When Japan surrendered to the Allies at the close of World War II, it brought along several other related incidences; one which was not related, and was not seen to come, was the division of Korea in to North Korea (the democrat people’s republic of Korea) and South Korea (the republic of Korea). As the war was coming to an end, both the United States as well as the Soviet had come to an agreement that they were going to accept Japan’s surrender in Korea. This would leave the USSR occupying Korea north of the 38th parallel line ruled by Kim Il-sung; the United States would occupy the country south of the 38th parallel line ruled by Syngman Rhee on August 17. This was the agreement made, and it was to remain in effect until the country could come to terms and agree upon some kind of unified form of government, to occupy the entire country. Both the United States and the Soviet representatives claimed that they were the legitimate representative form of government for the Korean people as a whole. This created tension along the 38th parallel, which was the line that divided the Northern and the Southern borders (controlled respectively by the United States and the Soviet Union).