Church of Santa Coloma
The Church of Santa Coloma is one of the cult sights of the village of the same name, located near the capital of Andorra - Andorra la Vella. The beautiful church, made in the pre-Roman style, is one of the oldest architectural structures in this small country.
The church was founded around X century. Externally, this amazing temple has a rather austere appearance, that is, it differs in minimal elements of decor. In the construction of the church of Santa Coloma, gray stone and a minimum of decorations were used.
Like most architectural structures of those times, the temple in its appearance is more like a small well-fortified castle than a church. An interesting four-story bell tower adjoins the monastery on the side. Its main feature is a round rather than a quadrangular base, so the bell tower strongly resembles the watchtower of a medieval fortress. The bell tower has four vertical rows of narrow arched windows-openings. The widest ones are located on the upper floors of the structure, and the narrowest ones are located below. The conical roof decorates the bell tower.
The Santa Coloma Church is surrounded by a low stone fence with a beautiful arched gate. A paved path leads to the church through the entire courtyard.
In the middle of the XII century the church bell tower was rebuilt according to the project of the famous architect Lombard Bell and now it one of the best of Andorra tourism place. Then the triumphal arch, as well as the walls of the structure were decorated with frescoes. The church also holds wooden sculptures of the Mother of God of Mercy and icons of the XII century. In addition, here you can also see the baroque polychrome altar of the XVIII century.
Chapel of San Cerny
The Chapel of San Cerny is located on the picturesque mountain slopes of the Pyrenees. Towering over the valley of Sant Giulia de Loria, it is a temple of the ancient village of Nagol, famous for its unique national color, old houses made of stone and wood, a unique life, not spoiled by civilization.
The Chapel of San Cerny is a small Romanesque-style temple built from local materials. The church is fully consistent with traditional local architecture. It has a semicircular apse and one rectangular nave. As for the double belfry and the porch with an arcade (uncovered roof area), they were supposedly attached to the temple a little later. The old altar and some Romanesque decorative details of the 12th-13th centuries, preserved under the barrel-shaped vaults of the apse, have been preserved from the interior of the church. Of particular interest in the interior of the chapel of San Cerny are the ancient frescoes depicting angels, plots on the theme of worship of the Lamb, etc.
La Margineda Bridge
La Margeneda Bridge is an ancient man-made structure, which is a magnificent monument of medieval engineering architecture and one of the most interesting historical architectural sights of Andorra. The medieval bridge, laid across the country's main river, Valira, is located in the Andorra la Vella district, in the small village of La Margineda, on the site where the alpine “royal road” that once connected Andorra la Vella and the community Sant Julia de Loria.
This stone bridge, made in the Romanesque style, has an interesting centuries-old history. La Margineda was erected in the XII century. and today it is the largest, at the same time the narrowest and most well-preserved bridge of its kind in Andorra.
The bridge is an ascetic arch, thrown over the Valira River. The length of the arch is 33 meters. The total height of this medieval building is 9.2 meters. The width of the bridge on the one hand reaches 5.3 meters, on the other - 7.8 meters, and in the narrowest place - only 2.5 meters. La Margineda was made of stone cobblestones and a special cement mortar. On both banks of the Valir, two stone pillars were built connecting the spans of the bridge in the form of a semicircular arch. Closer to the center, the bridge rises and thins, so the middle of the stone bridge is located slightly above the supports and is its thinnest part. Based on photographs from the beginning of the 20th century, the bridge did not undergo any major changes.
During the construction of the bridge, no decorative elements were provided for, the main purpose of its construction was durability, reliability and monumentality.
Next to the La Margineda Bridge is a modern monument erected in honor of the First Congress of Catalan Language and Literature. The monument, consisting of two arches, symbolizes the past and future of the country. The author of this work was Valencian sculptor Vicens Alfaro.
La Margineda Bridge is the cultural heritage of Andorra and one of the country's most popular attractions.