Did you know Python is named after Monty Python? Any idea how python is better for web development or what are its drawbacks? Find out everything about Python in this blog.
Among all the popular web development languages, Python ranks top in the list. Over the years, it has emerged as one of the most dynamic, flexible, and highly competent programming languages than PHP, Java, or C++.
In March’s web development survey, Python has gained the first position in the list of most used web development languages in the market. The second rank holder in Java here. Thus, you can see what excellent popularity Python enjoys over other languages.
But still, to make the right decision, you have to see both sides of the coin. With this blog, you’ll get a detailed understanding of Python.
Here, you will learn:
What is Python?
Features of Python
The Pros of Python Web Development
Cons of Python Web Development
Popular Python Case Studies
So, let’s dive into the world of Python web development.
What is Python?
Python is an interpreted, object-oriented, and high-level programming language with dynamic semantics. The high-level built-in data structures, linked with dynamic typing and binding, make Rapid Application Development's language attractive. Also, it becomes ideal for scripting or glue language to connect the existing components.
This programming language is simple, easy to learn, emphasizes readability, and reduces the program maintenance cost. It supports modules and packages that support program modularity and code reuse.
Features of Python
Easy to code and Read
High-Level Programming Language
Free & Open Source
Extensible in C++ & C
Large & Standard Library
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The Pros of Python Web Development
1. Easy to Use & Read
There are various factors that simplify the role of Python in web development:
Low Entry Barrier
Python is very much like the English language in which we communicate in our daily life. The syntax’s simplicity enables you to deal with complex systems and ensure that all the elements have a clear link with each other.
Data representation that anyone can understand easily is done with the help of different plots and charts. It’s an efficient way of visual presentation of data and its understanding.
Python is easy to read and developers hardly face any difficulty in understanding the code. It makes the web development process easier plus faster.
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2. Less-Limited Programming Approach
As compared to other coding languages like Java, you will find less programming approach in Python. It has multiple paradigms and supports many programming styles, including procedural, object-oriented, plus functional ones. It makes Python an excellent language for startups since you may want to change your approach at any given time.
Here, what it provides:
Being a most rapidly developing language, Python also allows quick prototyping and iterations. It makes the development process easier plus more productive for web developers. Due to this, it also becomes an excellent web development language for startups. The faster time to market provides a more competitive advantage in the market.
OOP Becomes Easier
Object-oriented programming, also called OOP, is a paradigm that organizes different properties and behaviors and into various objects and classes. All these classes have a function so that if in a case any error occurs anywhere in code, other parts will not be affected. OOPs,’ effect is simplified in Python, which makes the development process faster and cost-efficient.
Rich Standard Library & Ecosystem
Python's libraries feature a vast amount of pre-written code. Thus, developers don't have to waste their time creating essential items. These libraries also allow web developers to handle and transform the data required for continuous data processing in Machine Learning.
3. Asynchronous Coding
Python doesn’t need much effort for writing and maintaining asynchronous code as there are no deadlocks or research contention or any other complicated issues. Each code unit runs separately and allows to handle different situations and problems faster.
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4. Enterprise Application Integration
Python is the favorite choice for developing enterprise software apps, mainly due to its smooth integration with other programming languages used traditionally in enterprise development such as PHP, Java, and .Net.
It calls from and to Java, C, or C++ code directly enabling the important process control and common protocols’ implementation and data formats.
Besides this, developers can apply it for assembling new and old fragments of infrastructure, which is a common case in complex mobile apps.
5. Use in Prototyping
Designing prototypes in Python has proven to be a fast and straightforward process. The language's agility allows easy code refactoring and rapid development of the initial prototype into the final product.
6. Easily Accessible
As you know, Python is open-source; this makes the language accessible to users plus aids in redistribution and free modifications. Web Developers can use the language freely and contribute to its improvement.
7. Server-Side Scripting
One of the main benefits of Python web development for server-side scripting is its simple syntax, as discussed above that significantly speeds up the process. The code includes functional modules and connections between them, allowing you to execute the program algorithm based on user actions. It also supports the graphical user interfaces needed in web development.
8. Open-Source Perks
The open-source license of Python makes it easily accessible to users. It facilitates redistribution and unrestricted modifications. Web developers can use the language freely and contribute to its improvement.
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9. Application Scripting & Software Testing
Created to be embeddable initially, it can be beneficial for customizing large apps and making extensions.
Thanks to Python's strong integration with C, C++, and Java, it can run handy application scripting. Its embeddable competency provides the benefit of large apps customization and making extensions.
Web developers can use it for testing automation. Many QA automation experts prefer Python due to its easy learning curve – it's also best for those having less technical knowledge – robust community, readability, and clear syntax. The language also has easy-to-use unit-testing frameworks.
10. Use In Machine Learning & Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning technologies are the current market's buzzing technologies, so more web developers are trying to incorporate them into different projects. It's possible if you use the correct language.
According to a representative of IBM's Jean Francois Puget, Python is the best language for ML and AI projects, and web developers strongly believe this. It has efficient ML packages, tools for visualizing outcomes and goes way beyond the data analysis and other features that benefit this application domain.
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The Cons Of Python Web Development
1. Design Restrictions
Python is dynamically typed, which means it executes specific tasks during app runtime that would otherwise complete in a statically typed language. It puts some restrictions on the design. If your design contains elements, it might delay the program and prevent smooth operation.
You should be aware of this when considering Python for your project because concurrency and parallelism do not intend for elegant use in Python. Due to this, the design might not look as advanced as you'd prefer.
2. Speed Limitations
Many criticize Python often for its speed. It's an interpreted script language that makes the language comparatively slower than C/C++ or Java due to its different code's translation methods. Yet, some Python benchmarks work faster than these languages.
Though Python is not the only one with the speed restriction, other languages like Ruby, Perl, and more also lack in this area. Well, some issues are under the developer's control. They can address and optimize these at their end, and that's why Python remains the first choice for web development.
3. Fewer Seasoned Developers
When you want to develop an application in this programming language, then, unfortunately, you can't find more experienced web developers to do the job. The language is not as simple as it sounds, especially when you compare it to Java. Thus, you have to a bit more effort into finding the right development partner.
4. Lack of True Multiprocessor Support
Multiprocessing is an integral part of writing an application. The language does support multiprocessing, but you will not find it as flexible as the other programming language. There are certain limitations when you write code in it.
5. Not Fit for Memory-Intensive Tasks
Python is known for its data type flexibility. This needs reasonably high memory consumption and makes the language inconvenient for memory-intensive tasks.
Popular Python Case Studies:
Some of the top companies using Python currently in their technology stacks:
Instagram: A popular social media platform that uses Python to allow its four million daily active users to photograph, store, edit, and share their pieces in a person's digital album.
Spotify: A significant market player and music streaming application incorporating data analytics for managing its Radio and Discover features.
Disqus: A commenting plugin processes around 50 million comments monthly and available in 19 countries.
With Python, you can develop a robust website, and any non-technical person can also get started easily with it. Both enterprises and startups can consider it for their web projects. It's potent enough in developing market-ready websites without compromising on the business value and user experience.
But still, it needs expert guidance, and for this better, you connect with the web development companies in India. As you have read, few limitations must be there, where you will need assistance.
Go Ahead & Good Luck!