hỏi phải đầu tư quá nhiều công sức cũng như tiền bạc, rủi ro lại thấp. Tuy nhiên, rủi ro thấp thì cũng đồng nghĩa với cơ hội “đổi đời”, hoặc tạo ra điều đột phá sẽ “cực kỳ… cực kỳ thấp”. Startup cũng gần giống như cái cây nhỏ. Nó sẽ không cho bạn những lợi ích ngay lập tức hay lợi nhuận nhanh chóng, nhưng nó vẫn cứ tham lam “ăn dần” từ từ công sức, thời gian, tiền bạc của bạn và cả những người góp công. Hầu hết những cành cây bạn trồng sẽ chết trước khi nó kịp trở thành một cái cây lớn. Tuy nhiên, nếu nó “sống” được và phát triển lớn lên, nó có thể cho bạn những lợi ích “to lớn” lâu dài. Hơn thế nữa, nó còn sẽ tiếp tục sinh sôi thêm nhiều mầm cây con khác cho bạn vun trồng. Lúc này, bạn không trồng cây một mình nữa, mà có thể đủ tiền thuê thêm người trong làng chăm sóc thay bạn.
Startup và kinh doanh nhỏ khác nhau ở điểm nào? Hầu hết mọi người trên thế giới đều không hiểu startup. Họ cứ phàn nàn, thắc mắc “tại sao những người kia lại đầu tư vào những công ty Thương Mại Điện Tử hay công nghệ làm gì trong khi nó chẳng mang lại đồng lời nào?” Vậy bạn có thấy ông nông dân nào hôm nay trồng lúa, sáng mai muốn gặt liền không? Ông nông dân hy vọng sẽ được thấy thành quả sau một thời gian vun trồng kìa! Điều này tương tự như những người sáng lập và nhà đầu tư vào các dự án. Tuấn đã không thành công ngay trong lần đầu tiên trồng cây, mà anh ấy phải tìm nhiều cách, trồng nhiều cây, phải tìm cho ra loại cây nào có thể mọc được trên đất ấy và nó sẽ mọc to lớn. Startup cũng vậy thôi, họ phải kiên trì nhưng không nói trước được điều gì trước khi thành quả đến. Ai cũng thấy Tuấn đã chọn một con đường khó khăn, đội mưa giang nắng, chịu cực đủ cả. Trong khi đó thì Tấn lại đang ngồi dưới chiếc dù che mát mẻ. Điều này cũng đúng với việc làm Startup, rất nhiều người sáng lập sẵn sàng bỏ phần lợi ích qua một bên hay tìm cách tìm kiếm lợi nhuận nhanh chóng ngay trước mắt… mà họ nhìn về hướng tương lai phía sau cái họ đang vun trồng. Nhiều người sáng lập sẵn sàng bỏ phần lợi ích qua một bên hay tìm cách tìm kiếm lợi nhuận nhanh chóng ngay trước mắt, họ nhìn về hướng tương lai phía sau cái họ đang vun trồng. Một vài người sẽ hỏi rằng: “vậy tại sao lại không chọn cả hai cùng một lúc, vừa mua dù, vừa trồng cây?” Bằng cách đó, họ có thể có bóng mát cho đến khi cái cây đó lớn lên. Tương tự như vậy, một người sáng lập cũng tìm cách để có nguồn thu khi làm Startup, ví dụ như mở công ty dịch vụ chẳng hạn… Bằng cách này, một số người làm được, nhưng hầu hết còn lại thì không.Tại sao? Nếu bạn đang ở dưới một bóng mát, bạn sẽ “bớt” đi “nhiệt huyết” của người trồng cây. Bạn sẽ không dành đủ thời gian cho nó hoặc không đủ “nỗ lực hay động lực” để phát triển nó. Startup không giống như một loại cây thường mà là một loại cây tham lam. Nó sẽ không lớn nếu bạn chỉ tưới nước cho nó mỗi ngày chỉ 1 tiếng, mà phải 24/24 hằng ngày. Cuối cùng, sự lựa chọn và quyết định nào cũng là đúng đắn, chẳng có gì sai trái, chẳng có gì là nhỏ nhoi. Quan trọng nhất vẫn là “ý chí” và “hoài bão” của bạn, hãy chọn con đường cho riêng bạn và đi theo cách của bạn. Nếu bạn muốn có 50 cái dù che khắp làng, thì đó là việc của bạn, thực hiện đi! Theo: Tấn Đốm
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What are the special features of vacuum bags, what material are they made of?
https://baobikhangloi.com.vn/tui-hut-chan-khong-mang-ghep-pa-pe Depending on the purpose of packaging, we can use single-layer plastic bags or laminated film packaging (multi-layer) to vacuum. In theory, all types of plastic bags can be vacuumed, as long as they are thick enough to not tear under the strong suction of the vacuum. After the air is sucked out and sealed, the packaging must remain intact so that air does not re-enter the interior. For the purpose of vacuuming for family activities, most types of thick enough plastic bags can meet well. However, in industrial production, the story is completely different. Vacuum bags for frozen foods require the ability to withstand low temperatures for a long time without drying out, a phenomenon that common plastic materials such as LDPE, HDPE or PP all face. As for the purpose of packaging to minimize the volume and volume of packages such as pillowcases, comforters, mattresses, etc., The packaging used needs to be soft and flexible but still has to be strong enough to withstand extreme suction, compressing the product inside to the smallest possible size. High-thickness Low-density Polyethylene (LDPE) bags can meet these packaging requirements. When the vacuum cleaner sucks the air out of the package, it creates wrinkles and shrinks on the package. With stiffer materials such as Polypropylene (PP) or High-density Polyethylene (HDPE), these creases can form tearing folds that lead to packaging failure. Vacuum LDPE bags can also be added to the material tank when being produced, adding a toughness additive to the material tank, which improves packaging performance significantly. Returning to the vacuum-sealed plastic bag for frozen food, manufacturers need to find a material that can withstand strong suction to completely remove the air inside, and can withstand freezing temperatures for a long time. There are many engineering plastics that can meet this requirement, but they have problems with heat sealing. And most importantly, they have not been proven to be safe and approved for food storage according to the standards issued in many countries. Using such packaging would be very unsafe, and the product contained inside would almost no longer have a chance to be exported. And the main solution is a type of laminated film packaging made up of many layers of materials combined to create outstanding properties, with the innermost layer in direct contact with the product being food safe materials (LDPE). and outer layers are engineering plastics with outstanding properties. There are many types of vacuum bags with different compositions such as PET/PE, PA/PE, PE/PA/EVOH, OPET/PP, OPA/PP, etc. There are also bags due to special requirements that are composed of 5, even 7 different layers of film. The selection of the right type of vacuum bag will be based on the needs and responsiveness of each type of material that makes them up. For example, bags made of PA/PE are safe to boil at 100°C, but cannot be sterilized at 121°C, but PA/PP or PET/PP bags can. This is because the melting point of PE is only 120°C and PP is up to 165°C. There is one thing in common among all vacuum bags currently on the market, is that they can all be considered freezer safe, because this is the core purpose of this type of packaging.
There are 2 groups of plastic bags that are recognized as environmentally friendly:
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How to calculate the thickness of PE bags suitable for your product
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Delicate or more detailed items also require a slightly thicker plastic bag to prevent goods from being scratched, broken or broken. • The use time of the packaging: Is your product consumed immediately or to save, and how long it takes to reach the user? And you or customers wishing to reuse this packaging too? A reusable bag must have at least 50 micrometers thickness, and the thicker the plastic bag, the harder it is, the harder it is to be crispy and torn when it goes through a long period of use. Some manufacturers of pillows, mattresses, suitcases ... often use thick packaging so customers can take advantage of these bags themselves in preserving, avoiding dust and product moisture when not in use. This is a particularly sophisticated thing and can create better images for the brand. • Economic efficiency: With thinner thickness, the price of each plastic bag will be cheaper due to the use of less materials to create packaging. 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How to calculate the weight of a plastic bag when knowing the size and thickness
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Criteria for choosing plastic packaging from the manufacturer's perspective
https://baobikhangloi.com.vn/tieu-chi-lua-chon-bao-bi-nhua-duoi-goc-nhin-cua-nha-san-xuat 1. What plastic material will be suitable for your packaging? To determine the material, let's take a look at the characteristics of each of the major resins commonly used. Polyethylene (PE) packaging is the most basic in terms of both production process and appearance. They are cheap and easy to manufacture, and therefore occupy a large market share, appearing in all supply chains to retail chains. PE plastic is divided into HDPE or LDPE (high density and low density). HDPE bags are hard and strong, have more opacity than LDPE. LDPE plastic bags are more resilient and can be stretched than HDPE. Bags made of PP (Polypropylene) or OPP (Orient-Polypropylene) are much harder and transparent than PE, but they are also very easy to tear when there is a puncture or scratch. In addition to the type of plastic, customers can also decide to use virgin plastic or recycled plastic, mixed with a certain ratio. Usually, to save costs for customers, manufacturers also often recommend that they order bags from recycled polyethylene. However, manufacturers still do not have a unified standard on the mixing ratio and a general assessment of the impact on the durability of recycled bags. Of course, their mechanical properties such as strength and toughness will decrease as the mixing ratio is increased. In addition, they will not look as good as products made of virgin plastic. Even a non-professional can tell with the naked eye that he is holding a bag made of recycled plastic in his hand. Not all manufacturers agree to use recycled plastic in their production processes, especially for food packaging items. This form of cost savings can only be realized when producing packaging for the secondary market. Products made from recycled plastic are often cloudy, gray or dirty beige. People often produce black plastic bags to cover these defects.
Technical data sheet: properties and parameters of plasic resin
https://baobikhangloi.com.vn/bang-du-lieu-ky-thuat-cac-dac-tinh-va-thong-so-cua-hat-nhua 1. Melt Flow Index (MFI) Melt Flow Index (MFI) or also known as flow rate - Melt Flow Rate (MFR) is a measure of the ability of molten plastic to move under a specific pressure. This is an important, regularly tested metric as they tell us and control the flow of molten plastic from the tank through the screw to the blow mold, die, injection molding head or any other parts that have any other shaping function. MFI is inversely proportional to the viscosity of the resin. Low MFI means high viscosity materials, they flow with greater resistance and hence slower than low viscosity materials. The MFI can be the only indicator on the technical data sheet that has no specific value that can vary significantly from batch to batch with the same resin code. This is because polymer copolymerization is unlikely to take place precisely at the molecular level. The length of the polymer chains affects the average molecular weight and viscosity of the finished product, and changes the MFI. In many cases, MFI index is the criterion to evaluate the quality of a batch produced on the same type of plastic resin and manufacturer. The MFI index tells us which materials are suitable for which type and treatment method in the manufacturing industry. Injection molding machines, blow extruders tend to be suitable for materials with high flow rates (low viscosity). The extruder is compatible with low flow rate (high viscosity) materials. Strict control of the MFI value of input materials is important to the productivity and quality of the product. The MFI number exceeds the normal level, causing the plastic to be pushed out too quickly, and if it is too low, will cause the plastic to flow out too slowly. In all cases, other parameters on the mechanical system are affected. There are two methods of measuring plastic flow, automatic or manual, based on ASTM D1238 or ISO 1133 test standards. The manual measurement process, temporarily called process A, is useful for organizations whom do occasional testing, using a variety of materials in order to find a better and more suitable material for their production of plastic products job. Process B, on the other hand, is an automated process, ideal for organizations that repeatedly test the same material under different conditions, to find the correct value for scientific purposes. Theoretically, both methods, if properly implemented, should give identical test results. The range of factors that can affect MFI flow index test results is very wide. For accurate results, it is necessary to be aware of each problem, strictly follow the equipment inspection and maintenance procedures. The plastometer machine used in the test is constructed of a temperature-controlled cylindrical material tank. The resin introduced into this tube, after being melted, is forced to flow through a capillary tube with a diameter of 2,095 mm at the bottom of the barrel, under the pressure of a piston actuated by a standard weight. The mass of molten plastic in grams that flows through the capillary in 10 minutes is the MFI of the material. There is also a slight difference between standards ASTM D1238 and ISO 1133. But they perform essentially the same function, and the manufacturers consider them to be technically equivalent. ASTM D1238 is the test method for measuring MFI flow rates for thermoplastics expressed in units of grams/10 minutes. And ISO 1133 standard defines volumetric melt rate (MVR) in cm3/ 10 minutes The melt volume (MVR) obtained in the ISO 1133 test, multiplied by the melt density gives the MFI. However, it should be noted that the density when melted plastic is not the same as the density of the material under normal conditions. For example, Polypropylene has a specific density of 0.91 grams/cm3 but their melting density is only 0.70 grams/cm3. Applying the density or density value under normal conditions to calculate the MFI with the MVR value gives misleading results.