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Applications of Nanomaterials

Application of nanomaterials in the field of catalysts
Nanomaterials play an important role in many chemical catalytic fields, which can control reaction time and increase reaction efficiency and speed. As catalysts, nanomaterials have many advantages. Nanomaterials have large specific surface area and many surface active centers, all of which provide the necessary conditions for catalysis. At the same time, the volume effect and surface effect of nanomaterials determine its good catalytic activity and catalytic selectivity. Compared with the general catalyst, nanocatalyst can greatly improve the reaction efficiency, and it reacts 10 to 15 times faster than the general catalyst. The metal nanoparticles can be directly used as catalysts, and the catalysts are mainly nano powders of noble metals such as Ag, Pd, Pt, Rh, etc., and base metals such as Fe, Co, Ni, and the like. The use of metal microparticles as a catalyst has good selectivity, and this selectivity is related to the particle size of the nanoparticles. In addition to chemical catalysis, photocatalysis and thermal catalysis of semiconductor nanoparticles have attracted widespread attention and have been applied in catalytic degradation of organic matter.

Application of nanomaterials in the preparation of new engineering materials
The small size effect of the nano material allows it to be sintered at a lower temperature to obtain a sintered body with excellent texture, and can maintain its good performance without any additives, so it can be used to prepare sintered materials at low temperature. At the same time, these nanomaterials can be used as activators in the relevant sintering process, which plays an important role in accelerating the sintering process, shortening the sintering time and lowering the sintering temperature. The small size effect and surface effect of nanomaterials not only reduce their melting point but also reduce the phase transition temperature, so that the melting point and phase transition temperature of different materials can be closer to each other and solid state reactions can be performed at low temperatures. Different kinds of nano-ceramic powders can be used to produce nano-ceramics with dense texture and excellent performance at low temperature and low pressure. Nano-ceramics have excellent properties such as good plasticity, high hardness, high temperature resistance, wear resistance, high susceptibility and coercivity, and low magnetic loss.

Application of nanomaterials in the field of magnetic materials
Magnetic materials are key materials for the storage, processing and transmission of information. In recent years, with the rapid development of information, the performance of recording medium materials, especially the recording density, has been improved. The recording medium material with high recording density is closely related to ultrafine particles. If ultrafine particles are used as the recording unit, the recording density can be greatly improved. Because the nano magnetic particles have a single magnetic domain structure and high coercive force, using it to make a magnetic recording material can improve the signal-to-noise ratio of the magnetic recording material, thereby improving image quality.

Application of nanomaterials in the field of coatings
Due to its unique photocatalytic function, nanomaterials have a strong decomposition and elimination effect on toxic gases in the air. The low surface tension, strong adhesion, and excellent self-cleaning function make the nano-materials suitable for exterior wall coatings of buildings. Because the size of nanometers is much smaller than the wavelengths of infrared and radar waves, the transmission of nanoparticles to these waves is much stronger than that of conventional materials, and the reflectance of infrared and radar waves is greatly reduced. Therefore, nanomaterials have an absorption effect on infrared and radar waves, so they can be used as coating materials for aircraft and submarines. Nano-coating will bring a new technological revolution to the coating technology, and will also promote the research and development of composite materials.

Application of nanomaterials in the development of new energy
The rational use of traditional energy sources and the development of new energy sources are long-term and important tasks. In recent years, research on the development of nano-purifiers and nano-combustion aids that can be used for coal and oil combustion, and the use of nanotechnology to extract useful substances in coal ash have obtained preliminary results and are expected to be industrialized. Loading precious metals on the surface of nano-semiconductor materials can double the efficiency of photodecomposing water, which will greatly promote the photochemical storage of solar energy. The photoelectric conversion efficiency of the new type solar cell made of semiconductor nanomaterials is extremely high, and it can work normally even in rainy days.

In addition to the above applications, nanomaterials have good application prospects in the fields of printing inks, electronic pastes, sensors, and artificial intelligence. For example, the color of a nanoparticle varies depending on the particle size, and the smaller the particle size, the darker the color. Therefore, non-toxic nanoparticles with appropriate and uniform particle size can be used to prepare printing inks of various colors to replace traditional inks configured with chemical pigments, and this is very beneficial for improving the printing operation conditions, preventing the ink from harming the human body and protecting the environment.
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What's the smallest size deep freezer?
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10 things you should know about matcha powder
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How COVID-19 Impacted on VVT and Start-Stop System Market ?
Impact of COVID-19 on VVT and Start-Stop System in the Automotive Industry Overview: VVT and start-stop systems are systems in most modern cars that stop the engine when the vehicle is stationary or idling, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and fuel consumption. When the brake is released or the clutch is engaged, the engine is restarted. The VVT & start-stop system detects when the vehicle is stationary or out of gear and automatically stops it. The latest automotive innovations, such as intuitive infotainment, self-driving capabilities, and electrification, rely more on software quality, execution, and integration than on mechanical ingenuity. This transformation is occurring at such a rapid pace that automotive OEMs and other industry stakeholders are finding it difficult to keep up. The exorbitant cost of integrating and upgrading consumer features for various end services. 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As a result, financiers have been in “recovery mode” and reluctant to extend new loans. Therefore, the role of financing should be the priority to boost the sale by the vendor In order to meet the increased demand for last-mile deliveries, the vendor should work on the software capabilities of the vehicle on the backend to enhance the capabilities of the battery pack with the controller to enable better range and load-bearing capacity for the vehicles. Further, with essential practices of social distancing, the company realized that fleet owners will now need connected vehicles to manage their fleet. The company has been working around adding several software features on the backend that helps the fleet managers to streamline their operations and be prepared for eventualities. The vehicles should be inbuilt with new features for optimizing fleet operations with real-time updates, updates on battery operations, and preventive maintenance. 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Botox And Fillers For Men. How Different Is It Than Women's Anti-Aging?
Botox and dermal fillers make no gender discrimination. It is enticing to both men and women. Men's cosmetics and beauty treatments are becoming increasingly popular. From procedures and treatment areas to locating the proper dermatologist, here's what men really ought to know about dermal fillers and neurotoxins. Injectable Techniques for Men Injectable therapies for men and women differ in a variety of ways. They are based on biological distinctions in the aging process, the composition of muscle fibers in the face, and bone structure. Then there's the matter of skin quality to consider. Because men's skin is thicker, a more robust product can frequently be utilized. The perception of attractiveness has an impact on injectable procedures as well. Our society's judgment of what qualities are feminine or masculine is taken into account while planning injectable treatments. Men, for example, should avoid using filler on the lateral of the cheekbone like women do since it provides a more feminine impression. An arched brow, as well as a very high cheekbone or a small chin, is a typically feminine look, yet generalizations are not always the rule. You generally wouldn't want to generate those conventionally feminine characteristics unless that's the patient's starting bone structure. Also, don't disregard society opinions of wrinkles and fine lines. In women, injectables are routinely used to smooth the skin, although wrinkles are less of a concern in men. The ultimate goal is to restore men's facial angularity and reduce the look of exhaustion or tension, rather than to reduce wrinkles. The sort of product used is also influenced by this distinction in purpose. Certain dermal fillers, such as Juvéderm, which can hold a lot of water, may not be appropriate for men, whereas Radiesse holds less water and produces better definition. The former is a HA filler, whereas the latter is calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHa). So, to achieve the best effects, it's all about quantity, quality, and the type of product you're using. The Benefits of Injectables for Men Fillers and neuromodulators are effective anti-aging treatments that can also be utilized to enhance and define one's appearance. Non-surgical injectables actually serve a vital purpose for guys who desire to rejuvenate their looks when you consider male anatomy. Men's hair is insufficient to conceal actual surgical scars. As a result, skillfully administered Botox and filler can be a strong tool for non-surgical rejuvenation. Neurotoxin Botox, Dysport, Jeuveau, and Xeomin are common neurotoxins used to soften the appearance of wrinkles on the forehead and around the eyes. Because men without lines can appear excessively feminine and unnatural, it is necessary to decrease rather than eradicate these wrinkles. One of the first signs of aging in men is between the brows, where they acquire vertical lines called glabellar or '11' lines. These lines are created by frowning and squinting, and males are more likely than women to acquire deep creases here since their skin is thicker and heavier. Botox can assist to relax the'muscles of disapproval,' also known as the corrugator muscles in medicine, and smooth this area, preventing deep wrinkles from forming and taking up residence. While certain lines may be thought to be 'handsome,' others may communicate unwanted emotion. Men with glabellar lines are advised that they appear angry or disapproving when they are not. Most men seek neuromodulators such as Botox to open their eyes and decrease wrinkles. However, prudence is required. As a result, they do not appear to have had any treatment. Dermal Fillers Men choose to treat the under eye hollow or tear trough with filler. 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Benefits of Planck's quantum theory to the society
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EKG Technician National Certification Exam
Healthcare Professionals Competency Testing (HPCT) is a certifying agency that offers HPCT ekg Exam national certifications to allied healthcare professionals including Surgical Technicians, Clinical Medical Assistants, Medical Administrative Assistants, EKG technicians, Ekg Technician national test, Patient Care Technicians, Ekg Technician Certification, Pharmacy Technicians, Phlebotomy Technicians, and Sterile Processors. ekg technician certifying exam perform diagnostic tests to assess the patient's heart rhythm and rate. Proper electrode placement on the patient, recording the ECG, preparing the report for the physician, troubleshooting abnormalities with the recording, and ensuring patient comfort and safety are some of their responsibilities. For the EKG tech national exam, hundreds of students have used this concise and straightforward study guide. Included in the book are: -Duties of an Electrocardiograph technician -General anatomy of the heart -Internal heart structure -Coronary Circulation -Heart physiology -Basic electrophysiology -Conduction system of the heart -Fundamentals of electrocardiogram -The electrocardiographic grid waves -Definition of waves, segments, intervals, and junction. The normal electrocardiograph waves and complexes -The normal EKG segments, intervals, and Junctions -Analyzing the EKG strip -EKG interpretation and Pathology Recordings with diagrams -Artifacts of EKG Recording with diagrams - 400+ Practice Questions for the national certification Exam for EKG Technicians. EKG Technician Certification Exam Review Designed for students and experienced EKG professionals to prepare them for the national EKG Technician exam, the EKG Technician Exam Review Course is a short course. Whether you are reviewing or learning the concepts involved in understanding and reading EKG analyses, this course will provide insight into cardiac anatomy and physiology, the EKG machine, patient preparation, and interpretation. Who HCET exam course is for: Medical Assistants and nurses EMTs and other medical professionals Description and Purpose of Test Various cardiovascular disorders patients are diagnosed and treated by EKG National Exam For Ekg Technician Certification technicians. An invasive cardiologist can practice vascular cardiology, echocardiography, and invasive cardiology as well. A technician with knowledge of echocardiography is called an EKG technician. It is estimated that EKG technicians will grow about 24 percent between 2008-2018, according to the Occupational Outlook Handbook. A technician trained in electrocardiography (EKG) can also perform ultrasounds and sonograms of a patient's heart. A test to measure the electric impulses of the heart is called an EKG. As well as working in hospitals, EKG technicians can also find employment in offices, clinics, and acute care facilities. EKG technician’s responsibilities may include, but Ekg Technician Certifying Exam Study Guide the following: Prepare patients for an EKG Interact with patients Perform the EKG* Apply electrodes and leads Perform Holter Monitoring and Stress Testing Recognizing the need for continuing education and staying current in health care mandates Electrocardiogram technicians are responsible for administering electrocardiograms, which assist practitioners in diagnosing heart conditions. EKG Technicians Certification is in increasingly high demand as the population in the United States ages. Certified EKG Technicians with Nationally Registered Certification (NRCEKG) designations provide evidence to colleagues, clients, employers, and the general public at large that they are of high professional quality. Now Cet Certification exam electrocardiogram professional in a health care setting needs to have the technical and cardiovascular diagnostic expertise required in the field. You must score at least 70% on your National Credential examination and meet all NAHP eligibility requirements. By earning your Cet Certification exam through the American Society of EKG Technicians, you'll become nationally certified and demonstrate to employers that you're always up-to-date on the latest developments in the electrocardiography field. Choosing a job without this experience decreases your chances of being hired due to the inability of an employer to verify your electrocardiography abilities.
Why Your Business Needs Online Timesheets
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How To Get Rid Of Dark Circles - Eye Creams Vs. Under Eye Treatment
If you adhere to a strict nightly skincare regimen, you may expect to wake up with skin that is refreshed and revitalized. Instead, you awaken with dark circles under your eyes and a tired, worn-out appearance. So much for a peaceful night's sleep. Lack of sleep, dehydration, and a familial propensity are all factors that contribute to dark circles and bags under the eyes. Due to the fact that dark under-eye circles are often caused by a variety of factors, we require more than just an eye cream to see significant improvement over time. What Causes Dark Circles Under the Eyes? To treat dark circles under the eyes, you must first determine what is causing them. It is possible that there is a hereditary component. The most prevalent reason of dark circles is due to the architecture of the face. Making the eyes appear "sunken" may cause shadowing to occur beneath the eyes, which appears as dark circles under the eyes. The look of the under-eye area can also be affected by the passage of time. As we grow older, it is possible that dark circles under the eyes will become more noticeable. Dark circles under the eyes, on the other hand, are not always heritable. Fatigue, stress, weakening of the ocular muscles, and ageing are all possible causes. Alcohol, smoking, and excessive caffeine consumption can all exacerbate the effects of darkness. Certain medical conditions, on the other hand, can have an effect on the under-eye. Systolic disorders, such as wasting syndrome, which is characterized by bodily weakness and wasting as a result of a severe chronic illness, gastrointestinal ailments such as celiac disease and thyroid difficulties, as well as hormonal imbalances, can cause this black hue to appear. Eczema, contact dermatitis, and food allergies are all conditions that some people suffer from. Dark circles beneath the eyes can be caused by a variety of factors, including chemotherapy treatments. Why Do Eye Creams Fail to Produce Results? Despite the fact that eye treatments can help to tighten, brighten, and de-puff the eyes, they frequently fail to eliminate dark circles, particularly those caused by heredity or aging. You will never be able to "get rid" of black eye rings that are caused by your facial structure. That does not imply that you must give up your favorite foods. External factors may be responsible for the development of under-eye bags. It is possible to treat dark circles under the eyes with creams and lotions if they are caused by allergies or lack of sleep. Under-eye circles are a common problem. Professional assistance may be your best bet for reducing those pesky dark circles. A dermatologist will employ fillers, peels, and lasers to give the appearance of being more youthful and awake. It has the potential to make a significant difference. PRP Treatment Microneedling and PRP work together to smooth out hollows and fill in volume loss areas around the eyes, making hollows around the eyes less apparent. Chemical Peels Light chemical peels remove dead skin cells might help to improve the appearance of the skin around the eyes. Lasers Gentle lasers can also be used to treat dark pigmentation under the eyes, which is a common problem. Undereye Dermal Fillers With the use of a hyaluronic acid-based under-eye dermal filler, the most dramatic results can be achieved. The most effective method of treating dark circles under the eyes is using filler. They work by filling up the hollows around the eyes, making them appear brighter and free of shadows, and they last for several hours. The tear trough filler is injected into the tear trough for a 24-month duration. The Final Outcome While under-eye treatments can help with puffiness, crow's feet, and fine wrinkles, dark circles are a more serious problem that necessitates additional attention. Fillers, chemical peels, and lasers can all be used to brighten the under-eye area, depending on the cause. A dermatologist's consultation helps ensure that you receive the most appropriate treatment for your specific needs.
Lasers Vs Chemical Peels - What's Best For Your Skin?
Scarring from acne? Fine lines and wrinkles? Pigmentation and sun spots? Is any of this ringing a bell? They do happen, regrettably, and when they do, we panic. We've looked everywhere, from skincare products that claim to remove age spots to lengthy Google searches, expecting to find the 'magic' treatment that can eradicate the skin's textural imperfections and beyond. Fortunately, there are alternatives. Chemical peels and laser treatments, two skin resurfacing techniques that remove damaged skin to encourage skin regeneration, are used. What is the final outcome? Smoother and more rejuvenated skin. Combating skin problems has never been easier, but if you're new to the world of skin resurfacing, it might be intimidating. What Is the Difference Between Chemical Peels and Laser Treatments? Skin resurfacing techniques such as chemical peels and laser treatments remove old skin to promote the formation of new skin. Both procedures are frequently used to treat acne scars and hyperpigmentation, fine lines and wrinkles, and sun exposure issues such as pigmentation spots. Chemical peels and laser treatments are distinguished by the procedure itself. The first, as the name implies, employs chemical treatments to remove damaged skin, whilst the second employs lasers. Chemical peels use different amounts of acid solutions to treat the skin's outer layer. There are three types of peels: superficial, medium, and deep. Superficial chemical peels (for example, VI Peel and lactic acid peels) are delicate and exfoliate the skin lightly with weak acids. Medium chemical peels (for example, glycolic acid peels and TCA peels) are more invasive and penetrate the middle and outer layers of the skin. Deep chemical peels (e.g., phenol acid peels) are the most potent, employing strong acids to penetrate as well as remove damaged skin cells. Laser resurfacing treatments use light beams to penetrate the skin, eliminating one column at a time. Although laser removal is more exact, it is often more expensive than chemical peels. There are two types of lasers: ablative and non-ablative. Ablative lasers (such as CO2 and erbium) offer the best effects by vaporizing the skin. Non-ablative lasers (for example, Fraxel) are less intrusive to the skin because they heat it rather than destroying it. Because non-ablative lasers are less strong than ablative lasers, numerous sessions may be required to achieve the optimum results. While chemical peels and laser treatments are distinct in their advantages and the concerns they address, there is some overlap in the issues they address. A strong TCA (trichloroacetic acid) chemical peel, for example, can give resurfacing comparable to that of a resurfacing laser, or both peels and lasers can be utilized to treat acne and acne scars. In terms of skin tone, the two surgeries are also dissimilar. Chemical peels assist those with darker skin tones the most because they are an excellent pigmentation treatment. People with dark skin tones are more prone to hyperpigmentation concerns such as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation due to an overabundance of melanin in their skin (PIH). Acid solutions are used in chemical peels to encourage collagen formation, and antioxidants are used to further penetrate and treat pigmentation in darker skin. What Are the Most Common Chemical Peel Types? Vi Peel The VI Peel is a painless, mild peel that is appropriate for all skin types and tones. It is made up of trichloroacetic acid, Retin-A, salicylic acid, phenol, and vitamin C and is widely used to treat hyperpigmentation and repair UV damage. Lactic peel A lactic peel is made from milk and is ideal for dry or sensitive skin. It balances the pH of the skin and exfoliates gently by dissolving dead skin cells. Glycolic peel Glycolic acid, which is used in glycolic peels, stimulates the synthesis of new collagen and elastin by targeting the skin's outer layer. It is frequently used to treat acne, acne scars, and to tighten pores. TCA peel A TCA peel, which is more harsh than a glycolic peel, contains trichloroacetic acid. It is commonly used to lighten skin pigmentation and smooth wrinkles. Phenol peel To address severe wrinkles and discolouration, a phenol peel penetrates the skin thoroughly. When compared to gentler peels, it typically necessitates a lengthy recovery period and may be unpleasant. What Are the Most Frequently Used Laser Treatments? Fraxel Laser Treatment The Fraxel Laser Treatment uses FDA-approved fractional laser technology to revitalize skin. This laser is best effective on acne scars and tiny wrinkles that are mild to moderate in severity. CO2 Laser Treatment The CO2 Laser Treatment uses pixelated carbon dioxide lasers to treat more severe skin issues like deep wrinkles and acne scars. In general, this laser is unsuccessful for treating skin redness. Erbium Laser The Erbium laser is a less invasive and gentler laser treatment than the CO2 laser. The laser increases collagen formation by penetrating the epidermis (the outer skin layer). It's commonly used to remove wrinkles, fine lines, and age spots. Which Of These Is the Best Skin Care Treatment? It all boils down to your skin type and concerns, in a nutshell. It can be difficult to determine the best course of action, therefore it is always advisable to visit with a dermatologist to discuss your concerns and treatment choices. Not all chemical peels and laser procedures are suited for people with darker skin tones. Are you unsure about your situation? When in doubt, always consult a dermatologist. THE MOST EFFECTIVE ACNE SCAR TREATMENT A chemical peel used to treat hyperpigmentation. Textural changes, such as atrophic or indented scars, respond better to laser skin treatments. A TCA chemical peel, on the other hand, can help with acne scars. Combination methods, which include laser, peels, subcision, and/or dermal fillers, are widely used. WHAT SHOULD I EXPECT IF THIS IS MY FIRST CHEMICAL PEEL/LASER TREATMENT? With chemical peels, expect some redness and peeling following, depending on the type of peel. Not every peel results in apparent peeling. Post-laser skin side effects may include redness, peeling, swelling, and bruising, depending on the laser used. If you use topical treatments, you should discontinue them a few days before the procedure. You may be advised to stop using retinoids, hydroxy acids, benzoyl peroxide, or other harsh, drying, and potentially irritating substances depending on the peel and laser. As a preventative step, patients with a history of cold sores may be given antiviral drugs. WILL A CHEMICAL PEEL OR A LASER TREATMENT BE APPROPRIATE FOR MY SKIN? If you have any of the following conditions, you should avoid chemical peels and laser treatments: - Active infections in the treatment regions - Will be exposed to sunlight after treatment - Have a history of keloids or hypertrophic scars. - A lack of enough post-treatment recuperation time. - Have a darker skin tone (this applies to certain types of chemical peels and laser resurfacing treatments). Whether you choose a chemical peel or a laser treatment, there is a resurfacing skin option for you!
Python Training with data science
So you want to be a data scientist, or maybe you're already one and want to increase your toolbox. You've arrived to the correct location. The goal of this page is to give a comprehensive learning route for persons who are new to Python for data science. This curriculum provides a complete overview of the steps required to learn Python for data science. If you already have some background or don't require all of the components, feel free to create your own paths and let us know how you changed the path. You can also look at the tiny version of this learning route –> Infographic: Quick Guide to Learning Data Science in Python. We have created a new learning route for you! Check it out on our courses page and get started on your data science adventure right away. The first step is to set up your machine. Now that you've made your decision, it's time to set up your machine. The simplest way to get started is to get Anaconda from Continuum.io. It comes with almost everything you'll ever need. The main disadvantage of going this way is that you will have to wait for Continuum to update their packages, even if an update to the underlying libraries is available. That shouldn't matter if you're just starting off. If you have any problems installing, you can find more thorough instructions for various operating systems here. Step 2: Learn the fundamentals of the Python programming language. You should begin by learning the fundamentals of the language, libraries, and data structures. One of the greatest places to begin your adventure is with Analytics Vidhya's free Python training. This course focuses on how to get started with Python for data science, and by the conclusion, you should be familiar with the language's fundamental concepts. Assignment: Take Analytics Vidhya's fantastic free Python course. Alternative resources: If interactive coding isn't your thing, check out The Google Class for Python. It is a two-day class series that covers some of the topics mentioned later. Step 3: Become acquainted with Python's Regular Expressions. You will need to use them frequently for data purification, particularly if you are working with text data. The best approach to learn Regular expressions is to take the Google lesson and keep this cheat sheet on hand. Do the baby name exercise as a homework assignment. If you still need more practise, check out this text cleaning instruction. It will test you on the many stages involved in data manipulation. Step 4: Learn Python scientific libraries such as NumPy, SciPy, Matplotlib, and Pandas. This is where the good times begin! Here's a quick rundown of some libraries. Let's get started with some basic operations. Extensively practise the NumPy tutorial, particularly NumPy arrays. This will lay a solid foundation for the future. Then, take a look at the SciPy tutorials. Go over the introduction and the essentials, then do the rest based on your needs. If you guessed Matplotlib tutorials, you are mistaken! They are far too thorough for our purposes. Instead, scroll down to Line 68 of this ipython notebook (i.e. till animations)
What COVID-19 Impacted on Cleaning Robot in Semiconductors & Electronics Industry ?
Impact of COVID-19 on Cleaning Robot in Semiconductors & Electronics Industry ANALYSIS ON IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON THE MARKET The pandemic started with its epicenter in China in 2019 and has been continuously spreading by then to all over the world, so far 216 countries and territories have been affected with Covid-19, the U.S. being on the top with cases reaching about 4.38 million, followed by Brazil, India and then by many European countries such as Russia, Spain, Italy, and others. The COVID-19 cases reaching to the big named countries with strong dominance in the global market which has adversely affected the economy globally. The spread of the coronavirus has led to the global recession, many companies are being bound to take stringent actions of laying off their employees, small businesses are being shut, and manufacturing facilities are being put on hold. There has been a disruption in the supply chain of many industries due to restrictions in logistics and the closing of manufacturing facilities. In addition, the slowdown in the economy has lowered the spending capability of individuals and people are saving money for emergencies. However, now almost in every country, the factories are started to reopen by taking some prevention such as 20% -50% employees on the field, social distancing, extreme hygiene measures, and others to support the economy. It is supporting the economy and helping to lower the recession rate at a certain level. COVID-19 highly impacted the personal and domestic cleaning robots market due to the recession gripping the world and a decline in disposable income, the demand for personal and domestic robots declined. Also, the behavior of the individuals has certainly changed in the pandemic, people are now more concerned about their health and spending for future use due to incurred losses which lead to a decrease in the sale of cleaning robots. However, cleaning robots have a huge demand in the healthcare sector. During the time of social distancing, hospitals are demanding mobile robots integrated with UV-C light disinfection equipment to sanitize the wards and rooms to minimize any physical contact. For instance, In June 2020, According to the founder and chairman of Milagrow Robots, there has been a huge surge in demand for floor and window cleaning robots. The total sale is expected to be 300,000 to 400,000 cleaning robots in 2020 when compared to 10,000 cleaning robots in 2019. STEPS TAKEN BY MANUFACTURERS DURING COVID-19 SITUATION As the COVID-19 crisis continues to expand, makers would possibly face challenges on varied fronts. Producing firms would be searching for immediate measures to stay their workforces safe and their businesses solvent. Makers would conjointly have to be compelled to look on the far side of their economic viability. Because the COVID-19 pandemic intensifies, makers would possibly face continued downward pressure on demand, production, and revenues. They would continuously face cash-flow liquidity challenges and difficulties in managing debt obligations. In December 2020, LG Electronics announced the launch of the autonomous robot with disinfecting UV light for various B2B applications. This robot uses ultraviolet (UV-C) light to disinfect high-touch, high-traffic areas and is designed for hospitality, education, corporate, retail, restaurant, and transportation customers to reduce exposure to harmful bacteria and germs The pandemic may drive the enhancement of automation, digitalization, and artificial intelligence (AI) in almost all sectors. In a situation like social distancing automation and robotics could reduce dependence on human labor and increase productivity, preventing the chances of losses. The pandemic has boosted the growth of healthcare industries. As people need to maintain physical distancing, manufacturers can gain the advantage of this norm to address the mass public in hospitals and crowded places. Manufacturers were engaged in product development with advanced technologies, partnerships, and collaborations to gain a competitive advantage in the market. For instance, In January 2021, SAMSUNG announced the launch of new AI-powered robotic vacuum and laundry products. The new JetBot 90 AI+ features smart technologies that optimize the cleaning route and respond to its environment. The JetBot 90 AI+ is the world’s first smart robotic vacuum that helps to automate home cleaning in these Covid times IMPACT ON DEMAND The behavior of the individuals has certainly changed in the pandemic, people are now more concerned about their health. The government is also working on research and development to develop a vaccine and avoid any further pandemic as such. The government is using augmented and virtual reality for the known disasters which can help in reducing the effects of the disaster. The pandemic has boosted the digital transformation of industries, companies are focusing more on a digital platform to interact with their clients and customers. The pandemic has brought a huge demand for cleaning robots to ensure safety as COVID-19 has put cleaning and disinfection front and center in facility maintenance and at other places. Huge adoption of technology, automation, and smart buildings is gradually increasing the scope of growth for the cleaning robot market. IMPACT ON SUPPLY CHAIN The pandemic has brought a huge impact on the supply chain of the cleaning robot market. The logistics and transportation of assets deteriorated a lot. The supply chain was adversely affected as the lockdown prevailed in many regions globally, the government has limited the workers. Companies are making their operations work according to the government regulations by making limited workers work in different shifts. The supply chain is experiencing disruption in Chinese parts exports, large-scale manufacturing interruptions across Europe, and the closure of assembly plants in the U.S. The manufacturers were facing a shortage of raw material, shifting of production to other countries, liquidity crunch to delays in availability of models, and deferred launches. However, now there is an improvement in the supply chain as most of the facilities and travel restrictions have opened and working in most optimum capacity. CONCLUSION As the Covid-19 prevails the cleaning robot market has witnessed a gradual increase in the demand for cleaning robots and services. Most of the manufacturing facilities were closed bringing down the production of cleaning robots which leads to disruption in the supply chain. However, as the markets are getting digitally transformed and people are being more reliable on digital sources the market seems to be growing. Organizations operating under this market were building up new strategies to maintain all the safety measures at facilities and focusing on technological up-gradation to boost the growth of the market. Even after the pandemic automation of industries will continue to increase which acts as a major driver for the market. Growing demand from the healthcare, media & entertainment, and retail sector will act as a major boosting factor for the growth of the market in this pandemic.