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City of God

City of God
In the modern world, most people live in big cities and metropolises. In a modern city, planning is not just an essential element but it is a necessity if the city is to have the minimal living standards and provision of essential services including water, sewerage, public transport, and education. In movies that have significant scenes that depict cities, the level of planning a city underwent if any is clear. The film the City of God is a great portrait of a truly global city. It shows the consequences of poor or non-existent planning in an informal settlement that goes by the same name as the movie. This essay seeks to analyze the various aspects of city planning through the prism of the film's elements such as characters, the setting of the movie and the themes the movie explores.
Global City
A global city is a city that can generate a productive connection between people who are stranger to each other. They do not need to be from the same community or religion, have the same allegiances. The city provides a platform for such an interaction to take place by bringing people together in trade and other forms of social or economic collaboration. While in global cities commerce thrives, it is not just legitimate trade. The City of God's drug business exemplifies this. The consumers and the sellers are people of different origins. There is also a high likelihood that the drugs originate from outside the country as most of the drugs consumed in Brazil come from other foreign states. According to Mennel, the globalization leads the cities in the developing world with extremes of wealth and poverty as is apparent. This reinforces one of the major problems of global cities depicted in City of God.
Lack of Government and Public Housing, Urban Slum and Physical Environment
The next aspects are a lack of government and public housing combined with the urban slum and physical environment. From the film, the informal settlement seems to be densely populated. In the developing nations, there is a high level of rural to urban migration, as there is the perception of more opportunities in the cities than in villages. Most of those people who were migrating from the rural areas to the city are the poor having little resources for accessing the city’s neighborhoods and thus, they face an issue with housing. This results in the proliferation of informal settlements (favelas). To counter the massive migration from the rural areas to Rio de Janeiro and the resultant housing crises, the Brazilian government established the Greater Rio Metropolitan Area Authority trying to regulate the proliferation of the favelas by moving people from slums to government housing. This failed to address the reasons behind the proliferation of the favelas, and they continued to grow to an extent that neither the city administration nor the Brazilian government could handle. This indicated that the administration could no longer provide basic facilities like water and sewerage facilities along with crash of public housing scheme.
From the film, it seems clear that due to the lack of planning at the City of God favela, government housing is not present. Furthermore, other social amenities like sewage and water are either lacking or inadequate. In the favela that appears in the film, it seems apparent that decent housing which is a fundamental right for all human beings is a luxury most of the people can barely afford. This has also led to a poor physical environment with no green spaces left in the City of God favela as the buildings are cramped due to lack of planning. The result is that the city is not just crowded but has a lot of pollution from which the residents cannot escape. This is because of the lack of green spaces so common for many urban slums.
Urban Crime, Youth Gangs and Importance of Education
Rio de Janeiro, which is the film's setting, is one of the most violent cities in the world with one of the highest murder rates per 100,000 people. Zukin suggests that the interaction of people in the public space results in violent crimes. This is a consequence of the existence of urban youth gangs. This is particularly true in the favelas such as the City of God. In the film where the main character Rocket lives, criminal gangs are a gibber threat than the non-existent law enforcement. Due to socialization, a significant number of the young people in the city are encouraged to join criminals as the gags provide their only learning opportunity with the lack of formal schools. This not only breeds corruption but also produces a sense of hopelessness in the situation of the young people in the city. Consequently, such a situation forces a large number of the people in unplanned neighborhoods to attempt crimes such as robbery and drug peddling to cater for their daily needs. To do this, they join urban gangs such as the one ran by Lil Ze.
The informal settlements tend to be sealed from outside influence. As such, as criminal activists become dominant. As summarized by the character Rocket, if drug peddling were legal, the Lil Ze would be the person of the year. The rest of the population shares this apparent admiration as they do not condemn Lil Ze for killing his opponents but are either resigned or think that he is a shrewd business person. This is the situation in most of the crime-ridden unplanned neighborhoods. With the lack of education and moral and social realities having blurred value system in slums, there is a little chance of escaping from the corruption and disorderly conduct.
Social Networks and Economic Mobility
The next aspects are a social network and economic mobility having a direct relationship as one's social network usually determines their levels. With the social and financial alienation that comes about as a result of crime in informal settlements, there is an apparent lack of social and economic mobility which has several sources. Firstly, it is obvious that the favela City of God is a closed community both economically and socially. Furthermore, the government services that would ensure that the slum residents move from the economic and social depravity are usually not in place in informal settlements. However, when they exist, extraneous circumstances mean that the residents are unable to use them.
Furthermore, the crime in informal settlements restricts the interaction between the residents and the rest of the population in the city. This means that the others are unable to invest in the informal settlements as among other things, the potential investors are not sure if their contributions will be safe. This creates a cycle where to escape the abject poverty in the unplanned settlements, a person has to engage in crime like drug peddling as this seems to be the only determinant of social and economic progress. In the film, this is apparent while Rocket is the only person among the characters who manages to escape from the crime and depravity to pursue his photography talent which only happens by coincidence rather than a well-executed plan showing the enormity of escaping the poverty and crime in those settles.
To conclude, this paper has analyzed the various aspects of city planning through the prism of the film City of God’s aspects like characters, the setting of the movie, and the issues the movie explores. It seems apparent that the movie is a depiction of most of the cities especially those in the developing world. Such megapolises face several challenges affecting a big part of their population. This is usually caused by lack of proper city and municipal planning, endemic poverty that leads to the proliferation of informal settlement. The candid reflection of those problems in the City of God has helped highlight such issues.
Lesley Glover, online marketing consultant, freelance writer at https://advanced-writer.com/ , blogger and social media enthusiast who enjoys photography, tennis, and hiking.
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He Waits
Here's an old old old story I wrote years ago... That ending though, confuses even me It took me some time to climb the stairs, I was in no hurry. There was time; time meant nothing at a time like this. Everything and nothing meant nothing. I never thought about it as an end but more as a crossing over. Leaping from one journey to another journey, my journey in this life had come and gone, I walked thru it and now it was time to go. As I came out from the stairwell and stepped onto the top parking lot of the six story parking garage, the sun was shining and the snow was falling from the scattered clouds rolling overhead. The snowflakes swirled and fluttered to the ground as if Mother Nature herself was gently blowing them from off her hands. I walked to the edge and looked over the little city down below. I thought how appropriate to do it here. My mother was in the emergency room next door for some pains she was having in her stomach. I was waiting in the car and then I felt an impulse to come here, like something was pulling me. Ever since the day I got that letter back, marked ‘addressee-deceased’, I have not felt the same. A part of my soul was gone, my life had not been what it should have been, at least I had seen him long ago, at least I got to fall in love with him but now what is there left. I could feel the snow hitting my face and then melt away. I looked to the sky and in one easy move; I hoisted myself up onto the wall. I stood there, watching the snowflakes swirl around me. I licked my lips and smiled as I heard the most beautiful voice, ‘hurry’ it said. I felt my heels lift off the cement, my body falling forward. The wind swept up, pulling my hair back. I felt nothing, not even the cold air rushing past me. Everything was done, the girls were on their own now, it was a mission to make sure they were taken care of and so that’s what I had done, I took care of them, sacrificing my heart and my only love to do so. I was leaving nothing behind, except broken hearts but they have so much more to live for. I close my eyes as the ground gets closer. Behind my closed eyes, I could see green trees, green grass, and I could smell the scent of sea on the wind. I heard the sound of metal, the sound of grinding metal, the sound of a torch cutting thru metal. Then I heard music, all to familiar music playing through the trees, I ran down the sidewalk, heading for the north door of the dorm. As I came around the corner, I seen all my old friends, they were standing around how they used to and my love, my first love, standing against the door, smiling at me. As I came walking up to him, he was as young as the last time I had seen him, and in the glass door behind him, I could see myself as I had looked all those years ago. Forever young. My eyes were open now, I stare up at a blue sky and it had stopped snowing. I lay there thinking, I’m still alive, body broken to pieces, probably never walk again. The snow stopped briefly as someone leans over me, looking down at me. “What took you so long?” he asks. He gets down on his knees beside me and kisses my forehead and then my lips; I blink as if his kiss had brought me to life. It’s my face of heaven, the beautiful one, the most precious one, the perfect one, my heart, my soul and he’s real. I could feel his lips on mine and his breath against my cheek. I felt the warmth of his body radiate against mine. He hits my arm, “Get up, we have to go.” He says, jumping to his feet, as if we had just seen other, as if a whole two decades had not passed us by. I sit up and watch him walk down the snow covered knoll. He turns around; he’s smoking a cigarette as always with his other hand in his pocket. His black biker jacket as always with the exception of the black wings protruding from his back. He looked the same. A memory flashed through like a flash from a camera. It was morning, I was looking back down the sidewalk at who my friend was yelling at. Like a god, an angel, he came walking out of blinding morning sun. His long black hair sweeping down the side of his head. He looks up momentarily and smiles. That smile.... He laughs out loud, "Really? is that how you saw me?" he flicks his cigarette off to the side, “Hurry” he says, it’s the voice from before. I look down at my feet, one shoe is gone, and I look around, “Wait, my shoe is gone.” I say to him. “Ahhh fuck your shoe.” He says, “Just come on.” So I get up and as I’m walking toward him, I take my sock off and drop it, then I reach down and untie my other shoe, hopping on one barefoot and as soon as it comes off, I toss it to the side, then off my other sock came and I throw that behind me. He smiles looking down at my feet. “Always barefoot” he says. “What can I say and you told me to hurry.” I say to him shrugging my shoulders. He takes his hand out of his pocket and holds it out to me, I slip my hand into his, our fingers interlacing; my finger, his finger, my finger, his finger, my finger, his finger, my finger, his finger and then our thumbs overlapping. He tightens his grip and then kisses the back of my hand. “Don’t let go this time or we’ll get separated, like last time. I had to search five… fourteen different dimensions looking for you before I found you in that last one.” He says. I nod my head and wrap my other hand around his and then he kisses my hand again. He reaches up and touches my cheek and then kisses me on the mouth, his lips taste sweet. “You said for all eternity and eternity isn’t over by a long shot.” He said smiling. It was then the most amazing thing happen. My mind quickly ran thru a series of images, all going back to the beginning of time. I closed my eyes as I watched each one flash in and out of my head. We had loved each other and followed the other throughout hundreds of life times. I felt his finger hit my chin and I open my eyes. There was a bright light opening like a window curtain, not far from where we stood. “Are you ready?” he asks. “I’m always ready when I’m with you.” I said to him, he smiled and turned away but I pulled him back and turned him around to face me, “I missed you.” I felt a single tear, drop down from my eye. He put both his hands on my face and kissed me deeply and passionately. I felt my heart mending and melting to his in that moment; I knew I had finally found my way back to him. He is forever mine and I’m forever his, he knew this the moment we met in the other life, the last life, that’s why he would stare at me with patience and understanding. Hoping I would come around to realize we belonged together. “Don’t let go.” He said, he commanded. “I won’t” I said as he took my hand and again I double wrapped my other hand around his. “okay.” He said and we headed for the light. I held on tightly as the light engulfed us. We had somehow got separated in the end, in the void. We were reborn into different lives but had found each other again, like we did before, like we always did. But I sensed something in the void, something that didn’t want us together, and it had followed us to this world. Right before we chose our paths for this life, it came and tore us apart. It flung me across the void and I could hear him screaming my name but it was too late. So instead of us spending this mortal life together, that thing interceded and pushed our lives apart. I have come to believe that somewhere along the way someone cursed us in one of those previous lives. A curse that will try to follow us for eternity, but I believe as long he knows I love him and that he loves me, it will never come between us, nothing not even a curse is going to destroy our love. Perhaps on the other side, we will demolish what ever this curse is, come back and live happily, there is nothing like living a mortal life with all its pleasures. I hear him whispering for me to come find him, to hurry…he waits for me.
College Does Not Make You Invincible To Alcohol Related Deaths
Alcohol. It's everywhere. When you're handed a beer in college, standing at a keg stand, or watching your friends pass around a bottle of vodka, you feel like you're in a movie. This is because American culture has associated the best years of your life with the most dangerous methods of having 'fun'. Underage accessibility to alcohol is extremely easy and the amount of college students sitting in class with a fake ID is higher than students without. The problem though is that everyone wants to get "hammered", "plastered", "sh*t faced", "boozed", "intoxicated", "trashed", and the list goes on and on. "BAC- Blood Alcohol Content" The problem with this mentality is that many college students, especially incoming freshman, or "veteran" seniors think they can drink into oblivion completely disregarding any safety measures. Over time, people build a tolerance to alcohol making it more difficult for a person to have the same amount of impairing effects from alcohol with the same amount of alcohol. This causes people to drink more because you're aiming for the same effects of alcohol. The problem is your alcohol tolerance does not change your BAC, you're still receiving the same amount of alcohol which can lead to very harmful situations where your body will shut down and you die. You are also more prone to accidentally die from puking in your sleep due to suffocation. Sexual assault is extremely common following heavy alcohol consumption. Know the facts. Each year 1,825 college students die from alcohol related deaths between ages 18-24. Next time you drink, know what it can do to your body. You don't want to be another kid in a headline where an entire community mourns over someone who died too young due to poor education of alcohol. Pace yourself. Drink water. Be prepared for a disastrous morning hangover. Don't overdo it. You must always be cautious. Most importantly, you CAN have fun without alcohol. Blood Alcohol Content Chart Effects
10 Slang Words For 2016
1. Lit Definition: To say something is wild, fun, crazy, crowded, exciting...used frequently in describing party atmosphere. Sentence: This party was so lit. 2. Ship Definition: When you have full support for a couple realistically or not. Sentence: Wow they are adorable together, I would totally ship them. 3. AF Definition: As F*ck. Sentence: We are Goals AF. 4. Squad Definition: Made famous by pop star Taylor Swift, Squad is an exclusive group of people aimed to look flawless while making others jealous. You want to be in a squad or you're a loser. Sentence: Taylor Swift has a better squad than anyone else, they're perfect. 5. Netflix & Chill Definition: To hookup or have sex. Sentence: I asked her to come over for Netflix and Chill. She declined. 6. Yaaaaaaassss Defintion: Meaning you completely agree, are happy for, excited for, etc. Sentence: They're bringing pizza? YAAASSSS. Is my favorite song playing? YAAASSSS. Happy hour isn't over? YAAASSSS. 7. PAP Defintion: Post A Picture. Sentence: This pic would be perfect for Insta, PAP. 8. Feels Defintion: To get into an emotional or reflective or reminiscent mind set. Sentence: The minute I hear Adele I immediately get all into my feels. 9. DEAD Definition: Finding something incredibly hilarious, ironic, or perfect. Sentence: He ripped his pants trying to do the splits? DEAD. 10. Trash Defintion: Something is terrible, mean, inappropriate, not cool. Sentence: Don't be such trash. Apologize.
A00-260 Study Guide for SAS Data Integration Developer Certification?
SAS certification is quite important to open up new vistas of opportunities in your professional career. It all begins with credibility. The moment your prospective employer will see your resume, SAS certification A00-260 on SAS Data Integration Developer status will grab his eyeballs, without any doubt. SAS certification helps win better job prospects in the industry and even makes you comparatively superior to other candidates. Besides, you might even grab higher salaries to those who are not certified. So, what are you waiting for? Make up your mind for an SAS certification and move further in your career. Here are some things that you should know before you begin the preparation: Before the A00-260 Preparation begins: ● Keep in mind that the preparation for SAS Certification is a little consuming, irrespective of the fact that you are an experienced SAS professional ● Through regular study and training, the journey to give the SAS exam helps improve the programming skills to a great extent ● It is required that both the training and test are attempted in nothing but the English language. The resources available in this language are very vast and of high quality. ● Please do not care about the score. Just prepare by giving your best, and the results will follow. SAS Data Integration Developer Certification is the key to success of your professional career. Candidates armed with SAS certification go a long way in their career and stand out in the average crowd. Here is a comprehensive guideline that will help you score better in the A00-260 exam. Know the Complete Details about A00-260 exam. Learn and explore everything about the SAS Data Integration Developer exam that you are going to appear for. Things that you should be aware of A00-260: ● Exam Name: SAS Certified Data Integration Developer for SAS 9 ● Duration of the exam: 105 minutes ● Number of questions in real exam: 76 multiple-choice and short-answer questions ● Passing score on A00-260 exam: 70% ● Sample questions that are available ● Topics of the subjects: Click Here Get complete detail on SAS Data Integration Developer (A00-260) Syllabus exam Practice for the A00-260 sample questions.Firstly, go through the Exam Topics of A00-260 certification. These exam topics like Overview, Creating Metadata for Source and Target Data, Creating Metadata for Target Data and Jobs, etc prove to be very helpful in the preparation. They act as the blueprint for the exam. This is because the questions asked in the exam are sourced from these topics itself. Every candidate will need to know ‘how to do’ the questions rather than just answer them theoretically. SAS Certified Data Integration Developer Exam Guide - How to begin preparation? Chart out a path for the preparation of SAS Data Integration Developer. Make sure that you stick to this road to score well in the exam. Here are the steps that will help you: ● Go through the syllabus of the A00-260 exam of the A00-260 exam. Prepare a study plan based on the time duration that you have till the actual exam date ● You need to study every topic of A00-260 from the study guide, in detail ● SAS Data Integration Developer exams are known for asking actual exam-based questions. Hence, while you are preparing, try to relate every concept with the real-time business scenario. 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You can get hold of good books for preparation of A00-260 certification exam. Practical Programming SAS Data Integration Developer Certification exam is practical oriented, and the theory questions are limited. To answer such questions quickly and correctly, functional programming helps a lot. Training The topics in the SAS exam often correspond to the training courses that a candidate takes. Candidates can either opt for instructor-led training or even virtual delivery online training. ● Recommended Training ○ SAS Data Integration Studio: Fast Track ○ SAS Data Integration Studio 1: Essentials ○ SAS Data Integration Studio 2: Additional Topics Reasons to Choose Analyticsexam.com to crack A00-260 exam ● Analyticsexam.com has a credible history of 10 years. 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A00-260 Exam Registration: ● Registration for Exam: Pearson VUE At the End SAS Data Integration Developer A00-260 certification exam will become a cakewalk for you if you keep the above-mentioned things in mind. Remember time is money and the earlier you begin, the better it will be for you.
Could you pass a drug test today?
Be honest. Everyone knows of a friend who smokes a little bit of weed, indulged in a lot of alcohol over the weekend, and made a questionable decision to try cocaine. I'm not trying to be funny. I'm being realistic. Drugs are very integrated into society regardless if it's legal or not. Though I personally do not condone the use of these drugs, it's really none of my business if my friends decide to indulge in them. However, if you're applying for a job, playing a college sport, getting a drug test done at a hospital, etc. You might want to be cautious of your choices on your night on the town before you lose that job, scholarship, or promotion. Drugs are fun for many people but they come at a high risk. (Reporter Kyle Jaegar from Business Insider posted the article "How Long Various Drugs Stay In Your System" and broke down the statistics. I have listed them below.) All I'm saying is, one night of fun lasts longer than you think. ALCOHOL Example: Beer, Liquor, Wine Urine: Three to five days Blood: 10 to 12 hours Hair: Up to 90 days AMPHETAMINES Example: Adderall Urine: One to three days Blood: About 12 hours Hair: Up to 90 days BARBITURATES Example: Mebaral, Nembutal Urine: Two to four days Blood: One to two days Hair: Up to 90 days CANNABIS Example: Weed, Dabs Urine: Seven to 30 days Blood: About two weeks Hair: Up to 90 days COCAINE Example: Cocaine Urine: Three to four days Blood: One to two days Hair: Up to 90 days HEROIN Example: Heroin Urine: Three to four days Blood: Up to 12 hours Hair: Up to 90 days LSD Example: LSD Urine: One to three days Blood: Two to three hours Hair: Up to three days MDMA Example: Ecstacy, Molly Urine: Three to four days Blood: One to two days Hair: Up to 90 days METHAMPHETAMINE Example: Crystal Meth Urine: Three to six days Blood: 24 to 36 hours Hair: Up to 90 days MORPHINE Example: Morphine Urine: Two to three days Blood: Six to eight hours Hair: Up to 90 days
How I Pass Palo Alto PCNSE Certification in First Attempt?
Palo Alto certification is the first and basic requirement for working as a network professional in most organizations. Having recently passed the Network Security Engineer certification exam I wanted to share some of my study experiences and tips with anyone that could be working towards their PCNSE cert. If you’re looking for the secret lesson on passing PCNSE PAN-OS 9 then you must be thinking of the very common question “How can I prepare for my Palo Alto certification exam?" The Best Piece of Advice on PCNSE The Palo Alto certification doesn’t just open the doors to networking success. It allows your profile to be marketed as a networking expert with global recognition. You are more knowledgeable than non-certified peers. This needs you to stretch your skills and recognize opportunities. Everyone learns differently, and being out of the wired and wireless networking job function for a few years I was more deliberate with my studies. All my studies were self-paced and I did not attend any classes or boot camps. This blog is a rough outline of the steps I used to study and pass the PCNSE exam. Things to Keep In Mind before Studying Network Security Engineer One should understand the core concept of a Palo Alto certification to be able to study right. Related Articles:- Palo Alto Certifications to Excel in Your Network Security Career Is Getting a Palo Alto PCNSE Certification Worth It? Exam is Comprehensive The PCNSE exam offered by Palo Alto includes a variety of topics based on networking to the most comprehensive Network Security. With so much to study, the exams may look tough to crack. However, it is understood that one should mainly focus on all types of Palo Alto exams. This requires candidates to go through the length and breadth of the topics. Practical Experience One requires both theoretical and practical knowledge in order to crack Palo Alto. The study requires practical knowledge and the candidate should be able to use theoretical information in real world troubleshooting and networking issues. I found NWExam site with all the required study resources available on Palo Alto Networks Certified Network Security Engineer. PCNSE PAN-OS 9 Exam is a Quick One The PCNSE exam requires you to handle questions in a limited time period. Regular practice is required to excel in the exams. Even if you are a knowledgeable candidate, being able to put answers together when it matters is a stressful situation. Palo Alto exams also cover real world issues that need to be understood and solved right at the moment. This requires time, patience and strategy. Palo Alto is Marketable The Palo Alto certification doesn’t just open the doors to networking success. It allows your profile to be marketed as a networking expert with global recognition. You are more knowledgeable than non-certified peers. This needs you to stretch your skills and recognize opportunities. Getting the Proper Material There is a lot of misunderstanding and controversy with regards to the appropriate study materials. Going to begin exam preparation with PCNSE practice tests , books and study guides recommended. These resources are easy to follow and define the Plan, Deploy and Configure, Operate, Configuration Troubleshooting, Core Concepts, comprehensively. It will help you easily remember the syllabus topics. This one is probably your Bible for the Palo Alto exams. If you can devote more time without harming your regular professional activities, there are some impressive simulators that will help build up confidence. It is advisable to register as a member of the PCNSE Certification Forum for all the discussions, topics and advises. Approaching the Study Material ● Before you actually start with the syllabus books, learn to work with Binary Mathematics. You should be able to calculate in your sleep! ● For a good overview of the topics, solve PCNSE sample questions. ● Get actual exam scenario based questions in practice exam. ● Practice as many questions as possible.It is just not enough to be able to solve questions but solve them within time. Schedule Practice Tests Schedule practice tests well in advance of the final exam date. Present yourself a deadline and check what you have been able to do. There is always scope to improve and the rest of the days should be befitting. Conclusion The best thing about preparing for Palo Alto exams is being able to explore and discover new theories and concepts. The final job that you land up with your PCNSE certifications would want you to be an expert and have thorough practical knowledge of all networking topics. It is not without reason that Palo Alto is a globally recognized certification and attracts better jobs and salary. One must study hard and be patient. The rewards will follow themselves. Good Luck!!