50+ Views

Getting Help Recovering From a Motorcycle Accident

The Problem

Studies by the government show that recent motorcycle caused deaths have decreased, but injuries have increased by over 10%. While this is obviously a good sign for safety in that lives are being saved, these injuries are nothing to ignore by any means. Common motorcycle injuries come in a wide variety of degrees, from minor bumps to seriously debilitating injuries and pain. These accidents can come at any time, to any rider no matter how experienced, so it is important to know how to handle them. 

The Response

When it comes to injuries, some riders will want a sense of justice, some will want help, and others will just hope to make it less likely to happen again. The outcome and attention of a claim can do just that and is the obvious response to an injury of any type involving motorcycles. Whether the rider is looking to his insurance or the responsible party, it is important that the financial, physical, and emotional burdens caused by a motorcycle accident are covered by the claim. Quite simply, injured riders deserve help, but how does one make sure they will get it? 

A Helping Hand

The answer is easy: hire a solicitor. An experienced solicitor will know exactly what an injured rider needs during his recovery. With their expertise and history, a proper solicitor knows exactly what will help the situation and what to expect in the future. Handling the claim, the solicitor will guarantee the injury is taken seriously and the injured person is treated fairly. Insurance companies may look to avoid paying out or shift responsibilities around, but a lawyer is the perfect defence against this. In this time of need, a helping hand can make a huge difference. With the pain of the injury and impact, it has on one’s life, having a solicitor to help smooth out the claim process will be invaluable. 


Once it is clear what it will take to recover from the injury and all aspects of the burden have been sorted with the help of a lawyer, the future will be much easier. There will be much to handle before getting back to life as usual, from injury recovery to bike repairs, it will all be a hassle that can be greatly smoothed with the assistance of a proper lawyer. So if one suffers from the terrible tragedy of a motorcycle accident, it is important to quickly contact a solicitor and file a claim.

Read More:
Cards you may also be interested in
Melena: Understanding the Causes and Symptoms
Melena is a medical condition that can be quite concerning for those who experience it. This condition is characterized by black speck in stools and can be a sign of a serious underlying health issue. Understanding the causes and symptoms of melena is important for anyone who may be experiencing this condition. What Are Causes of Melena The following are some of the causes of melana. 1. Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding: One of the most common causes of melena is upper gastrointestinal bleeding. This occurs when there is bleeding in the upper part of the digestive system, such as the esophagus, stomach, or small intestine. This can be caused by various conditions such as peptic ulcers, gastritis, and esophageal varices. 2. Peptic Ulcers: Peptic ulcers are sores that develop in the lining of the stomach or small intestine. They can cause pain and bleeding, which can lead to melena. 3. Gastroesophageal Varices: Gastroesophageal varices are swollen veins in the lower part of the esophagus. They can rupture and cause significant bleeding, leading to melena. 4. Mallory-Weiss Tear: A Mallory-Weiss tear is a tear in the mucosal lining of the esophagus, which can occur as a result of excessive vomiting. This can cause significant bleeding, resulting in melena. 5. Cancer: In some cases, melena can be a symptom of cancer in the digestive tract, such as stomach cancer or colorectal cancer. Need more Insight, please watch this video
EmploMatic Review - Profitable Job Finder Sites (App By Igor Burban)
EmploMatic Review: What Is It? EmploMatic is a cloud-based software that allows you to instantly build money-making Job Finder sites that get free traffic and generate affiliate commission from FIVE income streams. This is your chance to have your very own affiliate site that is 100% DONE FOR YOU and is filled with popular JOBS from the greatest businesses and brands. The websites already have 8.5 million job openings from the biggest corporations in the world, including Amazon, Costco, UPS, Walmart, and THOUSANDS of other well-known organizations. Every hour, new positions are uploaded and the websites are immediately updated. The most popular employment sites serve as the model for the "job search" system. Their top techniques are "stolen" by EmploMatic and developed. Read More: Get Started In 3 Easy Steps It's Your Fast Lane To 100% Automated JOB SEARCH Sites STEP 1: Choose Which Jobs To Focus On Select which country/region/city or job titles you want to display on your site. Mix & match OR include ALL jobs on your site if you wish. A detailed behind-the-shoulder tutorial is included. STEP 2: Enter Your Affiliate IDs Add your affiliate IDs and all the links automatically become your affiliate links. Don’t have an affiliate account yet? No worries. Inside the dashboard I’ll show you how to instantly get approved for all affiliate programs. STEP 3: Sit Back and Let Your Site Earn Affiliate Commission Every time somebody comes to your site and clicks on ANY job result, you get paid. Plus, you get to profit from banner ads through affiliate sales. AND you earn commission from text ads when people click and fill out a simple form. They don’t even have to buy anything! Read More:
Symptoms of Daytime Fatigue
Often, people who are experiencing work fatigue are tired and anxious. They feel they're unable to complete their work, and they are less motivated. Studies have shown that if you are working long hours, you are more likely to make mistakes. Some employees who act absent-minded or who seem unproductive might be suffering from workplace fatigue. During this time, they are preoccupied with simple matters and lack focus. Despite this, they might be able to complete their tasks. Another important factor to consider is the amount of physical exercise you do. People who work long hours tend to be physically exhausted, and this can lead to a higher chance of heart disease or stroke. If you're feeling drowsy all the time, you might be suffering from insomnia. Insomnia is a condition that can cause physical and mental exhaustion. It affects the brain, which can interfere with your cognitive functioning. The causes of insomnia are many. Your doctor may perform tests to find out the cause. Some of these include an abnormality in the sleep pattern, uncontrolled diabetes, and an enlarged prostate. A doctor will also ask questions about your diet and lifestyle. They might also perform a physical exam. You can ask your doctor about your snoring and breathing while you sleep. The doctor will also ask about your stressors, and if you have been impacted by recent changes in your employment or family. This information can be useful in treating fatigue. Consult your doctor for sleep study if you have symptoms of daytime fatique and insomnia.
How To Get Rid of Psoriasis permanently?
Several types of skin diseases make your life complicated. Psoriasis is one of those. It’s a major skin problem that doesn't go away easily. When you get in touch with your health care service provider for psoriasis treatment in Hyderabad, they perform necessary health tests. They also examine your scalp, nails, and skin. Your doctor will also take a limited amount of samples of skin for analysis under a microscope. It helps them in determining the exact type of psoriasis and also rules out those various other skin disorders. When it comes to psoriasis treatment, it’s something that focuses on preventing skin cells from growing and also removing scales. It includes numerous options such as light therapy, ointments, and creams, oral or injected medicines. Now, choosing the right treatment option for psoriasis is something that depends on its severity and also how responsive it has been when compared to those self-care measures or previous treatments. Now, let’s discuss here some of the most effective treatment options for psoriasis that help you cure the disease permanently. 1. Light Therapy If we talk about one of the most effective treatment options for psoriasis, light therapy is one of those. It’s the first line of treatment option for moderate to severe psoriasis either in the combination with medicines or alone. It’s something that involves exposing skin to a controlled amount of artificial or natural light. You need to go for those of repeated treatment. You need to consult the best doctor for psoriasis in Hyderabad to know whether home phototherapy is the best option for you. In light therapy, specialists include different types of light including Goeckerman therapy, sunlight, UVB broadband, UVB narrowband, Excimer laser, and Psoralen plus ultraviolet. 2. Topical Therapy When comes topical therapy, it’s another best method of psoriasis treatment that the psoriasis specialist in Hyderabad may also recommend you go for. There are several activities performed during this therapy, including vitamin D analogs, retinoids, corticosteroids, salicylic acid, calcineurin inhibitors, coal tar, and anthralin. 3. Injected Medicine Injected medicine is another treatment option for psoriasis that the majority of people go for. Whether you have severe or moderate disease, this treatment method will help you a lot. Most dermatologists prescribe this treatment method to patients. Some of these types of drugs are used only for brief periods that tend to be alternated with those of several other kinds of treatment. How to find the Best Psoriasis Specialist for Treatment If you are suffering from psoriasis, you need to immediately find doctors for psoriasis treatment. Let’s explore here quick tips that will help you find the best psoriasis specialist for world-class treatment. Take a look. 1. Consult your Regular Doctors The first thing that you need to do is get in touch with your regular doctors for curing psoriasis. They examine your health and also various other conditions and symptoms for psoriasis treatment. They will suggest you the best specialists for psoriasis treatment. They will help you go for a physical therapist, board-certified dermatologist, rheumatologist, and mental health professional. 2. Approach a Medical Dermatologist The next tip that you need to follow to find the right skin clinic in Hyderabad for psoriasis treatment is to find the best medical dermatologist. You may be aware that some skin doctors focus on various cosmetic procedures such as laser treatment for wrinkles, or Botox treatment. There’s the possibility that they may be less experienced when curing conditions of psoriasis. You will come across many dermatologists who are specialized in performing both medical and cosmetic work. You should also look for those who specialize in excimer laser or phototherapy. Besides, they also prescribe biologics. 3. Search for your Team on your Own The next thing that you should do is search for other dermatologists and also many other specialists. You need to use various online resources from some of the specialized national groups in the tour country. Moreover, if you have health insurance, then you should make sure that the dermatologist that you choose for psoriasis treatment covers your health insurance plan. 4. Consult Psoriasis Doctors A good option for you is to find an experienced psoriasis doctor and discuss your problem with them. Once you get an appointment with your doctor, you should treat the same just like a job interview. You need to find a doctor who should know various crucial details about psoriasis. They should be capable of answering your concerns you have about treatment. You need to ask several questions about how many people with this disease they treat on a regular basis, do they suggest phototherapy, do they offer biological treatment, and more. You need to bring up anything that bothers you, even if it’s not related to your psoriasis. You should approach your dermatologist if you have any health issues. 5. Always Get in Touch with the Pharmacist Last but not least, you should always be in touch with pharmacists. They can be an important part of your team for psoriasis treatment. They help you create a wonderful plan for ensuring that you can follow your doctor’s instructions safely and also in the easiest way. They might also be capable of suggesting those over-the-counter products that will provide you with all the possible treatment plans that work perfectly. Final Words You can cure psoriasis permanently if you get treatment at the initial stage. You should immediately get in touch with a reputed dermatologist to avoid further complications.
Syphilis- Diagnosis, Symptoms, and Treatment.
What exactly is Syphilis? Syphilis is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) affecting millions of people across the globe. It is caused by a spirochete called Treponema pallidum, a small, spiral-shaped, highly contagious bacterium belonging to the spirochete family. Unprotected sexual contact with an infected partner is the most common method of transmission of Syphilis. It can also spread through nonsexual contact, blood transfusion, etc. Moreover, a mother infected with Syphilis can transmit the infection to her newborn child. An untreated syphilis infection can result in organ failure and death unless it is treated immediately. What are the ways to Diagnose Syphilis Disease? The preliminary diagnosis of Syphilis is determined by carefully examining the painless indurated lesions known as syphilis chancre or syphilis rashes, particularly on the genital organs in both males and females. In the advanced stages of the disease, the patient may experience other syphilis symptoms, such as flu-like symptoms, rashes, lesions, lymphadenopathy, and infections of many organs. When considering the aforementioned syphilis symptoms, a skilled doctor can determine a medical diagnosis. However, a number of syphilis testing methods are used to confirm an illness. Darkfield microscopy of the Treponema pallidum bacteria is one among them. Besides, biomarkers that are released during treponemal infection are tested on syphilis specimens by nontreponemal serological tests like VDRL and RPR. Comparatively, treponema pallidum antibodies, such as IgG, IgM, and to a lesser extent IgA, which is specific for syphilis infection, are found by treponemal assays such FTA-ABS, TP-PA, and other EIAs. Can Syphilis Disease be Treated? Yes, infection with Syphilis is treatable and ultimately curable. The mainstays in treating the condition and preventing future damage, however, depend on the early detection and initiation of the right choice of antibiotics in different syphilis stages. Effective treatment for Syphilis often involves the administration of a single dose of intramuscular benzathine penicillin G along with parenteral penicillin G, procaine penicillin G, and aqueous crystalline penicillin G. In situations where a person is allergic to penicillin, Azithromycin is administered. Due to the fact that 80% of the syphilis bacteria are already resistant to this antibiotic, according to a US study published in 2018, it is essential to conduct research on new powerful antibiotics. Discover a Wide Range of Syphilis Specimens for Research Central BioHub, a company with European roots, offers human biospecimens ideal for life science research, such as diagnostic, clinical, therapeutic, or drug discovery. To give the finest patient care possible, we, as biospecimen suppliers, encourage research that improves current medical care procedures. To hasten the study of infectious diseases around the world, Central BioHub provides a variety of top-quality research biospecimens that are obtained from syphilis patients all over the world. It has partners with biorepositories at Central BioHub to bring millions of banked samples available for research. We offer blood-derived samples such as serum and plasma samples collected from patients examined for anti-syphilis IgG and anti-syphilis IgM, as well as other syphilis testings. All syphilis blood samples are readily available in stock and procurable online. Check out the sample inventory for more details on syphilis biospecimens: Besides, Central BioHub also offer syphilis infection samples from both pregnant and non-pregnant patients in their bio inventory, along with accurate annotations of all clinical evaluation reports. Be hasty! For high-quality and affordable syphilis samples for research, check out their online inventory.
Auto CPAP - Treatment For Sleep Apnea
Automatic Positive Airway Pressure, or APAP, is a treatment for sleep apnea. It's a machine that automatically adjusts the pressure level to make breathing easier and more comfortable. CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) and APAP are both effective treatments for sleep apnea. But, they differ in several ways. During the night, APAP provides more pressure to keep your airway open, while CPAP keeps your airways open at a constant pressure. In addition, CPAP and APAP machines can be set up to automatically adjust their pressure levels throughout the night. This makes treatment more comfortable and less stressful, while saving you time and money. The main differences between CPAP and APAP are their range of pressure and their ability to automatically adjust. However, they both deliver a steady stream of pressurized air. CPAP uses a machine that can deliver an oxygen-enriched airstream to your airway. When your body snores or breathes out during the night, the airstream pushes against the blockages, keeping your airway open. The amount of air pressure that you need depends on a number of factors, such as your sleeping position, the number of sleep apnea events you have had, your age, and any medical conditions you may have. If you need additional help, you can visit a sleep lab to get more information. The amount of pressure needed to treat sleep apnea can vary from person to person. Your doctor can use a sleep test to determine the amount of pressure that is required for you. Home sleep study can also provide a basic idea of the amount of pressure you need. You can reach out to The Air Station for more information about the home-based sleep study test, and get a sleep apnea treatment with the advaned CPAP device, ResMed AirSense 10, which is availabe in Singapore.
Tenfiz Davası
Taraflar yabancı bir mahkeme vasıtasıyla boşanmış olsalar bile bu kararın Türkiye sınırları içinde geçerli olabilmesi için Türk mahkemelerinde açılacak bir dava ile tanınmasına ve tenfizine karar verilmesi gerekmektedir. Bu makale etimesgut avukat olarak faaliyet gösteren Arca Hukuk ve Danışmanlık Ofisi tarafından kaleme alınmıştır. Tanıma/Tenfiz Davası Nedir? Tanıma ve tenfiz davaları, Milletler Arası Özel Hukuk ve Usul Hukuku Hakkında Kanun kapsamında düzenlenmiştir. Bu Kanun’un 58. Maddesine göre Yabancı mahkeme ilâmının kesin delil veya kesin hüküm olarak yetkili Türk mahkemesi tarafından kabul edilebilmesine tanıma denir. Bu Kanun’un 50. Maddesine göre Yabancı mahkemelerden hukuk davalarına ilişkin olarak verilmiş ve o devlet kanunlarına göre kesinleşmiş bulunan ilâmların Türkiye’de icra olunabilmesinin, yetkili Türk mahkemesi tarafından kabul edilmesine ise tenfiz denilmektedir. Görüldüğü üzere tanıma ve tenfiz birbirinden farklıdır. Yabancı mahkeme tarafından verilen hükmün icra edilmesine ihtiyaç duyuluyorsa istemin tenfiz istemi olması gerekir. Fakat Yabancı mahkeme tarafından verilen kararın icra edilmesi istenmiyorsa, bu hüküm yalnızca kesin delil ya da kesin hüküm ihtiva ediyorsa bu durumda tanımadan söz etmek gerekir. Tanıma davası, mahiyeti itibariyle tespit davası niteliğindeyken tenfiz davası, eda davası niteliğindedir. Bu bilgiler ışığından Yabancı Mahkeme kararı ile boşanan çiftlerin boşanma hükmünün Türkiye’de de geçerli olması istemi tanıma talebi yeterliyken, boşanma hükmünde nafaka, maddi-manevi tazminat, müşterek çocuklara dair velayet ve kişisel ilişkiye dair hükümler, mal rejiminin tasfiyesine dair alacak yahut herhangi bir şekilde icrai işlem tesisi gerektiren bir hükmün olması durumunda tenfiz isteminden söz etmek gerekecektir. Tanıma/Tenfiz Davasında Görevli ve Yetkili Mahkeme Tanıma ve tenfiz davalarında görevli ve yetkili mahkeme Milletler Arası Özel Hukuk ve Usul Hukuku Hakkında Kanun kapsamında düzenlenmiştir. Bu Kanun’un 51. Maddesinin 1. fıkrasında göretenfiz kararları hakkında görevli mahkeme asliye mahkemesidir. Fakat 4787 sayılı Aile Mahkemelerinin Kuruluş, Görev ve Yargılama Usullerine Dair Kanun’un 4/2. Maddesi atfı ile boşanma davalarına ilişkin olarak açılacak tanıma ve tenfiz davalarında görevli mahkeme aile mahkemesi olarak belirlenmiştir. Yine Milletler Arası Özel Hukuk ve Usul Hukuku Hakkında Kanun’un 51. maddesinin 2. fıkrasına göre bu kararlar kendisine karşı tenfiz istenen kişinin Türkiye’deki yerleşim yeri, yoksa sâkin olduğu yer mahkemesinden, Türkiye’de yerleşim yeri veya sakin olduğu bir yer mevcut değilse Ankara, İstanbul veya İzmir mahkemelerinden birinden istenebilir. Kimler Tanıma/Tenfiz Davası Açabilir? Milletler Arası Özel Hukuk ve Usul Hukuku Hakkında Kanun’un 52. Maddesine göre Yabancı Mahkeme tarafından verilen kararın tenfiz edilmesinde hukukî yararı bulunan herkes, tenfiz isteminde bulunabilir. Tanıma ve tenfiz istemi dilekçe ile olur. Tanıma/Tenfiz Davasının Şartları Nelerdir? Milletler Arası Özel Hukuk ve Usul Hukuku Hakkında Kanun’un 54. Maddesine göre Yetkili mahkeme tenfiz kararını aşağıdaki şartlar dâhilinde verir: a) Türkiye Cumhuriyeti ile ilâmın verildiği devlet arasında karşılıklılık esasına dayanan (mütekabiliyet şartı) bir anlaşma yahut o devlette Türk mahkemelerinden verilmiş ilâmların tenfizini mümkün kılan bir kanun hükmünün veya fiilî uygulamanın bulunması. b) İlâmın, Türk mahkemelerinin münhasır yetkisine girmeyen bir konuda verilmiş olması veya davalının itiraz etmesi şartıyla ilâmın, dava konusu veya taraflarla gerçek bir ilişkisi bulunmadığı hâlde kendisine yetki tanıyan bir devlet mahkemesince verilmiş olmaması. c) Hükmün kamu düzenine açıkça aykırı bulunmaması. ç) O yer kanunları uyarınca, kendisine karşı tenfiz istenen kişinin hükmü veren mahkemeye usulüne uygun bir şekilde çağrılmamış veya o mahkemede temsil edilmemiş yahut bu kanunlara aykırı bir şekilde gıyabında veya yokluğunda hüküm verilmiş ve bu kişinin yukarıdaki hususlardan birine dayanarak tenfiz istemine karşı Türk mahkemesine itiraz etmemiş olması. Yabancı Mahkeme kararının tenfizinin sağlanabilmesi için bu şartların hepsinin bir arada gerçekleşmesi gerekirken tanımada mütekabiliyet şartı aranmamaktadır. Bununla birlikte tenfiz istemini kabulü veya reddi halinde kanun yoluna başvurulabilir. Tenfizine karar verilen yabancı mahkeme hükümleri ise, Türk mahkemeleri tarafından verilmiş kararlar gibi icra olunur. Her iki dava da özü itibariyle teknik hususlar içerdiğinden, hak kaybına uğramamak için dava açmadan önce ofisimizin uzman avukatlarına başvurulması halinde en uygun çözüm tarafınıza iletilecektir. Arca Hukuk ve Danışmanlık Ofisi Arca Hukuk ve Danışmanlık Ofisi Ankara ili Etimesgut ilçesinde hukuki faaliyetlerine etimesgut avukat olarak devam etmektedir. Bu ve buna benzer güncel paylaşımlar için ofisimiz web sitesini takip edebilirsiniz.
Top 5 Safe Driving Tips
DUI (driving under the influence) charge can carry serious consequences, including fines, license suspension, and even jail time. If you have been charged with a DUI in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, it is recommended to hire a DUI lawyer. An experienced DUI Lawyer Mecklenburg VA can help you understand your rights, defend you in court, and negotiate on your behalf to potentially reduce charges or penalties. Some factors to consider when selecting a Mecklenburg DUI Lawyer Virginia include their experience, reputation, and communication skills. Top 5 Safe Driving Tips Follow traffic laws and signals Yes, following traffic laws and signals is crucial for safe driving. This includes obeying speed limits, stop signs, yield signs, and traffic lights. It also means using turn signals to indicate your intentions to other drivers. Following traffic laws helps to maintain order and predictability on the road, reducing the risk of accidents. Keep a safe following distance Yes, keeping a safe following distance is important for safe driving. Maintaining a safe following distance allows you to react to sudden stops or turns by the vehicle in front of you. As a general rule, you should keep a minimum of 2 seconds of following distance. In adverse conditions, such as rain or snow, increase your following distance to give yourself more time to react. Avoid distractions while driving Yes, avoiding distractions while driving is crucial for road safety. Distracted driving can take many forms, such as texting, eating, using a GPS, or adjusting the radio. These activities divert your attention from the road, reducing your reaction time and increasing the risk of an accident. Always keep your focus on the road and avoid any distractions while driving. Regularly check vehicle maintenance Yes, regular vehicle maintenance is important for safe driving. Regular checks of your brakes, tires, lights, and fluid levels can help to ensure that your vehicle is functioning properly and reduces the risk of a breakdown while driving. Regular maintenance also helps to identify and address any potential problems early, before they become more serious and potentially dangerous. Never drive under the influence of drugs/alcohol Yes, never driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol is critical for road safety. Drugs and alcohol impair your judgement and reaction time, putting yourself and others on the road at risk. It is illegal to drive under the influence of drugs or alcohol in most countries, and if caught, you could face serious consequences such as fines, license suspension, or even jail time. Always have a designated driver or use alternative transportation if you have been drinking or using drugs
Law on Family Matters for Expatriates living in the UAE: Part III
Introduction In Part III of our series on family law related issues for expats in the UAE, we turn our focus to the matters related to child custody, child relocation and abduction, and inheritance, as governed by the UAE laws. Custody and Guardianship Under the UAE Personal Status Law, there is a difference between a custodian and a guardian. A custodian is the one who has the physical safekeeping of the child whereas a guardian has the legal or moral custody. A mother is the natural custodian of the child under the UAE Personal Status Law with the father being the guardian. Usually the mother does not lose custody unless she is unfit to take care of the child or she puts the child’s life at risk. Similarly, guardianship is unlikely to be taken from the father unless he has committed sexual crimes, including towards his children or has been detained for more than a year. The physical custody is with the mother till the boy turns 11 years old and the girl turns 13 years old if there are no circumstances which affect the interest of the child. The governing rule in determining custody cases is the best interest of the child. Child Relocation In accordance with the UAE Personal Status Law, the child cannot be relocated out of the UAE without the written consent of both parents. If the custodian (being the mother) wants to relocate the child out of UAE, the guardian (father) would need to approve it. Even a short visit would require the guardian’s permission. In case the guardian refuses to give consent, the custodian has the right to raise a request to the family courts, which will decide on the request. That said, the Dubai cassation courts have held that the freedom to travel is a constitutional right of every person in the UAE and this right will not be restricted unless a valid reason is provided. Practically, the courts issue approvals for short visits even if the husband has not agreed, provided some guarantees, in the form of passport of a guarantor, are submitted to the court. The guarantees to be provided are based on the discretion of the courts. Child Abduction Child abductions do happen in family dispute cases and typically are either through abduction out of the UAE or into the UAE. If the parents are UAE residents and one parent abducts the child from UAE to another country, the resident parent first has to apply for a custody claim before the UAE courts. Once the parent obtains the custody court order, they may then file a criminal case for child abduction before the UAE courts, followed by filing a request to Interpol for extradition. When a child has been abducted from another country into the UAE, there are several considerations to keep in mind. One option that could be considered is filing an urgent application before the UAE courts to deliver the child back to the parent if the child is young and abducted from abroad into the UAE. UAE is not a part of 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction and therefore applies its own laws in child abduction matters. The UAE courts are proactive and likely to decide on the case within a few days. If the wife has child custody through a court order in a foreign country, she may file a criminal case before the UAE courts or request the courts to recognize the foreign court order giving her custody. The UAE can enforce a foreign judgment provided that it is not against public policy of the UAE. Inheritance Inheritance is one of the key issues for expats who are settled in UAE. Usually inheritance law under the UAE will apply unless one of the heirs of the deceased requests that the law of their home country be applicable. That said, real estate in the UAE will be governed by the laws of UAE under Article 17/5 of the Civil Transactions Law. Non-Muslims can consider the following options for devolution of assets in the UAE: (a) gifts (heba) to one of the heirs which is transferred during one’s lifetime with no consideration; (b) through wills. Non-Muslims are permitted to sign and register a will before the courts at DIFC which do not have to follow the UAE laws and Islamic principles; and (c) foundations or trusts set up in free zones. Conclusion This concludes our discussion on the federal laws applicable to personal status matters in the UAE. However, Abu Dhabi has introduced new family laws which will have a massive impact on non-Muslim expats living in the Emirates of Abu Dhabi. Check out Part IV of the series for a review of the Abu Dhabi laws. Disclaimer: The above information might not apply if both parties are non-muslim. Starting from the 3rd of February 2023, UAE issued specific family law to be applied between non-muslim expat residents in case none of them wanted to apply his/her home country's law in the UAE. To know more information about this law, please feel free to click this link.
What are the Updates on Tenancy law for Family-only Residential Buildings in the UAE?
Pursuant to Law Number 2 of 2007 on Regulations of Landlord-Tenant Relationship in Sharjah and its amendments, low-income bachelors or labourers are not allowed to live in certain residential neighbourhoods which have been specially demarcated for family use. Instead, there are certain industrial areas allocated specially for low-income bachelors and labourers in Sharjah, wherein they can take accommodation and wherein it is also possible for them to obtain shared accommodation. For example, areas such as Al Majaz and Al Nahda have been designated for family accommodations. Certain exemptions may be granted to higher-income executive bachelors holding higher degrees and professionals such as doctors, engineers to live in residential areas demarcated for families with the direct permission of the landlord. Pursuant to the above the law, thereby, it is required that upon obtaining tenancy in family accommodations, a tenant is required to give the details of all of his family members who will be occupying the tenanted unit, along with copies of their income and marriage certificate as well. Sharing of accommodation: Subject to the specific consent of the landlords, accommodation sharing might be allowed in certain areas for low-income category personals and labourers. The overall number of persons living in accommodation should not exceed certain limitations, such as: * three people in studio apartments * four people in one bedroom apartments * six people in two-bedroom apartments * Nine people in three-bedroom apartments Similarly, in Dubai, there are certain industrial areas specifically designated for housing industrial workers and labourers, such as the Al Quoz, Mushainah area. Further, there are specific residential areas such as Muraqqabat and Al Rigga areas, where sharing of accommodation is allowed for bachelors. The parameters for sharing of accommodation in such designated areas are generally bases on the rule that a minimum area of 40 square feet should be allotted per person in the bedroom. It is also to be understood that until recently, it was illegal in the UAE for un-married couples or people of opposite genders to live together in an accommodation. However, with the recent changes brought in, the same is no longer illegal, however subject to the rules that apply to bachelor accommodations. Further, pursuant to Article 25(1)(b) of Dubai Rent Law, allows the landlord to evict a tenant when: "Where the tenant uses the real property or allows others to use it for any illegal purpose or for a purpose which breaches public order or morals." Thereby, tenants should ensure to check with their respective landlords the rules and regulations imposed on the residential property and should endeavour to abide by them in order to avoid potential eviction. Though presumably simple enough, tenancy law can often prove challenging for residents and therefore, wherever possible, they should seek legal advice and assistance to avoid disadvantageous circumstances and potential losses
Law on Family Matters for Expatriates living in the UAE: Part II
Introduction Expatriates have enjoyed living in the UAE for many years but often do not understand the application of the UAE laws on them. In this series, we are covering the laws applicable to family matters in the UAE which have implications for expatriates. In Part I of the series, we discussed the overall personal status laws applicable in the UAE, the courts’ jurisdiction on foreign residents in the UAE and the types of divorces recognized in the UAE. In this Part II of the on-going series, we will understand the application of foreign law in personal law matters in the UAE and the types of claims usually seen in divorce matters. Application of Foreign Law It is obvious that expats may want to apply foreign law in the UAE for their personal matters. The application of the foreign laws is subject to two main rules: - The law of the State where marriage was concluded (Article 13). As an example, if citizens of India concluded their marriage in UK, the law of UK will apply. - Dual nationality of the party (Article 24). If a party has dual nationalities, the courts may reject the application of foreign law and UAE law may become applicable even if the marriage was concluded abroad. The courts exercise discretionary powers while considering the application of foreign laws, based on the merits of individual cases. Claims In case the divorce has been granted, a wife is entitled to claim certain financial rights. These rights are given in accordance with the UAE laws. Some of these rights could be as follows. A) Dowry (Mahr): It is an amount which is agreed between the parties at the time of marriage and is of two types: (i) prompt dowry (mokadam), which is paid at the time of marriage; and (ii) deferred or late payment (moajal), which is written in the contract. The deferred payment is payable at the time of divorce. B) Compensation for divorce (nafket motta’a): Compensation is to be given to the wife in case the divorce was issued to the wife by the husband with no valid ground. According to the UAE Personal Status Law, compensation amount will not be given to the wife if she was an applicant in the divorce proceedings. C) Reimbursement of backdated expenses: In case the husband has not financially supported the wife, the wife has the right to claim back-dated expenses which is equivalent to the wife’s day to day expenses for the last 36 months. If the wife claims such expenses, the husband would have to prove that he had financially supported the wife. If case of failure to prove such support, the court may order the husband to pay such amounts to the wife. D) Maintenance: Maintenance can be claimed by wife during marriage, during the waiting period (iddah) and for the children. She also has the right to seek custodian salary. During Marriage A wife has a right to claim maintenance support from the husband, subject to the financial ability of the husband. However, a husband cannot claim maintenance. Child Support The right to claim child support from the father is established under Article 78 of the UAE Personal Status Law. Both Emirates of Dubai and Abu Dhabi have their own guidelines on the amount to be given as child support, which depends on the number of kids and the husband’s financial ability. Custodian Salary Custodian salary is the salary given to the wife for taking care of the children and is one of the amounts which is provided to the wife as part of alimony. Property claims The husband could file a financial claim on the joint assets if he is the sole contributor to such assets. Conclusion We have discussed the issues relating to the divorce including the claims applicable. But in whose custody do the children fall? What are the protections against relocation and kidnapping of children? We will explore this and more in the next Part of this series. Disclaimer: The above information might not apply if both parties are non-muslim. Starting from the 3rd of February 2023, UAE issued specific family law to be applied between non-muslim expat residents in case none of them wanted to apply his/her home country's law in the UAE. To know more information about this law, please feel free to click this link.
What are the Fines and Punishments for Stealing Vehicle Plate Numbers in the UAE?
Stealing a UAE plate number is a crime which may be punishable under UAE laws. Stealing a number plate would fall under the definition of “theft” of the Federal Decree Law No 31 of 2021, more commonly known as the UAE Penal Code. The UAE Penal Code Defines Theft Under Article 435 as: “A theft means the taking of property belonging to a person other than the criminal and it shall be subject to the provisions of the following Articles.” Punishments The punishment for theft varies depending upon the degree of crime committed. Typically, theft is punishable by a jail sentence of at least six months or a fine. Having said that, Article 442 of the UAE Penal Code states that a theft committed by a means of transport is punishable with imprisonment of not less than one year. Article 441 also provides for imprisonment of up to seven years if theft is committed during nighttime and by a person carrying a weapon. If a person has committed robbery by coercion or threat to use a weapon with the purpose of either keeping, obtaining or running away with the stolen goods, he shall be punished with imprisonment ranging between three years to fifteen years under Article 438 of the UAE Penal Code. Any attempt to commit theft is punishable with half of the penalty prescribed for the full crime. Therefore, stealing a UAE plate is a serious offence and should not be taken lightly. Reduction of Sentence Given the varying degrees of punishment provided under the UAE Penal Code, the question arises whether the court has the right to reduce the sentence of a person who has committed theft. If the court believes that either the circumstances of the crime or the criminal itself require mercy in a felony charge, then the penalty of temporary imprisonment could be mitigated to a jail sentence for at least three months under Article 99/3. In case a mitigating excuse is established in a misdemeanour, where a specific minimum limit is stated for the penalty, the court does not need to abide by such a limit when assessing the penalty under Article 100. What Does the Court Say? However, the above does not mean that the penalty could be converted into a fine. This was held by the Federal Supreme Court in Case No 575 of 2020 in its hearing dated 7 September 2020, in which the accused had stolen a car which he subsequently sold. The court of first instance sentenced the accused to imprisonment of two months. This penalty was amended by the appeals court to a fine. On appeal to the Federal Supreme Court, the Federal Supreme Court noted that while the judge has the right to not adhere to the minimum penalty prescribed provided a mitigating factor is established, it does not give the judge the right to assess the punishment based on what he deems appropriate and only impose a fine.