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Qualities to look in full-stack IoT development company

Our daily lives run on smart software every device we use is connected with each other, we use our smartphones to switch on tv and AC's, smart washing machines, refrigerators, AI. IoT devices have increased over the years producing enough data and this will only continue to rise in the coming years.

Considering the rise in IoT technology and devices the demand for IoT developers will only increase. IoT is a potential industry that will see tremendous growth in the coming years, not only will the IoT industry grow it will also create more and more employment opportunities.

Full-stack IoT development has a huge demand and A the hunt IoTdeveloper that knows the entire development stack for a system and has knowledge and understanding of certain facets can help generate better products more quickly.

So, what are the attributes and expertise a company or a developer should master to become a full-stack IoT development company of a full-stack developer?


Layered full-stack IoT development ( sensors, microcontrollers, and an internet connection, IoT service platforms

The layered IoT stack consists of a sensor, Microcontrollers, internet connection, and IoT Service platforms

In a variety of applications, small and economical sensors are used.This layer continues to expand with the addition of new products of new Internet-connected sensors. There is no need to link new-age sensors directly to the internet.

The data you send will be recorded in the cloud which will be later synchronized with smartphones, dongles, or any other smart appliance.

Microcontrollers, internet connection the layer in which is stored and processed.Before uploading data to the cloud it will be evaluated, and summarised to obtain the precise data, which will reduce the cost of the transaction.

IoT Service platforms this layer helps automate the process and generate information by evaluating the data gathered from different IoT sensors and linked devices. It increases post-transaction interactions so that both company and end-users may track, maintain and update the firmware on the devices through platform insights and feedback.


ATTRIBUTES OF FULL-STACK IOT DEVELOPMENT

Embedded Level Programming/Firmware
The forgotten craft of an embedded programmer has been resurrected by IoT.the code that runs in wearables or sensors — it's all embedded and runs without a true operating system in some circumstances.Design, development, and debugging are significantly different from the programming at the cloud or mobility or level of application.

Hardware Development, Design, And Manufacturing
Hardware is not a big part of the full-stack but it is a vital stack of the IoT. the hardware interface is important in developing IoT. Full Stack IoT firms own or control important hardware parts that their solution requires. This means that Full Stack IoT needs know-how about design and hardware development. Full-stack IoT developmententerprises need manufacturing and supply chain competence and know-how. IoT technology stack hardware compresses both the sensor and the gateway.

Application-Level And Middleware Programming
IoT Gateway, Cloud, and distributed middleware programming to align all elements together.

Cloud Development And Operations
All IoT applications require a cloud component and cloud infrastructure. a cloud-based IoT middleware section, and the IoT feature application.

Smartphone And Tablet Apps
You will require apps for both IoT application management and the use of application experience.

Analytics Mining And Business Intelligence
The organization effectively delivers its solutions with basic analytics and may be integrated into other advanced analytical goods and solutions.Full Stack IoT companies can use other companies' analytical solutions but will retain data control.

Integration With ITAnd Other Mining Systems
The Internet- of -things provides contextual value.Your IoT app may also need to link with other services to improve your service, for instance, if you offer an application that monitors/manages to air-condition that you need to interface with an online reporting service (HVACs).

Security
Safety awareness is necessary, as each layer has its own weaknesses, to avoid damage. Security is a must for IoT stack. It is crucial in IoT to enable encryption and decryption technology during data transmission.For the security of IoT systems, device authentication and permission is also vital.In addition to this preventing and addressing any threats to the IoT system, IoT developers need to protect the privacy of their data.

User Interface And User Experience
To understand what consumers will experience and enjoy through your application or website, knowledge of both UI and UX is necessary.For instance, it is essential for a team that monitors and oversees the performance of such devices to construct a Web portal for the remote monitoring of millions of devices on a single interface.


Understanding Process Automation
A key aspect in full-scale stack development is knowledge of recurring, automated procedures for the development, testing, documentation, and implementation of the application.
DevOps (Software Development & IT operation), BVT (Build-Verification-Test), and microservices can decrease the release time cycle for full-stack developers.

SKILLS REQUIRED FOR FULL-STACK IOT DEVELOPER
IoT Full Stack Developers must have combined skills in IoT development with its know-how from the frontend- HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and backend- Python, Java, PHP.
Including firmware systems, network protocols, and sensors. This comprises essentially of a whole stack developing IoT integration through IoT networks by linking items.The Full-Stack Developer knows the formulas and order for collecting and analyzing data in this capacity.

From IoT to data presentation via maps and schemes.The IoT Full Stack Developer converts ordinary IoT sensors and microcontrollers into remarkable, through linking items to the Internet without interposing humans and machine interaction.
· C/C++ programming in built-in devices
· Development in API REST and SOAP
· Python programming
· WEB Development
· Git & GitHub
· Knowledge in IoT and server management systems (MQTT and other protocols)
· AWS development
· Basics of CSS pre-processing platforms, such as LESS and SASS.
· Version control system (VCS)
· Front-End Technologies&Backend Language
· Basic Designing skills
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Tips to secure your IOT based development solutions and services
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Significant Impact of COVID-19 on Cellular IOT in ICT Industry
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Moreover, government mandate of work from home (WFH) policies has driven organizations to increasingly focus on more effective ways of engaging with customers in a remote working environment. Shifted focus towards work-from-home requires reliable connectivity and thus businesses will demand connectivity for monitoring and managing assets securely which in turn increases the demand for cellular IoT. The pandemic has exposed bottlenecks and inefficiency in the supply chains due to which businesses were leveraging cellular IoT for consignment and condition tracking to reduce revenue loss and improve product flow. Moreover, the broadband infrastructure all over the world upsurged due to a massive increase in video conferencing and video content streaming due to which cellular IoT becomes a key part of the new digitization era. For instance, · In June 2020, according to Telna whitepaper titled ‘The COVID-19 Impact on Cellular IoT’, new demand for cellular IoT following the pandemic could lead to over 11 billion cellulars IoT connections in the year 2025 IMPACT ON DEMAND The pandemic has boosted the digital transformation of industries; companies are focusing more on digital technologies to interact with their clients and customers. People are also more reliant on digital sources. The healthcare market is increasing rapidly in this pandemic. Cellular IoT (Internet of Things) in healthcare provides numerous opportunities that benefit both patients and businesses. It allows integrating and combining consumer and clinical data to create smarter and more meaningful connected consumer and care solutions and thus there has been increased o demand for cellular IoT in healthcare. 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It provides with the capability to connect and manage various devices and applications · In April 2019, AT&T launched its narrowband IoT (NB-IoT) network across the U.S., to complement its LTE-M network along with high-speed cellular coverage. Some of the IoT use cases include programs such as smart meters and location tracking, as well as connected street lights and smart appliances CONCLUSION Pandemic has taken a toll on every aspect of life, including the global economy. With the significant downfalls in many sectors, a collaborative effort of government, industry players, and consumers can win the fight against COVID-19. It continues to inflict the world with appalling economic and social dilemmas, capable enough to leave severe backlash on the economy for the next several years. The first wave had already inflicted severe blows to the population as well as the economy. The currently experiencing second wave is expected to be more disastrous not only to the masses but also to ICT markets. However, COVID-19 boosted the growth of the global cellular IoT market due to factors such as an increase in IoT connections, growing support from the government toward IoT initiatives, shift toward remote working, adoption of 5G network, surging networking budgets in countries, and ongoing development in wireless networking technologies.
IOT 융합 인증체계
디지털 사회는 IOT융합 인증보안체계를 절박하게 요구한다. http://blog.naver.com/gcodpasscon/221159044413 1. 서론 인증에 대한 수요는 보안 목표를 달성하고 KYC(know Your Customer)를 통하여 고객 만족과 편의를 제공하며. 서비스나 상품의 경쟁력을 강화하기 위하여 필수적인 비즈니스 요구로 부터 시작된다. 이러한 인증보안 수요는 모든 산업에 걸쳐 고객 주기 전반에 걸쳐서 빈틈 없이 내재되고, 연결되고 관련되어야 한다. 특히 4차산업혁명(Digital Transformation)이라고 부르는 최근의 동향에서 알 수 있듯이 향후 10년 이상 지속적인 변화의 압박이 모든 인간의 생활 속으로 파고들 것이다. 이러한 압박은 이전에 경험하거나 상상할 수 없었던 복잡성과 다양성을 쏟아내게 될 것이다. 여기서 주목되어야 할 것은 긍정과 부정의 효과는 항상 동시 다발적으로 발생한다는 점이다. 초연결을 지향하는 4차디지털변환기에 있어서 가장 핵심적인 부정적 효과 란 바로 프라이버시와 보안이라고 말할 수 있겠다. 왜냐하면 연결은 좋은 객체와의 연결을 통한 새로운 가치의 신속한 창출과 향유를 제공하지만 동시에 악의적인 목적에 이용될 가능성에 그만큼 더 많은 문을 열어주는 것과 같기 때문이다. 2. 눈 앞의 디지털 세상 초 연결 사회는 IT기반의 디지털 사회나 마찬가지다. 아날로그의 가치와 향수는 개인의 취미나 취향으로는 남겨지게 될 것이다. 대부분의 인간 활동과 기업의 활동이 디지털화되어 기획, 구축, 운영, 관리되는 세상이 올 것이다. 적어도 20년 이내에는 화폐조차 완전히 사라질 가능성이 높다. 그것이 구지 지금의 비트코인과 같은 암호화폐일 필요는 없다. 미래의 화폐가 무엇이 되었던 그것은 중요하지 않다. 다만 디지털화될 것이란 것에는 아무도 이견이 없을 것이다. 최근의 핀테크 이슈도 그러한 맥락에서 생겨난 하나의 현상이다. 아날로그의 마지막 추억은 화폐가 될 것이며 그 마저 디지털화되어 사라진다면 세상은 디지털이 아닌 것이 없게 된다는 것과 진배없다. 3. 조화 하루가 다르게 기술은 진화 발전한다. 때로는 어느 단계를 뛰어넘는 듯 한 현상도 종종 목격된다. 불가능을 가능하게 하며 상상을 현실로 만들어 버리는 폭발적인 실험들이 연일 지속되고 있다. 어떤 합리적인 투자가의 입장에서 보면 이러한 노력들이 밑 빠진 독에 물 붓기로 보이기도 한다. 그러나 분명한 것은 변화와 발전은 지속되고 있다는 것이다. 진화와 발전은 긍정과 보편적 가치를 지향한다고 믿어진다. 하지만 그 과정이 항상 명확하고 좋은 방향으로만 흘러가기는 어렵다. 기술과 기술 간의 간극이 벌어지기도 하고 연결과 호환의 불 안정성으로 예기치 못한 재앙적 결과를 가져오기도 한다. 특히나 특정 기술의 개발과 응용이 집단화된 이기주의에 의하여 주도되거나 퇴출되어 인류의 이익에 반함에도 불구하고 수용을 강요당하기도 한다. 그러므로 조화가 필요하다. 조화는 보편적 가치를 추구하는 사람들의 노력이 뒤 받침 되어 지속적인 시도와 퇴출의 반복을 통하여 이루어 질 것이다. 4. 인증보안 체계의 중요성 인터넷에 연결된 60억 사용자와 모발일로 연결된 30억 사용자가 매일 24시간 온라인 상태로 무엇인가를 하고 있다. 인터넷은 그 시작이 개방형 오픈 네트워크이다. 즉 누구나 접속할 수 있는 사이버 세상이라고 여겨져 왔다. 여기까지는 문제될 것이 없었다. 그러나 인터넷은 접속과 정보 전송을 한참 뛰어 넘어 이제는 무엇이나 할 수 있는 사어버 공간이 되었고 나아가 현실과 인터넷을 구지 구분할 필요를 느끼지 못할 수준에 도달했다. 급기야 인터넷의 핵심 가치라고 할 수 있는 “누구나 어디서나 접속"때문에 눈부신 발전을 이루었지만 이제는 동일한 이유로 전례 없는 문제와 위협에 노출되었다. 이제 다시 인증보안에 대한 이야기로 돌아가 보자. 필요에 따라 누구인지, 무엇인지, 무엇을 할 것인지, 허용을 할 것인지 아니면 차단 할 것인지, 허용한다면 그 권한의 수준은 어디까지 할 것인지, 불순한 의도를 사전에 파악할 방법은 없는지 등등을 결정하고 적용함에 있어서 신뢰할 수 있고 자동화가 가능한 뛰어난 결정 알고리즘이 필요하게 되었다. 이 알고리즘이 바로 인증보안체계이다. 한마디로 신뢰로운 인증보안 체계 없이는 오늘날 세상은 하루도 운영이 불가능하다는 것이다. 5. 인증체계의 구조 고객 감동을 추구하는 수 많은 가치 개발 노력들은 수많은 디바이스를 탄생시켰다. 특히 IOT 디바이스는 수십억 개가 연결되는 세상으로 치닫고 있다. 네트워크의 특성상 이들이 직접적으로 연결될 필요는 없다. 다시 말해 연결되지 않았지만 언제라도 연결될 수 있는 구조를 가지고 있다는 뜻이다. 디바이스를 네트워크를 통해 사용자가 제어하고 통제하고 이용할 수 있어야 하고 디바이스는 정당한 사용자나 신뢰할 수 있는 다른 디바이스만 연결을 허용할 수 있어야 한다. 뿐만 아니라 급속히 늘어나는 디바이스와 서비스 서버들이 사용자를 정확히 식별하고 인증된 사용자에게만 로그인, 거래 및 전자서명을 허용하는 인증체계가 필요하다. 구지 언급하자면 현재 이 과정을 비밀번호라는 인증수단이 가장 광범위하게 담당하고 있다. 이는 매우 심각하고 안일한 대응이 아닐 수 없다. 보다 안전하고 긴편한 디바이스와 사용자에 대한 동시 인증체계가 긴급하게 필요하다. 6. 위험 헷지 “혹자는 아직까지 잘 돌아 가고 있지 않나” 라고 말할 수도 있겠다. 그러나 정말 잘 돌아가는 것인가? 인증보안 문제가 어떻게 관리되고 있는지 소비자 생활과 산업을 연관 지어 살펴보면 이 문제는 명확하다. 전혀 잘 가동되고 있지 않으며, 불공평하며 심지어 집단 내지는 자본 이기주의가 숨어 있지 않나 의심이 들 정도이다. 인증체계의 구축과 운영 환경은 기술선도국이나 추종국이나 별반 차이가 없다. 현재까지도 온라인 인증은 비밀번호가 99% 이상을 차지하고 있다. 사이버 범죄로 인한 천문학적인 피해가 바로 이 비밀번호의 허술한 보안체계 때문임은 말할 필요도 없을 것이다. FIDO생체인증 표준이 비밀번호를 없애 줄 것이라 생각하는 것은 큰 오해이자 착각이다. 생체정보를 등록하기 위하여 먼저 비밀번호로 로그인하는 과정을 거치기 때문이다. 그러므로 비밀번호에 의존하는 이상 인증보안체계는 그 수준이 대동소이 하다고 보아도 무리가 없을 것이다. 그렇다면 비 대면 온라인 환경에서 핀테크나 금융산업이 활발하게 발달한 국가와 그렇지 않은 국가의 차이는 무엇 때문일까? 많은 여러가지 이유가 있겠지만 그 격차는 보험 산업의 수준과 관계가 깊다고 하겠다. 사이버 보험이 발달하고 거대 시장이 존재하는 국가에서는 보안침해로 인한 손실을 대부분 보험으로 헷지 할 수 있다. 보험료가 비용인 것은 분명한 사실이고 축소시키고자 하는 위험관리 부서의 미션도 있지만, 그럼에도 불구하고 보험은 가장 효과적인 위험관리 솔루션임에 틀림없다. 안타깝게도 선진국을 제외하고는 이러한 사이버 보험이 발달하지 못했다. 거대자본과 대규모의 기술자를 보유한 기업들조차 기술적으로 인증보안 체계를 개선하지 못하고 보험에 의존하는 것은 그 만큼 풀기 어려운 숙제이기 때문일까? 아니면 전락적 포석일까? 7. 결론 우리는 디지털변환기 또는 4차산업혁명이라는 단어를 인용하지 않더라도 인증보안체계의 중요성을 잘 알고 있다. 대한민국의 경우 최근 수년 사이에 사이버 위협으로 인하여 디지털 금융이 오히려 퇴보하였다. 일각에서는 비밀번호로 다 되는 해외 사례를 궁극의 정답인양 피상적인 정보로 혼란만 가중하였고 공인인증서 기반의 인증체계는 기술적/가치적으로 발전을 이루지 못하였다. 그 결과 지연이체, 이체한도 축소, 출금지연, 간편결제의 난립 등으로 불편함이 오히려 가중되었다. 요란한 생체인증이나 블록체인이 우리의 실생활에 추가적인 편의성과 안전성을 제공하였는지 다시 생각해볼 일이다. 기존의 디지털 금융 서비스가 퇴보하였다고 느낀다면 무엇이 부족한지 무엇을 해야 하는 지에 대하여 추가적인 부연 설명은 더 이상 필요가 없다고 할 수 있겠다. 이제 중요한 것은 지금부터이다. IOT시대는 거스를 수 없는 대세이고 기존의 디지털 가치 서비스는 IOT와 결합되어 더욱 분화되고 결합될 것이기 때문이다. 그러므로 어플리케이션과 IOT의 융합 인증보안체계는 이 시대의 가장 핵심적인 선결과제임에 틀림없다. http://blog.naver.com/gcodpasscon/221159044413