5+ Views

Skin Cancer: Risk Factors, Warning Signs & Treatment

What is Skin Cancer?

The skin is the largest organ in the human body. Skin cancer is by far the most common type of cancer in the world. In fact, studies show that one in every five Americans will develop it during their lifetime. The condition develops when abnormal skin cells develop and then grow uncontrollably. There are three major types of skin cancer: squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma and melanoma.
Skin cancer often occurs on areas often exposed to sun rays, but it can also develop in areas that don’t usually see sun exposure as well. People who live in sunny climates or work outdoor jobs are at an increased risk. Other risk factors include a personal or family history of skin cancer or sun damage. Researchers estimate that 40 to 50 percent of people with fair skin over the age of 65 will develop non-melanoma skin cancer. People with dark skin are also susceptible, but the risk is substantially lower.
The best way to prevent skin cancer is to avoid UV rays if possible or protect the skin during sun exposure. Early detection increases the chance for a successful treatment. Being aware of the signs can help patients identify it early. However, the signs differ depending on the form of cancer. 

Types of Skin Cancer

Skin cancer usually begins in the epidermis, the top layer of the skin. The epidermis is a thin layer that acts as a protective cover, continuously shedding and regrowing new cells. The epidermis is made up of three main types of cells that contribute to cancer:
Squamous cells just beneath the outer surface, functioning as the skin’s inner lining
Basal cells below the squamous cells, responsible for producing new skin cells
Melanocytes in the lower part of the epidermis, producing melanin
Listed below are three main categories of skin cancer based on these different cells: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma.
Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC)
This is the most common type and doctors diagnose more than four million people in the United States with BCC. It’s a slow-developing cancer that occurs when basal cells grow abnormally in the outermost layer of the skin. It develops mostly on the backs of the hands, on the neck, the head and especially on the face. It can also appear on other parts of the body. BCC looks like a raised, waxy, pink bump or a translucent growth with blood vessels close to the skin’s surface.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC)
SCC occurs when squamous cells begin to grow uncontrollably on the top layer of the epidermis. It can develop on the ears, lips, head, hands and neck. It has a distinctive appearance—an open sore or red patches. Squamous cell carcinoma can bleed or crust and it can even be fatal without treatment. There are over one million new cases of SCC each year in the United States.
Melanoma is a less common form of skin cancer, but it is by far the most dangerous because it can spread to other parts of the body very quickly. It can grow in almost any part of the body, even in the eyes. The condition causes a pigmented patch to grow, which may resemble an irregular-looking mole. When patients recognize it early, melanoma is usually treatable. However, without treatment, it can metastasize to other parts of the body, making it more difficult to treat and it can even be fatal. According to studies, in 2019, doctors expect an estimated 7,000 cases of melanoma in the United States.

Warning Signs of Skin Cancer 

Skin cancer primarily develops on areas exposed to the sun, such as the face, scalp, neck, chest, arms, hands, ears, lips and legs. It can also form in areas that rarely see sunlight like the palms, genital areas and beneath the fingernails or toenails. Symptoms vary depending on the type of skin cancer.
Signs of Basal Cell Carcinoma
Usually, basal cell carcinoma is not painful, growing very slowly on the body. It can often take a variety of forms. It may look waxy, smooth and pearly or it may be sunken in, with a solid red bump. It is often pink or white in people with fair skin and tan, black or brown in those with darker skin. Sometimes the growth can itch and bleed, developing a scab that starts healing but fails to heal completely. It may even look like a pale scar.
Signs of Squamous Cell Carcinoma 
Squamous cell carcinoma develops on areas with sun damage in patients with fair skin, such as the face, neck, scalp, arms, lower legs or on the backs of the hands. However, people with darker skin are more likely to develop SCC in areas that rarely see the sun, such as the lower legs, genitals and the torso. Squamous cell carcinoma is often a flat lesion with a crusted surface, colored pink or red. It may look scaly, with a hard, raised, scab-like surface. The growth feels tender to the touch and it may bleed sometimes.
Signs of Melanoma
Melanoma can be deadly if patients fail to identify it early before it spreads to other parts of the body. It can form on the scalp, genitals or even under the fingernails. It may affect a mole that the patient already has, changing its shape or color. It may also develop as a spot that looks like a sunspot or a freckle. On a fingernail or toenail, melanoma may cause a dark band underneath it or around it. Any growth or spot that changes in color or size may be a sign of melanoma, as well as one with an irregular border or asymmetrical shape.

Risk Factors for Skin Cancer

Skin cancer occurs as a result of mutations or defects in the DNA of skin cells. The mutations cause the cells to grow abnormally and eventually they form a mass of cancer cells. Research has not provided an explanation for why certain cells in the body become cancerous. However, studies have identified some risk factors.
Ultraviolet Light Radiation
UV damage is the leading cause of skin cancer. It comes from sunlight and artificial light in tanning beds. DNA controls how the body’s cells grow, divide and develop. When UV radiation damages the DNA in skin cells, it can lead to abnormal growth that can cause cancer. People who live in sunny areas or spend a lot of time outdoors are at a higher risk for skin cancer.
Fair skin has less melanin, the pigment that protects the skin from harmful UV radiation. Those with light-colored eyes and fair skin that often freckles, tans or burns in the sun are more susceptible to developing skin cancer, particularly non-melanoma types.
Compromised Immune System
Patients with conditions that affect the immune system, such as HIV/AIDS, are at an increased risk because the body is not able to fight off infections or illness as effectively. People who take immunosuppressant medications after an organ transplant may also be at a higher risk.
People with large or abnormal moles are at a higher risk of melanoma. Usually moles are not present at birth, but they begin to develop in childhood or young adulthood. Abnormal moles are called dysplastic nevi and they are larger than regular moles, with abnormal shapes or colors.
Family or Personal History
A patient faces an increased risk for skin cancer if other family members have had it. Melanoma is also likely in an individual who has had the condition in the past. People who have also suffered from basal or squamous cell cancers are also at risk of developing melanoma. Those who experience frequent sunburns are at high risk, especially if they occur during childhood.
Men are twice as likely to develop basal cell carcinomas and three times as likely to develop SCC compared to women.
The risk of skin cancer develops with age because people face more UV radiation exposure over time. It may also develop in young children who spend extensive time in the sun.

Diagnosing Skin Cancer

If a patient goes to a dermatologist to determine if a growth or skin change is cancerous, the doctor will look at the patient’s skin. The doctor will look for any unusual spots, paying close attention to any abnormalities in size, shape, texture and color. Then the doctor performs a skin biopsy to remove part of the tissue and examine it under a microscope.

Treatment for Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is treatable if the patient detects it early enough. Treatment options vary depending on the depth, size, type and location of the cancer tissue. In some cases, the affected tissue is close to the surface of the skin. If this is the case, a doctor can get rid of the entire growth with just a skin biopsy and the patient may not require any more treatment. If the condition does require more treatment, there are several options.
Excisional Surgery 
This treatment is appropriate for any form of skin cancer. In this procedure, the surgeon numbs the area surrounding the mole, lesion or tumor and then cuts it out.
Mohs Micrographic Surgery
Dermatologists use this treatment for non-melanoma cases—basal and squamous cell carcinomas. It aims to conserve as much healthy skin as possible on certain parts of the body, such as the tip of the nose.

Radiation Therapy
This procedure uses high-powered energy rays to kill cancer cells. Usually, doctors will use radiation therapy if surgical procedures are not an option. For example, if the condition affects an area that is hard to reach, such as the eyelid, ear or tip of the nose, the patient may undergo radiation therapy. It may also prevent scarring.
In this treatment procedure, medication destroys the cancer cells. There are topical chemotherapy lotions or creams that the patient can apply directly on the skin.
Typically, doctors use this treatment for precancerous conditions or small non-melanoma forms. During the treatment, the doctor uses liquid nitrogen to freeze the cells, destroying them.
Although skin cancer can be treated, the best way for patients to protect themselves is to prevent it. Try to avoid sun exposure during the hottest times of the day. Cover the skin with long sleeves, pants and hats and wear sunscreen at all times during the day.

Supplements for Skin Health

Patients may also try supplements as a natural treatment option. However, supplements are not a cure for any condition. Rather, they can be effective in combination with other medical treatments and to boost skin health and immunity. Always consult a doctor before taking any supplements.
One of the areas with the highest concentrations of zinc is the skin. It can help with different skin conditions, such as acne, and help heal wounds and burns. It can also help protect the skin from UV damage. As a dietary supplement, take 225 to 450 mg of zinc gluconate powder daily, or as directed by a physician. Use a milligram scale for accurate measurement.
Derived from turmeric, curcumin may reduce the risk of cancer. It may be able to prevent tumors from forming and keep cells from turning malignant. As a dietary supplement, take curcumin extract powder in one dose of 1,000 mg (½ tsp) per day, unless a doctor advises against it.
Grape products contain resveratrol and it is present in the skin and seeds of grapes and berries. Studies show that it may be an effective method to prevent cancer cells from growing. As a dietary supplement, take one 500 mg pure resveratrol capsule per day or following a physician’s directions.
Vitamin A
Supplementing with Vitamin A can help boost skin health, treating dry skin and conditions like psoriasis. It also helps heal sores and wounds. As a dietary supplement, take 30 mg of Vitamin A palmitate powder once a day, unless a doctor recommends a different dosage.
Inositol Hexaphosphate (IP6)
Currently, researchers are studying inositol hexaphosphate for its potential in cancer prevention and treatment. Studies concluded that it may destroy cancer cells. It can also help boost the immune system to fight disease. Take 500 mg of inositol hexaphosphate powder once or twice per day with an empty stomach. Consult a doctor before taking the supplement.

The Bottom Line

Skin cancer affects the DNA in skin cells. The most common types of skin cancer are melanoma, basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Exposure to UV radiation is the most significant risk factor for skin cancer. The best way to prevent skin cancer is to stay protected in the sun with layers of clothing and sunscreen. Early diagnosis of these types of cancers can help improve their symptoms.
Treatment options vary depending on the type of cancer, severity and location. Treatment includes chemotherapy, cryotherapy and radiation therapy. Lifestyle changes and natural therapies may also help manage symptoms in conjunction with other medical treatments. Natural remedies and supplements may help boost skin health, help it repair itself from wounds or burns and protect against UV damage. However, supplements are not a treatment for medical conditions. Instead, they may be effective if the patient uses them with other treatments. Always consult a doctor before starting a supplement regimen.
Cards you may also be interested in
Rhinoplasty: What One Needs To Know
It also has certain benefits, such as increased self-assurance and pain relief. Continue reading to learn more! Dr. Sandhya Balasubramanyan, the best cosmetic surgeon in Hyderabad, has provided a comprehensive guide for those considering rhinoplasty surgery. Learn about the various approaches and standards so one can choose the treatment properly. What is Rhinoplasty? Rhinoplasty is a surgical technique that has several potential uses. It can be used to alter the shape or appearance of the nose, such as the width of the nostrils, the angle of the nose in relation to the upper lip, and the size and shape of the nose. Patients with severe nose problems, like a deviated septum (which causes difficulty in breathing), may also benefit from rhinoplasty as a reconstructive treatment. Which Areas Are Being Targeted? The anatomical components of the nose that can be improved upon during rhinoplasty are listed below. Nasal Tip: To better balance the nose with other facial features, the surgeon may make it thinner or fuller or increase or decrease the projection. Nasal Bridge: For a more balanced face, the nasal bridge can be mounted up or down, thinned, widened, or straightened. Nostrils: Rhinoplasty can help one if one wants to attain a more proportionate size and shape to the rest of the nose or if one has breathing issues. Septum: A displaced septum can be straightened to restore impaired nasal breathing. What Particular Benefits Can Rhinoplasty Provide? The nose's symmetry, balance, and overall attractiveness can all be enhanced with rhinoplasty. Rhinoplasty can accomplish a range of goals according to the patient's needs. The skin, cartilage, and bone can alter the nasal structures. The process could: On the nose's bridge, make a smooth hump. Outstretch a crooked nose. Reduce the length. Grow a bulbous nasal tip in size. Narrow the nose if it's too broad, or make it smaller. Repairing the damage, such as making the nose symmetrical. Cleaning nasal passages to lessen breathing problems. Who Makes a Good Candidate for a Rhinoplasty? Women have historically been in the lead when it comes to many cosmetic operations. When addressed holistically, rhinoplasty surgery can benefit people of all ages and genders, according to the expert surgeon. In fact, nose surgeries were one of the top five cosmetic procedures performed globally. According to studies, the major factors include the age of the candidate receiving the surgery, which means one should have a fully developed nasal anatomy, and the candidate's ability to set reasonable expectations for the procedure's outcomes. One must have a fully developed mature nose to undergo this surgery. Perfection is a relative concept. Although this surgery has limitless possible results, the patient should also have realistic expectations. Perfection might be impossible because some patients’ expectations for the surgery may not be realistic; therefore, discussing the results with the doctor is recommended. The findings could still be as close as feasible despite this, though. A guardian must accompany a minor for any facial cosmetic surgery as well. This enables the assurance that the patient's safety always comes first. How Painful is Rhinoplasty Surgery? The surgery of rhinoplasty is very painless and minimally invasive. To ensure that the procedure can be completed without unnecessary pain or discomfort, anaesthesia is used. Regarding healing, most patients only experience minor bruising and swelling near their nose, which normally goes away in two weeks. Patients may also experience congestion while they heal, but this usually goes away after a few months of surgery. How Does One Prepare for a Rhinoplasty? To ensure that one is completely ready for the rhinoplasty surgery, one must ensure the following: Medical evaluations One may need to change the medication schedule or adjust the dosage of the current medicines. Stop smoking around a month before the procedure. Anti-inflammatory medications and herbal supplements should be avoided as they could increase bleeding. Check to see if the surgeon is experienced in delivering the procedure. Pictures of the before and after surgery for the surgeon's previous patients are available for reference. If one is eager to achieve the desired nose shape or seeks to have the nasal structure adjusted, get in touch with Dr. Sandhya Balasubramanyan, who is widely known for providing the best rhinoplasty surgery in Hyderabad. Additionally, anyone interested in any other cosmetic or plastic surgery treatment, such as a tummy tuck, liposuction, facelift, labiaplasty, hymenoplasty, mommy makeover, neck lift, and others, can schedule a consultation with an expert cosmetic surgeon Dr. Sandhya Balasubramanyan at her clinic.
Apple cider vinegar is a popular home remedy for many ailments, but can it also be used for skin whitening? Many people believe that apple cider vinegar can be used as a natural skin whitener. Some even claim that it is more effective than commercial skin-lightening products. So, does apple cider vinegar really work for skin whitening? Let’s take a closer look at the science behind this popular home remedy. TABLE OF CONTENTS What is apple cider vinegar? What Are the Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar? How does apple cider vinegar work for skin whitening? The benefits of using apple cider vinegar for skin whitening The best ways to use apple cider vinegar for skin whitening The side effects of using apple cider vinegar for skin whitening Conclusion WHAT IS APPLE CIDER VINEGAR? Apple cider vinegar has been hailed as a miracle cure for a variety of ailments, including skin whitening. But what is this miracle cure? Apple cider vinegar is a type of vinegar made from fermented apple juice. It contains acetic acid, which has been shown to have various health benefits. Some people believe that apple cider vinegar can help to whiten the skin, due to its acidic nature. However, there is no scientific evidence to support this claim. While apple cider vinegar may not be a miracle cure for skin whitening, it does have some proven health benefits. It can help to lower blood sugar levels, reduce belly fat, and improve digestion. WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF APPLE CIDER VINEGAR? Apple cider vinegar has been touted as a cure-all for centuries. But can it really help your skin? Apple cider vinegar is made by fermenting apples with yeast and bacteria. This process turns the sugars in the apples into acetic acid, which is the main active ingredient in vinegar. Acetic acid has many benefits for your skin. It is a natural antiseptic, so it can kill bacteria that cause acne. It also acts as an exfoliator, helping to remove dead skin cells and brighten your complexion. And because it is acidic, it can help to balance the pH of your skin and restore its natural protective barrier. So, if you’re looking for a natural way to improve your skin, apple cider vinegar may be worth a try!  HOW DOES APPLE CIDER VINEGAR WORK FOR SKIN WHITENING? Apple cider vinegar is a popular remedy for a variety of skin conditions, including acne, sunburns, and age spots. But can it also help to whiten the skin? There is some scientific evidence to suggest that apple cider vinegar can indeed help to lighten the skin.  One study found that when applied topically, apple cider vinegar was effective in lightening age spots. Apple cider vinegar works by inhibiting the production of melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color. When used over time, it can help to gradually lighten the skin. If you’re looking for a natural way to achieve brighter, more even-toned skin, then give apple cider vinegar a try! THE BENEFITS OF USING APPLE CIDER VINEGAR FOR SKIN WHITENING Apple cider vinegar is known for its many health benefits, but did you know that it can also be used for skin whitening? That’s right, this popular kitchen staple can help to brighten your complexion and give you an even skin tone. So how does it work? Apple cider vinegar contains malic acid, which is a natural bleaching agent. When applied to the skin, it can help to lighten dark spots and discoloration. It’s also packed with antioxidants, which can protect the skin from damage caused by free radicals. If you’re looking for a natural way to achieve brighter, more even-toned skin, then give apple cider vinegar a try. Just be sure to dilute it with water before applying it to your face, as undiluted vinegar can be harsh on the skin. Eat oranges. Oranges are an excellent source of vitamin C, which can help improve the appearance of your skin. You can also try eating other citrus fruits, such as grapefruit and lemons, to help you get more vitamin C in your diet. Vitamin C can also help to reduce the appearance of dark spots, so it’s a smart idea to add more citrus fruits to your diet. THE BEST WAYS TO USE APPLE CIDER VINEGAR FOR SKIN WHITENING Apple cider vinegar is a popular home remedy for a variety of ailments, but did you know that it can also be used to achieve brighter, lighter skin? Here are some of the best ways to use apple cider vinegar for skin whitening: 1. Mix equal parts apple cider vinegar and water in a bowl or bottle. Apply the mixture to your face using a cotton ball or pad, being careful to avoid contact with your eyes. Let it dry for 15-20 minutes before rinsing off with warm water. Repeat this process once or twice daily for the best results. 2. Create an exfoliating scrub by mixing 1/4 cup apple cider vinegar with 1/4 cup baking soda. Apply the scrub to your face in gentle circular motions, then rinse off with warm water. Use this scrub no more than once or twice per week to avoid irritating your skin. Come on, let's dive into it.
Anxiety treatment options in London
What is anxiety? Anxiety is a general phrase for emotions such as dread, jitteriness, apprehension, or concern. Everyone experiences anxiety from time to time, and some anxiety aids our ability to operate. However, anxiety may become a problem when and anxiety starting affect your body: If there is too much anxiety now and then. If the anxiety issue lasts for a long time. It prevents us from acting on our requirements. The body's reaction to possible danger is anxiety. Our bodies are flooded with adrenaline to help us flee, fight, or freeze. It is the body's warning and coping system. With this strong reaction, we lasted very long. It is so effective that it frequently activates when it is unnecessary—when the danger is imagined rather than actual. The mechanism is activated just because we believe we are in trouble. When we become nervous, we might enter a state known as scanning. We are continually on the lookout for danger, hyper-alert to any signals, and increase the likelihood that the alarm system will go off. Why do so many individuals in London experience anxiety? It's not hard to accept (or comprehend) that many London residents experience anxiety. Living in the capital may be demanding, extremely sociable, and fast-paced. All of these factors have the potential to cause anxiety in some way. Because anxiety is a medical illness that often manifests itself later in life, many city professionals suffer due to an unbalanced work-life schedule. Due to the city's way of life, living in London might make one more likely to experience anxiety. In every London borough, a survey revealed that generalized anxiety disorder was the most prevalent medical illness. What are the types of anxiety? There are several varieties of anxiety. Disorder of generalized anxiety Certain phobias Panic attack Agoraphobia Disordered social anxiety Trauma-related stress disorder Disorder of separation anxiety Situational phobia Disorder of compulsive behavior Specific mutism The worst aspect of an anxiety attack is knowing it is unreasonable and frequently unexplained. The realization that you cannot alter things usually causes the worry to grow stronger. While feeling apprehensive before a problematic or stressful occasion, like an exam or job interview, is acceptable, it can be challenging when everyday occurrences trigger worry. You may be experiencing an anxiety disorder if your excessive concerns or anxieties, whether justified or not, keep you from living life to the fullest. What are the symptoms of anxiety? Some of the typical signs that someone is experiencing anxiety, stress, or panic are listed below. Feeling of dread Feeling 'on edge' all the time Difficulty paying attention Having trouble communicating Irritability Prone to distraction Dizziness Fatigue and sluggishness Needles and threads Abnormal heartbeat (palpitations) Muscle tension and discomfort Heartburn Excessive perspiration Breathing difficulty Abdomen ache Nausea Bladder or bowel issues Headaches Missed or painful periods Issues with sleep What is Treatment for Anxiety? While medicine may be part of your care, finding the best anxiety therapy involves more than that. For the management of anxiety, doctors may suggest the following strategies: Ø Self-help guidelines for reducing anxiety symptoms. Ø Use mindfulness, meditation, or relaxation techniques to calm oneself. Ø CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy), teaches you how to control your emotions. Ø Lifestyle suggestions to enhance your nutrition, exercise, and sleep quality because these factors can significantly reduce anxiety. Ø Individual therapy sessions address topics like what anxiety is, what could set off your feelings, and what you can do to combat it. Ø Get involved in a support group or communicate with others online who experience anxiety. What Benefits May Therapy Have for Anxiety? Your anxiety and panic attacks may worsen if you don't use practical methods to comprehend and treat stress symptoms. Anxiety might lead to serious relationships, job, and general wellness issues. You may thoroughly understand the reasons for stress, worry, and panic with the assistance of London counselors. They'll teach you to stop anxiety episodes, handle difficult circumstances calmly and confidently, and permanently conquer terror. These skills are vital for coping with stress. Anxiety treatment in London Consult a physician We advise seeing your doctor to discuss your symptoms and possible treatment options if you believe you are suffering from an anxiety disorder. London anxiety clinic is one of the top centers for anxiety treatment in London.Most of the health care providers in london prescribe to buy xanax 2mg and buy lorazepam uk as a treatment medication for anxiety disorders. Seek the advice of an anxiety therapist in London to discuss your worries, everyday tensions, and general mental health difficulties. The additional assistance will serve as your guide and provide advice. Fix your schedule In London, feeling overworked is typical, and this may be bad for our mental health. Prioritize your needs and stay away from stressful circumstances. Be sure to arrange adequate "me-time" by looking at your calendar. A Healthy diet should be in your well-balanced schedule. Walk Numerous research indicates that walking reduces anxiety. It reduces stress and is a pleasant and healthful activity. Take a stroll through the parks and around the streets of London for a change of scenery while practicing your breathing. Meditation Develop your awareness and meditation skills to control your racing thoughts. Meditation is a very good and helpful stressbuster for our racing mind. The free-to-download Headspace app is one example of a mobile application that might be pretty useful in reducing stress. In conclusion Taking care of a person's mental health is not that hard, and people themselves can get rid of these anxiety issues. Eating healthy, maintaining a healthy routine, and having a proper sleeping schedule contribute to mental well-being. Self-awareness and self-care, along with a doctor's guidance, are required to back off this anxiousness and other mental health issues.