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Jenis jenis penyakit autoimun dan cara pengobatan nya
Pernahkah kalian mendengar seputar penyakit autoimun? Penyakit autoimun merupakan penyakit yang bisa terjadi karna sistem imun atau bisa juga disebut dengan sistem kekebalan tubuh kita yang salah mengira sel sel sehat sehingga mereka menyerang nya. Seharusnya sistem imun perang melawan sel sel jahat yang bisa merusak tubuh. Namun, jika kita memiliki penyakit autoimun maka itu akan menyerang diri kita sendiri. Ada beberapa jenis penyakit autoimun yang perlu kalian ketahui, cek di https://cliniquesuisse.co.id/jenis-jenis-penyakit-autoimun/?lang=id Tentunya, jika dibiarkan berlarut larut bisa menjadi berbahaya untuk kesehatan tubuh anda sendiri. Sampai saat ini, penyebab terjadinya penyakit autoimun masih belum dapat dipastikan dan kita sebagai orang yang juga memungkinkan terkena penyakit autoimun harus berhati hati dalam segala hal yang membuat penyakit autoimun. Daibawah ini kami akan membagikan seputar jenis jenis penyakit autoimun berserta cara pengobatannya. Simak ya. Jenis jenis penyakit autoimun 1. Psoriasis Pertama, Psoriasis adalah jenis penyakit autoimun dengan jangka panjang yang bisa menyerang kulit. Jika kalian merasakan gejala seperti gatal bahkan sampai perih ada baiknya langsung menghubungi atau konsultasi dengan dokter spesialis autoimun karena jika dibiarkan akan menjadi semakin parah dan akan semakin sulit untuk diobati. 2. Graves Disease Jenis penyakit autoimun yang kedua adalah Graves Disease yang merupakan jenis penyakit autoimun yang mungkin disebabkan karena ada nya aktivitas yang belebihan. Untuk gejala sendiri terdiri dari penyakit mata dan masalah kulit. Jika anda tidak konsultasi dan tidak ditangani dengan tepat maka bisa menyebabkan komplikasi yang cukup berbahaya. 3. Lupus Jenis jenis penyakit autoimun yang ketiga adalah Lupus. Kalian pasti sudah tidak asing dengan yang namanya penyakit lupus bukan? Lupus merupakan salah satu jenis penyakit autoimun yang paling banyak kita tahu. Namun, yang kadang masih membingungkan adalah gejala nya, karena gejala lupus tidak jauh berbeda dengan gelaja penyakit lainnya. Pengobatan penyakit autoimun Nah setelah kita mengetahui jenis jenis penyakit autoimun, selanjutnya kalian juga harus tahu cara pengobatan yang paling tepat jika anda memiliki penyakit autoimun. Perlu kalian ketahui, penyakit autoimun belum dapat disembuhkan namun jika anda mengkonsultasikan langsung ke dokter spesialis autoimun maka gejala yang dirasakan bisa di jaga agar tidak terlalu mengganggu anda. Pengobatan nya sendiri sebenarnya tergantung dari apa yang anda rasakan. Kami sarankan anda untuk berkonsultasi kepada dokter spesialis autoimun terbaik di jakarta yang ada di Clinique Suisse yang bisa memberikan anda pengobatan dan perawatan terbaik berdasarkan pengalaman maupun pengetahuan nya. Percayakan konsultasi dan pengobatan anda di Clinique Suisse karena mereka adalah klinik kecantikan dan kesehatan dengan standar pelayanan internasional serta dilengkapi dengan team berpengalaman.
Childhood Leukemia
Leukemia — Cancer of blood is called Leukemia. It develops in the bone marrow. Bone marrow is a soft inner part of the bone (such as thigh and hip bone) where new RBC, WBC & Platelets are formed. As we know, bone marrow also produces WBC or Leucocytes. As soon as the number of mature WBC is enough, then the body sends a signal to stop new cells’ formation. But in Leukemia, these newly formed cells stay immature for a long time. Consequently, the body cannot send any signal, so new cells form inside the bone marrow. The bone marrow becomes crowded with immature and abnormal WBC. Childhood Leukemia — Children of the age group of a newborn child to a 19-year-old. According to a study conducted in 2018, 29% of cancer in children is of childhood leukemia. The most common Leukemia in children is ALL (Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia) and AML (Acute myeloid leukemia). Early Symptoms of Childhood Leukemia a. Dull or pale skin b. Weakness or feeling of tiredness c. Headaches and Dizziness d. Trouble in breathing e. Fever and frequent infection f. Bleeding gums or nosebleeds Types of Childhood Leukemia: Leukemia typically in kids can be categorized into two major types. A. Common types of Leukemia a. Acute lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), also called acute lymphocytic Leukemia is fast-growing Leukemia of lymphoid cells. This type is widespread in kids; it’s the proliferation of B and T cells lymphocyte precursor. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) accounts for 75–85% of cases of childhood leukemia. b. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML): AML is also a common type of childhood leukemia. This is the fast-growing Leukemia of myeloid cells. B. Rare types of Leukemia a. Hybrid or mixed-lineage Leukemia: This is chromosome-related Leukemia where part of chromosome 11 translocates to any other chromosome. Children having mixed-lineage Leukemia have a poor prognosis. b. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia: This is slow-growing Leukemia of myeloid cells. c. Chronic lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL): CLL is very rare in children. This is the slow-growing Leukemia of lymphoid cells. d. Juvenile myelomonocytic Leukemia (JMML): This is a scarce type of childhood leukemia where WBC production in bone marrow is severely dysregulated. Diagnosis of Childhood Leukemia There are various tests to diagnose and confirm childhood leukemia. These tests also help in classifying the type of Leukemia. The initial tests include: a) Blood tests to measure the number of blood cells and see how they appear. b) Biopsy and Bone marrow aspiration test: To confirm Leukemia, a tissue sample is usually taken from the pelvic bone. c) Spinal Tap test or Lumbar puncture: This test is done to know the spread of cancer cells in the fluid (cerebrospinal fluid) present in the spinal cord or brain. These tests also determine the method of treatment to be followed. Risk factors of Childhood Leukemia More study is needed to explore the possible reasons, but few of them are environmental factors like exposure to radiation, smoking, genetic factors, inherited problems related to immune systems, etc. Treatment of Childhood Leukemia: Once the oncologist confirms the diagnosis, the child will undergo chemotherapy medicines. In highly developed countries, the cure rate for ALL (Acute lymphoblastic leukemia) is more than 80–90%, and for acute myeloid Leukemia, it is more than 60–70%. In developing countries, poor accessibility or affordability, malnutrition, poor tolerability to treatment, and delayed diagnosis bring down the cure rate to almost 70% in ALL and around 50% in AML. a) Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses powerful chemicals and is done to target and kill cancerous cells. Chemotherapy works throughout the body. b) Blood Transfusion: This is a process of transferring healthy blood components into a patient’s blood circulation system intravenously. This process helps in replacing red blood cells, platelets, and other blood components. c) Radiation Therapy: This is also known as Radiotherapy or RT or XRT. This therapy uses a beam of ionizing radiation to kill the cancer cells. d) Bone Marrow Transplant: BMT is performed to replace damaged or destroyed bone marrow. In this process, blood stem cells are transplanted into the circulation. Later on, these blood stem cells reach the bone marrow area to produce and promote new blood cells. Treatment of Relapsing Leukemia Despite chemotherapy, around 20% of ALL and about 40–50% of AML can come back with the disease within two to five years of initial diagnosis. This reoccurrence of infection is called relapse. Again, these children will go through a similar test like complete blood count, bone marrow evaluation to confirm the deterioration. After confirmation, they will have to undergo a higher dose of chemotherapy of a different combination or Bone Marrow Transplant. You can consult a well-experienced oncologist, or you can consult online on consultancy websites like Practo, DoctoriDuniya, etc. At DoctoriDuniya, You can book an appointment online with an oncologist or cancer specialist 24X7, with eOPd and an e-prescription facility. The cancer doctor may ask about the family history of the problem and symptoms associated with the disease. At DoctoriDuniya, you can download DoctoriDuniya — Free Medical App and create your online Personal Medical Account called NAINI. Here you can avail free follow-ups and online doctor consultation with oncologist or cancer specialist at NAINI.
Lượng Sữa Cho Trẻ Sơ Sinh Theo Từng Giai Đoạn Cụ Thể
Lượng sữa cho trẻ sơ sinh theo giai đoạn cụ thể bao nhiêu là hợp lý? Làm sao để biết trẻ đã uống đủ hay thiếu sữa? Khi nào nên cho trẻ uống sữa? Là băn khoăn chung của các bà mẹ. Để tìm câu trả lời chi tiết cho những vấn đề trên, mời bạn tham khảo bài viết dưới đây. Lượng sữa cho trẻ sơ sinh theo giai đoạn cụ thể Sau khi sinh được 24h Giai đoạn này, trẻ cần được bổ sung khoảng 15 ml sữa/ 1 lần bú. Mỗi ngày trẻ sẽ cần bú khoảng 8 lần. Trẻ sơ sinh dưới 2 tháng tuổi Trong những tháng đầu tiên, lượng sữa trẻ sẽ bú dao động trong khoảng từ 45 – 88ml/ lần. Mỗi ngày, trẻ cần bú từ 8 – 15 lần, mỗi lần cách nhau 2 – 3h. Trẻ sơ sinh trên 2 tháng tuổi Khi trẻ được 2 tháng tuổi, lượng sữa trẻ bú sẽ tăng lên rất nhiều, cụ thể mỗi lần sẽ cần khoảng 120 – 150 ml. Đến khi 4 tháng tuổi, lượng sữa sẽ tăng lên 177ml/ lần và 6 tháng tuổi là 236ml/ lần. Cách nhận biết trẻ đã uống đủ sữa Trẻ đẩy bầu ngực của mẹ và bình sữa ra xa miệng. Bé ngậm miệng, lắc đầu không muốn uống sữa. Bé ngủ thiếp đi trong lúc bú sữa. Bé đi tiểu nhiều lần/ ngày. Trẻ tăng cân ổn định. Trẻ luôn năng động, vui vẻ. Cách nhận biết trẻ uống thiếu sữa Nước tiểu của trẻ bị sẫm màu hoặc xuất hiện màu cam ở tã. Trẻ cấu véo bầu ngực mẹ, không ngậm. Bé không chịu bú, chỉ muốn ngủ. Bé quấy khóc khi cho uống sữa. Trẻ đi tiểu ít hơn so với thông thường. Thời gian cho trẻ uống sữa Tuy nhiên, theo nhiều nghiên cứu thì các mẹ có thể cho bú khoảng 6 – 11 lần/ ngày và mỗi lần cách nhau từ 1 – 3 tiếng tùy theo thể trạng, nhu cầu của trẻ. https://phuongnamhospital.com/nhi-khoa/luong-sua-cho-tre-so-sinh/
Integrative Balance Approach
Over the years of treating patients with various injuries and discomfort, we have clearly observed a persistent issue with our present-day health care practices. Most of the standard treatments for physiotherapy in Singapore and many other countries are focused on solving the immediate symptoms and injuries, but little effort has been spent on identifying and intervening the underlying root causes. This has lead to sub-optimal outcome for chronic injuries or recurring pain management.  Consolidating years of clinical experience and taking reference to the best practices in Chinese Medicine and Western medicine, our founder Mr Yan Yong (Michael) has conceptualized the Integrative Balance Approach of human function. We have been consistently helping thousands of patients recover from chronic injuries and body aches, and live a pain-free life. The Integrative Balance Approach of human function means that in order for our body to exert force effectively to complete various tasks, the body must achieve balance of several factors at the same time, as shown in the following diagram:  When the body position or movement habits are not following the integrative balance principle, certain parts of the body will have to bear excessive force loading, or move excessively beyond the healthy range, thus leading to injury and pain. Different error movement patterns will lead to different injuries. Based on the Integrative Balance Approach principles, we have formulated a streamlined treatment process that systematically helps our patients correct their movement errors, and adopt healthy habits that is optimized to perform their functional tasks. We use various manual therapy techniques and specific exercises training, with optional use of therapy modalities to treat our patients. Treatment plans will be set based on our findings from physiotherapy assessment, and customized to each patient.