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Top 20 Fastest Double Centuries in Test Cricket.
Test cricket is considered to be a little slower game than ODI and T20 cricket format but for the last few decades, this format of cricket has seen significant changes, In the present environment of test cricket quite comfortably 300 to 350 runs can be scored in a single day's play. Many batsmen of the world have also scored double centuries by facing quite fewer balls in this format also, in this article, we will explain the top 20 fastest double centuries in Test cricket. Top 20 cricketers who are scored the fastest double century in Test cricket. 01. Nathan Astle 02. Ben Stokes 03. Virender Sehwag 04. Virender Sehwag 05. Brendom McCullum 06. Virender Sehwag 07. Herschelle Gibbs 08. Adam Gilchrist 09. Ross Taylor 10. Ian Botham 11. Chris Gayle 12. Virender Sehwag 13. Virender Sehwag 14. Aravinda de Silva 15. Jason Holder 16. M. S. Dhoni 17. Graham Thorpe 18. Gordon Greenidge 19. Mohammad Yousuf 20. Victor Trumper 20. Victor Trumper: Full name... Victor Thomas Trumper. Date of birth... 2 November 1877. Date of death... 28 June 1915. Born territory... Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia. Height... Na. Batting genre... Right-handed. Bowling genre... Right arm medium. Main Role in the team... As a Batsman. Victor Trumper has scored 214 runs by facing 247 balls in the first innings of the third test match which was played at Adelaide Oval, Australia, from 07 January to 13 January 2011, during the South Africa tour of Australia. In this Test match, he was played 242 minutes of batting on the crease with the help of 26 fours and zero sixes. The following are the details of his performance in this test match. 19. Mohammad Yousuf: Full name... Mohammad Yousef. Date of birth... 27 August 1974 . Born territory... Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. Height... 1.78 m. Batting genre... Right-handed. Bowling genre... Right arm medium. Main Role in the team... As a batsman. Mohammad Yousuf has scored 204 runs by facing 243 balls in the first innings of the second test match which was played at MA Aziz Stadium, Chattogram, Bangladesh, from 16 January to 18 January 2002, during the Pakistan tour of Bangladesh. In this Test match, he was played 325 minutes of batting on the crease with the help of 34 fours and two sixes. The following are the details of his performance in this test match. 18. Gordon Greenidge: Full name... Cuthbert Gordon Greenidge. Date of birth... 01 May 1951. Born territory... Black Bess, St Peter, Barbados. Height... Na Batting genre... Right-handed. Bowling genre... Right-arm medium. Main Role in the team... As an opening batsman. Gordon Greenidge has scored 200 runs by facing 232 balls in the second innings of the second test match which was played at Lord's cricket ground, London, England, from 28 June to 03 July 1984, during the West Indies tour of England. In this Test match, he has scored a total of 214 runs from the facing of 242 balls by batting for 302 minutes on the crease with the help of 29 fours and two sixes. The following are the details of his performance in this test match. 17. Graham Thorpe: Full name... Graham Paul Thorpe. Date of birth... 01 August 1969. Born territory... Farnham, Surrey, England. Height... Batting genre... Left-handed. Bowling genre... Right arm medium. Main Role in the team... As a batsman Graham Paul Thorpe has scored 200 runs by facing 231 balls in the 2nd innings of the first test match which was played at AMI Stadium, Christchurch, New Zealand, from 13 March to 16 March 2002, during the England tour of New Zealand. 16. MS Dhoni: Full name... Mahendra Singh Dhoni. Date of birth... 07 July 1981. Born territory... Ranchi, jharkhand, India. Height... 1.75 m. Batting genre... Right-handed. Bowling genre... Na Main Role in the team...Wicket-keeper & batsman Mahendra Singh Dhoni has scored 200 runs by facing 231 balls in the first innings of the first test match which was played at MA Chidambaram Stadium, Chepauk, Chennai, India, from 22 February to 26 February 2013, during the Australia tour of India. In this Test match, he has scored a total of 224 runs from the facing of 265 balls by batting for 365 minutes on the crease with the help of 24 fours and six sixes. The following are the details of his performance in this test match. 15. Jason Holder: Full name... Jason Omar Holder. Date of birth... 05 November 1991. Born territory... Bridgetown, Barbados. Height...02.01 m. Batting genre... Right-handed. Bowling genre...Right-arm fast-medium. Main Role in the team...Bowler & all-rounder. Jason Omar Holder has scored 202 runs by facing 229 balls in the 2nd innings of the first test match which was played at Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados, from 23 January to 26 January 2019, during the England tour of the West Indies. In this Test match, he was played 384 minutes of batting on the crease with the help of 23 fours and eight sixes. The brief data of his batting performance on this Test match are the following. 14. Aravinda de Silva: Full name... Pinnaduwage Aravinda de Silva. Date of birth... 17 October 1965. Born territory... Colombo, Sri Lanka. Height... 1.65 m. Batting genre... Right-handed. Bowling genre... Right arm off-spin. Main Role in the team... As a batsman Aravinda de Silva has scored 200 runs by facing 229 balls in the first innings of the first test match which was played at P Sara Oval, Colombo, Sri Lanka, from 21 July to 23 July 2002, during the Bangladesh tour of Sri Lanka. In this Test match, he has scored a total of 206 runs from the facing of 234 balls by batting 318 minutes on the crease with the help of 28 fours and one sixes. The following are the details of his performance in this test match. 13. Virender Sehwag: Full name... Virender Sehwag. Date of birth... 20 October 1978. Born territory... Najafgarh, Delhi, India. Height... 1.73 m. Batting genre... Right-handed. Bowling genre... Right arm off break. Main Role in the team... As an opening batsman Virender Sehwag has scored 200 runs by facing 227 balls in the first innings of the second test match which was played at Galle International Stadium, Sri Lanka, from 31 July to 04 August 2008, during the India tour of Sri Lanka. In this Test match, he has scored a total of 201 runs from the facing of 231 balls by batting 348 minutes on the crease with the help of 22 fours and four sixes. The following are the details of his performance in this test match. Kindly click here to continue reading this article. https://www.theindia24.com/2021/04/fastest-double-centuries-in-test.html
Why don't start playing the game on these laptops, it's really awesome
in case you are looking forward to constructing a Gaming computer this summertime with around a total of one Lakh INR to spend, youโ€™ve come to the proper area. we've researched and prepared the satisfactory components, peripherals, and accessories that you'll require to make this best gaming laptop under 100000. in case you are a professional gamer with excessive-give-up requirements or an informal gamer or streamer, this computer configuration will make sure you placed your money to high-quality use. when youโ€™re spending an excessive amount of cash, there are numerous options to choose from and we will assist you to make the selections. The components we've decided on for this gaming computer will no longer simplest offer you the nice frame prices with remarkable pics in games nowadays however additionally live aggressive within the destiny. For the CPU we've long gone in favor of the blue team. The i5 9400F is an ideal mid-range gaming processor. although itโ€™s a completely stable preference to go with, there are worth options from the red group as well. The AMD Ryzen 5 2600 is likewise available in a similar price category, a touch extra high priced. Why we've got chosen the i5 9400F over the Ryzen counterpart is the high single-center performance. The middle i5 pulls ahead inside the unmarried-center workloads which makes it higher for gaming. but, Ryzen CPUs are recognized to perform better in multicore situations, like video enhancing or rendering. in case you are a content material writer, you may take gain of the 6 cores and 12 threads on the Ryzen five 2600 vs the 6 cores and six threads on the i5 9400F. Spending a few more money will advantage you if you could exploit the hyper-threading. As this pc is focused on gaming, we will go together with the gaming king, Intel. Acer Predator Helios 300 New Inspiron 15 7501 By Dell ASUS ROG Zephyrus G14 Lenovo Legion Y7000 SE Laptop Acer Nitro 5 HP Gaming Pavilion 15 Asus TUF Gaming A17 MSI GF65 M1 Macbook Air Acer Predator Triton 300
Get To Know: Treasure
Treasure are a 12 member boy group under YG. They all participated in YG Treasure Box. Members: [Hyunsuk] Full Name: Choi Hyun Suk Position: Leader, Rapper Birthday: April 21, 1999 (21 years old) - He's the oldest member. Nationality: Korean [Jihoon] Full Name: Park Ji Hoon Position: Leader, Vocalist (They have 2 leaders I believe, subject to change when more info is revealed as this info is relying on the fact that they were originally in two different sub-units) Birthday: March 14, 2000 (20 years old) Nationality: Korean [Yoshi] Full Name: Kanemoto Yoshinori Position: Rapper Birthday: May 15, 2000 (20 years old) Nationality: Japanese [Junkyu] Full Name: Kim Jun Kyu Position: Vocalist Birthday: September 9, 2000 (19 years old) Nationality: Korean [Mashiho] Full Name: Takata Mashiho Position: Vocalist Birthday: March 25, 2001 (19 years old) Nationality: Japanese [Jaehyuk] Full Name: Yoon Jae Hyuk Position: Vocalist, Rapper Birthday: July 23, 2001 (19 years old) Nationality: Korean [Asahi] Full Name: Hamada Asahi Position: Vocalist Birthday: August 20, 2001 (18 years old) - Will be 19 this month. Nationality: Japanese [Yedam] Full Name: Bang Ye Dam Position: Vocalist Birthday: May 7, 2002 (18 years old) Nationality: Korean [Doyoung] Full Name: Kim Do Young Position: Vocalist Birthday: December 4, 2003 (16 years old) Nationality: Korean [Haruto] Full Name: Watanabe Haruto Position: Rapper Birthday: April 5, 2004 (16 years old) Nationality: Japanese [Jeongwoo] Full Name: Park Jeong Woo Position: Vocalist Birthday: September 28, 2004 (15 years old) Nationality: Korean [Junghwan] Full Name: So Jung Hwan Position: Vocalist, Maknae Birthday: February 18, 2005 (15 years old) Nationality: Korean (I can't even imagine this because he was 14 while competing on YG Treasure Box. It's crazy to see someone so young!! I'm older than all of them (roughly 3 years older than Hyunsuk) and seeing Junghwan makes me feel old!) [Who is your bias?] [Mine are Yedam and Yoshi. Hyunsuk wrecks though!]
Significant COVID-19 Impact on the Sports Nutrition in Food and Beverage Industry | Data Bridge Market Research
COVID-19 Impact on the Sports Nutrition in Food and Beverage Industry The pandemic have impacted the food industry by up surging in their consumption owing to health benefits associated with them. Extended lockdown has impacted considerably in Europe, Americas and all over world and it has been created an opportunity due to their demand because of raised awareness regarding health and increased concern for maintaining immunity and thereby well-being of health. According to published journal of MDPI Sports 2020, unpredicted pandemic impacts and risk associated with spread has forcing governments to impose a quarantine and lockdown. The demand for fitness and sports products is also facing huge impact of pandemic. Isolation and quarantine has been imposed by governments which impacted on all aspects related to the sports. For instance, The absence of planned training, organized competition, lack of communication between coach and athlete, inappropriate training conditions are impacting on health of sports persons accordingly. Thus, governments across the globe have focused on encouraging athletes to maintain their health through proper intake of healthy food supplements. Major of local and international competition, such as European Football Championship and the Olympic Games in Tokyo has postponed for a year as health of coaches and athletes is the first priority of government. Hence, governments are focusing on maintaining health of sports persons by providing them proper nutritional intake in isolation. Pandemic also impacted on consciousness regarding the health. Thus, awareness regarding physical and mental health has been increased which provides the demand to the nutritional products. Sports nutrition products are manufactured to achieve fitness goals and to fulfill nutrients which depleted during the workout. They also include energy bars, sports drinks and protein powder. Manufacturers of sports nutrition prefer vegetable proteins, meat and dairy source as raw material for sports nutritional products. Owing to this COVID-19, health conscious people and sports persons are staying at home providing demand for healthy supplements and related products for maintaining fitness has been raised. According to online shopping portal of sports and fitness products NorthAlp, it has been noticed an increase of 300% in sales of the fitness related products in India. During the lockdown, NorthAlp has witnessed raised sales of fitness related products. Another factor behind the rise in online sales of fitness goods and brands is the growing acceptance of virtual exercise workouts with certified instructors and coaches. As gyms and fitness facilities are remaining closed owing to the lockdown, consumers are now more prone towards nutritional supplements to cater general wellness. The products for nutritional products are catering demand to maintaining health. Ingredients that enhance health and immunity are gaining demand as these ingredients are essential for muscle health and well-being of health. Among all sports nutritional products, protein powder is the leading ingredient of the sports nutrition market. According to Lallemand Health Solutions, 70% of consumers are being more concerned in sports nutrition as they are effective source of probiotics as well. Further, e-commerce is playing essential role for providing sports nutrition. For instance, According to โ€œNutrition Business Journal's 2020 Supplement Business Report,โ€ the demand for nutritional supplement has been grown as they are expected to grow at 61.4% in 2020. Further, online sales are expected to reach USD 10.00 million in 2023 in which online sales of nutritional supplements will acquire 19.6% of sales by 2023. According to Aerometric Sports Products Pvt. Ltd., whey protein and other sports drinks such as glucose water has provided demand for sports nutrition across the world. Globally, sports nutrition is around USD 20.00 to 25.00 billion. Owing to the pandemic, sports nutritional products manufacturers and producers are prioritizing health and safety over productivity and profitability. They are looking for specialty vegan protein as they become more aware of techniques and strategies to manage the health. The pandemic has provided an opportunity for nutritional manufacturers to show their assurance to their customers by delivering customized support, representing their reliability and consistency as suppliers and augmenting their companyโ€™s biosecurity efforts across the board. For instance, ยท In August 2020, Hormelโ€™s Ingredient Solutions has launched a new website for full catalog of protein ingredients. The new website makes help to view a productโ€™s ingredients, packaging and shelf life. Further, this allows customers to quickly request samples and explore products, more about the ingredient solutions team and speak with an expert on the team. Hence, as shift towards healthy food is increasing, the demand for sports nutrition has been impacted in better terms. INITIATIVES Outbreak of coronavirus has affected every sector in the food services industry including sports nutrition. The industry has affected as the supply and demand are badly disrupted. For instance, ยท In April 2020, Cargill, Incorporated has started working by following safety practices at site including additional precautions at manufacturing facility, including temperature testing and prohibiting international travelling among others. However, with the increased demand for the healthy essential products, the manufacturers are taking new initiatives for products availability. Increased demand for protein bars, supplements, and energy drinks among athletes, bodybuilders, and even weekend warriors was one of the major factors in that growth,โ€ she adds, pointing to findings that rising disposable incomes, urbanization, and the sheer building boom in gyms and fitness centers gave further cause to be bullish on the category. ยท McNamara โ€œWhen your account for all the categories that have been subsumed into sports nutrition,โ€ he says, โ€œitโ€™s a huge market. Diversification into weight management, athletic performance, energy, and even cognitive performance has transformed it from a niche category targeting gym goers to a broader consumer base looking to fuel their active lifestyles. And thatโ€™s a good thing, it has built a strong category.โ€ - Brian Appell, Director, Global Communications, OmniActive Health Technologies (Morristown, NJ) โ€œAn economic crisis could impact categories that consumers consider non-essential, including products that are more lifestyle-targeted and not developed to aid serious health issues. The latter is, of course, subjective and for each consumer to decide, but we expect products addressing various deficiencies, pain management, diabetes, stress, cardiovascular health, or prenatal supplements to be less affected, to name a few.โ€ ยท Mike Hughes, Head of Research and Insights, FMCG Gurus โ€œSports nutrition is a product category that may take a short-term hit as a result of COVID-19. This is because consumers who regularly go to the gym are being forced to adjust the way that they exercise due to restrictions, whilst everyday consumers may swap better-for-you snacks for traditional, comfort-orientated snacks. Consumers will not neglect other areas of their health due to COVID-19. For instance, many are recognizing that the virus is having an impact on their mental wellbeing and resulting in issues such as weight gain, something that they want to address. This means that they will pay closer attention to product claims whilst also assessing if an increase in ingredients such as protein and vitamin D can be obtained from everyday food and drink products.โ€ ยท George Kuriakose, Head of Operations, Anaha LifeCare โ€œIn India and across the world, predominantly whey protein and some form of sports drink such as glucose water has been the prevalent form of nutrition. Today as we evolve, there are different forms of nutrition that are helping the athletes perform better every day and this is the way sports nutrition will evolve.โ€ ยท Vijayaraghavan Venugopal, CEO of Aeronutrix Sports Products Pvt. Ltd., โ€œWe created a pay protection program providing paid leave and benefits to any team member who was feeling unwell, quarantined due to close contact or who tested positive. The first 15 days of coronavirus-related absences are covered at 100% of base pay and if needed, subsequent days of leaves are covered at our regular short-term disability coverage pay percentages with no limit. This pay program has been instrumental in our ability to keep our team members safe. We have been proactive in communicating often to ensure they know that it is okay, and encouraged, to stay at home when feeling unwell or if they have been exposed to someone with COVID-19. If someone doesnโ€™t feel well, there is no financial hardship to stay home. Our efforts exceed the CDC and OSHA guidelines.โ€ ยท Hormel Foods Corporation. CONCLUSION As the effects of COVID-19 are felt around the world, sports nutrition manufacturers have been significantly impacted by raised consumption and awareness regarding health. However, regulatory norms around social distancing across multiple nations, reduced social gatherings were estimated to impact the meat substitutes and vegetable protein to a high extent. However, sports nutrition manufacturers have been seeing a stable sale in their products and hence stability in demand during the coming months of the fiscal year. Sports nutrition is one of the major consumer health products demanded by health conscious people, athletes and sports person who has raised the sales of protein powder, health drinks and other healthy supplements owing to impacting wellbeing of health. There have been vast changes in the consumption pattern among pet food which are particularly โ€œat-homeโ€ has been gaining popularity. Though, there has been a stable growth in demand for sports nutritional products, the purchasing behavior among consumers have greatly disrupted the distribution channels for these products. Also, owing to the COVID-19 outbreak, there has been an increasing awareness among sports person, on healthy diet wherein, the demand for healthy ingredients in diet has been on a rise. Protein, vitamin and other essential ingredients in sports nutritional products is expected to grow substantially during the coming years, with the rising awareness. Thus, the impact of pandemic has been neutral for the sports nutrition industry across the globe and hence, a stable growth can be observed in the industry during coming years, with many opportunities of new products development for the manufacturers. Read moreโ€ฆ.
YouTuber Films Suicide Victim, Doesn't Get Why His Jokes Arent Funny
[tw: mentions suicide] This is Logan Paul, YouTuber and brother of Jake Paul and equally influential YouTuber. He has over 15 million subscribers and makes videos about pranks, extreme sports, and basically living off of all the money he makes. Most of his fans are under the age of 17. He has been posting a video every single day for over a year and plenty have been controversial (one of his most successful videos is when he reacts to seeing color for the first time, but then he later admitted that he lied about being color blind) This week though, even his fans have said he has gone too far. He is currently in Japan and making videos about his trip, but he and his friends headed to Aokigahara, also known as Japan's suicide forest. It's the most popular place to tortured people to end their lives. It is known for its beauty so people do go there just to see the nature, but they went into the restricted section. They go on a visit to the forest intending to focus on the "haunted" aspect of it, he says in the video. After walking a short distance into the forest, the group come across a body. The group is filmed approaching the body, which is shown in several close-ups where only the face is blurred out. A member of the group is heard off camera saying he "doesn't feel good". Paul then asks him: "What, you never stand next to a dead guy?" He then laughs. He then took the time to pose with the man (who is revealed to have just died a few hours before due to the color of his body) in order to get the perfect thumbnail and then posted it on his channel. This is literally what the thumbnail image was: It got over 6 million views. Later in the video they joked that YouTube wouldn't put ads on a video with a dead guy so they might as well take sake shots too (YT has a new strict algorithm about what kind of content can make money and obviously suicide isnt one of them) After the video got a ton of criticism, he took the video down and issued this half ass apology: He later posted a video apology but come on. This is just disgusting. I am so sorry to the family of that victim and to anyone who has been affected by suicide. There is NO excuse for what he did. If it was a live stream and an accident I could understand if he was overwhelmed, forgot to turn the camera off, etc. But this was filmed, edited, and uploaded. He zoomed in and took from different angles. He posed for pictures with the body. He is trash. If you or someone you know is thinking about suicide, please visit https://suicidepreventionlifeline.org/ for a way out of depression.
์ฝ”๋กœ๋‚˜19 ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— ๋–ก์ƒํ•œ ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค ์žฌ๋‚œ ์˜ํ™” 5์„ 
Editor Comment ๊ฐœ๋ด‰ ๋‹น์‹œ์—” ๋ฏธ๋ž˜์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๊ฒฝ๊ณ ์˜€์„ ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค ์žฌ๋‚œ ์˜ํ™”.๊ตญ๋‚ด ์˜ํ™” <๊ฐ๊ธฐ>์™€ ๋”๋ถˆ์–ด ํ•ด์™ธ ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค ์žฌ๋‚œ ์˜ํ™”๊ฐ€ ์ „ ์„ธ๊ณ„์ ์œผ๋กœ ์žฌ์กฐ๋ช…๋˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค. ๋ชจ๋‘ ์˜ํ™”๋ณด๋‹ค ๋” ์˜ํ™” ๊ฐ™์€ ํ˜„์‹ค์ด ๋ฒŒ์–ด์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ์ง€๊ธˆ์„ ์˜ˆ๊ฒฌํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด๋‹ค. ์ด ์˜ํ™”๋“ค์˜ ๊ณตํ†ต ๊ด€์ „ ํฌ์ธํŠธ๋Š” ๋ˆˆ์œผ๋กœ ๋ณด์ด์ง€ ์•Š๋Š” ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค๋ฅผ ๊ทน๋ณตํ•ด๋‚˜๊ฐ€๋Š” ์ธ๊ฐ„์˜ ์‚ฌ์‹ค์ ์ธ ๋ชจ์Šต๋“ค์ด๋‹ค. <์•„์ด์ฆˆ๋งค๊ฑฐ์ง„>์ด ํ˜„ ์ƒํ™ฉ๊ณผ ๋งž๋‹ฟ์€ ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค ์žฌ๋‚œ ์˜ํ™” 5์„ ์„ ์ค€๋น„ํ•ด๋ดค๋‹ค. ํ˜„์‹ค๊ณผ ๋น„์Šทํ•œ ์ƒํ™ฉ์— ๋น„์ถฐ ๊ฐํƒ„ํ•˜๊ธฐ๋ณด๋‹ค๋Š” ์˜ํ™”๊ฐ€ ์ธ๋ฅ˜์—๊ฒŒ ๋˜์ง€๋Š” ๋ฉ”์‹œ์ง€์— ์ง‘์ค‘ํ•ด๋ณด๋ฉฐ ๊ฐ์ƒํ•ด๋ณด๊ธธ. ํฌ๋ ˆ์ด์ง€(The Crazies, 2010) ์ฝ”๋กœ๋‚˜19๋Š” ์ค‘๊ตญ ์šฐํ•œ์˜ ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค ์—ฐ๊ตฌ์†Œ์—์„œ ๋…ธ์ถœ๋œ ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค์— ์˜ํ•ด ๊ฐ์—ผ์ด ์‹œ์ž‘๋˜์—ˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ์˜ํ˜น์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค. ์•„์ง ๊ณผํ•™์ ์œผ๋กœ ์ฆ๋ช…๋œ ๋ฐ”๋Š” ์—†์ง€๋งŒ, ์ค‘๊ตญ ์—ฐ๊ตฌ์†Œ ์ง์›๋“ค์ด ๋ฐœํ‘œํ•œ ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค ์œ ์ถœ ๋…ผ๋ฌธ์— ์“ฐ์—ฌ์ง„ ์‚ฌ๋ก€๋กœ ๋ณธ๋‹ค๋ฉด ๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ์ด ๋†ํ›„ํ•œ ์ผ์ด๊ธฐ๋„ ํ•˜๋‹ค. ์˜ํ™” <ํฌ๋ ˆ์ด์ง€>๋Š” ์ธ์œ„์  ์‹คํ—˜๊ณผ ๊ด€๋ฆฌ ์†Œํ™€๋กœ ์ธํ•ด ์ƒ๊ธด ์น˜๋ช…์  ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค์— ์ดˆ์ ์„ ๋งž์ท„๋‹ค. ๊ฐ์—ผ ํ›„ ๋‹จ 48์‹œ๊ฐ„ ๋งŒ์— ๋ฏธ์น˜๊ฒŒ ์ด๋ฅด๊ฒŒ ๋˜๋Š” ์น˜๋ช…์  ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค์˜ ์ด๋ฆ„์€ โ€˜ํŠธ๋ฆญ์Šคโ€™. ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค๊ฐ€ ์œ ์ถœ๋๋‹ค๋Š” ์‚ฌ์‹ค์„ ์•Œ๊ณ  ์žˆ๋˜ ์ •๋ถ€๋Š” ๊ตฐ๋ถ€๋Œ€๋ฅผ ํˆฌ์ž…, ๋„์‹œ๋ฅผ ํ์‡„ํ•˜๊ณ  ์ƒ์กด์ž๋ฅผ ์ „๋ฉธ์‹œํ‚ค๋ ค ํ•œ๋‹ค. ์‚ด์ธ ๊ด‘๊ธฐ์— ํœฉ์‹ธ์ธ ์ƒ์กด์ž๋“ค๊ณผ ๋„์‹œ๋ฅผ ์ „๋ฉธ์‹œํ‚ค๋ ค๋Š” ์ •๋ถ€๋ฅผ ์ƒ๋Œ€๋กœ ํ•„์‚ด์ ์œผ๋กœ ํƒˆ์ถœ์„ ์‹œ๋„ํ•˜๋Š” ์ฃผ์ธ๊ณต ๋ฐ์ด๋น—๊ณผ ๊ทธ์˜ ๊ฐ€์กฑ๋“ค. ๋ฐ˜์ธ๋ฅœ์ ์ธ ์˜ํ™” ์† ์ •๋ถ€์˜ ๊ฒฐ์ •์ด ๊ณผ์—ฐ ์ตœ์„ ์˜ ์„ ํƒ์ด์—ˆ์„์ง€ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋ฉฐ ๊ฐ์ƒํ•ด๋ณด๊ธธ ์ถ”์ฒœํ•œ๋‹ค. ์ปจํ…Œ์ด์ ผ(Contagion, 2011) ์ฝ”๋กœ๋‚˜19๋กœ ์ธํ•ด ๋”์šฑ ์žฌ์กฐ๋ช…๋˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ์˜ํ™”, <์ปจํ…Œ์ด์ ผ>. ์˜ํ™” ๊ฐ™์€ ํ˜„์‹ค, ํ˜„์‹ค ๊ฐ™์€ ์˜ํ™”๋ผ ํ•ด๋„ ๊ณผ์–ธ์ด ์•„๋‹ ์ •๋„๋กœ ์ „์—ผ๋ณ‘์˜ ํ™•์‚ฐ์— ๋”ฐ๋ฅธ ์ธ๊ฐ„์˜ ๊ณตํฌ์™€ ์‚ฌํšŒ์  ํ˜ผ๋ž€์„ ์‚ฌ์‹ค์ ์œผ๋กœ ๊ทธ๋ ค๋‚ด ํฐ ๊ณต๊ฐ์„ ๋ถˆ๋Ÿฌ์ผ์œผํ‚ค๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค์˜ ๋ฐฐ๊ฒฝ์ง€๋Š” ํ™์ฝฉ. ๋ฏธ๊ตญ์ธ ๋ฒ ์Šค๋Š” ํ™์ฝฉ ์ถœ์žฅ์„ ๋งˆ์น˜๊ณ  ์ง‘์œผ๋กœ ๋Œ์•„๊ฐ€๊ธฐ ์ „, ๊ณตํ•ญ ๋ฐ”์—์„œ ๋งฅ์ฃผ ํ•œ ์ž”์„ ์ฆ๊ธฐ๋ฉด์„œ ์˜ํ™”๋Š” ์‹œ์ž‘๋œ๋‹ค. ์ „์—ผ์˜ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ง์ ‘์  ๊ฒฝ๋กœ์ธ ์†์— ํฌ์ปค์Šค๋ฅผ ๋งž์ถ˜ ์ ๊ณผ ์˜ํ™” ๋ง๋ฏธ์— ๋“œ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค์˜ ๊ฒฝ๋กœ๊ฐ€ ๋ฐ•์ฅ์˜ ๋ณ€์„ ๋จน๊ณ  ์ž๋ž€ ๋ผ์ง€๋ฅผ ์š”๋ฆฌํ•œ ์š”๋ฆฌ์‚ฌ๋กœ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์‹œ์ž‘๋˜์—ˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ์ ์ด ์ฝ”๋กœ๋‚˜19 ์‚ฌํƒœ์™€ ๋งค์šฐ ๋‹ฎ์•„์žˆ๋‹ค. ์˜ํ™” ์† ๋ช…๋Œ€์‚ฌ, โ€œ๋Š‘์žฅ ๋Œ€์‘์œผ๋กœ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ์ฃฝ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋ณด๋‹จ ๊ณผ์ž‰ ๋Œ€์‘์œผ๋กœ ๋น„๋‚œ๋ฐ›๋Š” ๊ฒŒ ๋‚ซ๋‹ค๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.โ€๋Š” ์‹ฌ๊ฐํ•œ ์ƒํ™ฉ์„ ๋งˆ์ฃผํ•œ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ๊ท€๊ฐ์ด ๋  ๋งŒํ•œ ๋ฉ”์‹œ์ง€๋ฅผ ์ฃผ๊ธฐ๋„. ์•„์›ƒ๋ธŒ๋ ˆ์ดํฌ(Outbreak, 1995) 1995๋…„์— ๊ฐœ๋ด‰๋œ โ€˜์—๋ณผ๋ผโ€™ ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค๋ฅผ ๋‹ค๋ฃฌ ์˜ํ™”, <์•„์›ƒ๋ธŒ๋ ˆ์ดํฌ>. 1967๋…„ ์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด ๋ชจํƒ€๋ฐ” ๊ณ„๊ณก ์šฉ๋ณ‘ ์บ ํ”„์— ์˜๋ฌธ์˜ ์ถœํ˜ˆ์—ด์ด ๋ฐœ์ƒํ•˜๊ณ  ์ˆ˜๋งŽ์€ ์šฉ๋ณ‘์ด ์ฃฝ๋Š”๋‹ค. ๋ฏธ๊ตฐ์€ ์šฉ๋ณ‘๋“ค์˜ ํ˜ˆ์•ก๋งŒ ์ฑ„์ทจํ•œ ๋’ค ํญํƒ„์„ ํˆฌํ•˜ํ•ด ๊ทธ๋“ค์„ ๋ชฐ์‚ด์‹œํ‚จ๋‹ค. 30๋…„์ด ํ˜๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ™์€ ์ง€์—ญ์—์„œ ๋˜๋‹ค์‹œ ์ถœํ˜ˆ์—ด์ด ๋ฐœ์ƒํ•ด ๋ชจ๋‘๊ฐ€ ์‚ฌ๋งํ•˜๊ณ , ์—๋ณผ๋ผ ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค๊ฐ€ ์ˆ™์ฃผ ์›์ˆญ์ด๋ฅผ ํ†ตํ•ด ๋ฏธ๊ตญ์— ํผ์ง€๋ฉฐ ํฐ ์œ„๊ธฐ์— ๋น ์ง€๋Š” ๋‚ด์šฉ์„ ๋‹ด๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค. <์•„์›ƒ๋ธŒ๋ ˆ์ดํฌ>๋Š” ์ „์—ผ๋ณ‘์ด ์–ด๋–ค ๊ณผ์ •์œผ๋กœ ๋ฐœ์ƒ, ํ™•์‚ฐ๋˜๋Š”์ง€ ์กฐ๊ธˆ ๋” ๊ตฌ์ฒด์ ์ด๊ณ  ์‚ฌ์‹ค์ ์ด๊ฒŒ ๋ฌ˜์‚ฌ๋๋‹ค. ํŠนํžˆ, ์ •๋ถ€๊ฐ€ ๊ตญ๋ฏผ์„ ํฌ์ƒ์–‘์œผ๋กœ ์‚ผ์œผ๋ ค๋Š” ๊ณผ์ •์€ ์˜ํ™”์˜ ๊ทน์ ์ธ ๊ธด์žฅ๊ฐ์„ ๋”ํ•ด์ฃผ๋Š” ๊ด€์ „ ํฌ์ธํŠธ. ๋‚˜๋Š” ์ „์„ค์ด๋‹ค(I Am Legend, 2007) SF ์†Œ์„ค๊ณ„์˜ ์„ธ๊ธฐ์˜ ๊ฑธ์ž‘์œผ๋กœ ๊ผฝํžˆ๋Š” โ€˜๋ฆฌ์ฒ˜๋“œ ๋งค๋“œ์Šจโ€™์˜ ๋™๋ช… ๋ฒ ์ŠคํŠธ์…€๋Ÿฌ๋ฅผ ์›์ž‘์œผ๋กœ ์ œ์ž‘๋œ ์˜ํ™” <๋‚˜๋Š” ์ „์„ค์ด๋‹ค>. 2012๋…„, ์ธ๋ฅ˜์˜ ๋ฉธ๋ง. ์ „ ์ธ๋ฅ˜๊ฐ€ ๋ฉธ๋งํ•œ ๊ฐ€์šด๋ฐ ๊ณผํ•™์ž ๋กœ๋ฒ„ํŠธ ๋„ค๋นŒ๋งŒ์ด ์‚ด์•„๋‚จ๋Š”๋‹ค. ์ง€๋‚œ 3๋…„๊ฐ„ ๊ทธ๋Š” ๋งค์ผ๊ฐ™์ด ๋˜ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์ƒ์กด์ž๋ฅผ ์ฐพ๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ์ ˆ๋ฐ•ํ•œ ์‹ฌ์ •์œผ๋กœ ๋ฐฉ์†ก์„ ์†ก์‹ ํ•œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ๊ทธํ† ๋ก ์• ํƒ€๊ฒŒ ์ฐพ์•˜๋˜ ์ƒ์กด์ž๋“ค์€ ๋” ์ด์ƒ ์ธ๊ฐ„์˜ ๋ชจ์Šต์ด ์•„๋‹ˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ์ด์ƒ ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค์— ๊ฐ์—ผ๋˜์–ด โ€˜๋ณ€์ข… ์ธ๋ฅ˜โ€™๋กœ ๋ณ€ํ•ด ๋ฒ„๋ฆฐ ๊ฒƒ. ์ธ๋ฅ˜์˜ ์šด๋ช…์„ ์งŠ์–ด์ง„ ๋„ค๋นŒ์€ ๋ฉด์—ญ์ฒด๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง„ ์ž์‹ ์˜ ํ”ผ๋ฅผ ์ด์šฉํ•ด ๋ฐฑ์‹ ์„ ๋งŒ๋“ค์–ด๋‚ผ ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์„ ์•Œ์•„๋‚ด์•ผ๋งŒ ํ•˜๋Š” ์ˆ™๋ช…์„ ์งŠ์–ด์ง€๊ฒŒ ๋˜๊ณ  ์ธ๋ฅ˜ ์ตœํ›„์˜ ์ „์Ÿ์„ ์น˜๋ฅด๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค. ๋†€๋ž๊ฒŒ๋„ ์ด ์˜ํ™”์˜ ๊ฒฐ๋ง์€ ๊ฐ๋…ํŒ๊ณผ ๊ทน์žฅํŒ์— ๋”ฐ๋ผ ๋‘ ๊ฐ€์ง€๋กœ ๋‚˜๋‰œ๋‹ค. ์Šคํฌ๋Š” ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๊ฒ ๋‹ค. ์‹œ๊ฐ„์  ์—ฌ์œ ๊ฐ€ ๋œ๋‹ค๋ฉด ๋‘ ๊ฒฐ๋ง์˜ ์ฐจ์ด์ ์„ ๋น„๊ตํ•ด ๊ฐ์ƒํ•ด๋ณด๊ธธ. ์บ๋ฆฌ์–ด์Šค(Carriers, 2009) ์ •์ฒด๋ถˆ๋ช…์˜ ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค๋กœ ์˜ค์—ผ๋œ ์„ธ์ƒ. ํ˜ธํก๊ณผ ํƒ€์•ก, ํ˜ˆ์•ก์œผ๋กœ ๊ฐ์—ผ๋˜๋Š” ์น˜์‚ฌ์œจ 100%์˜ ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค๊ฐ€ ์‚ฝ์‹œ๊ฐ„์— ํผ์ ธ ์ธ๋ฅ˜๋Š” ๋ฉธ๋ง ์ง์ „์˜ ์œ„๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ๋งž๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค. ์˜ํ™” <์บ๋ฆฌ์–ด์Šค> ์† ์ฃผ์š” ์ธ๋ฌผ๋“ค์€ ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค๋ฅผ ํ”ผํ•ด ์–ด๋ ธ์„ ์  ๋ถ€๋ชจ๋‹˜๊ณผ ํ•จ๊ป˜ ์ฆ๊ฑฐ์šด ์‹œ๊ฐ„์„ ๋ณด๋ƒˆ๋˜ ํ•ด๋ณ€๊ฐ€๋กœ ํ–ฅํ•˜๊ธฐ๋กœ ํ•˜๊ณ , ์‚ด์•„๋‚จ๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ๊ทœ์น™์„ ์ •ํ•œ๋‹ค. ์ด๋“ค์ด ์ž๋ฐœ์ ์œผ๋กœ ์ •ํ•œ ๊ทœ์น™์€ ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค์— ๊ฑธ๋ฆฐ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ๋•์ง€ ์•Š๊ณ , ํ•จ๊ป˜ ๋‹ค๋‹ˆ์ง€ ์•Š๋Š” ๊ฒƒ. ์˜ํ™”์˜ ๊ด€์ „ ํฌ์ธํŠธ๋Š” ๋ฐ”๋กœ ์ด ๋ถ€๋ถ„์ด๋‹ค. ์ธ๊ฐ„์ด ๊ทนํ•œ์˜ ์ƒํ™ฉ์— ์น˜๋‹ซ๊ฒŒ ๋˜๋ฉด ์ƒ์กด๋ณธ๋Šฅ์— ์ถฉ์‹คํ•œ ์ƒ๋ฌผ์ฒด๊ฐ€ ๋  ์ˆ˜๋ฐ–์— ์—†๋‹ค๋Š” ํ˜„์‹ค์ ์ธ ๋‚ด์šฉ์— ์ž ์‹œ ๊นŠ์€ ์ƒ๊ฐ์— ๋น ์ง€๊ฒŒ ๋งŒ๋“ ๋‹ค. ๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋‹น์‹ ์ด ์˜ํ™” ์† ์ฃผ์ธ๊ณต์ด์—ˆ๋‹ค๋ฉด ์–ด๋–ค ๊ฒฐ์ •์„ ๋‚ด๋ ธ์„๊นŒ? ๋” ์ž์„ธํ•œ ๋‚ด์šฉ์€ <์•„์ด์ฆˆ๋งค๊ฑฐ์ง„> ๋งํฌ์—์„œ