Furniture is described as moveable equipment designed to improve the suitability and comfort of a person's workplace or home for living or working. Storage, sitting, and sleeping are all possible uses for furniture. Furniture was invented somewhere between 3100 and 2500 B.C. Because wood was scarce during the Neolithic period, the earliest things manufactured for home use were fashioned of stone.
The first pieces of furniture were dressers, cabinets, and beds. In Neolithic civilization, the dresser was believed to be the most significant piece of furniture since it faced the entryway of each home and typically exhibited carved artwork of symbolic items. The notion of practical furniture in homes has grown over time, especially in recent years, while maintaining the artwork component that was shown during the Neolithic period. This has allowed for the creation of artefacts in our culture that are both practical and pleasing to the eye.
For the most part, the fundamental design of most furniture has stayed the same, albeit material and stability have improved, with a greater emphasis on comfort and luxury in our modern lives. With elements like recliners and rocking features, chairs have evolved into more than simply a place to sit, but also as a place to relax. Instead of supplying the bare necessities to protect us from laying on the ground, beds are meant to provide us with comfort while we sleep. In some ways, the development of furniture design reflects the evolution of our civilization from survival to lives of luxury and wealth.
The Neolithic period (about 5,500-2,500 B.C.) offered the world the earliest known examples of furniture being utilised in ancient times; stone antique dressers and cabinets for storage originated in Orkney, Scotland.
Beds located within the tombs of Queens and Pharaohs to lay their departed bodies upon, as well as chairs and wooden headrests in place of cushions for common Ancient Egyptians, were the most popular types of furniture in Ancient Egypt and Greece from the 9th to the 8th century B.C.
Europeans developed furniture from 500 to 1500 A.D. (also known as "antique furniture"). Seating was common, and chairs were frequently fashioned of strong wood with intricate artistic patterns.
19th century furniture was highly creative and intricate between the years of 1801 and 1900. Gothic aesthetics were prominent, and chairs with intricate cut-out patterns were common. The rich sat in the intricately constructed seats at meals.
Early North American furniture ( Mid Century Furniture ) dates from the early twentieth century in America, when furniture was more basic and made of necessity rather than fancy artistic and detailed designs; basic dressers for storage and simplistic chairs and stools for sitting were often made of woods like cherry or walnut, which could be easily bent using a steaming process.
Simple, sleek furniture designs influenced by artists and designers with roots in Germany (Marcel Breuer), France (Eileen Gray), Spain (Lilly Reich), and Japan (Isamu Noguchi) became very popular in the post-World War II era (1945 and after). Chairs representing basic seating needs in combination with artistic designs became very popular in this era.
Ecodesign can be traced back to the 1920s in America, when people became more aware of the environmental impact of certain materials, though its popularity did not blossom until the 1960s; furniture in Ecodesign is becoming increasingly popular in modern times as it uses resources that are easily grown and replaced, such as bamboo, bamboo tables ( kitchen tables as well as simple coffee tables ), and bamboo chairs.
Aluminum and iron furniture are prominent materials used in sleek and geometric contemporary designs; iron kitchen/dining room tables are among the most popular forms. Contemporary furniture refers to all current or modern furniture designs (from the 1970s onwards) from all over the world.