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What is the difference between informal and formal speaking in the Korean language?

What is the difference between informal and formal speaking in the Korean language?

This is very common in Korean culture as in many Asian cultures as well. There is formal and informal way of speaking and the first method is used to speak to adults, strangers (basically someone you just met or are not really close to, someone older than you).

Using formal means that you are not that close or that you respect that person,

while informal usage means that you are close to that person enough so that you can speak freely.
They mean the same but the tone is different.

<For Example>
Informal : ๋ง›์žˆ์–ด (mas-iss-eo) / Formal: ๋ง›์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (mas-issseubnida)
Informal : ์—„๋งˆ (eomma) / Formal: ์–ด๋จธ๋‹ˆ (eomeoni)
Informal : ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€ ( abeoji ) / Formal: ์•„๋น  (appa)
Informal : ๋‚˜์ด (nai) / Formal: ์—ฐ์„ธ (yeonse)
Informal : ๋ช‡ ์‚ด์ด์•ผ? (myeochsal-iya) / Formal: ์—ฐ์„ธ๊ฐ€ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ๋˜์‹ญ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ? (yeonsega eotteohge doesibnikka?

In addition, beware, someone you just met may ask, โ€œ๋ช‡ ์‚ด์ด์—์š”? (How old are you?),โ€ โ€œ๊ฒฐํ˜ผ ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”? (Are you married?)โ€, โ€œ๋‚จ์ž ์นœ๊ตฌ/์—ฌ์ž ์นœ๊ตฌ ์žˆ์–ด์š”? (Do you have a boyfriend/girlfriend?)โ€, or โ€œ์–ด๋””์— ์‚ด์•„์š”?(Where do you live?),โ€ etc. To foreignersโ€™ ears, some questions may sound private or intimate, but Koreans consider these questions will bring closeness to each other, and they consider these are part of becoming better friends.
To foreignersโ€™ ears, some questions may sound private or intimate, but Koreans consider these questions will bring closeness to each other, and they consider these are part of becoming better friends.
When someone asks, โ€œ๋ช‡ ์‚ด์ด์—์š”? (How old are you?),โ€
you can answer โ€œ์ €๋Š” 25์‚ด์ด์—์š”. (I am 25 years old.)or โ€œ์ €๋Š” 80๋…„์ƒ์ด์—์š”. (I was born in 80.)โ€
Most Koreans will omit the first two digits of their birth years and often just give the last two digits. Ex) I was born in 80 (instead of 1980).

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