3 Most Common Types of Eating Disorders and Their Symptoms | Psychiatrist Guide
A mental disorder concerning eating habits is the simple term of an eating disorder. These abnormal eating habits put adverse effects on physical and mental health. Such behaviors negatively interfere with the day-to-day life of individuals. Most eating disorders affect teens and young adults; however, developing an eating disorder by 25 is not surprising. Initially, these disorders were just an obsession with food, body weight, and shape. And that gradually develop into serious health threats. The most concerning fact is eating disorders can significantly contribute to heart, bone, digestive tract, and other alarming diseases. Consulting a psychiatrist is the safest and most effective way to treat eating disorders. In order to see a psychiatrist in Siliguri get in touch with the nearest hospital at your location. The symptoms of eating disorders depend on their types. Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia nervosa is a widely known eating disorder that is more evident in women than men. This eating disorder is characterized by - a person with unusually low body weight seeing him/herself as overweight. Individuals with anorexia abnormally focus on controlling body weight, shape and have an extreme fear of putting on extra body weight. Without a shadow of a doubt, anorexia nervosa is life-threatening. Therefore, early medical care is central to that individual's life. Bulimia Nervosa Another, life-threatening psychological eating disorder in which people undergo episodes that refer – eating large amounts of foods frequently and next trying to eliminate those calories through purging. While on the contrary, there are people who refrain from eating throughout the day, which in turn maximizes food consumption subsequently causing purgation. Binge-Eating Disorder Binge-eating is one of the well-known eating disorders marked by a lack of control over food consumption. With binge-eating, people opt for eating too much until their stomach is uncomfortably occupied. That strong urge to eat restricts them from skipping eating. Seeking medical assistance is essential for treating this psychological disorder before it becomes more complex. Certain conditions like obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, GERD, social isolation can be caused by the binge-eating disorder. Moreover, binge-eating can lead to psychiatric/mood disorders like – depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder. Other eating disorders include: · Night eating syndrome, causing individuals to wake up all through the night in order to eat frequently. · Purging disorder, in which people tend to get rid of bodyweight and that lead them to self-induced vomiting, excessive exercising, misuse of diuretics, laxatives, etc. To diagnose eating disorders, a psychiatrist may go for a psychological evaluation along with reviewing medical history. Other tests include – a physical exam, blood tests, urine tests, etc. A specialist also evaluates the existing symptoms of the individual. CBT or cognitive behavioral therapy is one of the evidence-based treatments for different types of eating disorders, especially for bulimia Nervosa. For cognitive behavior therapy in Siliguri, reach out to a nearby hospital in town. Besides CBT, other types of psychotherapies are also beneficial that involve – interpersonal therapy, and dialectical behavior therapy. Doctors often prescribe medications like antidepressants in combination with CBT in order to increase the effectiveness of the treatment.