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Tips for Essential Oils in Your Bath Time

You run a bath, add a few drops of essential oils, then get in, right? The answer is wrong.
Essential oils can dial up your bath, adding stress-relieving, mind-soothing, muscle-relaxing power, but chances are you’ve been doing it all wrong. So, we’re here to tell you how to do it right. A few simple tricks to transform your soak, plus three essential oil combos to target all your tub-time goals. Remember, oil and water don’t mix, which is to say the essential oils are not water-soluble. When you climb into the tub, the small drops of oil can adhere to your skin and tender nether regions, just as if you’d applied the undiluted oil directly to your skin, which can irritate and burn.
You don’t want essential oils just to sit on top of the water; you want them dispersed throughout. The best way to do that is to combine essential oils in a carrier oil first, like coconut, olive, sunflower, or jojoba.
For a single bath, three to 12 drops of essential oil in a tablespoon (15 ml) of carrier oil is sufficient to create a very aromatic, therapeutic bath (stirring the bath before climbing in to help circulate oils)
Pick essential oils to match your bath-time.
Now that you know the essential oil essentials, it’s time to take your bath to the next level. For all of these recipes, combine the essential oils with 1 tablespoon (15 ml) of carrier oil before adding them to the bath.
Mood Boost Bath
Uplift and energize with this revitalizing combo that can also, boost concentration and focus.
5 drops lemon
3 drops rosemary
2 drops thyme linalool

Muscle-Soothing Bath
Target tired, overworked muscles with this trio that may dial-up circulation and dial down pain.
5 drops marjoram (also called sweet marjoram)
4 drops lemongrass
3 drops lavender

Relaxation Bath
This calming and relaxing combo can reduce stress and get you ready for bed.
5 drops lavender
4 drops chamomile
3 drops frankincense
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TV Show Wedding Dresses, Ranked
Most of us are suckers for a good TV wedding. The best sitcom weddings have just enough laughs and just enough tearjerker moments, and also, a really good wedding dress. Whether the wedding was adorable or not, these are some of the most well-known weddings on TV, and I ranked the wedding dresses worn by our favorite brides. Monica Geller on FRIENDS: A I'm a sucker for a simple wedding dress. With the additions of a beautiful veil and jewelry, the look had just enough for me, and Monica looked elegant and timeless in this dress. I also appreciate dresses that aren't strapless, as everyone seems to opt for strapless these days, and it's getting overdone. The lace on her neckline was delicate and sweet but not overdone, and combined with the simple gown, looked sleek and chic. Leslie Knope on Parks and Recreation: B The newspaper dress idea was adorable in thought, but in practice lead to a not-too-stylish wedding dress. I'm torn on this one, because the shorter dress is a bit more age-appropriate, but I also felt like Leslie deserved a slightly less cutesy style than this one. It was such a sweet TV wedding, and Leslie looked great, but the lace short sleeves and black sash were just all a bit too bridesmaid to me. Lily Aldrin on How I Met Your Mother: A- Lily's dress was so sweet, girly, and stylish, just like her. Marshall and Lily are my favorite TV couple, and while their wedding had many mishaps and slip-ups, the wedding dress was pretty great. The sparkly beaded top was perfect for Lily, but I'm not crazy about the added bow, which was a bit too precious. Her hair and general styling looked elegant and sweet. Phoebe Buffay on FRIENDS: C+ I adore Phoebe and Mike, and their wedding in the snow was adorable, but I never understood her dress. Not only is it far from my favorite style on anyone, but it seemed so far from Phoebe's personality to want a shiny bustier top with rhinestone buttons. The style seemed a little tacky to me with her tight blonde curls, and Phoebe's bohemian aesthetic deserved a great dress to match. Carla Espinosa on Scrubs: A- Carla's dress was absolutely beautiful. Her wedding to Turk was far from perfect, but their marriage was rock-solid and the dress kicked it off well. The neckline is a bit more interesting than a straight-across neck, and the gathered waist added some interest to an otherwise understated look. I also adore the simple styling of her hair, which draws attention to the neckline of her dress and doesn't look fussy. Pam Beesly on The Office: B Jim and Pam's wedding was THE BEST. As beautiful as Pam looked, I have mixed feelings on her dress. To her credit, her options were limited accomodating a baby bump. I love the beaded empire waist to allow the fabric to skim over her belly, but I felt like the sweetheart neckline of her dress, especially combined with her translucent necklace, were a bit too cheesy. Blair Waldorf on Gossip Girl: A+ For Blair's second and most important wedding to Chuck Bass, she wore the most breathtakingly unconventional gown, and it was tasteful, elegant, and perfect. The slim fit and long sleeves are a beautiful contrast to a more typical strapless princess gown like the one she wore to her first wedding. Leave it to Blair to wear a headband to her own wedding, and make it look absolutely amazing. Combined with Chuck's white suit with matching accents, this was the perfect wedding to end the show, and a perfect dress to get married in. What are your favorite TV wedding dresses? I'd love to hear your thoughts @marshalledgar @LauraFisher @allischaaff, and anyone else!
Essentiële inzichten voor badkamerverlichting
Tegenwoordig willen mensen alles perfect en uniek, of het nu gaat om hun gordijnontwerp of badkamerverlichting. Badkamers zijn niet alleen beperkt tot utilitaire kamers, ze zijn veel meer. De plek waar een persoon zijn / haar geest ontspant onder de douche of in de badkuip,waar ze hun favoriete liedjes zingen en nog veel meer. Daarom moet de plaats op elke hoek de vereiste verlichting hebben om de badkamer rustiger te maken. Voordat u naar uw lokale partner gaat om badkamerverlichting te kopen, geven we u essentiële inzichten die u zullen helpen bij de aankoop van badkamerverlichting. Hieronder worden enkele punten genoemd die als leidraad dienen voor de aankoop van badkamerverlichting. Inzichten voor badkamerverlichting ● Algemene verlichting Elke badkamer heeft een plaats waar de spiegel wordt bevestigd die wordt gebruikt voor het scheren of voor het aanbrengen van make-up. Daarom heeft zo'n type gebied extra verlichting en focus nodig. ● Badverlichting / boven de douche Deze soorten verlichting moeten hun eigen aparte schakelaars en aansluitpunten hebben. Als u zich scheert terwijl u een bad neemt, moet u goed licht boven uw hoofd hebben. Voor dit doel zou de elektricien nodig moeten zijn om lichten te installeren, aangezien natte handen kunnen worden gebruikt om lichten aan of uit te schakelen. Daarom moeten veiligheidskabels worden gebruikt om situaties zoals brand of elektrocutie te voorkomen. ● Accentverlichting Accentverlichting vereist dat professionals ze installeren of repareren. Ze zijn het beste om het unieke ontwerp of kunstwerk van uw muren te verlichten. Dit soort lampen zorgen voor extra laagverlichting in de badkamers. ● Diversen Andere dingen zoals het type lamp en het wattage dat u gebruikt, zijn ook van vitaal belang. Het gebruik van helderwitte bollen verdient de voorkeur om verschillende tinten die op het gezicht verschijnen te vermijden. Als u dagelijks of vaak make-up gebruikt, zijn witte bollen de geschikte optie voor u. Laatste opmerking Als u nu inzicht heeft gekregen in de badkamerverlichting, zorg er dan voor dat de lampen op de juiste en nauwkeurige plaats moeten worden geplaatst, afhankelijk van de behoefte. Kies altijd verstandig een plaats waar u een verscheidenheid aan lampen kunt kopen, zoals straatverlichting, kamerverlichting, enz. Naast het ontwerp en de verlichting van de badkamer is veiligheid ook absoluut noodzakelijk, dus huur een elektricien in voor het plaatsen van lampen en gebruik hoogwaardige kabels om ervoor te zorgen veiligheid.
How COVID-19 Impacted on Veterinary Vaccines in Healthcare Industry ?
COVID-19 Impact on Veterinary Vaccines in Healthcare Industry The animal health sector has witnessed significant developments over the past couple of years due to technological developments and efforts in Research and developments in veterinary sciences. One of the essential developments is antigen location using multiple bioinformatics methods and has been effectively used to immunize against various veterinary illnesses. Vaccines are a helpful to use way to protect animals against a variety of diseases. Vaccinology has produced several potent vaccinations that have significantly decreased the burden of certain severe illnesses in companion animals and cattle. Most approved veterinary vaccinations are available in live attenuated, killed/inactivated microorganisms, cell membrane compounds, or toxoids. The recent COVID-19 has an adverse the veterinary vaccines market as many animal drugs and vaccines were approved for human use. Animals infected with the virus have been reported all around the world. The majority of these animals, including a small number of domestic cats and dogs, got infected after coming into contact with people who had COVID-19. SARS-CoV-2 may infect companion animals like cats and dogs, large cats in zoos or sanctuaries, gorillas in zoos, mink on farms, and a few other mammals, but all of the species that can be infected in not been researched. Hence, the veterinary vaccines market is expected to play a vital role amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. IMPACT ON DEMAND The novel COVID-19 outbreak has led to a considerable rise in the demand for the veterinary vaccine. Veterinary offices worldwide made significant adjustments to guarantee that animals and livestock receive necessary veterinary care and that new safety procedures are in place to safeguard animals and veterinarians. As COVID-19 spread rapidly across the world and healthcare infrastructure became overwhelmed with COVID-19 cases. Coronaviruses can infect various domestic animals, including dogs, cats, cattle, pigs, and poultry. Routine vaccination can prevent many of these diseases. Vaccines against the canine coronavirus were in demand to protect puppies, although the illness is mild and self-limiting. In response to the surge in demand for veterinary vaccines, many veterinary producing companies were directed for the human COVID 19 vaccine, which impacted the production of veterinary vaccines. FOR INSTANCE- · In May 2021, Amid a shortage of COVID-19 vaccines as the country faces the second wave of infections, Bengaluru-based Institute of Animal Health and Veterinary Biologicals (IAH&VB) has offered to provide its state-of-the-art vaccine production facility to produce the vaccines IMPACT ON PRICE The veterinary services and vaccines prices were impacted due to COVID-19 up to some extent. Factors responsible for it were access to farming inputs, such as animal feed, livestock movements for pasture and water, animal equipment vaccinations, and other critical production inputs. Appeals to stay at home and social distance have had an impact on the pricing of veterinary vaccines. There been a whirlwind past months due to the emergence of COVID-19. The sale of some companies experienced a downfall while others managed to stay afloat. FOR INSTANCE, Common illness transmitted between species includes swine flu (H1N1), anthrax, and West Nile virus, to name a few. With more than 94.7 million cattle in the U.S. as of 2019 and more than 74.6 million pigs, the risk of zoonotic diseases transmitting to humans is a risk. It had an increase in prices for the veterinary vaccines IMPACT ON SUPPLY CHAIN The government throughout the globe imposed total lockdown, which led to supply chain disruptions. Consequently, the supply chain came to a standstill due to the closure of borders. Even though the demand for these devices was high, the availability was affected due to disruptions in the supply chain, trade, and travel restrictions. Supply of raw material was also affected, due to which the production was restricted. Veterinary services, such as routine vaccinations and testing and diagnostic instruments, were short supply for many farmers. As a result, animal illness control has emerged a new task that coincides with animal welfare concerns. However, the impact of COVID-19 on animal healthcare operations is not limited to the farm level; there are also national and international limitations. Due to funding constraints, several national and international animal health care programs/projects have been postponed or discontinued, limiting the success of disease elimination due to COVID 19. Several companies working on veterinary vaccines have indicated that the reductions in fluidity and foreign exchange were other significant factors affecting the sustainability of the livestock supply chain, specifically in developing countries during the pandemic. FOR INSTANCE: · The E.U. Executive Steering Group on Shortages of Medicines Caused by Major Events has provided strategic leadership for urgent and coordinated action to prevent and mitigate supply disruption during the pandemic The European Commission chairs the steering group. It consists of representatives of EMA, the European Commission, Heads of Medicines Agencies (HMA) and the Coordination groups for Mutual Recognition and Decentralised Procedures for human and veterinary medicines (CMDh and CMDv), as well as risk communication specialists PERSPECTIVE AND INITIATIVES: As the reality of COVID-19 dawned upon the world, the manufacturers and production units of companies involved in veterinary vaccines manufacturing industries and governments had various perspective and initiatives taken regarding the market. FOR INSTANCE: · In July 2021, Minister of Agriculture and Land Reclamation El Sayed El Quseir discussed investment in the production of veterinary vaccines and serums with Dr. Chris Nelson, Management Advisor of the Egyptian-American Middle East for Veterinary Vaccines (MEVAC) pharmaceutical company and President and CEO of the U.S. Kemin Industries · In July 2021, Zoetis donated more than 11,000 doses of its experimental COVID-19 vaccine to help protect the health and well-being of more than 100 mammalian species living in nearly 70 zoos, as well as more than a dozen conservatories, sanctuaries, academic institutions, and government organizations located in 27 states in new jersey CONCLUSION COVID-19 has impacted each sector with no exception. The veterinary vaccines market has been affected the same. With rising awareness around of vaccination against cattle diseases and improved health facilities for animal husbandry, there is a rise in demand for veterinary vaccines up to some extent. However, in the crisis call veterinary vaccine manufacturers, key players, government bodies, and healthcare organizations are working closely with healthcare professionals, customers, and patients for the betterment of animal health. Moreover, animal drugs and vaccines were approved for human use. Animals infected with the virus have been reported all around the world. Also, veterinary vaccine manufacturing facilities were used for production of human COVID vaccines around the worked. This is expected to impact the market for veterinary vaccines up to some extent.
CBD for Sleep, CBD Benefits, Side Effects, and Treatment
People have long used the cannabis plant for medicinal and recreational purposes. Compounds called cannabinoids in the plant are responsible for the effects on the brain, and the two most abundant of these are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). People use CBD for a variety of reasons, including reducing seizures, anxiety, and pain. Some studies have demonstrated that CBD may also be a sleep aid. In this article, we look at whether it works and any associated risks. What the research says In the last decade, growing public interest in the benefits of marijuana, and CBD in particular, has encouraged researchers to study its effects. Early studies indicate that high dosages of CBD may support sleep. One investigation found that, compared with a placebo, a CBD dosage of 160 milligrams (mg) increased sleep duration. The researchers also concluded that the placebo, 5 mg of the insomnia drug nitrazepam, and 40, 80, and 160 mg of CBD helped the participants fall asleep. The stress hormone levels of cortisol are typically peak in the morning, but people with insomnia may have high cortisol levels at night. Independent of insomnia, having high cortisol levels at night is associated with an increased nighttime awakening. In one study on the effects of CBD, researchers found that cortisol levels decreased more significantly when participants took 300 or 600 mg of CBD oil. These results suggest that CBD affects the release of cortisol, possibly acting as a sedative. A more recent analysis of CBD and sleep recruited 103 participants who had anxiety or poor sleep. The researchers studied the effects of CBD combined with those of other prescribed medications. The CBD dosages ranged from 25–175 mg. The researchers found that 25 mg was the most effective dosage for anxiety and that addressing troubled sleep required higher dosages. During the 3-month study, the investigators followed up with the participants monthly. At the first follow-up, 66.7% reported an improvement in sleep, but 25% had worsened sleep. 56.1% of the participants reported improved sleep at the second, but 26.8% had worsened sleep. The researchers conclude that although CBD might help people sleep in the short term, the effects may not be sustained. Side effects and other risks of CBD Overall, the available evidence suggests that CBD is well-tolerated. Some people report fatigue and mental sedation with CBD use, but researchers believe this may be related to the dosage. Taking 10–400 mg of CBD per day for an extended period and by different routes did not have a toxic effect on participants in a large retrospective study. Even dosages of up to 1,500 mg per day were well-tolerated, other researchers report. However, determining whether there are long-term risks of CBD use will require further studies. So far, no reports of lethal CBD overdoses exist. Some researchers may be concerned about CBD abuse, but information on significant complications is limited. One study indicates that dosages of 400–700 mg of CBD, which is considered high, can aggravate cognitive deficits in people with schizophrenia. Combining CBD and THC may, however, improve cognition. Researchers do report that CBD may cause other adverse effects, including: alterations of cell viability in studies conducted in cell cultures decreased fertilization capacity inhibition of drug metabolism in the liver reduced activity of P-glycoprotein and other drug transporters If these effects on drug metabolism and transportation are confirmed, it would indicate that CBD interferes with other medications. Overall, more research is necessary. Still, it is suitable for anyone who wants to use CBD to speak with a healthcare provider first. Check out the best CBD for sleep at Sweet Dream Beauty website.
The Most Fashionable Friends on TV
Friends on TV are great because their lives are crazy and dramatic, but they still remind us of our own friendships and personal relationships. On top of that, in the cases of many TV shows, the friends are so fashionable that they give us major style envy. In reality, most friend groups have much more similar fashion senses, or maybe just one friend who's the fashionable one. I firmly believe that a group of fashionable friends is better than one stand alone style star, so let's take a look at some of the most fashionable friends on TV to draw inspiration from this week. 1. Sex and the City Carrie, Samantha, Charlotte and Miranda are so known for their clothes that the outrageous outfits are enough of a reason alone to watch the show. While the clothes themselves (and their often designer labels) are pretty unrealistic, the drastically different style preferences of the four friends is also a little crazy. All the same, we can't help but love these ladies and their fashion choices, good or bad! 2. Pretty Little Liars While Hanna, Aria, Emily, and Spencer have definitely suffered their fair share of fashion misteps and accessory overloads, they're overall an undeniably fashionable foursome. When you consider their personalities, from bookish Spencer to Emily the athlete, it doesn't always make sense how well-accessorized these girls are, but they're inspirational all the same. 3. Gossip Girl Whether as a twosome or with their faithful (and often fashionable) minions, Blair and Serena are arguably the most fashionable girls to grace our TV screens, and we miss them everyday for the envy-sparking fashions they wore. While the designer shopping bags and labels weren't exactly attainable, these girls demonstrated their best friend bond through clothing, and we can all aspire to do the same. 4. Beverly Hills, 90210 Through feuds and friendship, Kelly, Donna, and Brenda were the most fashionable friends that you couldn't help but follow in the 90's. Through love triangles, romance and friendship drama, these ladies were undeniably fashionable, and as the 90's have become in style once again today, we can all get some crop-top and denim inspiration from the sassiest high schoolers around. 5. 90210 (reboot) The 2008 remake of the beloved soap opera was so dialed-up fashion-wise, it's comparable to Gossip Girl, only for the West Coast. Annie, Naomi, Silver, and really all their other come-and-go friends (I'm looking at you, Ivy!) were so fashionable, they weren't really believable as high school students. Like their predecessors mentioned above, throughout love and friendship drama galore, these ladies let fashion guide the way, and we can all take note. 6. Lipstick Jungle Whether or not you watched the too briefly on TV Lipstick Jungle, you can appreciate how on-point these three friends kept their personal styles. Victory, Wendy, and Nico may have been a bit silly as characters, but their professional careers and high-fashion outfits to match gave me serious envy for how I wish I could dress as a working adult, and the friendships that could last for life. 7. Charlie's Angels Sabrina, Jill, and Kelly were the original trio of badass friends that we have all grown up referencing, and their 70's fashion gives us another reason to admire the leading ladies. From spandex to suede, and everything 70's in between, these girls embodied power dressing, and set a great example of strong women, and just how fashion-forward they can be.
Candles with Rings | Jewelry In Candles Rings
The best gift you can give someone is a personalized gift. Jewelry candle, the latest craze in the world of gifting for any occasion, is a great way to make your friends or family feel special and cared for. The jewelry candle comes with an engagement ring, necklace, bracelet - even earrings! Choose from silver or gold plated options to fit their personality and style. It's a one-of-a-kind gift that will be cherished forever! The jewelry candle also makes a perfect stocking stuffer or white elephant party favor this holiday season because it's such an affordable present that people are sure to love! A jewelry candle is a unique and great gift for any occasion. It's the perfect present to celebrate an anniversary, Valentine's Day or even Christmas! The candles come in many different designs such as a necklace, bracelet or diamond ring. This idea is affordable and thoughtful because it gives the receiver something they can use every day. A jewelry candle will make them feel happy and loved by their partner on any special day. The best gift you can give someone is a personalized gift. Jewelry candle, the latest craze in the world of gifting for any occasion, is a great way to make your friends or family feel special and cared for. The jewelry candle comes with an engagement ring, necklace, bracelet - even earrings! Choose from silver or gold plated options to fit their personality and style. It's a one-of-a-kind gift that will be cherished forever! The jewelry candle also makes a perfect stocking stuffer or white elephant party favor this holiday season because it's such an affordable present that people are sure to love! The perfect gift can be difficult to find, but jewelry candles are the perfect gift for any occasion. Candles with Rings come in many different styles. They can be casual or formal or anything in between. When you give this gift, the receiver will think of you every time they smell the delicious scents of this unique candle. Jewelry candles are sure to be the favorite gift of the person receiving them!
Unrealistic TV Apartments That Make Every New Yorker Jealous
As I sit in my tiny bedroom with no air conditioning, I watch Carrie Bradshaw bask in the hugeness of her awesome West Village apartment on Sex and the City. How can she afford this on a writer's salary?! And then I remember...it's just a TV show. Television is full of unrealistic New York City apartments that make us real-life New Yorkers totally jealous, but we've got to remember, they're all too good to be true. This picture doesn't even do the entire apartment justice (remember the giant closet??) There's no way that a small newspaper columnist could afford this apartment! I did a little investigation and found out that this apartment in the West Village sells for $600,000. Maybe Mr. Big could afford this, but no way in hell Carrie could! In HIMYM there are several roommates splitting the rent in this apartment, but I still don't buy it! A little research proved that the gang's hangout would probably go for around $5000 a month. Not as bad as I thought, but I doubt Lily's shopping habits and Marshall's unemployment in the first few seasons could afford it. Most people are living the life of luxury on Gossip Girl - except the Humphrey's. They're supposed to be much less well off than the rest of the characters and yet, they afford this pretty amazing Brooklyn apartment. This DUMBO apartment would probably sell for $6000 a month. Another unrealistic West Village apartment belongs to Monica and Rachel in Friends. With the huge kitchen, huge windows and a huge living room, this one could be purchased for around $2.5 million. Somehow I don't think a Central Perk salary could afford that! Seinfeld's Upper West Side apartment might be the most realistic because Jerry seems fairly financially stable throughout the series. Either way this apartment with one bedroom, plenty of office space, a huge living room and a reasonably-sized kitchen would sell for around $900,000. Most of these apartments are the hangout spot for the show's group of friends. My place is barely big enough for one person, so all of these are giving me tons of apartment envy!!!
How COVID-19 Impacted on Parenteral Nutrition in Healthcare Industry ?
COVID-19 Impact on Parenteral Nutrition in Healthcare Industry The COVID-19 pandemic has influenced the whole planet with its major impacts on the economy and businesses across the globe. The COVID-19 spread worldwide in unprecedented ways due to its high infectious and contagious nature and lack of availability of its vaccine. As a result, the greatest medical challenge in the 21st century is yet to be faced by physicians worldwide. Though the emergence of the virus can be traced back to Asia, many European countries along with the U.S. have been struck massively by the pandemic. The virus has spread across all regions ranging from North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East, and Africa up to South America. The COVID-19 has been declared as a pandemic by World Health Organization (WHO) due to its increased spread across the globe. After the declaration of the pandemic, various countries announced the complete lockdown such as India, China, and other Asian countries to decrease its spread. According to the latest situation report by World Health Organization (WHO) stated 175 million cases of Corona have been reported globally and 4 million patients are dead due to the coronavirus. On a slightly positive note, a total of 158 million people have recovered and a total of 2 million vaccine doses have been administered as well. Parenteral nutrition is the medical term used for infusing a specialized form of food through a vein, intravenously. The objective of the treatment is to correct or prevent malnutrition by providing liquid nutrients, including carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and electrolytes. Parenteral nutrition is used when the patient's gut cannot be used to absorb nutrients, the nutrition then must be delivered into the patient’s bloodstream, bypassing the gut. The reason for this type of feeding includes blockage of the gut, Perforations of the gut, parts of the bowel are diseased, or when a large part of the gut has been removed. COVID-19 has negatively impacted the market as trained professionals are required for the administration of such nutrition. But owing to the imposition of lockdown by the government, such administrations can’t be done that impacted negatively. The pandemic has affected the parenteral nutrition market in three ways: by directly affecting production and demand, by creating supply chain and market disruption, and by its financial impact on firms and financial markets. For instance, · In October 2020, the American Society for Parenteral and Eternal Nutrition issued the guidelines to update the use of filters for parenteral nutrition. The guidelines aim at reducing exposure to particulate matter during parenteral nutrition (PN) therapy by updating In-line intravenous filters. IMPACT ON DEMAND With the lockdown, all hospital admissions were stopped except the COVID-19 patients. Since the pandemic, lockdown situation the economic growth of the country is declining. And the manufacturing units for various items that are considered non-essential are shut down due to the non-availability of manpower. The pandemic has caused major destruction in the delivery of healthcare products across the world. It has posed limitations on many patients to access standard health services such as visits to healthcare professionals, medications, and diagnosis. It has adversely impacted the ability of patients and practitioners to adhere to treatment guidelines. Moreover, the demand for parenteral nutrition and growing awareness about current and new products is also fueling the market. For instance, · Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd stated that in the pharmaceutical business, official requests to stay at home and urban lockdowns have led to a decrease in outpatient numbers in hospitals but there is an upward trend for long-term prescriptions for patients with chronic diseases. If the current situation were to be prolonged or become more serious, there may be a further decline in the number of new prescriptions and decline in prescriptions such as injections as part of hospital treatment due to restrictions on visits to health care facilities and the voluntary restraint on efforts to raise awareness of diseases, which may affect revenue. However, the negative impact of the pandemic on the parenteral nutrition market will be soon mitigated as different states/ countries allow medical clinics to reopen, services and once again being offered. IMPACT ON PRICE Due to the pandemic, the market is disturbed to a greater level. The several establishments have to remain shut while others scale down or put on hold expansion plans as they tried to survive the unprecedented crisis. Due to the impact of the coronavirus, many large pharmaceutical companies have placed new trials on hold and numerous small, mid-size, and large enterprises have suspended ongoing ones, thereby demonstrating the magnitude of the disruption. There have been uncertain past months due to the emergence of COVID-19. The sale of some company’s products experienced a downfall while others managed to stay afloat. For instance, · According to the annual report of Vifor Pharma Management Ltd., the sale of its products increased from USD 1794 million in 2019 to USD 1944.4 million in 2020 · According to the annual report of Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd the nutraceuticals segment had a sale of USD 3,340.88 million with a business profit of 2.1 %. The total revenue in 2019 was USD 13,962.4 million which increased to USD 14,228.26 in 2020. As this lockdown has put manufacturers and distributors in worry as the key materials for the product, especially raw material supply are hindered; it will surely lead to change in prices up to an extent. IMPACT ON SUPPLY CHAIN As the world came to halt in the last few months due to the emergence of the pandemic, the supply chain couldn’t escape the impact. The government throughout the globe imposed total lockdown which led to supply chain disruptions. Consequently, the supply chain came to standstill due to the closure of borders. Even though the demand for parenteral nutrition remained untouched up to an extent, the availability was affected due to disruption in the supply chain, trade, and travel restrictions. Supply of raw material was also affected, due to which the product was affected. The outsourcing services which are providing warehousing, storage, and other services face challenges too. They are dependent on the logistic and transportation of chemical compound raw material from the outsourced service to the researchers' desk. However, with the sudden shut down globally with a ban in travel this process gets disrupted. Still, the companies managed to overcome the challenges and saw high growth. For instance, · According to the Annual report 2020 of Otsuka Pharmaceuticals Co. Ltd stated that concerning the procurement of raw materials, the purchasing channels overall are secure, although delays are occurring for some important items. Manufacturing had been temporarily suspended for some line items due to employees staying at home, but all manufacturing has been restored. The manufacturing operations are adequately staffed and proceeding smoothly. If the spread of COVID-19 were to be prolonged or become more serious causing stoppages in the procurement of raw materials, or if a cluster of infections or other similar cases occurred at a manufacturing plant, the supply of certain products may stop. However, the companies have been faced with substantial business and operational disruptions, which have included everything from mitigating the effects of reduced supply to managing disruptions to logistics suppliers, and indeed hurdle in meeting their contractual obligations to customers. The pandemic has forced the companies to rethink their supply chains and their stability and reliability for an uncertain future, including other externalities and government actions throughout the world, which have begun impacting supply chains, such as issues of sustainability. STRATEGIC INITIATIVES BY KEY PLAYERS As the reality of COVID-19 dawned upon the world, manufacturing and production unit of companies involved in parenteral nutrition key players formed strategies to mitigate with the limitations occurred due to the virus and keep their business running At the individual company level, companies are now more focused on operational resilience and accelerating initiatives that enable more agility, and transparency through the greater deployment of analytical tools and automation. Companies are considering re-evaluating their strategies, risk tolerance, and overall footprint. The market players have adopted various strategies including mergers, acquisitions, partnerships, and new product developments, among other strategies, to stay ahead of the competition and expand the market footprint. For instance, · In May 2021, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd announces that its affiliated company, Egypt Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., S.A.E. (Egypt Otsuka), has agreed to jointly participate with a local pharmaceutical company Gypto Pharma for Trading and Pharmaceutical Manufacturing S.A.E. (Gypto) to establish a new company, Otsuka Gypto Pharmaceutical Egypt S.A.E. (Otsuka Gypto), which will sell ethical drugs such as IV solutions locally. However, to address the crisis all companies in this market are revisiting their financial trajectories and framing new strategies that will lead to bringing out solutions in the market resulting in increased business efficiency. CONCLUSION COVID-19 has impacted every sector with no exception global parenteral nutrition market has been affected the same. Different companies dealing in parenteral nutrition were finding out their way to deal with this pandemic situation. The government and companies around the globe are working together and have issued advice for those undergoing treatment for severe conditions during these unprecedented times during COVID-19 lockdown around the world. However, in the crisis call pharmaceuticals, key players, government bodies and healthcare organizations are working closely with healthcare professionals, customers, and patients for the betterment of public health. Thus, it is reasonable to assume that constraints on gathering and movement have disproportionally impacted people who use parenteral nutrition. However, healthcare industries and government bodies are exclusively concentrating on how they can make the effective and best contribution to control the spread of the virus and save lives. They are also ramping up the production of essential medicines to new levels and ensure that the speed doesn’t affect or destroy the quality of products.