Vitamin and minerals both are important nutrients for the body as they perform lots of activities to keep you healthy. There is a borderline for the requirements you need to follow for these nutrients and if you cross the line, then they might be harmful to the body. Nothing is better than having a healthy diet in your lifestyle that provides you enough nutrients required for the body.
Each and every day, your body generates skin, muscles, and bones. It also produces red rich blood that carries nutrients and oxygen to the entire body and sends nerve signals to the brain and muscles. It also prepares chemical messengers that run from one organ to another creating instructions that help to comfort your life. To perform all these functions, your body indefinitely requires nutrients. These nutrients can include various types of vitamins and minerals which your body cannot manufacture itself.
Understanding all the benefits of vitamins and minerals can be quite confusing. So you can read articles, magazines, nutritional books that can aid you with all the information you need about vitamin and mineral.
Vitamins and minerals are also known as micronutrients of the body because your body required a few quantities of them. Even lacking in these small nutrients can lead to a major disease. The following are some of the major diseases due to the lack of these micronutrients.
1. Scurvy- Long time ago, when sailors used to sail on the ship without eating fresh fruits for many days’, their bodies would experience a deficiency in vitamins and minerals which caused bleeding of the gums.
2. Blindness- In many foreign countries, it is observed that many people turn blind due to the deficiency in vitamin A.
3. Rickets- It is nothing but a condition where your bone becomes week and soft leading to skeletal deformities such as bowed legs. It is caused due to the lack of vitamin D.
Just as a lack of some micronutrients can lead to some disease, having a minerals rich diet can give you some health benefits such as
1. Strong bone- Bones are the combination of calcium, collagen, vitamin B, vitamin K, and magnesium, phosphorus. Having these nutrients in your diet can save you from bone fractures by strengthening the bone.
2. Prevent birth Defects-Having folic supplements or multivitamin supplements for the women at the time of pregnancy can protect the child from the brain and spinal birth damage.
3. Healthy teeth- Like bones, teeth too are made up of calcium, mineral fluoride, which helps prevent teeth cavities.
There is a different category of vitamins known as a water-soluble vitamin. These vitamins are mostly found in the watery portions of the food we eat. They are directly absorbed in the bloodstream when the food is broken down during the digestion process or when the supplement is dissolved. So if you are not getting enough vitamins from your diet then you can take vitamin supplements that are easily available in the vitamin supplement store. As 70% of our body consists of water, vitamins easily get circulated in the body.
Some of the water-soluble vitamins are biotin, folic acid, niacin, pantothenic acid, thiamin, riboflavin acid, vitamin B6, and B12. Although water-soluble vitamins have to perform various tasks in the body, one of the important things they perform is to release the energy found in the food you eat. Other vitamins aid in keeping the tissues healthy. You can also consume AOR advanced B-complex for vitamin B. The following are the functions that different vitamins perform:
1. Helps in releasing energy- Many vitamin Bs form the main parts of coenzymes, which are the molecules that help the enzymes to release the energy.
2. Production of energy- Thiamin, riboflavin, niacin is the nutrients engaged in the production of the energy.
3. Building protein and cells- Vitamins B6, B12, and folic acids are responsible for metabolizing the amino acids and helps in multiplying the cells.
4. Creating Collagen-One of the important roles of vitamin C is to create collagen that helps in repairing wounds, support blood vessels, etc.
Although hard to believe, some of the water-soluble vitamins can stay in the body for a longer period of time. Folic acids and vitamin C and stay in your body for more than 2 days. However, these vitamins should be refilled in the body every few days.
You must be aware that consuming a high amount of these nutrients in the body can prove to be harmful. For example, consuming heavy doses of vitamin B6 several times can damage the nerves causing numbness and weak muscle.
Just like water-soluble vitamins, there are fat-soluble vitamins. Rather than directly getting absorbed in the bloodstream, these vitamins enter the blood through lymph channels located in the intestine walls. Many fat-soluble vitamins can travel the entire body only when protected by the proteins as their carriers.