When we all are in our schooling phase, teachers and parents always used to say that ask as many questions as you want before an exam but the moment when you are giving an exam you are not allowed to ask questions. This just is the case with software applications. Software Applications are way more sensitive. When you are developing an application you must ask questions about each and every concern of yours but when an application goes live you can not comment on anything except to wait for the customer’s feedback.
When it comes to app development or web development the main responsibility is that of the developers who are writing codes, codes are the most important part of any software development life-cycle. Therefore the quality of the code must be a top-notch priority for an organization. And when we talk about quality we mean that expert code review services must be incorporated to achieve the desired results. But before you start reviewing your codes it is better to ask your developers about some of the important and basic questions regarding the application you need to develop.
Here is a list of questions you can ask your developers before you engage reviewers to review codes;
What is the motive behind the development of a particular application?
From the functionality of the application to how a business can receive a maximum of the benefits and the nature of the application (small business marketing software or enterprise-level application), examining every aspect provides a new perspective. All these points of view are of great help in defining the security of a particular application.
Either its users are internal or external?
The question concerns the intended user of the application. In addition, it should also address the types of users they use, that is, whether they are both human and technically effective (the crazier it becomes, the more beneficial it is for organizations). Similarly, people often see that if an application is for internal users, security is generally not considered critical. Paradoxically, most hacking attacks come from within the organization. The idea behind these questions is to figure out the differences between these users from a security perspective and how to authenticate them in the application. Do they use AD or LDAP to authenticate internal and external users? Can the application distinguish between internal users and external users?
Which information must be kept confidential?
This question is extremely important and crucial for the security concerns of an organization. Answer to this type of question would surely help identify the risks and vulnerabilities within the applications and the impact of it if in case any of the information is being compromised.
In what different environments is the application deployed? Is the provided code provided for review the same as the code deployed in production?
Generally, the application is located in a test environment along with the production environment. It's always nice to understand how an application is located and whether there are differences between the various environments. The difference may lie in the integration with other applications, the existence of a web application firewall, etc. Another important thing to confirm is the authenticity of the code shared for review. Is the code base complete and the same as the code base deployed in the production environment? Developers who do not share configuration files, properties files, etc. are often encountered, and they think that these may not be needed to evaluate the security of the application.
Are there any safety measures?
"In addition to ensuring that the correct user accesses the correct data, do you really need to protect something?", "Can the application prevent external attacks, such as submitting special characters to the application", "Is the application protecting the correct Kind? Access the data in the right way?", "Are there roles and privileges that define which user can access which part of the data?", "What operations should authorized users perform on the data?" and "Applications Is it possible to defend against attacks?" Here are some questions answered!
Coding is the most challenging yet inevitable part of a software development life-cycle. Even though developers write codes with the owl's eye yet there can be chances of loopholes in the codes written. That’s why code reviews come into the picture. But before reviewing codes it is also important to have background information about the different aspects of an application if they are kept in consideration by the developer or not while writing codes. This will enable reviewers with ease in reviewing codes.