5 important questions about children's hair
Children's hairs change several times, with the first curls-curls may well turn into straight strands and vice versa. The color and structure will change, but in any case, it is important to provide the right care. The first hairs appear in the child during the prenatal development, closer to the end of the first trimester. Light fluff, which is called lanugo, covers not only the head, but also the entire body of the baby. According to one version, these are some kind of echoes of the past, when the bodies of our ancestors were completely covered with hair, and according to another version - they protect the epidermis of the fetus from drying out, keeping the fatty secretions that produce skin cells. Lanugo is almost completely off the baby body to the last weeks of pregnancy, they remain only on the head. These first hairs are usually deprived of pigment, but it is not uncommon for a baby to be born with dark and even black hair. It depends, as pediatricians say, on the hormonal status of the mother. Anyway, the original fluff completely falls out by 3-5 months (at a speed of up to 300 hairs a day), and real ones are growing to replace it. But very thin hair that will last a child to 2-3 years of age, when the structure of new hair changes again. Children's hair is similar in composition to an adult, more delicate and thin, the follicles are located very close to the epidermis, the cuticle of the hair itself has considerably less layers than that of an adult. All this suggests that children's hair is more susceptible to external factors and easier to fall out and break. The terminal hair, with which the child will live his whole life, grows only during puberty - at the age of 12-14 years and may differ from the early hair in color and structure. WHAT DETERMINES THE COLOR, LENGTH AND HEALTH OF CHILDREN'S HAIR? The fact that the baby was born with lush hair, or almost bald, does not say anything about what will happen to his hair in the future. The condition of the head cover of the fetus is influenced mainly by the state of the mother, her hormones and other factors. The color of the first hairs is regulated by the amount of melanin - the pigment appears in lanugo 4-5 weeks before delivery. "Since the composition of melanin, on which the child's hair depends, is not very stable and can change depending on the changeable hormonal background, only by 2-3 years it will become clear whether the baby will be blond or brunette." As for the length of the hair and the density of the hair, it depends primarily on the genetic predisposition. It is believed that up to 4-5 years of age you should not worry that there are too few hairs on the head, even if it is the head of a future princess. WHEN CAN I CUT MY HAIR? There is still a prejudice that it is impossible to cut the hair of a child until he is one year old. The argument of this superstition is very different, for example: “if you cut the hair of a small child, he will not begin to speak for a long time”, “the energy is concentrated in the hair, if cut, the child will be sick”. Such arguments do not withstand any criticism, however, it is worth saying that up to a year the baby’s hair rarely grows so much that it bothers him and his parents. However, if they still bother you, you can do no harm to your hair or baby by shortening it. Another persistent myth of many centuries constantly raises questions from parents - is it worth shaving a baby’s head well after a year? Supposedly, the newly grown hair will be stronger and healthier. In fact, removing hair, we have no effect on the follicle. From which the next one will grow, thus, shaving will not change the structure and condition of the new hair. HOW AND WHAT TO WASH CHILDREN'S HAIR PROPERLY? In addition, the transitional hair of a child is very delicate and is much more exposed to external effects than adults, terminal hair, the skin of the child’s scalp is more delicate and sensitive. Thus, it is very important to protect the baby's head from exposure to sunlight, dust, cold, aggressive detergents. For washing children's hair, you can use only special children's shampoos, with a level of acid-base balance (pH) from 4 to 6, it is a weakly acidic environment, safe for delicate hair and skin. The minimum content of surfactants in the shampoo is desirable, best of all, if the product is made on a soap basis with the addition of herbs. "Before applying the shampoo on the baby's head, foam it between your palms, do not pour the product directly on the hair. Apply the foam on the head, distribute the hair, and then rinse under running warm running water (you can under the shower) for at least 4-5 minutes." Washing children's hair with detergent should be no more than 1-2 times a week, otherwise you can break their natural protective lubricant. While the hairs are not wet, you should not comb them, and children's hair should dry only in a natural way, without using a hair dryer and other devices. WHAT TO DO WITH MILK CRUSTS? The problem that worries many moms of babies is fat dense crusts that cover part of the head under the hair. The cause of the appearance of gneiss or seborrheic dermatitis is not reliably known, as an option - they appear due to the hyperfunction of the sebaceous glands. As a rule, these crusts of the child do not bother, they are considered a variant of the norm and pass with age without outside intervention. "However, if mom crusts deliver discomfort. You can try to get rid of them. To do this, pediatricians recommend 15-20 minutes before bathing to lubricate the scalp with vegetable oil, and after bathing gently comb with a comb with rounded teeth."