George Adams and Abraham McKenzie, colonists from Maine arrived in Jaffa on 22 September 1866. They founded the American Colony in Tel Aviv-Yafo. They erected their wooden houses from prefabricated segments they had brought with them. Many settlers contracted Cholera, and about a third of them died. Most returned to America. In 1869, newly arriving settlers from the Kingdom of Württemberg led by Georg David Hardegg (1812–1879) and Christoph Hoffmann, members of the Temple Society, replaced them.