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Lee Dong Wook - Cosmopolitan Magazine September Issue '13

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He sooo attractive and he kind of looks foreign(non korean)! Oppa😍
I just love him. <3
I love Lee Dong Wook. He looks great here!
He looks like a guy from Spain ❤😊Hot
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Why And How To Use A Niacinamide Serum
Niacinamide may not get as much attention as retinol and vitamin C, but it is a skincare powerhouse that deserves equal recognition. It is the definition of a multitasker, offering a host of distinct benefits that make it a good choice for a wide range of skin types and complexion issues. However, incorporating it into your current skincare routine might sound difficult. Is it OK to use niacinamide along with vitamin C and/or retinol? Is hyaluronic acid a viable alternative? We weigh in on everything you need to know about using niacinamide. What is niacinamide, exactly? Simply put, it's a B vitamin, one of two forms of vitamin B3, and it participates in a number of critical cellular operations in the skin. What benefits does it have for the skin? Buckle your seatbelts, because this is going to be a long list. Niacinamide is a fantastic treatment for acne-prone skin. Niacinamide reduces sebum production, which can help prevent acne and shine. The vitamin is also known for its anti-inflammatory qualities, which aid in the treatment of acne and other skin conditions such as eczema. Niacinamide helps to build the skin barrier, which is advantageous to people who have eczema or sensitive skin. It is also an efficient skin lightening agent, treating hyperpigmentation by blocking pigment transfer from pigment-producing cells known as melanocytes to skin cells on the surface where discoloration is visible. As if that wasn't enough, there's evidence that niacinamide can help to reduce wrinkling and photoaging by maintaining cell function and repairing DNA damage. To summarise, niacinamide has very few limitations. Is it OK to mix niacinamde and retinol? Yes! In fact, retinol and niacinamide are recommended together for faster effects. The soothing characteristics of niacinamide can also assist to alleviate the unpleasant side effects and irritation that usually accompany retinol's wrinkle-fighting effectiveness. Is it safe to combine with other ingredients? Yes, as a general rule, which is why it's found in many skincare products and is easy to incorporate into your present routine. Niacinamide is frequently coupled with salicylic acid, a beta-hydroxy acid typically found in acne products, due to its acne-fighting qualities. Combining niacinimadie's oil-removal properties with salicylic acid's ability to break down excess oil is an effective way to keep pores free and breakouts at bay. Niacinamide is an ideal choice for combining with alpha-hydroxy acids, which are chemical exfoliants that can cause skin irritation, due to its anti-inflammatory and skin barrier-strengthening effects. Because the AHAs exfoliate the dead skin cells that would otherwise make it impossible for the niacinamide to enter, combining them boosts the efficacy of the niacinamide. Finally, because niacinamide and hyaluronic acid can both help with dry skin, they are frequently mixed. What is the one thing that the jury is still out on? Vitamin C. Because vitamin C might inactivate niacinamide, the applications should be separated by 15 minutes. In truth, the two would have to be heated in order to interact negatively, and more and more cosmetics are combining the two in skin-brightening formulations. The bottom conclusion is that if you utilise a product that contains both vitamin C and niacinamide, it was most likely specifically designed to work together. If you're using two different products that include these chemicals, wait 15 minutes between applications or use one in the morning and the other in the evening. Should I use niacinamide? Sure, in a nutshell. One of the nicest aspects of niacinamide is not only the vast list of benefits it offers, but also how well it is tolerated, particularly by those with sensitive skin. This makes it an enticing choice for those whose skin is sensitive to more common acne or skin lightening agents like benzoyl peroxide or retinoids.
Vingle love 4 Cmtys!
It’s the last card of the Series and time to highlight the Top communities! You know the ones, In the Thousands that have been in the care of so many amazing people throughout the years! This is a card to show appreciation to the Presidents currently still bringing life and happiness into communities!  To highlight 2, The Kpop cmty and The BTS cmty are highly active and has so many cards! The Presidents @Halsyeon and @Yugykookie along with their Editors have done stupendous work with managing the cmty’s that get so many cards!      ▪☆▪☆▪☆▪☆▪☆▪☆▪☆▪ There are 13 Cmty’s being mentioned in this card! Also to include a couple extra high cmtys. KDrama, Quotes, & Travel.  may not be in the Music genre but wanted to include them because well I do like to keep an eye on the cmty’s that interlock with the kpop world, PLUS KDRAMA lol.           ●☆●☆●☆●☆●☆●☆● For some of these cmty’s They are recently coming up or just came up to term So Presidents named are who has Monitored over the last couple months and the changes presented are in their time frame!!! Thank you to all the Presidents for doing such amazing work! Top Communities! 13. Its time to see the tracking. How many new members have these cmtys gotten since the begining of Feb! ▪▪▪▪▪▪▪▪▪▪▪▪▪▪▪▪▪▪▪ VIXX 》     Cmty Had 11.4k members With the President being @MaeLyn      It is now currently at 11.8k members!    Thats fantastic! T.O.P 》   Cmty Had 12.7k members With the President being @Starbell808    It is now currently at 12.9k        100 BTS 》    Cmty Had 14.4k members With the President being @Yugykookie It was at 14.5 on feb 18th  It is now currently at 15.3k    .9k- 900 new members!! Great Job in your cmty girl!! G-Dragon  》   Cmty Had 15.5k members With the President being @BBxGD. It is now currently at    15.7k    .2k= 200 Shinee 》   Cmty Had 16.8k members With the President being @VixenViVi    It is now currently at 17k That is .2k-200 new members! Super Junior  》   Cmty Had 18.9k members With the President being @QueenPandaBunny It is now currently at 19.2k    .3k=300 EXO  》   Cmty Had 20.7k members With the President being @MelissaGarza It is now currently at 21.2k    .4k = 400 new members! AsianMale Stars. 》 Cmty Had 36.7k members With the President being @BBxGD It is now currently at    36.9k    .2k-200 Koreanstars. 》 64.7k members With the President being @DefSoul This is a new one I saw so Im sorry It doesnt have a beginning number. Kpop  》 Cmty Had 113.2k members With the President being @Halsyeon   114.7k    members currently. There are 1500 new members! Its a popping! K-Dramas   》  Cmty Had 139.3k members With the President being @SweetDuella It is now currently at 140k    .7k= 700 Quotes 》  Cmty Had 151.6k members With the President being @ jazminramirez9    It is now currently at 152.7k     with 1.1k- 1100 new members! Travel  》  Cmty Had 156.1k members With the President being @ Carcake It is now currently at 157k    .9k= 900 fam tag! new updated list!  @SugaKookieV @StefaniTre  @SimplyAwkward @Starbell808 @SerenaArthurs @Sugasadamsapple @BabydollBre  @WinKonVIP    @Taekookimonster  @ESwee @Just2BLoved  @QueenPandaBunny   @Yugykookie97 @kpopandkimchi  @VKookie47 @MelissaGarza  @VeronicaArtino  @tinafalcon22 @tigerlily84 @Taekookimonster   @JaxomB  @divanicola05  @ynsamgwlk @rchacon19 @cns1391  @PolarStarr  @rocklvr @BTSARMYBOI @QueenyCrossGene @BTSMicdrop
Everything You Wanted To Know About Laser Hair Removal
Unwanted facial and body hair can have an impact on how we feel, how we interact with others, what we wear, and what we do. Shaving, plucking, bleaching and epilation using a device that pulls out multiple hairs at once are all options for concealing or removing unwanted hair. Electrolysis, which uses an electrical current to destroy individual hair follicles, and laser therapy are longer-term options. So, what exactly is laser hair removal? What can it accomplish? And what are the negative consequences? How does laser therapy work? Lasers emit a single wavelength of light in a single colour. The energy from the light is transferred to the skin and hair pigment melanin when it is directed at the skin. This causes the surrounding tissue to heat up and become damaged. However, in order to remove hair permanently while causing the least amount of damage to the surrounding tissue, the laser must be directed at specific cells. These are the hair follicle stem cells, which are located in the hair bulge. People are carefully shaved before treatment because the skin surface contains melanin, which we want to avoid damaging. Will it be effective in permanently removing hair? Laser treatment can permanently reduce hair density or permanently remove unwanted hair. Because permanent hair density reduction means that some hairs will regrow after a single course of therapy, patients will require ongoing laser treatment. Permanent hair removal means that no hairs in the treated area will regrow after a single course of therapy, and there is no need for ongoing laser therapy. The following factors influence whether hair is permanently removed or simply reduced in density: the colour and thickness of the treated hairs the colour of the patient's skin the type and quality of the laser used and the competence and training of the laser operator However, if you have grey hairs that lack melanin pigmentation, current lasers will not work. What number of treatments will I require? The number of treatments required is determined by your Fitzpatrick skin type. This categorises your skin based on its colour, sun sensitivity, and proclivity to tan. Skin that is pale or white, burns easily, and rarely tans (Fitzpatrick types 1 and 2) With 4-6 treatments every 4-6 weeks, people with dark hair can usually achieve permanent hair removal. People with fair hair will generally only achieve permanent hair reduction, and after an initial course of treatment, they may require 6-12 monthly treatments. Light brown skin that occasionally burns and gradually tans to light brown (type 3) With 6-10 treatments every 4-6 weeks, people with dark hair can usually achieve permanent hair removal. People with fair hair will usually only achieve permanent hair reduction, and after an initial course of treatment, they may require 3-6 monthly follow-up treatments. Moderate brown to dark brown skin that rarely burns and tans well (type 4 and 5) With 6-10 treatments every 4-6 weeks, people with dark hair can usually achieve permanent hair reduction. 3-6 monthly repeat treatments are usually required for maintenance. People with light-colored hair are unlikely to respond. Re-treatments must be spaced far enough apart to allow new hair growth to reach the bulge's level. What complications or side effects should I be aware of? To protect your eyes, you will be advised to wear goggles during treatment. You will also feel some discomfort during treatment, especially during the first few sessions. This is primarily due to not removing all hair in the treatment area prior to the procedure. Hairs that are not shaved absorb laser energy and heat the skin's surface. Repeat treatments at regular intervals reduce pain. After laser treatment, your skin will feel hot for 15-30 minutes. For up to 24 hours, there may be redness and swelling. Does the type of laser make a difference? The type of laser influences not only how well it works, but also your risk of side effects. Long-pulse ruby lasers, long-pulse alexandrite lasers, long-pulse diode lasers, and long-pulse Nd:YAG lasers are all suitable for hair removal. Intense pulsed light (IPL) devices are not lasers, but rather flash lamps that emit multiple wavebands of light at the same time. They function similarly to lasers, albeit less effectively, and have a much lower chance of permanently removing hair. To reduce the risk of damaging melanin-producing cells on the skin's surface, the laser used and how it is used can be tailored to your skin type. People with fair skin and dark hair can use an IPL device, an alexandrite laser, or a diode laser; those with dark skin and dark hair can use a Nd:YAG or diode laser; and those with blond or red hair can use a diode laser. Short laser pulses are used to control the spread of heat and unwanted tissue damage. The laser's energy is also adjusted: it must be strong enough to damage the bulge cells but not so strong that it causes discomfort or burns. Can I do it myself if I buy a home laser device? Home laser devices and IPL home devices range in price from $200 to $1,000. However, they do not work as well and must be used on a regular basis to maintain hair reduction. Only people with fair skin (Fitzpatrick types 1 and 2) and dark hair have their parameters set. Energy settings are limited for safety reasons. Complications may still arise in inexperienced hands. This includes skin pigmentation changes, burns, pain, and blistering. Medical grade lasers, on the other hand, must be registered with the government's regulatory agency, the Therapeutic Goods Administration. There are also national and state-based regulations governing the facility where the laser is used, as well as mandatory laser safety training and state-based qualifications and licencing for laser operators. As a result, a safe and regulated laser in the hands of a skilled dermatologist is advised. When should you see your doctor? Excess hair is not always a cause for concern. However, severe hirsuitism or excessive growth of dark and coarse hair over areas of the body where it would not normally grow or hypertrichosis excess hair growth for someone's age, sex, or race can be indicators of underlying illness. Extra androgen hormones can cause hirsutism, especially if it is accompanied by symptoms such as irregular periods or acne. Later in life, hypertrichosis can be a sign of cancer. Your dermatologist can look into these.
Top 5 Kdrama Actors And Actresses That Need To Come Back To Dramas
I'm pretty satisfied with the current dramascape, in terms of my biases taking on dramas left and right (Yoon Eun Hye doing I Miss You, Park Shi Hoo coming out with Cheongdamdong Alice, which is going to be terrible but lets delusion ourselves here for a moment) But a ton of my beloved actors and actresses have been missing in action, some for years, others for months and their absence has been equally upsetting to me. Here is my list of actors and actresses that need a comeback, in order of priority: Actors - 1) Jung Il Woo - I know that Moon That Embraces the Sun is quite recent but I last seen him in Flower Boy Ramyun Shop and it was the drama that made me fall in love with him. His acting can be a little too much but he is such delicious eye candy; he needs to do another comedy so I can be simultaneously smitten and entertained by him. 2) Lee Min Ki - I've only watched Dal Ja's Spring and Shut Up Flower Boy Band with him but this guy is a powerhouse both in acting and looks. It's a shame that it's been years since he starred in a drama. At this point, I don't have much hope left for his comeback, do you? 3) Lee Dong Wook - his last drama (Wild Romance) is comparably recent although it does feel like it's been a long time ago. I haven't managed to get into that drama so it's been a LDW drought for me since Scent of a Woman. Earnestly waiting and hoping for another project from him! 4) Hyun Bin - he is been in the army in the last two years leaving a huge void in the kdrama industry that no one has managed to fill. Can he announce his new project like next week? 5) Seo In Guk - yes, I know his recent drama is really really recent (Answer Me 1997, just this summer) but I already want this guy back on my screen! Besides, his costar Eun Ji has moved on to a new drama and he should too. Update: ohh, apparently Seo In Guk is in a drama right now! It's a weekend/family drama called Rascal Sons. How did it fly under my radar! Actresses - 1) Han Hyo Joo - she is a big bias of mine ever since Spring Waltz and Brilliant Legacy. She has been doing a lot of movies but nothing on the kdrama front. Again, at this point I've lost hope that she will ever come back to dramas. 2) Ha Ji Won - loved, loved her performance in King2hearts and since I have no problems with typecasting nothing will make me more happy than to see her comeback with another badass and awesome role. 3) Yoo In Na - she has totally won me over with her performance in Queen In Huyn's Man and I'm really looking forward to seeing her adorable smile back on screen. 4) Kim Sun Ah - her latest project I Do, I Do is also quite recent but there can never be too much Kim Sun Ah, ever! I feel her range of characters becomes more limiting as she gets older but I'm always amazed at how well she delivers in every single role she takes on. 5) Seo Ye Jin - I've only seen her in Personal Taste but I really enjoyed her acting in that drama. She's been doing movies it seems, but no one cares about those, so she better do another drama! Honorable mention goes to Jang Geun Suk who I miss dearly but who is going through some crazy phase making bizarre MVs in Japan and clubbing and I give him permission to enjoy himself before he comes back to dramas. For the actresses, honorable mention goes out to Suzy who needs another main lead role! (so we can all forget the horror that was Big) Did I miss anyone important? Who do you want to see make a comeback?
Should You Get Laser Hair Removal - Pros And Cons
The truth is that when it comes to removing body hair, you have options, and you should weigh them all before making a decision. You can quickly shave everything away, but hair grows back in a matter of days. Depilatory creams dissolve hair in seconds, but they smell like a wet dog mixed with gasoline. If you want to remove hair more thoroughly, you could try waxing or sugaring, which snatches the hair at the root. Hair doesn't grow back for weeks, but waxing is a painful procedure that causes itching when the hair grows back. There are more long-term options, such as electrolysis. Electrolysis involves inserting a super-fine needle into each hair follicle to deliver an electric current that kills the hair follicle. If you think it sounds painful, you'd be correct, and a session can be time-consuming. That brings us to laser hair removal, a popular semi-permanent hair removal method that damages the hair follicle in order to reduce hair growth. The laser detects hair solely by focusing on pigment cells found in the hair follicle. The laser burns all the way down the hair follicle and root once the melanin in the hair is targeted. You can throw away your razor and cancel your waxing appointments after a few sessions. But, before you book your first session, we've broken down the benefits and drawbacks of laser hair removal. Let's look at the benefits and drawbacks of laser hair removal. What are the advantages? While laser hair removal does not permanently remove hair, it does significantly reduce hair growth to the point where you can stop shaving. It can be done anywhere on the body, and the machine can cover large areas quickly. The legs, the back, the underarms, the bikini line, the stomach, the face... There are no restrictions on where you can get laser hair removal. In terms of pain, laser hair removal is somewhere between shaving (painless) and waxing (holy hell that hurts). It also becomes less painful as the treatments progress and the hair becomes finer. What are the disadvantages? It's a lengthy procedure. A laser hair removal session on the underarms takes less than a minute. However, it takes several sessions to see real results, ranging from three to eight depending on the size of the area, and you must usually wait four weeks between treatments. It is pricey. If you add up how much you've spent on razors and bikini wax sessions over the course of your life, the $200-$400 per session of laser hair removal may be worth it. Consider laser hair removal to be a beauty investment. Laser hair removal works best on fair skin with dark hair and worse on darker skin because the contrast between the colour of the skin and the colour of the pigment in the hair follicle allows the laser to easily pick out what to target. In patients with darker skin tones, the pigment-rich skin competes for the laser's attention with the hair follicle. This isn't to say that it isn't a possibility for people with darker skin, but you'll want to make sure the facility you visit is properly equipped. On all skin types, certain lasers, such as the Nd:YAG, are better at distinguishing between hair and skin. Laser hair removal may result in burns or scars on the skin if performed by an untrained technician. Regrettably, licencing procedures differ from state to state, and in some cases, there are no requirements at all. Be wary of "laser centres," and make sure to ask where your laser technician received his or her certification to perform the procedure. Even a dermatologist who wishes to provide laser hair removal treatments must undergo additional training. Because laser treatment is not taught in medical school, physicians who perform laser treatments must also be trained and certified.
The Truth About Hormonal Acne And How To Control It
Indian women's hormonal environments have changed dramatically as a result of increased stress and poor lifestyle choices. When it comes to polycystic ovaries, the condition is a hereditary one that can be passed down from mother to daughter. A hormonal imbalance known as PCOS or PCOD has become more common among women and young girls as obesity has become more common. Despite the fact that PCOD is a gynaecological condition marked by irregular menstruation, it is most commonly diagnosed when patients visit a dermatologist for persistent acne, hirsutism, or hair loss. So, as a dermatologist, when do I suspect PCOS or hormonal acne? Suspicion usually arises during a consultation when one or more of the following factors are present: * Inflammatory acne exacerbated by premenstrual hormones. * Acne predominantly on the lower half of their face, the jawline, and upper neck. * Hair loss and/or hirsutism are also present. * Intense acne brought on by menstrual irregularities or PCOS. Acne that does not respond to conventional acne treatments like topicals, antibiotics, or chemical peels is likely hormonal acne if none of the above factors can be ruled out. Is it possible for a dermatologist to tell whether or not acne is caused by hormones? It's a little complicated here. It is suggested that you undergo a series of blood tests. A clear hormonal imbalance may be discovered, or the results may be within normal ranges. While normal test results don't exclude PCOD as a possibility, the ratios of different investigations are taken into account when making this determination. The clinical diagnosis may be correct even if laboratory tests are negative! When do you have your hormonal tests? The use of anti-androgen medications is usually not recommended during the first consultation if the clinical diagnosis of hormonal acne is clear. Conventional acne treatment is started and response is tracked. Investigations may not be required if the response is adequate. After 6-8 weeks of treatment, if the patient does not improve, hormonal testing may be recommended. Is it necessary to treat hormonal acne and PCOS acne with hormones in all cases? No, that's not always the case. Patients who need a quick response and are open to hormonal treatment begin taking the medication at the beginning of their acne treatment. Patients who don't want to take hormones are prescribed antibiotics/retinoids, including topical and oral forms, as well as chemical peels. To effectively control mild to moderate hormonal acne, I typically use advanced chemical peels such as Agera, Obagi Blue peel Radiance, and Azelan. The patient is encouraged to start taking medication if his or her response does not improve after 3-4 sessions. Patients who do not see improvement after 6-8 sessions are re-explained that oral anti-androgen medication is needed to control acne. Acne is a completely curable dermatology lifestyle disorder. Non-hormonal acne takes 1-2 months to treat, while hormonal acne takes 3-6 months. Hormonal acne requires a more stringent maintenance plan as well. This may comprise of customised skin care as well as ocassional chemical peels. You should find yourself a dependable dermatologist and start a long-term relationship.
6 Easy Ways To A Smooth Neck
Because the skin on your neck is some of the thinnest on your body, it is also one of the first places to show signs of ageing. Here are six ways to make your neck look younger and address everything from sun damage to sagging on this delicate area. 1. WEAR SUNSCREEN EVERY SINGLE DAY. Your dermatologist will agree that a nickel-sized amount of sunscreen applied to your neck and chest every day will help prevent collagen breakdown and the formation of sunspots. Don't forget to massage the sides and back of your neck. 2. MAINTAIN YOUR SKIN'S MOISTURIZATION. Again, the skin on your neck is thinner and has fewer oil glands than the rest of your body, so keeping the area hydrated is essential for a smoother overall texture. Look for peptide-containing creams (which can help stimulate new collagen growth) and apply them in gentle, upward strokes from your chest to your jawline. 3. RECLAIM YOUR BEAUTY SLEEP. Do you always wake up with pillow lines on the side of your neck? Apply one of these silicone patches before going to bed to keep your skin from crinkling while you sleep. You'll wake up with a smoother neck and less chance of further damage. 4. FOCUS ON CORRECT POSTURE. The amount of time we spend looking down at our phones and screens has resulted in what we now refer to as "tech neck." The simplest solution would be to limit screen time entirely, but more realistically, you should keep everything as close to eye level as possible to avoid unnecessary wrinkling. 5. GIVE LASER TREATMENTS A GO AHEAD. Still have fine lines on your neck? Fraxel lasers, stimulate your body's natural repair process to promote collagen growth. Fraxel can also be used to treat any dark spots or broken capillaries in the area, giving you a more even complexion. 6. ULTRASOUND TREATMENT FOR SERIOUS REPAIR. Ultherapy or Ultracel is your best non-surgical option for deeper, more stubborn lines and sagging. The FDA-approved treatment uses heat generated by focused sonic waves to penetrate deeper into the skin and stimulate the production of new collagen. Take note that the effect is gradual, and most patients notice a lifting effect three to six months after the initial treatment, so be patient.