In this article, we have a plan to understand the processing of hemp industrial flowers. In this way, we can learn the processing of industrial hemp plants to produce flowers. It will also help us learn the major steps behind this processing.
Many companies have been producing industrial flowering hemp for many years after the legalization of hemp and CBD. Although most producers come from other farms, a small number are experts in the field. The processing of flowering hemp is very complicated and requires a lot of experience in the management cycle, but most importantly, you need machinery or workers and good planning.
The better the flowers are processed, the more beautiful the flowers, the better, adding value to your products. Starting from the harvest of the plant, the processing stage of the flower is different. Mainly, the producers use two techniques to obtain high-quality products. In this article, we will see the dry process of harvesting the entire plant.
Below I list the processing steps:
Prepare The Drying Room
The drying room is the room where we want to put all the plants upside down. The room must have constant temperature and humidity parameters, and we need to keep the humidity below 70%. The temperature varies from 10 to 30 degrees. The higher the temperature, the faster the plant will lose liquid. Companies that can afford large systems choose adjustable air conditioning systems with control units.
Conversely, a good low-cost method might be to insert a trivial dehumidifier with forced air extraction and an on/off control unit for controlling dehumidification. The air can be sent out of the room through the duct. Therefore, the room must be sealed and only have two air inlets, one for hot air out, and the other for cold air comes in. The room must also be specially set up to hang all the plants we want to dry.
An effective solution is to have a loop of industrial nylon cable on the edge of the wall. If you want to do better, you can choose to use the real structure of steel cable. This structure, which we call a drying rack for short, will be used to hang all plants.
Collect the Whole Plant
The plants to be harvested are taken one at a time and cut from the central trunk. These plants are usually harvested after the end of their life cycle, and the coloring is just right.
After cutting them from the trunk, place them upside down on a drying rack, using the same branches as support.
The First Major Nuisance
When all the plants hang upside down, the real product drying process begins. If the room temperature is lower than 25 degrees, its value will remain constant and low. In this way, the flowers will have a better fragrance, and annoyance will be slower. If the room price is higher, the product may dry out quickly, resulting in a more bitter taste.
The humidity in this processing stage is essential and must not exceed 70%. If you have not made it, mold will form on the inside or outside of the inflorescence. You need to adhere to these parameters. the plants should start to lose water quickly. Unless you also have the manpower, you will not work together in a large number of factories. Some plants are processed and dried every day so that many problems will occur in the process.
The plants are then dried for one to three weeks. However, it depends on the temperature conditions. When the color of the plant's stem changes from green to yellow, the plant is ready for the next step. It is also important to touch plant inflorescences with yellow stems to make sure they are not sticky but not too dry.
Separate the Buds Using Buck or Hand
When the plant is dry enough, bud shedding may occur, the process of which is to shed the entire flower from the stem. There are two ways to do this, and the recommended method is to avoid unsightly boards by hand. Otherwise, for a large number of flowers, a stapler can be used, which is a dedicated machine for this process.
Also, in this case, it is best not to separate too much material from the equipment. It is because the material will be cleaned without wasting too much time.
Manual Bud Cleaning or Trimming
The cleanliness of the buds greatly affects the visibility of the flowers. The flower market always needs clean, perfect flowers, but not always to the top. After removing the pipeline by hand or with a silo, the most thorough cleaning steps will continue. If you do not have too much material, you can choose to clean manually. It takes about eight hours to complete every half kilogram of product. You need to know how long you need to do to clean up all the maths. If the amount of material exceeds 10 kg, you cannot clean it yourself.
In this case, it is necessary to provide some help or choose an automatic trimming machine.
The trimming machine has both advantages and disadvantages because it can start cleaning numerous products (starting from kilograms per hour). However, the accuracy of cleaning products is different from manual cleaning products.
Therefore, if a trimming machine is used, and the product must be sold in the retail market, another step called trimming is always required. Finishing can be done immediately, or even after tanning, which can be done after tanning, but since it must be dried, it will slightly affect the grain.
Tanning in an Airtight Jar or Eventually Trouble
The final tanning or drying of the buds is the most significant part of the whole operation because this is a very delicate stage. The only effective way to make trouble is to use glass. Only glass can guarantee macroscopic quality to prevent moisture from penetrating from the inside to the outside.
The final tanning or drying process requires specific stopping steps to maintain its high standards. Tanning in the term is like seasoning. This stage can also be done in other ways or using other materials (such as plastic using trash cans), but the result will be different from glass.
You will choose glass or plastic cups based on your own funds. It is also because large glasses are not easy to buy and very expensive. Plastic boxes are also used for buckets in agriculture with larger capacity. Of course, the choice will depend on the number of available materials, because it is impossible to store 100 kg of product in a 50-gram glass jar.
In any case, everything is possible for those who are committed and spend money to like it.
Besides, a small amount of glass can ensure that you always have some high-quality products.
The Second Option, Plastics can be used for Mass Production
The practice is to store the inflorescence in a jar and then close it. When you continue to store in the jar, you can increase the relative humidity of the room. Interestingly, this step is performed to 60% to 65%.
You can insert a thermometer and hygrometer into some jars to check the humidity once a day. If the humidity exceeds 65%, mold may form during the tanning process and damage the entire container. For this reason, they must be opened for inspection every day for the first two to three weeks. The tanning lasts for about a month, but the inflorescence can be stored in a jar until sold in a cold and dark environment.
Since flowers are perishable products, the final storage determines the storage time of the product over some time. The temperature of the final storage room must be 10 degrees lower than your temperature. Additionally, a cold storage room that eliminates moisture is an ideal choice. But if you do not have a refrigerator, you can choose a storage room that maintains room temperature.
There is no problem in winter. However, in summer, this room or closet needs to be cooled or adjusted by lowering the temperature. The room must be dark, light attenuation faster, and the material must have a small security system to ensure the safety of your products.
In a properly set up room, the product can be stored under the new conditions for up to 12 months, while in a cell, it can be stored for up to 24 months.
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