Drug consumers will no longer be subject to mandatory minimum sentences, which often tie judges hands and assign long prison terms to non-violent criminals. This means the end of "one size fits all" punishments and is a huge change in the way the 'drug war' is fought. Holder mentioned the disparity in how different races are treated, highlighting the fact that minorities often face harsher punishments than others. The U.S. prison population has grown by a staggering 800% since 1980 and federal prisons are operating at 40% above capacity. The prison system costs over $80 billion dollars to operate annually, with the majority of prisoners returning upon their release. The administration is making these changes without passing a law in congress.