US has 2nd Highest Rate of Child Poverty in Developed World
A new report from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) concludes that tens of millions of children are living in poverty in the world's wealthiest nations, with the United States having the second-highest child poverty rate of the 35 countries studied.
The study, titled "Report Card 10," counted more than 30 million children living in poverty in the 35 countries. It broke child poverty into two categories: a Child Deprivation Index, which defined children as "deprived" if they lack two or more of a list of 14 basic items such as three meals per day, a quiet place to study, educational books and an Internet connection; and a Relative Poverty Index, which looked at the percentage of children living below their national poverty line.
The Deprivation Index, which only included European countries, found the highest rates of deprivation in Romania (72.6 percent), Bulgaria (56.6 percent) and Hungary (31.9 percent). The least deprived children live in Norway, Sweden and Iceland, all of which had deprivation rates of less than 2 percent.
The nations with the highest relative child poverty are Romania (25.5 percent), the United States (23.1 percent) and Latvia (18.8 percent). Iceland had the lowest relative poverty rate (4.7 percent), followed by Finland (5.3 percent) and Cyprus, the Netherlands and Norway (all tied at 6.1 percent).