Cards you may also be interested in
Peel da sinh học Paula’s Choice 25%AHA + 2%BHA
http://myphamhigh-end.com/peel-da-sinh-hoc-paulas-choice-25aha-2bha/ Sản phẩm peel da sinh học của Paula’s Choice là một trong những sản phẩm bán chạy của hãng. Với phiên bản mới giúp tái tạo làn da, cải thiện bề mặt da thô ráp. Làm mờ nếp nhăn và làm sáng da, xử lý tình trạng bít tắc lỗ chân lông, trả lại làn da mịn màng, căng bóng. Công thức lành tính phù hợp với nhiều loại da: da thường, da dầu, da hỗn hợp, da khô. Thành phần chính: AHA tẩy da chết bề mặt da hạn chế các dấu hiệu lão hóa  BHA tẩy da chết, làm sạch sâu giúp làm thông thoáng lỗ chân lông, kháng viêm sưng Chiết xuất hoa đậu biếc: giảm mẩn đỏ sưng viêm do mụn và kích ứng Kết cấu gel lỏng, mịn Lưu ý: Nếu bạn bị dị ứng salicylate, hãy hỏi bác sĩ trước khi sử dụng bất kỳ sản phẩm nào có chứa axit salicylic. Hướng dẫn sử dụng: Sử dụng 1 lần/tuần Rửa mặt và lau khô da mặt. Thoa một lượng vừa đủ lên da, tránh vùng mắt và vết thương hở Để trong 10 phút rồi rửa sạch bằng nước ấm Lưu ý:  Khi sử dụng có thể bị ngứa ran nhẹ và tình trạng sẽ giảm dần trong 1-2 phút. Nếu tình trạng không giảm bớt hoặc tăng lên, ngay lập tức rửa sạch bằng nước ấm. Không sử dụng trên da bị tổn thương, nhạy cảm. Bảo quản: ở nơi khô ráo, tránh ánh nắng mặt trời. Đóng nắp kín sau khi sử dụng, tránh trường hợp sản phẩm bị oxy hóa. >>>Mỹ phẩm Highend cam kết: Sản phẩm chính hãng Đổi trả trong vòng 3 ngày theo yêu cầu của cửa hàng Giao hàng toàn quốc  >>> Mời bạn theo dõi và inbox Fanpage của chúng mình, để được tư vấn một cách nhanh nhất
Travel Bucket List
Hey everyone! Ever sense I could remember I have always wanted to travel, it is my dream to see the world and experience everything earth has to offer. This is why I need your help: Help me construct a bucket list by answering this question: What is your most favorite place to go? (vacation or for other reasons) Everyone can give as many places as you want but make sure that it is specific. So if you chose China; What part? Any specific things or places there that make it your favorite? Thank you so much to any who participate, it means a lot to me and I hope one day I can cross off every one of your places off the list. :) If you don't want to be tagged anymore just message me :) Also take a look at @danidee on Vingle! @JPBenedetto @ButterflyBlu @deilig @buddyesd @araiannagorniak1 @NSSagasshi @Taijiotter @VixenViVi @InPlainSight @candyland1986 @MinionPeach17 @PurpleChick @jokes @RaquelArredondo @Marichel @mistymaity @Karthikkrazzy1 @RajeshSamel @GalaxyTacoCat @VeronicaArtino @DeniseiaGardner @B2STANG88 @purplem00n23 @Arellano1052 @shantalcamara @TerrecaRiley @FabiolaGavina @adorkabledolly @CassidyCathell @kpoplover1995 @kisnow @sugajin94 @ElizabethT @ParkMeiFan @netchiBates @fallendendenjr @BluBear07 @EmilyMurphey @loftonc16 @JessicaChaney @WiviDemol @HardikPatel @SreeniNair @missvicky69 @biancaP @tyragallegos10 @EllieDean @esmeraldagutirr @Amye1 @DaniVO @MattK95 @Matokokepa @Narissatayy @CandaceJordan @missophiestik @Animaniafreak @GingerMJones @MauSenpai @crazyflames12 @FallenDeath @ZoeMe @EricaRFonseca @AkiraCondry @nikkinjg @doraga @JonPatrickHyde @biancadanica98 @malibella @Safaa12 @DenieceSuit @SarahVanDorn @misskurmet82 @chris98vamg @wjdeogks76 @RobertMarsh @nenegrint14 @Rhia @smnthcarter773 @NoSixJersy @MimiZu17 @jcl4rks0n @vanemunos @MissB82 @VIPforever123 @YessicaCardenas @jiggzy19 @TheGreenEyedPup @vuihi @UrShawol @amobigbang @ChristopherSuta @esha @wllmvns @NishatH @CleoHoney @AimeeH @notgucci3 @JezziCrypt @KellyOConnor @LeilaB @hopeismyanchor @AluSparklez @KiKi29 @VarunNambiar @EdenSisco @EugeneAngleber @LAVONYORK @KendaylBasden @KpopGaby @amandamuska @NerukaWong @BiblioLady
Effective Ways to Lighten Pigmented Skin
Skin whitening or skin lightening refers to using cosmetic procedures or products to lighten the skin tone or provide an even skin complexion. Skin lightening can be achieved by decreasing the production of melanin in the skin. Younger and flawless-looking skin are what all people desire always. There are a couple of methods in getting lightening and clean skin. Most of us would like to have a glowing and even tone skin. However, many factors can damage your skin and make it darker and pigmented. To reverse your skin to its former health or improve the skin tone, we have a couple of verified solutions. Hope your hunt for skin-lightening treatment ends here. Ways to lighten your skin tone. AHA Skin Cleansers Consider upgrading your regular cleaning soap to skin whitening soap. Skin lightening best soaps that contain glutathione and kojic acid now not only assist in cleaning the skin. But the natural ingredients include skin lightening and exfoliating properties that will assist your result when used with lightening cream. Normal, Soap can dry your skin. Using skin lightning soaps or creams that contain glycolic acid to remove the damaged skin and allow the healthy skin to glow. Glycolic acid is an alpha-hydroxy acid and helps to remove dead skin. Moisturizer Use a skin-lightening moisturizer after the skin wash will help in maintaining the lightened skin. However, if you swap your regular moisturizer with a skin-lightening moisturizer, it can go away without feeling dry. Exfoliate You can remove dull dark skin by scrubbing with a granular exfoliator twice a week. Skin Lightening Products Your dermatologist will recommend skin-lightening gels, creams, pills, or a mixture of two to achieve a faster result. Sunscreen for Skin Lightening If you are using skin whitening products, it is most essential to use sunscreens to protect your skin from the solar rays. It is recommended to the use sunscreen with SPF 25 on your face and body, and this will now not simply save your skin from the ultraviolet rays. However, additionally helps the skin whitening routine to produce higher results. Apply sunscreen at least 20 minutess before you go out. Also, reapply every three to four hours. If you are sweating heavily, it is perfect to re-apply every two hours. If you are having oily skin, gel-based sunscreen, and dry skin, cream-based sunscreens go well. Chemical peels Chemical peels improve, smooth the texture of your good look skin, and it will remove the outmost layer of the skin to reveal the clean skin underneath and help in lightening. Consult your dermatologist to select the proper and safer peel for your skin. Lasers Q-switched ND-YAG Laser works excellent for whitening your skin; it is a nanosecond laser that goes deep into your skin and shatters the already present melanin pigment a result helps in whitening your skin. (Source)
Kem dưỡng ẩm kiềm dầu La Roche Posay
Kem dưỡng ẩm kiềm dầu đến từ thương hiệu La Roche Posay. Là kem dưỡng hỗ trợ kiềm dầu trên da mặt. Giúp thu nhỏ lỗ chân lông, đem lại cảm giác thoải mái không bị bết dính. Kết cấu kem lỏng màu trắng nhưng hơi đục, dạng matte. Nên khi thoa không để lại lớp bóng dầu. Nên hoàn toàn có thể dùng trong mùa hè. Thành phần chính:  Glycerin: bảo vệ và giữ độ ẩm cho da, ngăn ngừa sự khô da, đặc biệt Glycerin hầu như không kích ứng da và được xem là rất lành tính, an toàn cho da nhạy cảm. Acid Salicylic: còn được gọi là BHA, là một dạng axit gốc dầu có thể hòa tan trong dầu sẽ loại bỏ các bã dầu gây mụn đầu đen trắng đồng thời kiểm soát lượng dầu dư thừa. Hướng dẫn sử dụng:  Sau khi rửa mặt và apply một số sản phẩm Sử dụng sản phẩm ở bước cuối của routine ban đêm của bạn Bảo quản: ở nơi khô ráo, tránh ánh nắng mặt trời. Đóng nắp kín sau khi sử dụng, tránh trường hợp sản phẩm bị oxy hóa. >>> Mỹ phẩm Highend cam kết: Sản phẩm chính hãng Đổi trả trong vòng 3 ngày theo chính sách đổi trả của cửa hàng Giao hàng toàn quốc  >>> Mời bạn theo dõi và inbox Fanpage của chúng mình, để được tư vấn một cách nhanh nhấthttps://myphamhigh-end.com/
The Lionfish (Pterois)
During my 7 day visit to the Caribbean island of Nassau I spent my spare time shooting photos of the island and the Atlantis Resort (where I was staying). What I found most interesting about the Atlantis was the impressive number of aquarium exhibits and their integration into the resort's design. There are catacombs and hidden walking paths all which lead to little coves or underwater chambers where you can view a stunning array of exotic ocean life. I quickly found that my 50mm f/1.4 lens was my best friend. It offered the best choice for the environment for many of the displays were tightly interwoven into the architecture of the resort; instead of large areas which would be better suited to a wide angle lens the Atlantis offers small intimate viewing locations. Finding the right mix of focal length and low-light ability - the f/1.4 50mm lens really outperformed all of my other lenses for capturing the marine life in these exhibits. ONE EXHIBIT THAT I FOUND PARTICULARLY BEAUTIFUL TO PHOTOGRAPH WAS THE LIONFISH HABITAT. Because the lighting was perfect to minimize reflections on the viewing window's surface and the habitat itself was colorful and bright, these beautifully dangerous looking creatures really photographed well. Wanting to understand more about what a Lionfish was, I decided to do some research. They are actually fascinating fish. HERE IS WHAT I LEARNED - Pterois is a genus of venomous marine fish, commonly known as Lionfish. The Lionfish is also called Zebrafish, Firefish, Turkeyfish or Butterfly-cod, is an unmistakably striking creature due to conspicuous warning coloration in red, white, creamy, or black bands, showy pectoral fins, and venomous spiky fins. There are 9 different sub-species of Pterois with each sharing common traits such as their venomous spiky fins and stripped coloration. Pterois range from 5 to 45 cm (2.0 to 17.7 in) in length, weighing from 0.025 to 1.3 kg (0.055 to 2.866 lb). Pterois species can live from five to 15 years and have complex courtship and mating behaviors. The lionfish is a predator and it aggressively preys on small fish and invertebrates. They can be found around the seaward edge of reefs and coral, in lagoons, and on rocky surfaces to 150ft (50m) deep. They show a preference for inshore areas and in harbors, and have a generally hostile attitude and are territorial towards other reef fish. Many universities in the Indo-Pacific have documented reports of Pterois aggression towards divers and researchers. Lionfish are known for their venomous fin rays, an uncommon feature among marine fish. These are primarily defensive tools used to keep larger predators from successfully attacking the Lionfish. The potency of their venom makes them a serious potential threat to fishermen and divers. In humans, Pterois venom can cause systemic effects such as extreme pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, breathing difficulties, convulsions, dizziness, redness on the affected area, headache, numbness, paresthesia (pins and needles), heartburn, diarrhea, and sweating. Rarely, such stings can cause temporary paralysis of the limbs, heart failure, and even death. Fatalities are common in very young children, the elderly, those with a weak immune system, or those who are allergic to their venom. Their venom is rarely fatal to healthy adults, but some species have enough venom to produce extreme discomfort for a period of several days. Pterois venom is a danger to allergic victims as they may experience anaphylaxis, a serious and often life-threatening condition that requires immediate emergency medical treatment. Severe allergic reactions include chest pain, severe breathing difficulties, a drop in blood pressure, swelling of the tongue, sweating, runny nose, or slurred speech. Such reactions can be fatal if not treated. There have been cases where humans were stung but the Lionfish did not release venom into the wound, suggesting that they can control if venom is injected or not. Most accidents happen to fishermen when they inadvertently catch a Lionfish in their nets. AS THEIR NAME SUGGESTS - LIONFISH ARE DEADLY HUNTERS According to a study that involved the dissection of over 1,400 lionfish stomachs, Pterois prey mostly on small fish, invertebrates, and mollusks in large amounts, with some specimens’ stomachs containing up to six different species of prey. Lionfish are skilled hunters, using specialized bilateral swim bladder muscles to provide exquisite control of location in the water column, allowing the fish to alter its center of gravity to better attack prey. The lionfish then spreads its large pectoral fins and swallows its prey in a single motion. They blow jets of water while approaching prey. The theory behind the blowing of these jets is to disorient their prey making it easier to catch. Indigenous to the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific regions – two of the nine species of Pterois, the Red Lionfish (P. volitans) and the Common Lionfish (P. miles), have established themselves as significant invasive species off the East Coast of the United States and in the Caribbean. They have been described as "one of the most aggressively invasive species on the planet". The Lionfish invasion is considered to be one of the most serious recent threats to Caribbean and Florida coral reef ecosystems according to a 2015 report by NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) in the United States. The red Lionfish was likely first introduced off the Florida coast by the early to mid-1990s. This introduction may have occurred in 1992 when Hurricane Andrew destroyed an aquarium in southern Florida, releasing six Lionfish into Biscayne Bay. Another theory is that the Lionfish may have been purposefully discarded by unsatisfied aquarium enthusiasts. This is in part due because Lionfish require an experienced aquarium owner but are often sold to novices who find their care too difficult. Lionfish have successfully adapted to the coastal waters of the Atlantic in less than a decade and they pose a major threat to reef ecological systems in these areas. The ecological damage caused by Pterois is born from their impact on prey population numbers therefore directly affecting food chain relationships; leading to reef deterioration and negatively influencing Atlantic species diversity. Lionfish have already been shown to overpopulate reef areas and display aggressive tendencies forcing native species to move to waters where conditions might be less than desirable. Because the Lionfish thrive in the Atlantic and the Caribbean's nutrient-rich waters while also enjoying a lack of natural predators the species has spread rapidly. A single Lionfish can reduce young juvenile reef fish populations by 79%. LIONFISH SANDWICH ANYONE? In 2010, NOAA began a campaign to encourage the consumption of the fish. The "Lionfish as Food" campaign encourages human hunting of the fish as the only form of control known to date. Encouraging the consumption of Lionfish could not only help to maintain a reasonable population density, but also provide an alternative fishing source to other overfished populations, such as grouper and snapper. NOAA also encourages people to report Lionfish sightings, to help track Lionfish population dispersal. When properly filleted, the naturally venomous fish is safe to eat. The NOAA calls the Lionfish a "delicious, delicately flavored fish" similar in texture to grouper. Recipes for Lionfish include deep frying, ceviche, jerky, and grilling. So there you go… if you can catch one without getting stung… you can find recipes for how to cook them. I personally would rather just see them as I did at the Atlantis Resort – behind a wall of glass in an aquarium display. © Copyright 2010-2015, Jon Patrick Hyde, All Rights Reserved.
Consultants for UK Sole Representative Visa Extension in Chandigarh
Do you have a business? Want to send your representative to measure , work & do business within the UK? Or Are you a representative of a business checking for an appropriate UK visa for your employee? the united kingdom Sole Representative Visa is that the answer! it's for a representative of established overseas companies outside the ecu Economic Area (EEA) who wishes to line up a business within the UK. Our UK Sole Representative Visa Consultants in Chandigarh can assist you to stay tension free and guide you throughout the method . UK Sole Representative Visa (Extension): You can apply to increase your stay within the UK under a Representative of a foreign Business visa. you ought to include any dependants who are on your current visa on your application to increase – including children who have turned 18 during your stay. you ought to apply before your current visa expires. In order to be eligible for an extension application, you want to already be in possession of a UK Visa as either: A representative of a business that exists in another country. An employee of a newspaper, press agency or broadcasting organization from a special country, for purposes of your assignment. If you fit one among the above descriptions then you want to have evidence that: You are working for an equivalent employer as of once you were granted your older Sole Representative Visa. You are still working to determine the company’s first presence within the country. Your organization’s principal location of commercial activity remains outside the united kingdom . A Sole Representative visa are often extended for as long as 2 years after the first visa duration of three years, meaning a possible total of 5 years of stay within the UK. Read UK Sole Representative Visa Consultant, Mumbai – Defining Eligibility Criteria Dependents also are eligible to use for an extension of their visas along side the most applicant. At The SmartMove2UK our UK Sole Representative visa Consultants in Chandigarh advise sole representatives of overseas business as well as representatives of an overseas newspaper, news agency or broadcasting organization on extending their leave on a UK Sole representative visa. Call us on 9198191 27002 or email us at info@smi.legal if you are seeking legal help in relation to the extension of your UK sole representative visa.
3 luxury sustainable spas in Bali
Bali has a lot of spas; in some areas, every third shop is a spa. All varieties of spas can be found as well -- from local to international award winning spas. In recent years, a lot of people have become more conscious of what they put on their skin. The skin absorbs up to 60% of what you put on it, so with increasing amounts of chemicals in many products, it can lead to allergies or worse. One way to avoid this is to choose a spa that uses naturally made products and takes an approach that is kind to your skin. Local Indonesian jamu (traditional medicine) methods have always done this but a few luxury spas in Bali not only use natural products but also take the spa experience to a new level of comfort. The Spa at Alila Soori Villas The Spa is housed in a sustainably built house with a view of the Indian Ocean in front. Entering this warm and opulent hideaway, the central spa area is dominated by a beautiful pool that instantly adds a sensuously relaxed atmosphere. The traditional Balinese Beauty Ritual is two hours of pure bliss. Balinese lulur is an ancient village remedy with its origins from the rice farmers of Bali that is recognized as traditional medicine. The treatment is believed to help warm the body, relieve aching joints and help in the recovery of troubled or loose skin. Locally sourced sandalwood, fennel seed, star aniseed, eaglewood and fenugreek are blended together to use during this healing remedy. It is a 60 minutes Balinese Massage, body scrub, body mask and mini facial. The massage uses natural oils and you can choose a beautiful aromatic blend to suit your mood. After the massage, you are gently scrubbed using the herbal warming mixture and then wrapped in a cocoon while the gently heated massage table ensures every pore is cleansed and every muscle relaxed. The therapist performs a revitalizing mini facial as you relax on this wave of warmth. Not only do you feel like you are floating on a cloud after the treatment, but you are also assured that only the most natural ingredients have been used during this process. If you loved the products used, there are a wide range of Alila Spa products for sale to take with you. A particular favorite is the Black Volcanic Soap that is made from Balinese volcanic lava. Ojas Spa, COMO Shambhala Estate This famed wellness retreat outside Ubud is the ultimate luxury hideaway in the forest with an ethos based around holistic principles. If you are not staying here, you can come and get pampered at the beautifully serene Ojas Spa. Ranges of treatments are offered here, including hydrotherapy and Ayurveda treatments. This Zen space is very soothing and, set among vast sounding grounds; it is a quiet retreat to indulge in a treatment. Signature massages are done using specially blended oils made on the estate, sourced from local products and 100 percent natural. The Shambhala signature massage is an hour-long treatment and uses innovative long strokes and medium pressure to both relax and revive spirit and mind. Set in a light airy room looking onto a garden, complemented by clean lines to leave the mind uncluttered, this deeply therapeutic technique performed by a highly skilled therapist feels more like a four handed massage thanks to the expertise of the therapist. This is a deeply relaxing and aromatic experience that leaves the skin smooth and supple. Facials are also available using a range of their homemade products called PURIFIES. These products are based on the principles of aromatherapy, incorporating only premium grade oils free of parabens, petrochemicals, artificial fragrance and color. The PURIFY Holistic Facials are deeply calming and catered to your skin type using these products, along with steam and specialist massage techniques to cleanse and rejuvenate the skin. Not only are the products used at the Ojas Spa kind to your skin, but also to the surrounding environment. Fivelements Puri Ahmisa This healing hotel is located just outside Ubud in a scenic spot with the river flowing through. The spa is perched right along the riverbank so you hear the flow of water easing past as you are experiencing some incredibly therapeutic and natural treatments. This award-winning spa is unique in that not only does it have a wide variety of beauty treatments, but also healing rituals are on offer from Balinese healers and priests. This means that both body and soul can be nurtured naturally in this wonderful sustainably built bamboo spa. Acupressure with Pak Ketut is designed to trigger the body’s self-healing abilities and uses energy transfer to help heal. After starting with transference of energy, the ritual is designed to relieve both physical and mental strain. This can relieve deep-seated tension and trigger the healing process. The healing rituals harness the power of both natural herbal ingredients and energy. The beauty rituals use a wide variety of natural elements found throughout Bali. Probably one of the most healing plants is the coconut. Virgin coconut oil is one of the most healing oils, naturally antibacterial and nourishing. The Coconut Harmony treatment is a deep massage with this oil, followed by a moisturizing bath of coconut milk, the pure blended aromatic Shakti Oil and scattered with Frangipani flowers. A hewn rock bath gently sheltered by foliage looks over the flowing river below melding nature and the spa together. This wonderful bamboo structure is open meaning that it is a totally sensory experience within nature.
Benefit from Ayurveda - Ayurvedic Treatments
Sandhi Chalana (Joint Mobilization) It is performed before the massage on the main joint regions to relax and dissolve stiffness. Sedentary life greatly limits joint mobility, therefore it is advisable to perform sandhi chalana before the massage to relax and drain and prepare the person for the next massage treatment. Abhyanga (Ayurvedic Massage) It is performed on the whole body with specific vegetable oils in relation to the constitution (Prakriti) of the subject but also to the season, the climate, and the disorders. Regular practice is recommended. According to the classic texts of Ayurveda (Astanga Hrdaya 2. 7-8), Ayurvedic massage prevents aging processes in the body, helps to overcome fatigue and gives vigor, strengthens and improves the nervous system, vision and sleep quality. Padabhyanga (Foot Massage) Although Ayurvedic massage is traditionally performed on the whole body, great benefits can also be obtained with a local massage on specific parts such as foot massage. The partial massage performed on the feet and legs is particularly suitable in the evening for its ability to improve the quality of sleep, for the elderly, for those who do sedentary work, it is also effective against sciatica, cramps and ligament contractions and to improve circulation. According to the classic texts of Ayurveda (Uttara tantra 15.66-67), this massage acts on important nerves located under the soles of the feet and connected with the head, also improving eye health. Shiro Abhyanga (Head Massage) Of particular importance as the seat of all the sense organs, the head benefits enormously from Ayurvedic massage. According to the classical texts of Ayurveda, it improves the quality of sleep, concentration and memory and prevents headaches. Even hair, treated with herbalized oils, is profoundly benefited. Head massage, by improving circulation and thanks to the action of the oils used, prevents hair loss and greying, improves scalp dryness and dandruff problems. Karna Purana (Instillation of Oil in the Ears) The care of the sense organs is fundamental in Ayurveda and the ears are one of the main centers of Vata. They are particularly sensitive to factors that aggravate this dosha, such as cold and dry weather, hectic pace of life, excessive and inadequate sensory stimulation, such as listening to sounds at too high or low volume. According to Ayurveda texts, pouring oil into the ears helps keep the auricle clean, prevents and relieves tinnitus, deafness and earache, but is also beneficial for all surrounding organs, including teeth and gums. It also relieves a stiff neck. Udvartana (Herbal Paste Application) Particularly suitable for eliminating heaviness and drowsiness, improving the state of the skin while keeping it healthy and resistant, it is performed in two ways: by massaging dry (indicated in obesity) or by applying an oily herbal paste on the body (indicated in case of debilitation). Udgharsana (Herbal Powder Massage) The dry massage performed with herbal powders gives stability and lightness to the body, helps to remove impurities from the skin, relieves itching and hives. It promotes the functionality of bhrajaka pitta in the skin and removes the bad smell caused by sweat. Ashma Sveda (Hot Stone Massage) After oiling with medicated oils, maneuvers are performed on the whole body or on specific areas with smooth hot stones, combining a beneficial effect of fomentation, decontraction, drainage and relaxation. The hot stone massage has a sedative effect on the nervous system thus promoting healing processes, as well as a rejuvenating effect thanks to the detoxification generated. Pindasveda or Navarakizhi (Constant Application of Oil on the Body) After applying the oil all over the body, the treatment is performed with hot pads containing cooked rice in a decoction of herbs. This treatment combines the benefits of massage, those of the application of specific herbs to those of fomentation, important for the body's transpiration and the elimination of toxins (ama). The starch released from the rice benefits the skin and the herbs from the decoction in which it was prepared and the oil used to penetrate the tissues. It is a very important treatment for the rejuvenation of the body. Annalepa (Use of Nutritious Drugs) Traditional treatment is usually performed at the end of pindasveda in which specific preparations (medicated rice cooked in a decoction of herbs and milk) are applied and massaged on the whole body. Eliminates obstruction in the body's channels, improves blood circulation, promotes the elimination of waste, improves complexion, digestion and gives vigor. Pizhichil or Kaya-Seka or Sarvanga Dhara (Constant Application of Oil on the Body) The word Pizhichil in the Malayalam language literally means "squeezing". In this treatment, the hot medicated oil is continuously and abundantly poured over the whole body, squeezing some cotton patches soaked in oil, and the body is massaged at the same time. Traditionally performed by four masseurs, it is particularly suitable for disorders of the nervous system. Tones the body, relieves pain and muscle spasms, improves complexion, promotes circulation, and reduces fatigue. It has a rejuvenating and regenerating effect. Shirodhara (Constant Application of Oil or Other Substances on the Head) Traditional Ayurveda treatment is preceded by Shiro Abhyanga. It consists in letting medicated oil, milk, herbal decoctions flow without interruption on the forehead on the point between the eyebrows, one of the body's Marma points. It is an excellent technique for many ailments related to the head, neck, eyes, nose, ears and nervous system. Relieves anxiety and stress conditions, is indicated for people suffering from insomnia and headaches, prevents premature greying, produces a feeling of pleasure and deep relaxation, helps to calm and clear the mind, and improves the functionality of the sense organs. Chavitti (Foot Massage) Chavitti means feet and indicates a type of massage performed with the feet all over the body. It is a typical Kerala massage during which the masseur supports himself on two ropes hanging from the ceiling that allow him to balance his weight while performing the treatment. Chavitti is useful in both health and disease, acts on the Marma points, the vital points of the body, improves the flow of the lymphatic system, stimulates the immune system, calms and strengthens the nervous system. Very suitable for dancers and athletes to maintain the shape and flexibility of the body. Enough (Oil Retention) In the treatment called basti, the local application of heat or “Swedish ", a doughnut is placed externally on different areas of the body, obtained with a mixture of water and specific flours, inside which is lukewarm medicated oil, kept for a certain period of time. It is also a snehana or anointing therapy. This form of basti is particularly beneficial for muscle spasms and pains, lower back stiffness, intestinal disorders, heart problems, etc. It takes on specific names in relation to the areas of the body where it is performed: Udara basti (abdomen), Kati basti (back), Hrid or uro basti (heart), Netra basti (eyes), Janu basti (knee), Shiro basti (head), Greeva basti (cervical spine). Nasya (Instillation of Nasal Drops) The nasya, one of five therapies of Panchakarma, is a procedure that involves the installation of medicinal substances such as oils, powders, plant juices, teas, infusions and even Ayurvedic herbal smoke through the nose to cleanse the region of the head and neck. Nasa hi shiraso dwarum “Nasa hi shiraso dwarum” means that the nose is the gateway to the head and the brain and therefore this type of treatment is considered effective in disorders affecting the head, including the five sense organs and the neck. Useful both to maintain the state of health and to solve various chronic ailments. In this type of procedure the aggravated doshas, located above the region of the collarbone, are eliminated through the nose. Baby and Mother Massage Baby massage is traditionally performed in India by the mother, from birth. The oil used for the treatment nourishes and improves growth, strengthens the immune system and vision. The massage also continues the contact and relationship between mother and baby that began during pregnancy. In the West, this technique is taught to mothers or carried out by expert operators. Even during pregnancy, the woman's massage, performed with specific sequences, is very important. It helps the circulatory system, prevents pain, improves skin tone and elasticity, and relieves the sense of heaviness.
The story behind the most expensive gourmet coffee in the world: Kopi luwak
The life of a civet cat, strangely known as the coffee rat in Indonesia or tree dog on the Indian subcontinent, is not at all that bad. In the wild, they are free to roam anywhere they fancy, from the tropical forests of Sri Lanka all the way to the dense jungles of Sumatra. They are solitary creatures for most of their lives, but are persnickety eaters and thus discard rotten fruit and diseased mammals. The males get together with their female counterparts whenever they have to, receiving the better end of the deal by mating with no strings attached. They are nocturnal save for when a bright moon comes out. Then they sleep all night like they normally do during the day. And as long as their intestinal tracts remain fully functioning, they will continue pooing out a tradable commodity, one that also happens to produce the most expensive gourmet coffee in the world: the kopi luwak. There are over a hundred types of coffee in the world but only three -- Arabica, robusta and liberica -- are farmed exhaustively and made commercially available. The luwak coffee can be made from all three types but result in varying tastes. The Arabica bean in Indonesia is the most popular for the luwak blend, as well as for non-specialty coffee consumption. With a name like “cat-poo-ccino” and Jerry Seinfeld’s blunt “cat shit coffee” description from his hit TV show, Comedians in Cars Getting Coffee, the luwak and its history in Indonesia is nevertheless by no means a laughing matter. Before the introduction of coffee plantations, civet cats and coffee production were an unlikely pair. The civet cat was in fact a creepy pest scurrying over rooftops and eating prize-winning tajen cocks. Their utility hadn’t been explored at all as coffee “fermenters” and their fecal matter was a mere inconvenience to the villager, as is dog crap to the jogger in New York City. The luwak’s prodigious poo-coffee discovery came when the Dutch launched their cultuurstelsel program of enforced coffee planting in Java in the 19th century. Due to exploitative practices, the local indigenous workers were forbidden to enjoy the fruits of their own labor. Of course, prohibition piques interest and so the workers gave their beans a go, but only after they were passed through the guts of the civets running amok on the plantation fields. Fast-forward one hundred and some years. In 2012, the value of coffee exports from Indonesia reached US $1.5 Billion. Seventy percent of Indonesia’s total coffee production was exported, yet how much the luwak contributed to that figure is largely unknown. Regardless, being a highly sought after specialty blend, cat poo coffee has proven to be a lucrative business attracting global consumers for its rich taste, as well as its novelty factor -- sometimes more of the latter than the former. Its labor-intensive production process, as well as scarcity on the global market, drives up its price to anywhere from $300 to $600 per kilogram, making it the most expensive coffee in the world. A cup in the US can go anywhere from $50 to $80. Though coffee estates are seeing a decline in Indonesia, large-scale “wild-sourced” luwak plantations are still in operation, mostly in Sumatra. There are also the small backyard ventures popping up here and there that are proving to be quite profitable enterprises. Harmoni Bali Organik is an example of a successful homegrown luwak plant run by Kadek Ardhi, 54, and Santhi, 51 -- a husband and wife team. They operate right from their traditional Balinese home in Bangli where civet cats roam naturally in the forests and are even brought in by farmers in exchange for a 25-kilogram bag of rice. Unlike the coffee’s history, Kadek and Santhi’s roots in the business are not as deep. “In 2006, I had a Japanese visitor who recommended I merge business with pleasure,” says Kadek, 54, while sliding a tray of Arabica cherries into a civet cat’s cage. “At that time I had only two civets and I kept them just for fun. But he recommended that I breed them and so my capacity quickly grew to 18. Every month I was visited by my Japanese friend who inspected the cages -- now I have 94 luwak and I export my special coffee to Canada and Japan.” The production of kopi luwak is by no means a complicated process. The civet cat sleeps all day with their eyes creepily open and wakes up around sundown. Santhi and her team then begin sliding trays of about a kilogram of Arabica cherries to each cat for dinner. They gorge until satiated, defecate, circle their cages for a bit and then go back to sleep. It was a surprise to see that they meticulously sift through the best cherries -- a selling point that inflates their price tags because of this ability to distinguish good beans from bad. Surprisingly, they spit out the fruit, which is then collected and used as organic fertilizer -- sometimes even dumped on the side of the road next to the plantations where the cherries originated. Their feces are collected in a sieve from right under them in the mornings. The cleaning process begins by laying out the feces on trays in the open sun. “We don’t use water in cleaning the feces,” says Santhi. “The sun does the cleaning through drying and it takes anywhere from one to two weeks, depending on the sun.” Much debate surrounds the luwak coffee’s taste, with many experts asserting that the quality is in fact quite poor and nothing to be excited about. Some connoisseurs swear over the coffee and will go out of their way to make a purchase. Some claim the taste to be less bitter and earthier, yet the overall quality and robustness of flavor varies widely region by region. For Santhi, luwak coffee from Java and Sumatra is spicy while from Kintamani it is a bit more acidic. Nowadays, the kopi luwak can be seen as a business model of micro-economy interconnectedness. Take Santhi and Kadek Ardhi’s plant, for example. Coffee cherries are purchased from a Kintamani farmer and arrive every day at the same time before sundown: two bags weighing anywhere from 95 to 100 kilograms. They hire local help to feed and tend the cats, maintain the cages and package the final product, which then goes to what many might consider a sampling showroom, or sales point, for tourists, in a forest near Ubud. However, one drawback to luwak production is that the Arabica bean is ripe from April to June in lower altitudes (700 to 900 meters) and from April until September in higher altitudes (900 to 1200 meters or even more), such as in Kintamani. Despite a season-dependent output, Santhi and Kadek still manage to produce 25 kilograms per month for the international market, as well as 50 kilograms for the domestic one. However, luwak or not, the irony is that coffee in Indonesia appears to be unpopular. According to investment statistics in 2012 the per capita consumption was relatively low at 0.95 kilograms, compared to Finland where it was 11.7 kilograms. Unscientifically and by observation only, it seems that the artificial variety is preferred by Indonesian consumers, a powdery kind, which in fact has less coffee and more sugar with creamer -- a blend that is atrociously sweet and lacks real flavor and effect. Coffee culture has yet to catch up, although domestic numbers are slowly growing. All in all, the luwak coffee, or any other Indonesian-grown coffee for that matter, is worth boasting about and for thumbing the nation’s nose at the ex-colonizers.