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"Saturn's moons create art on the canvas of Saturn's rings with gravity as their tool. Here Prometheus is seen sculpting the F ring while Daphnis (too small to discern in this image) raises waves on the edges of the Keeler gap. Prometheus (53 miles, or 86 kilometers across) is just above image center while Daphnis (5 miles, or 8 kilometers across), although too small to see in its location in the Keeler gap just to the right of center, can be located by the waves it creates on the edges of the gap. Prometheus and stars have been brightened by a factor of 2 relative to the rest of the image to enhance their visibility. There are 20 stars visible in this image. This view looks toward the unilluminated side of the rings from about 53 degrees below the ringplane. The image was taken in visible light with the Cassini spacecraft narrow-angle camera on Aug. 25, 2013. The view was acquired at a distance of approximately 1.2 million miles (1.9 million kilometers) from Saturn and at a Sun-Saturn-spacecraft, or phase, angle of 111 degrees. Image scale is 7 miles (11 kilometers) per pixel. The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the mission for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging operations center is based at the Space Science Institute in Boulder, Colo." For more information about the Cassini-Huygens mission visit http://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov . The Cassini imaging team homepage is at http://ciclops.org . Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute [via NASA]
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How to calculate VAT in Excel (template)
In this article, you will learn how to calculate VAT in Excel using a function? And what formula can we use to calculate the amount of VAT paid if the only information you have is the total amount? You can use my free VAT calculator if you need a calculation for multiple items. Well, calculating tax in excel is quite easy. VAT (value-added tax) is the most common type of tax applied to goods. Now GST (goods and services tax) applies to almost all kinds of goods, but for some products, such as spirits, VAT still exists. In the same way you can calculate GST. After reading this article, you will learn: 1) Calculating VAT in Excel 2) How to calculate the selling price of a product The general formula for calculating VAT in Excel: Purchase Price *% VAT The general formula for calculating the sales price: Purchase price + taxes Scenario: Suppose we are dealing with beverages (all kinds). We assume that a different% of VAT applies to each product. And this VAT is listed. We need to calculate the VAT and the sales price. Step 1: Prepare the table We have prepared an Excel spreadsheet below. Step 2. Calculate the amount of VAT In cell E2, write this formula and press Enter. = D2 * C2 The amount of VAT will be calculated in E4 for milk. Drag the formula down to E10. Note: The "%" symbol is mandatory in the % VAT column. If you do not want to use the % symbol, you have to put the percentage before the number "0". This is because Excel converts "number%" to "number / 100". Step 3: Calculate the sales price: In cell F2, write this formula and press Enter. = C2 + E2 The formula for the sales price is "Costs + Taxes" (not including profits). We assume that VAT is the only tax that applies to your product. Then the purchase price + VAT, taxes. And it's done. Your Excel VAT calculator is ready. You can add totals to the bottom row or to the far right column, as most beginners do. But a clever way to display totals is on the top row, right above the headers, so it's always visible (if the top row is frozen). Now you know how to calculate VAT in Excel. You can use this Excel tax formula to create an instant Excel spreadsheet for the VAT calculator. You can override the process to create the tax rate formula in Excel.
Online Education Degree Choices
When it comes to online education degree choices, the good news is that there are some fantastic options available to you. Online education has opened the doors for many individuals who are looking for a way to further their education and to still remain active in their lives. If you do not have time to go back to school in the traditional method, you may have the time to do so while exploring online education degree choices. What can you learn in these programs? You might be impressed that there are so many specialized as well as general options available to you in this form of education. Consider the following, which is only a very small list of choices that you may have. • Business management specializations in areas such as accounting, general business, strategy and innovation and organization and management • Health care specialization including tpm edblog nursing education, general counselor education, information technology, social and community services, finance, marketing, evaluation, human services • Higher education specializations such as educational leadership and management, instructional design, special education leadership, post secondary and adult education, curriculum and instruction • Human Capital Management Specializations such as organization and management leaderships, leadership coaching, human resource management, management of nonprofit agencies • Information technology specializations such as in information assurance and security, project management, general information technology, software architecture, health informatics • Education specialization K through 12 such as curriculum and instruction, leadership in educational administration, instructional design, early childhood education, sport psychology and educational psychology • Mental health specializations such as general counselor education and supervision, training and performance improvement and professional studies in education These are just some of the options you have in online education degree choices. Students can find online programs for virtually any type of educational goal they have through an online education degree.
How to Get Rid of Dark Circles
While dark circles are not the sign of serious health issues, they can be considered as a sign that you’re not doing what’s healthy for the body. The appearance of the darkened skin around your eyes can look quite unappealing. Here’s what you can do about it… Why do we get dark circles? There are many reasons why we get dark circles. The problem is so common that we tend to ignore it or slather on some concealer and pretend it doesn't exist. Still, dark circles happen due to many poor lifestyle choices and this should be a wake-up call to take some action. The skin around the eye area is similar to the rest of our body, but much thinner. Hence, the effects of something that happens to your body will show up quicker on the eye area before it becomes apparent for the rest of the body. Some of the causes of dark circles include lack of sleep, lack of nutrition in diet, sun exposure, fluid retention, heredity, hyper-pigmentations, allergies, dermatitis, or even as simple as the natural aging process. And rest assured, getting rid of dark circles is certainly doable. How to get rid of dark circles effectively? 1. Getting enough sleep Make sure you get enough sleep daily. This is a good start to reducing the appearance of dark circles significantly. When you are sleep deprived, your body does not get enough time to make necessary repairs after a day’s activity. This takes a toll on the body. We can see this on our skin, starting from the thinnest skin surrounding the eye area. Depending on your age, you may need more or fewer sleep hours than others but it’s safe to say, getting shut-eye for seven or eight hours is a good start. 2. Purge out water retention In some cases when your body retains fluids more than it needs, usually due to diets high in salts, your eyes look darkened and puffy. Applying cold compression to the eyes or sleeping with extra pillows will elevate the area and prevents extra fluids from pooling unnecessarily. 3. Moisturize We that dry, parched skin looks dull and unhealthy. The same thing applies to the skin surrounding the eye area. Plus it is more prominent here since the skin is thinner. Give your under eye area some TLC with intense moisturizing cream for nourishment. As mentioned, since the skin at the eye area is thinner, you should get eye cream instead of using a facial moisturizer. Eye creams are formulated for quicker absorption. Plus, most eye creams also come with ingredients that are specific to undo the appearance of dark circles such as hyaluronic acid, vitamins C, vitamin E and caffeine. 4. Skin-lightening cream If you have a serious case of dark circles and want to remedy the issue quickly, consider skin-lightening creams that work on pigmentation in the eye area. Notable ingredients to look for including kojic acid, glycolic acid, vitamin c, and glutathione to name a few. 5. Medical treatments for dark circles In the case when you want to go the medical route or perhaps your dermatologist recommends it, there are treatments used to lighten dark circles. Treatments such as chemical peels (with customized acids and concentration according to your condition), laser therapy, and dermal fillers that work wonders as they work to counter the factors that are causing you dark circles in the first place. A surgical procedure known as blepharoplasty can also be done if you need it. The procedure works by removing a layer of fat at the eye area to decrease puffiness and shadow cast in the under eye, which in turn reduces the appearance of dark circles. Multiple solutions and remedies are available to treat dark circles. And since there’s no one-size-fits-all, it’s best for you to get advice from your doctor to guide you on the best way to eliminate dark circles, for good.
Acne - What to Eat, What Not to Eat
No matter how much we prevent it, acne can still find its way to form on - or under, or even both - our skin. In most cases the acne is mild and will go away on its own (or quicker if you take some form of acne medication) but it’s also common to see acne breakouts happening so frequently despite a number of medications used - a condition that we know as acne-prone skin. Here’s what you need to know about this skin issue and why it can happen to all of us. Diet for acne-prone skin; what the skin needs? We used to read that acne-prone skin happens mostly among oily skin types and while that can be true, the latest studies and discoveries indicate that acne-prone skin can happen to all of us regardless of skin type. Yes, even dry or sensitive skin type can suffer from an acne problem! This is due to the fact that acne can form due to a number of factors. And in most cases, several factors together cause acne breakouts and not just one single factor. But rest assured, there are several types of acne treatment available to make your skin belmish-free. Since this is a multi-factoral skin issue, dermatologists usually need to prescribe multiple medications and treatments - but the main focus will be on your dietary habits and leading a healthy lifestyle. How does diet affect our skin? The diet plays a big role when it comes to the overall health of our skin. After all, what we eat shows on our skin. For the acne-prone skin, there are some foods that you need to avoid, replacing them with foods that you need to eat instead. Multiple studies have shown that certain food groups cause acne. Refined sugar, also known as high-glycemic carbohydrates, is very inflammatory for acne-prone skin. Carbs and sugar trigger a spike in insulin which is a type of hormone. Excess of this hormone causes the oil glands within the skin to produce more oil and in turn, increases the chance of you getting acne. Other food groups such as dairy and trans-fat are also found to cause acne on our skin but high-glycemic carbohydrates cause the most damage. Since we know these food groups cause acne, replacing them with foods that are known to minimize the chances of your skin developing acne - and the chance of them coming back in the future - is the right way to go. What foods are believed to help your skin? The opposite of high-glycemic carbohydrates is the low-glycemic sources that we know as complex carbohydrates. These are beneficial for the skin. Such foods are high in vitamins A, E, and B vitamins as well as minerals that are beneficial in reducing inflammation. Besides this, they also speed up the skin healing process, and strengthen the skin barrier. This helps your skin to be more resilient and able to heal the acne or even prevent any acne from happening. Examples of foods that are in the complex carbs category include whole grains, fresh fruits and veggies, and legumes. Other food groups that you can add to your diet are protein sources from poultry and fish. Besides this, fatty fish such as salmon and mackerel are good anti-inflammatory foods and beneficial to heal inflamed skin. There’s no specific rule for this diet. Just trying to include them as the major part of your diet is the key to ensure your skin gets enough healthy nutrients to eliminate potential factors that can cause you acne.
What You Need to Know Before Having Eyelid Surgery
Blepharoplasty is the surgery to remove fat or wrinkles on your eyelids, which is often called eyelid surgery. An eyelid lift is a cosmetic surgery performed by plastic surgeons to remove droopy eyes and make them better. Before making decisions, you should consider some things about Blepharoplasty. Things to Consider about blepharoplasty From searching for the best plastic surgeon, to taking care of your eyes after the surgery, some of the things one should know before going forward. The surgeon will provide all the details of course, like the recovery process and medication and drugs. Check which Procedure is right Everyone is different so I would highly recommend you to talk with your plastic surgeon to make sure you are good to do the surgery. Talk with the best plastic surgeon for blepharoplasty in Mumbai, to get the best results possible. He is the best judge of what procedure will best give you the desired results. How much does Blepharoplasty cost? The cost of blepharoplasty may change depending on the skills of the surgeon and the equipment. It also depends on the position of the eyelid, if more work needs to be done then the cost will be high. Mumbai has some of the best plastics surgeons in India. One can only get good results when you prioritise the choice of surgeon and quality of procedure more than the cost of surgery. Going for the most affordable surgeon may not give good results. Best Plastic Surgeons for Blepharoplasty There are multiple plastic surgeons out there. A doctor who is board certified in plastic surgery would be the best. He must also have additional fellowship training in cosmetic surgeries. Also look for an experienced doctor, as he or she will be able to minimize any problems and give you better results. Check for the reviews you can find them on the internet easily from their previous patients. Finally, you should be comfortable talking with him and be able to have a bond of trust. Is Eyelid Lift Risky? Blepharoplasty surgery is considered to be safe by experts. As there are no post-surgery scars, healing is not usually a problem. Some small risks are rarely possible like double vision, unable to close lids after surgery for some amount of time, infections, and bleeding or dry Eyes. These may happen with an inexperienced surgeon but are rare in the hands of an experienced surgeon. Recovery Time after Eyelid Surgery You can go home immediately after the procedure and resume your daily activities soon. Depending upon your profession, you may need a few days off. The surgery may cause bruises and swelling but that’s no cause for concern. The bruises and swelling will vanish in one week max. No scars will be left behind. Your eyes will look better and go to their natural state in 3-4 weeks. Till then you need to take care and follow the restrictions told by your plastic surgeon. These may help: ● Use ice packs to help with the swelling. ● Use all prescribed medication and ointments to promote healing. ● Avoid heavy lifting and swimming for at least one week. ● Avoid smoking. ● Do not rub your eyes (or around them). ● Do not use contact lenses for at least two weeks. ● Stay out of the sun and use sunglasses or SPF if you have to go out. ● Keep your head elevated at all times, even when sleeping. ● Avoid strenuous activities or exercise. ● Follow the surgeon’s recommendations for recovery. What glasses to wear after Surgery? Going outside should be minimised for a few days as the sun rays may affect your skin as it will be recovering from surgery. But after the stitches are removed you can wear sunglasses with SPF protection that covers the eye from the sun. Always check with your surgeon before doing anything like wearing makeup, or using sunscreen with SPF protection. As recovery may be different for everyone depending on how surgery went. Summary Check with doctors and experts about the procedure need to carry out for blepharoplasty. Don’t consider the cost or price of eyelid surgery, Choice of the surgeon and best procedure is a priority. Follow all the steps provided by your surgeon. Take good care of your eyes and yourself after surgery. Check with your surgeon immediately, if you feel anything is wrong with your eyes. Wear sunglasses to protect from UV Rays. Eyes will get better in 3 to 4 weeks maximum.