robertr
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Exxon's Illegal Dumping

Exxon discharged the water from waste tanks at the Pennsylvania well in 2010, according to a statement on the website of Pennsylvania’s attorney general. The pollution was found during an unannounced visit by the state’s Department of Environmental Protection. The inspectors discovered a plug removed from a tank, allowing the wastewater to run onto the ground, polluting a nearby stream. Exxon was ordered to remove 3,000 tons of soil to clean up the area. Wastewater discharged from natural-gas wells can contain chlorides, barium, strontium and aluminum, the attorney general’s statement showed. This is pretty despicable. How can we make sure it doesn't happen again?
robertr
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valuing environmental goods and services is always tough (being rival but nonexcludable)
@curtisb I am not sure to be honest. I have very little knowledge of what the standards are in these cases, but I would hope somewhere north of 5 million at least.
Im betting the fine will be extremely small though. How muchd o you predict?
@curtisb hit them where it hurts, their wallets
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Bagaimana Suka Mempengaruhi Kinerja Anda Secara Keseluruhan Meskipun suka hanya salah satu jenis keterlibatan di Instagram, mendapatkan lebih banyak suka adalah cara yang pasti untuk meningkatkan atau meningkatkan eksposur Anda. Dengan suka, Instagram Anda post kemungkinan akan pindah ke posisi yang lebih tinggi di feed pengguna. Ini berarti Bahwa Anda akan mendapatkan lebih banyak keterlibatan Instagram, lalu lintas, dan Anda juga lebih cenderung mendarat di halaman jelajahi. Tentu saja, ini hanya bisa terjadi jika Anda memiliki konten yang baik dan kompetitif dibandingkan dengan pesaing Anda atau pengguna Instagram lainnya. Cara Mendapatkan Lebih Banyak Suka di Instagram 1. Bagikan Gambar yang Disukai Cara terbaik untuk memastikan jenis posting bekerja paling baik untuk akun Anda adalah meninjau posting Anda sebelumnya dan menemukan posting yang berkinerja terbaik. Biasanya, Anda akan dapat membedakan antara posting berkinerja tinggi dan sisanya. Ini bisa berada di dalam konten, visual, gambar, atau desain. Setelah mengetahui salah satu faktor tersebut, Anda akan dapat memfokuskan upaya Anda lebih pada mengembangkan konten-konten yang disukai. Jika Anda telah membuat banyak posting di masa lalu Anda merasa seperti keterlibatan Instagram Anda jenuh di antara banyak konten yang berbeda, Anda dapat memanfaatkan alat analitik Instagram. Alat-alat ini sering menunjukkan kepada Anda posting berkinerja terbaik dan membantu Anda mengetahui faktor-faktor serupa seperti konten, waktu posting, atau visual. 2. Berikan Ajakan Bertindak yang Jelas Pengguna mungkin melihat banyak konten yang baik setiap hari, sehingga membutuhkan melibatkan konten bagus yang akan mendorong mereka untuk mengambil tindakan. Banyak posting yang mendapatkan tinggi jumlah suka memberikan ajakan bertindak seperti "suka jika Anda setuju". Bahkan, Social Bakers menemukan bahwa tweet mendapatkan lebih banyak retweet ketika orang meminta retweet. Ajakan bertindak tidak harus eksplisit seperti "seperti jika Anda setuju", ajakan bertindak untuk berdiskusi atau berbagi juga berdampak pada berapa lama orang terlibat dengan posting sehingga meningkatkan kemungkinan itu disukai. Anda juga dapat menggunakan alat analitik Instagram yang memungkinkan Anda menganalisis keterangan dan menemukan ajakan bertindak strategis yang umum dalam industri Anda. 3. Gunakan Tagar Strategis Sebuah studi oleh Track Maven menemukan bahwa posting dengan sebelas atau lebih hashtag mendapat suka terbanyak di Instagram. Ini karena tagar membantu Anda ditemukan oleh orang-orang yang mencari konten yang mirip dengan Anda. Menemukan tagar terbaik untuk merek Anda dapat memerlukan proses yang agak panjang. Namun, prosesnya bisa lebih efisien dengan menggunakan analitik hashtag Instagram. Analitik hashtag Instagram akan menunjukkan hashtag berkinerja terbaik yang telah Anda gunakan. Selain itu, Anda dapat menggunakan alat ini untuk menganalisis pesaing Anda atau akun lain dalam industri Anda. Pilih hashtag teratas yang Anda temukan, dan gunakan analitik hashtag Instagram untuk juga mengevaluasi kinerja Anda setelah menggunakan tagar tersebut. Dengan cara ini, Anda dapat memperbarui pilihan hashtag Anda ketika mulai menjadi suboptimal. Kesimpulan Suka penting untuk mendapatkan dan memelihara, terutama jika Anda ingin ditemukan oleh semakin banyak orang. Menerima suka lebih mudah ketika Anda memiliki konten yang baik, tetapi Anda masih perlu menerapkan beberapa strategi untuk memaksimalkan potensi posting Anda. Alat analitik Instagram akan dapat membantu Anda dalam menganalisis konten, keterangan, dan tagar yang merupakan tiga aspek penting yang membantu Anda berkinerja lebih baik.
Cosplaying while black: are we making our communities unsafe for nonwhite members?
It's all fun and games. Until it's not. I've mentioned Marvel's race problem before, but the truth is the problem is everywhere. There are very few positive representations of people of color in the media today. Some of this is because those in charge of casting, writing, and producing the media we love are almost all white. There are about three nonwhite people in America for every nonwhite character we see on screen, and of those characters, how many of them get screentime or character arcs that don't pidgeonhole them in a stereotype? If you don't think there's a problem, you might want to look again. These problems are psrt of fandom too. Since the media we're celebrating is flawed, it's extremely difficult for us to avoid internlizing the harmful messages that we consume. It's not somehing that can be done passively- it takes real work. Chaka Cumberbatch has been a cosplayer for years, and has been the target of harassment because she cosplays as characters that aren't black like- she is. It's not like she has a lot of options- how many black female characters can you name off the top of your head? Storm, Princess Tiana- she's built some amazing costumes for these characters. But why should Hollywood's diversity problem be hers? The underlying message feels very much like: "This isn't for you, you're not welcome here". Why would anyone want to send that kind of message to a fellow fan? In an interview with HaveYouNerd, she mentioned that even people who didn't overtly exclude her could sometimes make her feel like she didn't belong: "Sometimes, you’ll run into some tokenism, or people will start to get a little too comfortable with you – and it’s always painfully awkward because then it’s like you’re forced to walk this tightrope between sticking up for yourself and forcing the group to have an uncomfortable conversation about race, stereotypes, and why the things they’re saying are problematic. I’ve had times when I was hanging out with a group that was predominately male, that I was accused of “playing the race card,” “overreacting” or “taking things too seriously...” Fandom, we need to do better than this. We need to make our fellow fans of color feel like they're in a safe environment, where they can voice their discomfort and not have their feelings dismissed. Where they can come out and have fun and not worry about being tokenized or harassed. We get so enthusiastic over every new trailer release- why can't we show cosplayers of color the same enthusiasm? We freak out every time nerds are misrepresented in the media, but we can't be bothered to stand up for our fellows when they feel attacked or hurt? And before you say that it's "just about hurt feelings" (like feelings don't matter!?), consider this... On September 10th, 2014, Darren Hunt was shot and killed by the police. While the initial report suggested he had been "lunging towards officers", witnesses and the autopsy confirmed that he had in fact been going in the opposite direction. He was shot in the back. Furthermore,, he was still in costume from a character cosplay. He had a toy sword with him. The police shot an unarmed black man, and they blamed their mistake on his cosplay. Part of making our communities safer needs to include effort to make the WORLD we live in a safer place. It should never be acceptable for the police to recklessly commit homicide like this, but we've seen this story repeating over and over again. Darren Hunt was a fellow fan, but the silence from fan communities was deafening. We're fans. We love heroes in capes that swoop in to save the day when all hope is lost. It's an escape. The thing about escaping into fantasies (like we do with films and comics and tv shows), is that all the problems of the real world follow us there. As nerds and as fans, we have no excuse when we ignore the very real problems our fellows face because of their race (or their gender, their sexuality, or the size of their bodies). Silently ignoring the problem, or taking a "neutral" stance does nothing to help the people endangered by racism. All it does is give more power to those whose actions are deliberately harmful. We as fans need to do so much more to make our communities safer. We need to educate ourselves. We need to demand more diverse guests and panels at our conventions, vocalize your support for fans of color (not talking over them, but listening to their needs and adding your voice to theirs), support writers that are diversifying their work, and advocating for change when the systems that are supposed to be protecting us are applying uneven, brutal force against people of color. We need to listen. If you're still scratching your head, just ask yourself: what would my favorite hero do?