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Ait Ben Haddou Kasbah
The ksar, a group of earthen buildings surrounded by high walls, is a traditional pre-Saharan habitat. The houses crowd together within the defensive walls, which are reinforced by corner towers. Ait-Ben-Haddou, in Ouarzazate province, is a striking example of the architecture of southern Morocco. Located in the foothills on the southern slopes of the High Atlas in the Province of Ouarzazate, the site of Ait-Ben-Haddou is the most famous ksar in the Ounila Valley. The Ksar of Aït-Ben-Haddou is a striking example of southern Moroccan architecture. The ksar is a mainly collective grouping of dwellings. Inside the defensive walls which are reinforced by angle towers and pierced with a baffle gate, houses crowd together - some modest, others resembling small urban castles with their high angle towers and upper sections decorated with motifs in clay brick - but there are also buildings and community areas. It is an extraordinary ensemble of buildings offering a complete panorama of pre-Saharan earthen construction techniques. The oldest constructions do not appear to be earlier than the 17th century, although their structure and technique were propagated from a very early period in the valleys of southern Morocco. The site was also one of the many trading posts on the commercial route linking ancient Sudan to Marrakesh by the Dra Valley and the Tizi-n'Telouet Pass. Architecturally, the living quarters form a compact grouping, closed and suspended. The community areas of the ksar include a mosque, a public square, grain threshing areas outside the ramparts, a fortification and a loft at the top of the village, an caravanserai, two cemeteries (Muslim and Jewish) and the Sanctuary of the Saint Sidi Ali or Amer. The Ksar of Ait- Ben-Haddou is a perfect synthesis of earthen architecture of the pre-Saharan regions of Morocco. Criterion (iv): The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou is an eminent example of a ksar in southern Morocco illustrating the main types of earthen constructions that may be observed dating from the 17th century in the valleys of Dra, Todgha, Dadès and Souss. Criterion (v): The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou illustrates the traditional earthen habitat, representing the culture of southern Morocco, which has become vulnerable as a result of irreversible socio-economic and cultural changes Integrity (2009) All the structures comprising the ksar are located within the boundaries of the property and the buffer zone protects its environment. The earthen buildings are very vulnerable due to lack of maintenance and regular repair resulting from the abandonment of the ksar by its inhabitants. The CERKAS (Centre for the conservation and rehabilitation of the architectural heritage of atlas and sub-atlas zones) monitors, with difficulty, respect for the visual integrity of the property. Authenticity (2009) In comparison to other ksour of the region, the Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou has preserved its architectural authenticity with regard to configuration and materials. The architectural style is well preserved and the earthen constructions are perfectly adapted to the climatic conditions and are in harmony with the natural and social environment. The large houses in the lower part of the village, with well conserved decorative motifs, are regularly maintained. The construction materials used still remain earth and wood. The inclination to introduce cement has so far been unsuccessful, thanks to the continued monitoring of the «Comité de contrôle des infractions» (Rural Community, Town Planning Division, Urban Agency, CERKAS). Only a few lintels and reinforced concrete escaped its vigilance, but they have been hidden by earthen rendering. Particular attention is also paid to doors and windows giving on to the lanes, to ensure that the wood is not replaced by metal. Protection and management requirements (2009) Protection measures essentially relate to the different laws for the listing of historic monuments and sites, in particular the Law 22-80 concerning Moroccan heritage. The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou currently has a five-year management plan (2007-2012). This management plan is the result of two years of reflection and workshops involving all the persons and institutions concerned with the future of the site, in particular the local populations. The recommendations of this plan are being implemented. Furthermore, two management committees have been established (a local committee and a national one) in which all the parties are represented and cooperate in decision-making. As well as managing the property, CERKAS ensures coordination in the implementation of this management plan. visit our site for more informations...
4 Star Hotels in Palampur
Palampur is the tea capital of North India. This hill station is not only renowned for its vast paddy fields and tea estate, but it also is recognised for its immigrant temples and structure. One can visit Palampur and experience the scenic beauty of the slopes of the Kangra valley and the Dhauladhar range and the slopes of the Kangra valley from Palampur. Palampur and places around it are known for adventure games like hang-gliding and trekking. But one of the crucial factors also prevails in the place you stay. Let's go through some of the 4 star hotels in Palampur: Araiya Palampur: Araiya Palampur has all the diverse and best features you must be looking for in a resort. It has spa facilities, Dinning rooms, Deluxe rooms. There are also unique features you can opt for, like trekking on araiya tea gardens. They also provide you with special araiya voyages customized and made according to customers' needs. There are also social events and gatherings you can be a part of. Palampur is a very soul massive spot, and araiya helps you find yourself through special trips and making you visit certain best sites around. 2. RS Sarovar Portico: Placed in Palampur, this hotel is the first branded hotel with several contemporary designs in the entire area. The hotel has a belt of six different suits with 42 different sizes of rooms with diverse ranges of prices to suit the customers. But one thing which is common in all the rooms is that you will wake up to a mind-blowing glimpse of the Dhauladhar ranges in all of them. Whether you are an adventurous person or someone who likes to ride at a slow pace and enjoy your own time, this hotel will be a part of your interesting and fulfilling journey. If you're in a mood to stay in the hotel for a special day, the 360-degree bar, the revolving restaurant, and fitness center will keep you engaged. 3. Hotel Orchid Resort: The greenery surrounding the firm White Mountains and the tea plantations in the background gives a majestic look to this hotel. If you are finished exploring Palampur and still have some time left, then this 4-star hotel can be your destination. It is very close to places like Dharamshala and Bir Billing. You can also choose to paraglide from World's second-highest point or emerge yourself in the peaceful vibe of the Tibetan culture after visiting the tea capital of Himachal. The hotel has three suites, namely- deluxe, super deluxe and family suite rooms. If soul finding a taking a break from the tumultuous schedule is what you have been planning to visit Palampur and travel the unexplored you and also make a list of these 4 star hotels in Palampur.